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The Routledge
Encyclopedia of Social and
Cultural Anthropology
Second edition

Edited by
Alan Barnard and
Jonathan Spencer
First published 1996
by Routledge
This second edition published in 2010
by Routledge
2 Park Square, Milton Park, Abingdon,...
To the memory of John H. Barnard, Jr (1923–2005)
and Julia Swannell (1952–92)
Editorial board

Veena Das
Michael Lambek
Howard Morphy
Peter Pels
Yasushi Uchiyamada
Eduardo Viveiros de Castro
Contents

Preface to the Second Edition
Acknowledgements

viii
x

Introduction

xii

How to use this book

xv

List of ent...
Preface to the second edition

The first edition of this book was conceived in
1992 and published 4 years later. The editor...
Preface to the second edition ix

which were often as detailed as they were wise –
and added a few concerns of our own. Th...
Acknowledgements

First edition
Many people have helped the editors to bring
this volume to completion. The project itself...
Acknowledgements xi

cheerfulness. In the final phase of the project,
Julie Hartley in Edinburgh imposed a degree
of admini...
Introduction

The very idea of an encyclopedia seems eminently anthropological – in at least two different
ways. In its ea...
Introduction xiii

anthropology of capitalism and global consumerism, an anthropology of gender, an
anthropology of war an...
xiv Introduction

This book, we felt, needed to give due weight to
both sides of the discipline, but this presented us
wit...
How to use this book

There are three kinds of entry in this encyclopedia.
 The main text is taken up with 275 substantial...
List of entries

Aboriginal Australia
adoption and fostering
aesthetics
affect
Africa: East
Africa: Nilotic
Africa: Southe...
List of entries xvii

development
diaspora
diffusionism
discourse
divination
dreams
dual organization
Dutch anthropology
e...
xviii List of entries

memory
menstruation
methodology
Middle East and North Africa
migration
millennial movements, millen...
List of entries xix

time and space
totemism
tourism
transhumance
translation
transnationalism

visual anthropology

urban...
List of contributors

Marc Abélès
CNRS, Paris, France

Maurice Bloch
Formerly: London School of Economics, UK

Joseph Agas...
List of contributors

Deborah Durham
Sweet Briar College, USA

Judith Lynne Hanna
University of Maryland, USA

J.S. Eades
...
xxii List of contributors

Sian Lazar
University of Cambridge, UK
Robert Layton
University of Durham, UK
John Leavitt
Univ...
List of contributors xxiii

Neil Thin
University of Edinburgh, UK

Eduardo Viveiros de Castro
National Museum, Rio de Jane...
Analytical table of contents

Ethnographic surveys
Aboriginal Australia
Africa: East
Africa: Nilotic
Africa: Southern
Afri...
Analytical table of contents xxv

cult
cattle complex
cognatic society
compadrazgo
comparative method
complementary filiati...
xxvi Analytical table of contents

development
dreams
diaspora
education
emotion
engagement
environment
exchange
factions
...
Contributions by author

Marc Abélès

state

Sapir-Whorf hypothesis
Gerd Baumann

Vered Amit

Islam

diaspora

Paul Baxter...
xxviii Contributions by author

exchange
Occidentalism
sociology

Roy Ellen

Michael Carrithers

Richard Fardon

fieldwork
...
Contributions by author xxix

Judith Lynne Hanna

Chris Knight

dance
complex society

menstruation
taboo
totemism

Thomas...
xxx Contributions by author

Rebecca Marsland

Claudia Barcellos Rezende

Africa: East

friendship

Marit Melhuus

David R...
Contributions by author xxxi

Charles Stewart

Peter van der Veer

dreams
Europe: Southern
great and little traditions

re...
A
Aboriginal Australia
The earliest humans to settle Australia arrived at
least 45,000 years ago. At the time of British
c...
2 Aboriginal Australia

where Aboriginal life had been far more severely
disrupted by colonial settlement than had central...
Aboriginal Australia 3

and the formulation of his structural theory of
semiology is well known. Lévi-Strauss later
develo...
4 Aboriginal Australia

Land claims
Australia was colonized on the basis of the legal
fiction that, because they are nomadi...
Aboriginal Australia 5

Hindmarsh Island would directly impact upon
their cultural heritage. The banning of the
bridge in ...
6 adoption and fostering

Further reading
Altman, J.C. (1987) Hunter-gatherers Today: An
Aboriginal Economy in North Austr...
aesthetics 7

authority (potestas) over an individual from one
person to another, outside his own lineage, often
for the p...
8 aesthetics

the anthropology of aesthetics as inseparable?
We are first confronted by the problem of those
societies whic...
affect 9

art, as the form-producing regime in any society,
and its mode of revelation respectively. But most
anthropologi...
10 Africa: East

space by affect which belongs to the body without an image’ (Massumi 2002: 61). While Massumi is interest...
Africa: East 11

Portuguese trading posts on this coast exported
slaves from the mainland from 1830 throughout
most of the...
12 Africa: East

provided a fascinating alternative to thinking
about stateless societies through the life cycle as
oppose...
Africa: Nilotic 13

broader landscape of health and illness; the stigma
of AIDS means that any less nuanced picture
risks ...
14 Africa: Nilotic

Historical linguistic research into the Nilotic
languages, together with a consideration of the
contem...
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Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
Encyclopedia of social and cultural anthropology
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