Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

New jerusalem-church-the-life-of-the-lord-in-159-sequences-and-7-maps-of-palestine-george-de-charms-1962

715

Published on

The Sequences and Maps, and also the last pages of the Book (pp 459-531).

The Sequences and Maps, and also the last pages of the Book (pp 459-531).

Published in: Education
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
715
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. THE LIFEOF THE LORD BY GEORGE DE CHARMS ACADEMY BOOK ROOM BRYN ATHYN, PENNSYLVANIA 1 962
  • 2. First printing, 1948, 1500 copies Second printing, 1962, 1000 copies Copyright 1948 and 1962THE ACADEMY OF THE NEW CHURCH
  • 3. KEY1. Jemsalem. 9. Nain.2. Bethlehem. 10. Nazareth.3. Bethany. 11. Cana.4. Jericho. 12. Capemaum.5. Bethabara. 13. Bethsaida.6. Emmaus. 14. Magdala.7. Ephraim. 15. The Mount.8. Sychar. 16. Gadara. 17. Caesarea Philippi. 2
  • 4. 4 A A B B c c32 o30 ;~:i::.,. 30 .... E E 4 PALESTINE IN THE TIME OF THE LORD Key to Nu.mbers: 1. Jerusalem 4. Jericho 7. Ephraim 10. Nazareth 13. Bethsaida 16. Gedara 2. Bethlehem 5. Bethabara 8. Sychar 11. Cana 14. Magdala 17. Caesarea 3. Bethany 6. Emmaus 9. Nain 12. Capernaum 15. The Mount Philippi
  • 5. MAP I PERIOD PRECEDING THE PRESENTATION IN THE TEMPLE Matt. Mark Luke John 1. The Word in the Beginning ........ 1:1-5 2. Matthews Genealogy ............. 1: 1-17 3. Preface to the Gospel of Luke ...... 1: 1-4 4. The Promise of John the Baptist..... 1: 5-25 5. The Annunciation ................. 1:26-38 6. Mary Visi ts Elizabeth ............. 1: 39-56 7. The Birth of John the Baptist ...... 1:57-80 8. An Angel Appears to Joseph ........ 1: 18-25 9. The Birth of the Lord ............. 2: 1-710. Angels Appear to the Shepherds..... 2: 8-2011. Circumcision of the Child .......... 2:21 r. BETHLEHEM TO JERUSALEM12. Presentation in the Temple ......... 2:22-39 4
  • 6. MAP II FROM THE PRESENTATION IN THE TEMPLE TO THE SECOND VISIT TO JERUSALEM AT THE AGE OF TWELVE YEARS Matt. Mark Luke John I. JERUSALEM TO BETHLEHEM13. The Adoration of the Wise Men ..... 2: 1-12 11. BETHLEHEM TO EGYPT14. The Flight into Egypt. ............ 2:13-1515. Herods Wrath ................... 2: 16-18 Ill. EGYPT TO NAZARETH16. Return to Nazareth ............... 2: 19-23 IV. NAZARETH TO J ER USALEM17. Visit to Jerusalem at the Age of Twelve years .......................... 2:40-50 96
  • 7. MAP III FROM THE SECOND VISIT TO JERUSALEM AT THE AGE OF TWELVE YEARS TO THE THIRD VISIT AT THE AGE OF THIRTY YEARS Matt. Mark Luke John I. JERUSALEM TO NAZARETH18. Eighteen Years in Nazareth ........ 2:51-5219. Ministry of John the Baptist ....... 3: 1-12 1: 1-8 3: 1-20 1: 6-18 n. NAZARETH TO THE FORDS OF JORDAN20. The Baptism of the Lord .......... 3: 13-17 1: 9-11 3:21-2221. The Genealogy in Luke ............ 3:23-38 Ill. THE FORDS OF JORDAN TO THE WILDERNESS AND RETURN22. Temptations in the Wilderness ...... 4: 1-11 1:12,13 4: 1-1323. Testimony of John the Baptist ...... 1: 19-3424. First Three Disciples Called ........ 1: 35-42 IV. THE FORDS OF JORDAN TO CANA25. Phi lip and Nathanael Called ........ 1:43-5126. The Marriage in Cana ............. 2: 1-11 V. CANA TO CAPERNAUM27. Sojourn in Capernaum ............. 2: 12 VI. CAPERNAUM TO JERUSALEM28. First Cleansing of the Temple ...... 2: 13-2229. Discourse with Nicodemus ......... 2:23-3: 13 3: 14-21 114
  • 8. MAP IVFROM THE THIRD VISIT TO JERUSALEM TO THE FOURTH VISIT AT THE PASSOVER, ONE YEAR LATER Matt. Mark Luke John 1. JERUSALEM TO CANA30. Baptizing in J udea ................ 3:22-2431. Further Testimony of John the Baptist 3:25-3632. Departure for Galilee .............. 4: 12 1: 14a 4: 14a 4: 1-333. Discourse with the Woman of Samaria 4: 4-4234. Public Teaching in Galilee ......... 1:14b,15 4: 14b, 15 4:43-4535. Healing the Noblemans Son ........ 4:46-54 11. CANA TO NAZARETH AND CAPERNAUM36. First Rejection at Nazareth ........ 4: 16-3037. Departure to Capernaum .......... 4: 13-17 4:31,3238. Call of Peter, Andrew, James and John 4: 18-22 1:16-2039. Healing of Demoniac in the Synagogue 1:21-28 4:33-3740. Healing of Peters Wifes Mother and Others ......................... 1:29-34 4:38-41 Ill. FIRST TOUR OF GALILEE41. First Tour of Galilee .............. 4: 23-25 1: 35-39 4:42-4442. Miraculous Draught of Fishes ...... 5: 1-1143. Healing of the Leper .............. 1:40-45 5: 12-1644. Healing of the Paralytic ........... 2: 1-12 5: 17-2645. Call of Matthew .................. 2: 13-22 5:27-39 IV. CAPERNAUM TO JERUSALEM46. Healing the Infirm Man at the Pool of Bethesda ...................... 5: 1-16 5: 17-47 168
  • 9. MAr" IV 2 3­ 4A AB Bc c o 30E E 4
  • 10. MAP VFROM THE FOURTH VISIT TO JERUSALEM TO THE FIFTH, AT THE FEAST OF TABERNACLES, EIGHTEEN MONTHS LATER Matt. Mark Luke John I. JERUSALEM TO THE MOUNT. 47. Plucking Corn on the Sabbath . 2: 23-28 6: 1-6 48. Healing of the Withered Hand ....•............. 3: Hi 6: 6-11 49. The Lord Followed by Multitudes at the Sea of Tiberias . 3: 7-12 50. Choosing of tbe Twelve •..•••••................ 3: 13-21 6: 12-19 51. Sermon on the Mount.......................... 6: 1-12 5: 13-8: 1 6: 20-49 II. THE MOUNT TO CAPERNAUM 52. Second Healing of the Leper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. B: 2-l 53. Healing of the Centurions Servant. • • . . . . . . . . . . 8: 6-13 7: 1-10 Ill. SECOND TOUR OF GALILEE 54. Raising of the Widows Son .•......... , . 7: 11-17 55. Inquiry of John the Baptist. , . 7: 18-36 56. The Lord Anointed in the House of Simon the Pharisee 7:36-60 IV. THIRD TOUR OF GALILEE 57. Villages near Capemaum (North) . 8: 1-3 58. Sin against the Holy Spirit. .............•....... 3:22-30 8: 4-18 59. Denial of Mother and Brethren . 3:31-35 8: 19-21 60. Parables ........•............................. 4: 1-34 61. Second Healing of Peters Wifes Mother. . . . . . ... 8: 14-17 V. CAPERNAUM TO GADARA AND RETURN 62. Stilling of the Tempest. • • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 8: 18-27 4: 35-41 8: 22-25 63. Two Demoniacs Healed. . . . . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 8: 28-34 6: 1-21 8: 26-40 64. Second Healing of the Paralytic. • • • . . . . . . . . . . . .. 9: 1-8 65. Second Call of Matthew.. • .. .. .. .. .. . .. . .. .. ... 9: 9-17 66. Raising of Jairuss Daughter. . . • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 9: 18-26 6:22-43 8: 41-56 VI. FOURTH TOUR OF GALILEE (CAPERNAUM TO NAZARETH AND RETURN) 67. Two Blind Men Healed ....•................... 9:27-M 68. Second Rejection at Nazareth .••................ 6: 1-6 69. Fourth TOUT of Galilee 9:35-11: 1 6: 6-13 9: l-{i 70. John the Baptists Last Message. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 11: 2-19 71. Woes Against Cities tbat Rejected Him 11: 20-30 72. Second Plucking of Corn •...................... 12: 1-8 73. Second Healing of Withered Hand ..........•.... 12: 9-21· 74. Healing of Blind and Dumb Man ...........•.... 12: 22-37 75. Scribes and Pharisees Seek Sign 12: 38-45 76. Second Denial of Mother and Brethren 12: 46-50 77. Parables 13: 1-52 78. Third Rejection at Nazareth ...................• 13: 63-68 79. Deatb of John the Baptist H: 1-12 6: 14-29 9: 7...1) VII. CAPERNAUM TO NORTHEAST COAST OF GALlLEE AND RETURN 80. Feeding the Five Thousand. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. H: 18-21 6: 30-46 9: 10-17 6: 1-15 81. Walking on the Sea 14: 22-36 6: 47-56 6: 16-21 82. Discourse on the Bread of Life . 6:22-7:1 83. Discourse on Eating with Unwashen Hands. . . . . .. 15: 1-20 7: 1-23 VIII. CAPERNAUM TO PHOENICIA 84. Healing the Daughter of the Syrophoenician Woman 16: 21-28 7: 24-30 IX. PHOENICIA TO DECAPOLIS85. Return through Decapolis ....•................. 16: 29-31 7:31-3786. Feeding of the Four Thousand 16: 32-38 8: 1...1) X. DECAPOLIS TO DALMANUTHA. BETHSAIDA AND CAESAREA PHILIPPI87. Pharisees and Saducees Ask a Sign 16: 39-16: 12 8: 10-2188. Blind Man Healed . 8: 22-2689. Peters Profession 16: 18-20 8: 27-30 si: 18-2190. Death and Resurrection Foretold 16: 21-28 8: 31-9: 1 9: 22-2791. Transfiguration 17: 1-13 9: 2-13 9: 28-36 XI. CAESAREA PHLLIPPI TO CAPERNAUM92. The Demoniac Boy 17: H-21 9: 14-29 9:37-4.293. Death and Resurrection Foretold Again .........• 17: 22-23 9: 30-32 9: 43-4594. Shekel in the Fishs Mouth. . . . . . 17: 24-2795. Exhortation to Humility and Forgiveness. . 18: 1-35 9: 33-50 9: 46-50 XII. CAPERNAUM TO JERUSALEM96. Departure for the Feast of Tabernacles. Incidents in Samaria 19: 1-2 10: 1 9: 51-62 1: 2-1097. Seventy Instructed and Sent Out . 10: 1-1698. Public Teaching at Feast of Tabernacles . 7: 11-16 7: 16-53 99. Woman Taken in Adultery . 8: 1-11100. Further Public Teaching . 8: 12-59101. Return of the Seventy ......................•... 10 17-24102. Lawyer Instructed. Good Samaritan . 10 25-37103. Visit to Martha and Mary . 10 38-42104. Disciples Again Taught How to Pray .....•...... 11 1-13105. Dumb Spirit Cast Out. ..•........ 11 14-36106. Woes Against the Pharisees . 11 37-54107. Discourse to the Multitude . 12 I-59108. Slaughter of the Galileans. Parable of the Fig Tree 13 1...1)109. Man Born Blind Healed . 9: 1-41110. Further Teaching .•............................ 10: 1-21111. Feast of Dedication ••••••.....•................ 10:22-3B 232
  • 11. 2 4A AB Bc c o30 :~~y 30 ....E E 4
  • 12. MAP VI FROM THE FIFTH VISIT TO JERUSALEM TO THE SIXTH, SIX MONTHS LATER, WHEN THE CRUCIFIXION TOOK PLACE Matt. Mark Luke John I. JERUSALEM TO BETHABARA112. Retirement beyond Jordan . 10: 39-42 11. BETHABARA TO BETIlANY113. Raising of Lazarus .••............... 11: 1-46 Ill. BETHANY TO EPHRAIM114. Withdrawal to Ephraim •............ 11:47-57 IV. EPHRAIM TO PEROEA. AsCENT TOWARD JERUSALEM115. Woman Healed on the Sabbath . 13: 10-21116. Journey Toward Jerusalem. Warned Against Herod . 13:22-35117. The Lord Dines with the Chief Pharisee 14: 1-24118. Further Teaching ...••••............ 14: 25-18: 14119. Concerning Divorce 19: 3-12 10: 2-12120. Children Blessed ..•................. 19: 13-15 10: 13-16 18: 15-17121. Rich Young Man. Parable of the La­ borers 19: 16-20: 16 10: 17-31 18: 18-30122. Death and Resurrection Foretold for the - Third Time 20: 17-111 10: 32-34 18: 31-34123. Request of James and John 20: 20-28 10: 35--45 V. PEROEA TO JERJCHO TO BETHANY124. Healing Blind Men near Jericho •...... 20: 29-34 10: 46-52 18:35-43125. Visit to Zacchaeus .......•........... 19: 1-10126. Parable of the Minae . 19: 11-28127. Incidents in Bethany .•.............. 12: 1-11 VI. BETHANY TO JERUSALEM128. Public Entry into Jerusalem 21: 1-11 11: 1-11 19: 29--44 12: 12-19129. Barren Fig Tree Cursed . 11: 12-14130. Second Cleansing of Temple......... 21: 12-17 11: 15-19 19: 45--48131. The Fig Tree Withered. . . . . . . . . . . . .. 21: 18-22 11:20-26132. Discussions with the Jews in the Temple 21: 23-23: 39 11: 27-12: 40 20: 1--47133. The Widows Mite .••............... 12: 41--44 21: 1-4134. Greeks Desire to See the Lord . 12: 20-36135. Unbelief of the Jews . 12: 37-50136. The Lord Foretells the Destruction of {24: 1-6 13: 1-37 21: 5-38 the Temple and the Last Judgment... 24: 7-28 24: 29-35 24: 36-46137. Lord Anointed in the House of Simon the Leper 26: 1-13 14: 1-9138. Treachery of Judas 26: 14-16 H:1o-11 22 Hi139. Preparation for the Passover. 26: 17-19 H:12-16 22 7-13140. The Last Supper. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 26: 20-29 H:17-25 22 14-30 13: 1-17: 26141. Peters Profession of Faith 26: 30-35 H:26-31 22 31-38142. Prayer in Gethsemane. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 26: 36-46 14: 32--42 22 39-46 18:143. Betrayal and Arrest. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 26: 47-56 14: 43-52 22 47-53 18: 2-11144. Trial before Caiaphas 26: 57-75 14: 53-72 22 54-71 18: 12-27145. Repentance of Judas 2·7: 1-10146. Trial before Pilate 27: 11-25 15 1-14 23 1-23 18: 28--40147. The Lord Delivered to be Crucified 27: 26-34 15 15-23 23 24-32 19: 1-16148. The Crucifur:ion. . . . . . . . . 27: 35-56 15 24--41 23 33--49 19.: 17-37149. The Burial. 27: 57-61 15 42--47 23 50-56 19: 38--42 376
  • 13. 2 4A AB 8 30c c3 o30 F.:" 30E E 4
  • 14. MAP VII FROM THE BURIAL TO THE ASCENSION Matt. Mark Luke John150. The Watch at the Sepulchre ... 27:62-66151. The Morning of the Resurrection 28: 1-10 16: 1-11 24: 1-12 20: 1-18152. Report of the Watch .......... 28: 11-15153. The Walk to Emmaus ........154. Appearance to the Ten ........155. Appearance to the Eleven ..... 16: 12-13 16: 14 . 24: 13-35 24:36-43 20: 19-25 20:26-31156. Appearance to the Seven ...... 21: 1-24157. Appearance on the Mountain .. 28: 16-20 16: 15-18158. The Ascension ............... 16: 19-20 24:44-53159. Conclusion of Johns Gospel ... 21:25 490
  • 15. 2 4A AB B 30c c3 3 o 1.2,4,5D 0 o 8 30E E 4
  • 16. CHAPTER LXII The Prayer in Gethsemane Betrayal and Arrest (Luke 22: 39-53. Map Nos. 142, 143)Luke 22: 39. And He came out, and went, as He was wont, to theMount of Olives; and His disciples also followed Him.I T WAS, you remember, late at night. The Lord had partakenof the Last Supper with His Disciples in the upper chamber in Jerusa­lem. Departing thence they had all walked together to the East Gateof the city. Descending the steep road to the valley of Kidron, theycrossed that stream and came into the Garden of Gethsemane on thewestern slope of the Mount of OIiv~s. The name "Gethsemane" means "oil press," and the garden was socalled because it contained a grove of olive trees. The place is stillmarked by a few very old trees carefully preserved and protected bythe government. They are situated near the foot of the mountain,just off the road leading to the summit. Here the Lord stopped to rest.Luke 22: 40. And when He was at the place, He said unto them,Pray that ye enter not into temptation.. In Matthew and Mark we are told that the Lord bade the otherDisciples to sit and wait for Him, but took Peter, James, and John,some little distance away, saying to them, "Tarry ye here, and watchwith me." Then He Himself "went a little farther." This last with­drawal is probably what is now referred to.Luke 22: 41, 42. And He was withdrawn from them about a stonescast, and kneeled down, and prayed, saying, Father, if Thou be willing,remove this cup from me: nevertheless, not my will, but Thine bedone. 459
  • 17. The Prayer in Gethsemane A "stones cast" is the distance one could throw a stone-far enoughso that He was alone, surrounded by the darkness of the night. Here it is said, the Lord "kneeled down," but in Matthew we aretold that He "fell on His face." In ancient times the sign of thegreatest humility and most profound worship was first to kneel, andthen to throw ones self prone upon the ground. The Lord was undergoing the most grievous of all His temptations.He seemed to Himself to be utterly alone, weak and helpless as anymortal man, and He prayed to the Father as if to someone outside ofHimself. He was really struggling within Himself as if He were twopersons. We all have a similar experience whenever we are temptedto do something that we know is wrong. It is as if we had two selves.One prompts us to do the wrong thing, and the other urges us to turnaway from it and do what is right. We are free to decide either way.And whatever decision we make, it is we ourselves who take theaction. The truth is that evil spirits are present with us, and alsoangels, and both are trying to lead us to do what they desire. Theevil spirits want us to do what is wrong, and the angels want us to dowhat is right; and we must decide to follow either one or the other.The angels prompt us to pray to the Lord for help. They lead us tothink of the Word, and of what the Lord commands us to do. Butthe evil spirits make us think that we know better than the Lord-thatif we do the wrong thing we will gain a happiness that will be lost ifwe do what the Lord says is right. Sometimes to do the Lords Willmeans that we must give up something we want very much, becausethe Lord knows it would not be good for us to have it. The Lords temptations were far more severe than any that mencan possibly undergo. All the hells combined in an effort to destroyHim, and they attacked Him repeatedly throughout His life on earth.You will recall how the devil tempted Him three times in the wilder-ness immediately after He had been baptized by John. (See ChapterXX.) But this temptation was even deeper, for now He fought evenagainst the angels of heaven. These angels were very wise, but theywere not wise enough to know why the Lord should have to sufferdeath upon the cross. Because they loved the Lord with all theirheart they wanted to protect Him from His enemies, and to save Himfrom suffering. But the Lord knew it was right that He shOUld laydown His life when His work on earth was finished, and He had tocling to this conviction even against the angels. For this reason Hehad to fight alone.
  • 18. Betrayal and Arrest He prayed, saying, "Father, if Thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless, not my will, but Thine be done." We have explained why a "cup" means the suffering of temptation. It is be- cause in ancient times a cup was used in giving bitter medicine. The Lord was now referring to His approaching death. If it were the Will of God, He asked that He might be spared this suffering. But if, in the sight of God, it were right and necessary that He should suffer in order that He might save the human race-if this were the only way in which men could be restored to a true faith, and rescued from the power of hell-then He wanted to lay down His life. Luke 22: 43. And there appeared an angel unto Him from heaven, strengthening Him. We have said that the Lord here was fighting even against the angels; and so He was. But when He had conquered in the tempta- tion-when He had made the decision to do what He knew was right, then the angels who had wished to spare Him the suffering of death because they knew He was the Lord and believed in Him far more implicitly than did any of His Disciples on earth-accepted His deci- sion and supported Him in it. They knew that He must do whatever was the Will of God. We may gather some idea of this from the case of a mother who dearly loves her son. If war should break out and he were called to defend his country, she would wish to protect him from the danger of) being killed. But as soon as she knew that the country needed him, and that it was his duty to fig.ht for its protection, she would not holdl him back, although her heart were breaking. She would encourage him, and help him in every way. So it was that the angels "strength- . ened" the Lord. Luke 22: 44. And being in an agony He prayed more earnestly: and His sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground. It was not for Himself that the Lord was praying. He feared neither death nor the suffering of the cross. He was thinking of the Disciples who were about to be left, as it were, alone. He was think- ing of all the evils in the hearts of men that would prevent them from receiving His Word. He knew that long centuries must pass, and that many must endure great suffering before His Kingdom could at last be established on the earth. It seemed to Him as though if He
  • 19. The Prayer in Gethsemaneshould be taken from them, they would indeed be like sheep without ashepherd, at the mercy of the wild beasts; and there would be no possi­bility of protecting them against the hells. This was the appearancewhen He was in a state of temptation. And yet He knew that it wasnot true. He knew that He would be far more present with men afterHe had risen than He had been before. He knew that unless He laidaside the material body and appeared in His glorified Human, no onecould know that He was indeed God, the Creator of the universe. Andclinging to this knowledge He overcame the appearance, and com­pelled Himself to do what was right and needful to save mankind. We cannot understand how terrible this conflict was, because eventhe worst of our temptations is as nothing when compared to it. Butas a sign of the awful struggle the Lord was undergoing it is said that"His sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to theground."Luke 22: 45, 46. And when He rose up from prayer, and was cometo His disciples, He found them sleeping for sorrow, and said untothem, Why sleep ye? Rise and pray, lest ye enter into temptation. The Disciples did not realize what was about to take place. Theyknew that the Lord was very sad, but they did not know why.They, too, were sorrowful, because they loved Him; but they had nosuch temptation to meet, and being weary, when the Lord had leftthem they fell asleep. In the other Gospels we are told that the Lord returned to themthree times, and each time found them asleep. The Lord knew that they also would be tempted to the very limitof their endurance. He knew that they would undergo a supremetest of their faith-a test so severe that if they had realized it before­hand they would have been unable to meet it. The Lord continuallyprotects us by not allowing us to know the trials we will have to facein the future, lest in our weakness we should find a way to avoid them,and thus be deprived of the benefits the Lord wishes to impart bymeans of them. So now the Disciples were guarded against knowingahead of time that the Lord was to be crucified. Even though theLord Himself told them, they did not realize what He meant. Onlyafter it happened did they remember, and then they began to under­stand. Prayer opens our minds and hearts to the entrance of the Lord,
  • 20. Betrayal and Arrestand prepares us to meet with courage whatever dangers or hardshipswe may be called upon to pass through. This is the purpose of prayer,and it is the reason why we should pray every day, so as to keep theLord and the angels near, to give us strength in the hour of need. Andthis is why the Lord on the eve of His crucifixion urged His Disciplesto pray. It was also the reason why the Lord Himself prayed. ForHis prayer, and the temptation that accompanied it, prepared Himto meet calmly the terrible suffering that was in store for Him.Luke 22: 47. And while He yet spake, behold a multitude, and hethat was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, and drewnear unto Jesus to kiss Him. In the Gospel of John it is said: "Judas also, which betrayed Him,knew the place: for Jesus ofttimes resorted thither with His disciples.Judas then, having received a band of men and officers from the chiefpriests and Pharisees, cometh thither with lanterns and torches andweapons." That is to say, when Judas had departed from the LastSupper, he went to the chief priests and told them that he was nowready to lead them to the Lord, that they might arrest Him. Think-ing that the Disciples might fight to protect their Master, the priestsgathered a band of soldiers armed with spears and knives, and withburning torches to light their way along the dark streets and roads.Judas then went with them, guiding them out of the city by the EastGate. And the Disciples, looking from the garden, could see themas they descended the cliff to the valley below. They did not knowwhat it meant. They had no idea that the Lord was to be arrested.They merely waited and watched the band of soldiers as they camenearer. When they had reached the garden, Judas, who was leading them,went directly to the Lord and kissed Him. For this was the signthat had been agreed upon. The soldiers did not know who the Lordwas until Judas made Him known to them by this sign.Luke 22: 48. But Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou theSon of man with a kiss? A kiss is a token of love and friendship. But Judas at this momentdid not love the Lord. He merely pretended to love Him in orderthat he might betray Him. However! the Lord knew what was inhis heart.
  • 21. The Prayer in GethsemaneLuke 22: 49, 50. When they which were about Him saw whatwould follow, they said unto Him, Lord, shall we smite with the sword?And one of them smote the servant of the high priest, and cut off hisright ear. The Disciples now realized for the first time that these soldiers hadcome to arrest the Lord. They wanted to fight to protect Him.Wherefore they said, "Lord, shall we smite with the sword?" Nearly every one at that day, if he went on a journey, was armedwith some weapon. For there were many robber bands that infestedthe roads, and the soldiers were not able to protect travelers as thepolice do in our modern times. It was not strange therefore thatsome of the Disciples should have swords on them. In John it is said that Peter was the one who drew his sword, andthat Malchus was the name of the servant whose right ear was cut off.Luke 22: 51. And Jesus answered and said, Suffer ye thus far.And He touched his ear, and healed him. Many Christians have taken this action of the Lord to imply thatit is wrong for us to fight under any circumstances. They think theLord intended to teach that regardless of what our enemies might do tous, we should meekly submit, and by no means resist them withviolence. For this reason they refuse to go to war even when theircountry is threatened with invasion. But this was not what the Lord meant. He intended to teachthat we should not fight against something that the Lord has in­dicated is necessary. We should not resist the leading of Provi­dence. It was needful that the Lord should be arrested and put todeath. This was the final means whereby He was to overcome thehells and liberate men from the power of evil. This is clear fromwhat He said to Peter, as related in the Gospel of Matthew: "Thinkestthou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and He shall presently giveme more than twelve legions of angels? But how then shall thescriptures be fulfilled, that thus it must be?" The Lord could haveprevented His arrest. He did not need His Disciples to fight in Hisdefence. He could have escaped, and "walked through the midst ofthem," even as He had done on several occasions before, and theywould have had no power against Him. But now His time was come.He Himself, of His own Will, was permitting these soldiers to arrestHim, in order that He might accomplish the end for which He had
  • 22. Betrayal and Arrestcome into the world. He did not want the Disciples to interfere withthis Divine purpose. That is the reason why He commanded themnot to fight, and why He healed the ear of Malchus.Luke 22: 52, 53. Then Jesus said unto the chief priests, and cap­tains of the temple, and the elders, which were come to Him, Be yecome out, as against a thief, with swords and staves? When I wasdaily with you in the temple, ye stretched forth no hands against me:but this is your hour, and the power of darkness. You can wen understand that neither evil spirits nor men couldattack the Lord as He is in the sun of the spiritual world, far abovethe heavens. He had to put on a body of flesh and blood by birth intothe world in order that they might attack Him, and that He then mightconquer them, and reduce the hells to order. When He was in the Temple He was always surrounded by multi­tudes who believed on Him; and in the other world He was surroundedby all the heavens. Because the Temple was the Lords House, dedi­cated to the worship of Him, it was holy; and the evil spirits wererestrained by fear from attacking Him. But now the Lord was in the Garden of Gethsemane, outside thecity, at the foot of the Mount of Olives, in a lonely spot, surroundedby the Disciples; and it was the middle of the night. Here the evilspirits were able to attack Him, since He was, as it were, removedfrom the protecting sphere of the Temple, from the light of day, andfrom the multitudes who were His friends. So it is with all criminalsand evil men. They are cowards. They strike in the dark, and whentheir victim is alone and unarmed. But the Lord had deliberately come to this spot. He had calmlywaited for them here. He had allowed time for Judas to consult thepriests, to gather the soldiers, and to bring them here in order thatthey might arrest Him, and so doing might make manifest their wickedhatred against Him for all good men to see, and thus might condemnthemselves. This is why He said, "This is your hour, and the powerof darkness." The priests, the Pharisees, the elders of the Jews pretended to begood. They pretended to love J ehovah and to keep the Law of theWord. They deceived the simple people who followed them becausethey thought they were wise and God-fearing men. The only way
  • 23. The Prayer in Gethsemanein which the good people could be delivered from their power wasfor these men to show, by their words and their deeds, how evilthey were at heart. When this was known the good would no longerfollow them, and their power would be broken. And so the Lord al­lowed them to come to the Garden of Gethsemane by night and arrestHim, and later to condemn Him and put Him to death as the onemeans whereby the power of the hells through them might be broken,and the human race might be liberated. We are told in the Gospel of Mark (14 :50--52) that when the sol­diers seized the Lord to lead Him away, the Disciples "all forsookHim and fled. And there followed Him a certain young man, havinga linen cloth cast about his naked body; and the young men laid holdon him: and he left the linen cloth, and.fled from them naked." Thisyoung man is not elsewhere mentioned. It is supposed that he wasJohn Mark, the one who later was called by the Lord to write theGospel of Mark. The fact that he was speaking of himself wouldexplain why he did not mention his name. r.
  • 24. CHAPTER LXIII Trial Before Caiaphas Repentance ofJudas (Luke 22: 54-71; Matthew 27: 1-10. Map Nos. 144, 145)Luke 22: 54. Then took they Him, and led Him, and brought Himunto the high priests house. And Peter followed afar off.THE soldiers now led the Lord back into the city, first to the houseof Annas, and then to that of Caiaphas. Annas was the father-in-lawof Caiaphas. He had been High Priest several years before, and nowas an old man he was assisting Caiaphas. His opinion was highlyregarded, and the priests and scribes wished to hear his judgment asto what should be done with the Lord. He ~efused to pass judgment,however, and referred them to Caiaphas. Evidently, although it was the middle of the night, Caiap~as hadsent out and gathered together in his home the members of the Sanhe­drin, while the soldiers were arresting the Lord and bringing Him fromthe garden. The Sanhedrin was the highest court for the administrationof Jewish Law. It consisted of seventy judges, but as few as twenty­three could act in the name of the tribunal. The usual meeting placewas a room of the Temple, but on this occasion, when great haste wasdesired, they gathered in the house of the High Priest. All the Disciples had fled and scattered, but Peter followed thesoldiers at a safe distance to watch where they went. John also fol­lowed them, as we learn from John 18: 15. Caiaphas had known John,probably because he had received instruction from the priests, and hewas admitted into the room where the Lords trial was to take place.But Peter waited outside near the entrance. When John saw himthere he spoke to one of the servants, saying that Peter was a friendof his, whereupon Peter was admitted, not into the council chamber, 46 7
  • 25. 468 Trial Before Caiaphas - Repentance of Judasbut into an adjoining courtyard, whence through an open doorwayhe could see what was taking place.Luke 22: 55-62. And when they had kindled a fire in the midst ofthe hall, and were set down together, Peter sat down among them. Buta certain maid beheld him as he sat by the fire, and earnestly lookedupon him, and said, This man was also with Him. And he denied Himsaying, Woman, I know Him not. And after a little while anothersaw him, and said, Thou art also of them. And Peter said, Man, Iam not. And about the space of one hour after another confidentlyaffirmed, saying, Of a truth this fellow also was with Him: for he isa Calilaean. And Peter said, Man, I know not what thou sayest.And immediately, while he yet spake, the cock crew. And the Lordturned, and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word ofthe Lord, how He had said, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny methrice. And Peter went out, and wept bitterly. In the midst of the courtyard a fire had been lit, and a number ofservants were gathered round it. Peter joined them, listening to theirtalk. While he thus sat, a woman openly accused him of being one ofthe Lords Disciples, but he denied it. Later a man also accused him.Again he denied that he knew the Lord. An hour later, another, hav­ing heard him speak, said that he must be a Disciple of the Lord be­cause his speech betrayed him as a native of Galilee, where the Lordhad spent most of His life on earth. For the third time Peter deniedthat he knew the Lord, and at once the cock crowed. The Lord whowas standing before His judges, bound and under guard of the soldierswho had arrested Him, turned and looked at Peter through the door.And Peter, remembering what the Lord had said of him, went out andwept bitterly. He had loved the Lord. He had been willing to diefor Him. Yet the shock and the fear of what had happened had beentoo strong, and he had lied to protect himself. But he was not evilat heart, and when he realized what he had done he repented at once,weeping bitterly. And from that time forward he remained true tothe Lord, proving his courage in the face of persecution and suffering,and at last giving up his life for his faith. The fact that the cock crowed indicates that the dawn was justbeginning to break.Luke 22: 63-65. And the men that held Jesus mocked Him, andsmote Him. And when they had blindfolded Him, they struck Him
  • 26. Trial Before Caiaphas - Repentance of Judas 469on the face, and asked Him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that smoteThee? And many other things blasphemously spake they againstHim. Apparently this took place while they were waiting for the elders,the scribes, and the priests, who were the judges, to assemble in suf­ficient numbers to hold a trial.Luke 22: 66. And as soon as it was day, the elders of the people andthe chief priests and the scribes came together, and led Him into theircouncil, Up to this time there had been no ordered meeting, but just an in­formal gathering. But when enough of them had arrived they tooktheir regular places, with Caiaphas presiding, and the Lord was ledinto the midst of them before the judgment seat. Then they caned for witnesses to testify against Him. However,the Lord had committed no crime for which He could legally be con­demned. Then the priests induced certain ones to come forward andtestify falsely. But their accusations contradicted each other. Atlast two witnesses came, saying, "This fellow said, I am able to de­stroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days." (Matthew26: 61.) This was not what the Lord had said. His words had been,"Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up." (John2: 19.) But He was speaking of the temple of His body, whichwas to be put to death on the cross, and raised up again on the thirdday. The High Priest said unto Him, "Answerest Thou nothing?what is it which these witness against Thee?" (Mark 14: 60.) Butthe Lord refused to reply, because the testimony had been false.Luke 22: 66-71. Saying, Art Thou the Christ? tell us. And He saidunto them, If I tell you, ye will not believe: and if I also ask you, yewill not answer me, nor let me go. Hereafter shall the Son of mansit on the right hand of the power of God. Then said they all, ArtThou then the Son of God? And He said unto them, Ye say that Iam. And they said, What need we any further witness? for weourselves have heard of His own mouth. The Lord would not answer their questions as long as they werebringing false accusations against Him. But when they asked if Hewere the Son of God, He replied at once that He was. This was true,
  • 27. 470 Trial Bejore Caiaphas - Repentance oj Judasand He would not deny it, whatever the consequences might be. Andthey quickly seized upon this admission to condemn Him to death. The whole proceeding was illegal. It was forbidden in Jewish Lawto try criminals at night. It was against the law to pass judgment onthe same day the trial was held. And it was also against the law totry a criminal on the day before the Sabbath. All this the judgesweB knew. But they were determined to put the Lord to death, andthey feared greatly that if they delayed, His followers would gatherand create a disturbance that would cause the Roman Governor tointerfere, and bring punishment upon them for breaking the peace.Also they knew that it was against the law to execute a criminal on theSabbath; and unless they were to delay their deed until the followingweek, they must have the Lord condemned and put to death that sameday. For all these reasons they acted with the utmost haste, andwithout regard to the laws intended to protect a prisoner from in­justice, giving every opportunity for his friends to bring forward evi­dence in his defence. The Jewish Law required that no man should be condemned on thetestimony of one witness. There must be at least two who accusedhim, and the testimony of these two must be in harmony. In the caseof the Lord they had failed to find two witnesses whose accusationsagreed. But at last they had received what they considered to be aconfession of guilt from the Lord Himself. He had said that He wasthe Son of God. This they regarded as blasphemy against God, andblasphemy among the Jews was punishable by death. So now Hewas pronounced guilty and sentenced to die. But under the Roman Law, while the Jews were allowed to punishcriminals for minor offences, they were not permitted to put any manto death without the permission of the Roman Governor. So they hadto go before Pilate to secure his sanction of the Lords execution.Matthew 27: 1, 2. When the morning was come, all the chief priestsand elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put Him todeath: and when they had bound Him, they led Him away, and de­livered Him to Pontius Pilate the governor. After Caiaphas had condemned the Lord, the Sanhedrin still hadto consider how they were to carry out the sentence against Himwithout incurring the wrath of the Romans. This is what is meant bytheir taking counsel to put Him to death. The charge of blasphemy,
  • 28. Trial Before Caiaphas - Repentance of Judas 471because the Lord had said He was the Son of God, would not be re­garded by the Romans as serious--certainly not as worthy.of death.Pilate would not understand why the Jews should be so enragedagainst the Lord. The judges therefore had to plan how to presentthe case in such a way as to convince Pilate that their condemnationwas just. All this required time, and probably two or three hourselapsed before they were ready to leave the house of Caiaphas andtake the Lord to Pilate. It is also probable that Pilate would not sitin judgment so early in the morning, and that they had to wait until hiscourt had been opened.Matthew 27: 3-5. Then Judas, which had betrayed Him, when hesaw that He was condemned, rePented himself, and brought again thethirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and elders, saying, I havesinned in that I have betrayed the innocent blood. And they said,What is that to us? See thou to that. And he -cast down the piecesof silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself. Judas was with the soldiers. He must have been present at thetrial in the house of Caiaphas. And when he realized that the Lordhad actually been condemned to death, he awoke to the enormity ofhis own crime in betraying one whom he knew was innocent of anyevil. He appealed to the priests, saying that he had sinned, and thathe knew the Lord was innocent, hoping that they would release Him.But the priests cared nothing about Judas, nor how he felt. Theyhad merely used him as a tool to accomplish their purpose. Theywould not take back the money they had given him, nor would theyconsider his testimony of the Lords innocence. Then in despair and remorse, Judas went to the Temple, threwdown__ the thirty pieces of silver, and went and hanged himself. We do not know whether at heart Judas was an evil man. Cer­tainly his betrayal of the Lord was an act of treachery that is beneathcontempt, inspired by the devils of hell. But why did he do it?What was his secret motive? Was it because he really hated theLord and wanted to see His life destroyed? This can be known onlyto the Lord. But there is a possibility that Judas wanted the Lordto prove His Divinity by a miracle that would persuade all men tobelieve in Him. He may have thought that if he delivered the Lordinto the hands of His enemies, the Lord would demonstrate that theyhad no power to injure Him, and by some wonderful means would
  • 29. 472 Trial Before Caiaphas - Repentance of Judasset them at nought, so that He would reign supreme and establish HisKingdom at once. If this were so it would explain why he repentedas soon as he saw that this would not happen, and that the Lord wouldactually be put to death. Even then, of course, what he did was wrong. For he was trying toforce the Lord to do what he wanted Him to do, instead of acknow­ledging that the Lord was all-wise, and that if He refused to be anatural king it must be for a Divine reason. It was because he in­sisted upon his own will, instead of following the Lord, that he com­mitted himself into the hands of the evil spirits and allowed them tolead him into so dire a sin. But if this was because of ignorance andmisunderstanding, rather than the result of hatred against the Lord,he could repent and be forgiven by the Lord. That Judas was forgiven would seem to be implied by the fact thatas we are taught in the Writings, on the nineteenth day of June inthe year 1770, the Lord "called together His Twelve Disciples whofollowed Him in the world; and the next day He sent them all forththroughout the whole spiritual world to preach the Gospel that THELORD GOD JESUS CHRIST reigns." (T.C.R.791.) Still, we are no­where told that Judas went to heaven. The sin he committed was initself the worst of all evils, and at the time he committed it he wasbeing used by the lowest hells, where the devils are in hatred againstthe Lord.Matthew 27: 6-10. And the chief priests took the silver pieces, andsaid, It is not lawful for to put them into the treasury, because it isthe price of blood. And they took counsel, and bought with themthe potters field, to bury strangers in. Wherefore that field is called,The field of blood unto this day. Then was fulfilled that which wasspoken by J eremy the prophet, saying, And they took the thirty piecesof silver, the price of Him that was valued, whom they of the childrenof Israel did value; and gave them for the potters field, as the Lordappointed me. Money that had been paid to betray the Lord could not make anacceptable offering in worship. That which had been given in hatredagainst the Lord could not be a token of love to Him. The priestscould not keep it themselves without seeming to admit that they toohad repented of what they had done. So with the thirty pieces ofsilver they decided to buy a field wherein penniless strangers might be
  • 30. Trial Before Caiaphas - Repentance of Judas 473buried-people who were not considered worthy to lie in the sameburial ground with the bodies of the faithful. Perhaps you can understand a little of what this means. Thesilver money given to Judas for betraying the Lord represents the Truthof the Word which had been given them by the Lord in order thatthey might worship Him from the heart. But they had perverted thisTruth and falsified it, using it to confirm their hatred against the Lord.That this silver should be used to buy a potters field wherein strangerswere to be buried, meant that the Truth they had so misused would betaken from them and given to Gentile peoples who would receive itgladly, and would be given the blessings of heaven by means of it. Itmeant that a new church was to be raised up among other nationsmore worthy than the Jews. That this would be the case had been prophesied long years beforeas written in Zechariah 11: 12, 13.
  • 31. CHAPTER LXIV Trial Before Pilate The Lord Delivered to be Crucified (Matthew 27: 11-34. Map Nos. 146, 147) Matthew 27: 11. And Jesus stood before the governor: and the gov­ ernor asked Him, saying, Art Thou the King of the Jews? And Jesus said unto him, Thou sayest. ELATE had been appointed Procurator, or Governor of Judea by Tiberius Caesar in the year A. D. 26, and he retained this office for ten years. The Romans had attached Judea to the larger prov­ ince of Syria, and Pilates official residence was in Caesarea. But at the time of the Jewish Passover the garrison at Jerusalem was strengthened as a precaution against a possible outbreak when so many of the Jews were gathered together. Pilate then took l,lp tem­ porary residence in Herods palace. Here it was that the Lord was brought after He had been condemned by the Sanhedrin. The palace contained a large hall of judgment where the governor held court. But the Jews, on this occasion, would not enter into the house of a Gentile, because this, according to their law, would render them unclean, and would prevent them from cele­ brating the Passover. They remained outside, therefore, while the Lord was taken in by the soldiers and presented to Pilate for judgment. Pilate then went out to them, asking "What accusation bring ye against this man?" They replied, "If He were not a malef~tor, we would not have delivered Him up unto thee." The Greek word here translated "malefactor" means a "disturber of the peace." This was a very vague charge, and might be made for quite a minor offence. Pilate wondered why, if it were such a small matter, they should trouble him about it. Wherefore he said, "Take ye Him, and judge Him according to your law." But now the real reason appeared why 474
  • 32. Delivered to be Crucified 475 they had come to him, for t1!ey said, "It is not lawful for us to put any --.- man to death." But why should He be put to death if He were only a "disturber~~ ~e"? This was the question they had to answer befure Pilate would do what they wanted. They could not use the i charge of blasphemy, on which He had been condemned by the Sanhedrin, for thIS would not be regarded as worthy of death. So now they began to accuse Him on other grounds, saying, "We found ( tpis kIlOW" p~rti;;:g the nation, andforbidding...!2. give tribute to ) Caesar, saying that He Himself is Christ a King." (Luke 23: 2.) ( This was ind~d a serious charge-a charge of treason against the EJ.!lp~!:£lr. Pilate therefore went back into the judgment hall~s­ tion the Lord about it. "Art Thou the King of the Jews?" he asked. "Jesus answered him, Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or did others tell it thee of me? Pilate answered, Am I a Jew? ~hine o~on~ - and the chief priests have delivered Thee unto me: what hast Thou ck>ne? Jesu-; ans;-ered, My kingdom is ;rt ~is world: if my king- dom were of this world, then would _m servantught 1J1at I should2.. not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence. Pilate therefore said unto Him, A.!.t Thou a king then? Je.sus answered, j Thou sayest that I am a king. To this end was I born, and for this cause came I into the world, that I should bear witness unto the truth. Everyone that is of the truth heareth my voice. Pilate saith unto Him, What is truth? And when he had said this he went out again unto the Jews, and saith unto them, I find in Him no fault at all." (John 18:34-38.) The Lord made it perfectly clear that although He was a King, come to establish a Heavenly Kingdom, he was not stirring up revolt { against the Roman Government. He could not therefore be found guilty of treason as the Jews had charged. Furthermore, Pilate knew that t.h.iS was not the real reason why they wante.d to put Him to death. For the Jewish Sanhedrin had no love for Caesar. The would not become so incensed against one who sought to deliver them f~he f power of Rome. He saw clearly, therefore, fliat t ey were moved, not by loyalty to Caesar, but Qyjealousy ~ain~~J~n because He had gained such a wide following, and because He had refused to { recognize their authority. This was no ground on which Pilate could justly condemn Him to death. Yet, although he knew the Lord was innocent, Pilate was afraid ()f wh t wou!sUIap~n if he refused to take action to unish one who was
  • 33. .-J ~ vJ"""? ~ fv> -.J~ 1 .H...t -r J ~ ~..... / ~- ~4 JJ...:.. I·"...... 1 Ji-.A 7 /!,r( Trial Before Pilate accused of treason against the Emperor. The Jews would spread n~ors questioning his own loyalty. They wOcld sellii a report oitheIJ [ incident to Rome, a~ng him of neglecting to defend the Emperor. -I I 1 He feared that he would lose favor and be de rived of his office. He did not want to condemn an innocent man, but he was afraid to defy the anger o~ J ewish rulers. ---- Matthew 27: 12-14. And when He was accused of the chief priests and elders, He answered nothing. Then Pilate said unto Him, Hearest Thou not how many things they witness against Thee? A He a_n­ swered him never a word,. insomuch that the governor marvelled greatly. When Pilate declared that he found no fault in the Lord, the mob outside was still more infuriated. For they were determined to take the Lords life. And they shouted out many accusations against the ---­ Lord, insomuch that He could hear them from within the judgment (hall. But He remained silent, offering no word of explanation or de­ ~ fence. And since His life was at stake, Pilate marvelled that He I refused to defend Himself. As they were reviling Him they said, "He stirreili.. u the .2~e, ( teaching thrQ..ughout all ~!"y, b.-eginniDg from Ga~lee to this place. ) When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the man were a GaU­ I laean. And as soon e new that He belong~ unto Herods jurisdic­ {tion he Him to Herod, who himself was at Jersalem at that time." (Luke 23: 5-7.) Herod Antipas was the Tetrarch of Galilee, and crimes committed in that province would naturally come before him for judgment. Pilate at once thought to avoid responsibility by turn­ --.. i~g the Lord over to Herpd, who, as it happened, had come to Jerusa­ (lem for the feast. It _cwpears also that ther_e h ill feeling ) between these t~yo governors over some uestion of jurisdic!!on, and Pilate seized upon this opportunity to make a courteous gesture of I reconciliation, publicly acknowledging the prior authority of Herod l within his own territory. Pilate therefore sent the Lord, under military guard, to Herod, and there t~b following Him repeated their false accusations.""It is ( said that Herod was glad, having desired for a long time to see the JLord-not that he loved Him nor believed in His teachings, but because ) of all the wonderful miracles that had been reported of Him. -~d was curious, and hoped to see Him perform some miracles, although
  • 34. Delivered to be Crucified 477 he believed they were accomplished by trickery. However, when the Lord refused to satisfy his curiosity, and remained silent in the ( face of His accusers, Herod joined with the soldiers in mocking~, and he arrayed Him in a gorgeous robe, as if He were indeed to be1 hailed a king, and sent Himback to Pilate, refusing to pass judgment on the case. "And Pilate, when he had called toget;E.er the chief Pliests and the) rulers of the eople, said unto them, Ye have brought this man unto me, as one that perverteth the people: and, behold, I, havin.g examined) Him before you, have found no fault in this man touching those things l whereof ye accuse Him : No, nor yet Herod: for I have sent you to (him; and, 10, nothing worthy of death is done unto Him. I will there­) fore chastise Him, and release Him." (Luke 23: 13-16.) He offered a compromise, namely, that the Lord should be punished as if He had I committed some minor offence, although He had done nothing ~ng. In order to roted himself, Pilate was willin to disregard !ustice andi a~g.~~~rved punishm~nt, but not to put an innocent man to death. Matthew 27: 15-18. Now at that feast the governor was wont to release unto the people a prisoner, whom they would. And t&y had then a notable prisoner, called Barabbas. Therefore when they were gathered together, Pilate said unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you? Barabbas, or Jesus which is called Christ? For h kn w that f~vy they had deliv~im. Nothing is known of the origin of the custom, but each year at the·Passover Feast the governor would release some prisone~ fuuequestSof the Jewish eople. This was probably a means of impressing them, ;itlithe magnani~ity of their conquerors, at a time, when if their passions were roused, there was danger of mob violence. Barabbas was a robber who had committed murder in the course of an insurrection. Both the Roman and the Jewish Law had con­ demned him to death, and he was now in prison awaiting execution. Matthew 27: 19. When he was set down on the judgment seat, his wif!!. sent unto him, Flying, Have thou nothing to do with that j;;;t man: for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of Him. The Jews would not enter into the hall of judgment because of the Passover. A udgment seat, therefore was laced outside the palace
  • 35. 47 8 Trial Before Pilate on a paved terrace called "Gabbatha." Here Pilate now sat to render his decision, and the Lord was brought forth to stand before him. Meanwhile Pilates wife sent a messen er to her husband warning him not to condemn a ju~n. She had had a dream con~ing..Q1e I L~d that fgghtened her, and she regarded it as a sign that He was in­ nocent, and was by no means to be condemned, lest His judge be guilty of great injustice. (Matthew 27: 20-23. But the chief ,£riests and elders persuaded the ) multitude that they should ask Barabbas, and destroy Jesus. The 1 governor answered and said unto them, Whether of the twain will ye 5 that I release unto you? They said, Barabbas. Pilate saith unto I them, What shall I do then with Jesus which is called Christ? !.!!:§y - ( all say unto him, Let Him be crucified. Pilate did not want to condemn the Lord. In every way that would ( not jeopardize his own position, he tried to rotect the Lord against ) ~rY of the multi~de crying for His blood. But he was w@k. :§;e did not have the c02.~ag~ to do what he knew was just and right in the face of violent opposition. He could not ut aside thought 5 of his own personal welfare, nor ignore the danger that he might 10; 1 the favor of the Emperor. Three times Pilate asked the Jews to let him release the Lord, say­ ing, "What evil hath He done? I have found no cause of death in Him: I will therefore chastise Him and let Him go. And they were J instant with loud voices, requiring that He might be cruc~A~e 1 v~s of them and of the chief priests prevailed." (Luke 23: 22, 23.) ) Matthew 27: 24, 25. When Pilate saw that he could prevail noth­ ing, but that rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye to it. Then (lnswered all the eop!:e, and said, His 1 blood be on us, and on our children. .)1 Pilate refused to condemn the Lord, but he allowed Him to b~ci­ fied. He could not avoid the responsibility of his office, whereby he J ;;s called upon not only to condemn the guilty but also to protect the 1 innocent. T~ protectio.!!..he now refused to gi,ye because he fe~edh· ~ q{ --- l the consequences to himself. No water could wash away the guilt of this cowardly act. Still it was true that the chief guilt lay with . the priests, the scribes, the elders, and the Pharisees, whomre crying - ....
  • 36. Delivered to be Crucified 479out in rage for the Lords life. They were quite willing that His bloodsi10iiidbeon them and on their children.Matthew 27: 26. Then released he Barabbas unto them: and whenhe had scourged Jesus, he delivered Him to be crucified. It was the Roman custom to scourge or whip a criminal before hewas executed.Matthew 27: 27-31. Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesusinto the common hall, and gathered unto Him the whole band of sol­diers. And they stripped Him, and put on Him a scarlet robe. Andwhen they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon His head,and a reed in His right hand: and they bowed the knee before Him,and mocked Him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews! And they spitupon Him, and took the reed, and smote Him on the head. And afterthat they had mocked Him, they took the robe off from Him, and putHis own raiment on Him, and led Him away to crucify Him. The soldiers who had arrested the Lord were employed by thepriests. But when sentence had been pronounced, He was taken incharge by the soldiers under the direct command of Pilate. Bothgroups of soldiers, however, participated in the mockery of crowningHim with thorns, and subjecting Him to every indignity.Matthew 27: 32. And as they came out, they found a ,man ofCyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear His cross. Leaving the hall of judgment, the soldiers led the way through thestreets of Jerusalem toward the North Gate. One about to be crucifiedwas required to carry, or help to carry his own cross to the place ofexecution. But a Cyrenian named Simon, who returning from thecountry happened to pass by, was compelled by the soldiers to bear thecross of the Lord.Matthew 27: 33, 34. And when they were come unto a place calledGolgotha, that is to say, a place of a skull, they gave Him vinegar todrink mingled with gall: and when He had tasted thereof, He wouldnot drink. Golgotha was the name of a rocky hill just outside the North Gateof the city. It was so called because from a distance it looked like askull.
  • 37. 480 Trial Before Pilate Criminals were executed in prominent places, in order to strike fearinto the hearts of others who might be tempted to commit similarcrimes. So here there was a place of execution along the road whereall travelers entering or leaving the city toward the north would haveto pass close by. Vinegar was supposed to dull the sense of pain. It is s~e,and re resents what is false, as ood wine repi.ese.D~th. The Lordhad been condemned by false accusations to which He had made noreply. To have taken the vinegar would have meant an admissionthat these accusations were true, and this the Lord refused to do.
  • 38. CHAPTER LXV The Crucifixion The Burial (Matthew 27: 35-61. Map Nos. 148, 149.)Matthew 27: 35. And they crucified Him, and parted His garments,casting lots: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by theprophet, They parted my garments among them, and upon my vesturedid they cast a lot.A ROUGH cross of wood was planted upright in the ground, andthe Lord was fastened to it with nails through His hands and His feet. The soldiers, acting on the order of Pilate, crucified the Lord, divid­ing His outer garments among them, each taking one. But therewas an inner garment, woven in a single piece, and instead of destroy­ing this they cast lots for it. (John 19: 23,24_) That this would bedone had been foretold in Psalm 22: 18. But no one had realizedwhat the phophecy meant until after it had been fulfilled.Matthew 27: 36. And sitting down they watched Him there: Among those who witnessed the crucifixion, besides the soldiers,were the crowds of priests, elders, scribes, and Pharisees who hadplotted with so much hatred to put the Lord to death. A number ofHis followers watched from a distance. But Mary, the Mother of theLord, and her sister, and Mary Magdalene, together with John thebeloved Apostle, stood near the cross. Then the Lord, looking uponHis Mother, said to her, "Woman, behold thy son I" And turning Hiseyes upon John, He said, "Behold thy mother! And from that hourthat disciple took her unto his own home." (John 19: 26, 27.)Matthew 27: 37. And set up over His head, His accusation written,THIS IS JESUS THE KING OF THE JEWS.
  • 39. The Crucifixion - The Burial These words were written by Pilate, and he commanded that they be fastened at the head of the cross. They were repeated in three different languages, Hebrew, Greek, and Latin. The natural reason for this was that all might read them, whatever their nationality might be. But there was a further meaning, unknown to Pilate and not understood even by the Disciples. For it was not then realized that the Lord at His Second Coming would give a final Divine Revelation written in the Latin tongue. But now we know that the Lord led Pilate to do this because the universal Truth taught in the Word is that Jesus Christ is indeed the King of Kings, the God of heaven and earth. This is proclaimed throughout the Old Testament which is written in Hebrew. It is proclaimed in the New Testament which has been preserved to us in the Greek language. And it is proclaimed everywhere in the Writings now given in the Latin tongue. The Jews did not like this superscription. They went to Pilate and asked him to change it to read, "He said, I am King of the Jews." But Pilate refused, saying, "What I have written, I have written." (John 19: 20-22.) Matthew 27: 38. Then were there two thieves crucified with Him, one on the right hand, and another on the left. One of these thieves "railed on Hi!ll saying, If Thou be Christ, save Thyself and us. But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation? And we indeed jusfly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss. And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remem­ ber me when Thou earnest into Thy kingdom. And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, today shalt thou be with me in paradise." (Luke 23: 39-43.) Both the malefactors had committed serious crimes. One was not sorry for what he had done, but merely wished to escape punishment. He did not believe in the Lord, and joined with those who were mocking Him. But the other acknowledged his evil, was willing to take his punishment, and repenting, asked the Lord to forgive him. The Lord is always ready to forgive one who sin­. cerely repents, whatever his sin may have been. Both these criminals were evil in the sight of men. But the Lord knew their hearts, and He knew that one could be saved in the other world, while the other could not. Wherefore He said to the repentant sinner, "today shalt thou be with me in paradise."
  • 40. T he Crucifixion·- The Burial This declaration of the Lord teaches us very openly, that as theWritings explain, every man rises again immediately after the bodydies. Yet in spite of this, most Christians persist in the false ideathat no one will rise after death until the "last day" at some futuretime, when as they suppose the sun will be darkened, the moon will notgive its light, and the stars will faH from heaven, and the Lord willcreate a new world for them to live in.Matthew 27: 39-44. And they that passed by reviled Him, waggingtheir heads, and saying, Thou that destroyest the temple, and build-est it in three days, save Thyself. If Thou be the Son of God, comedown from the cross. Likewise also the chief priests mocking Him,with the scribes and elders, said, He saved others; Himself He cannotsave. If He be the King of Israel, let Him now come down from thecross, and we will believe Him. He trusted in God; let Him deliverHim now, if He will have Him: for He said, I am the Son of God.The thieves also, which were crucified with Him, cast the same in Histeeth. The Jews who did this were inspired by the hells with malice andhatred. The evil spirits putting words of derision in their mouthwere jubilant, supposing that they had destroyed the Lord. They clamored for Him to come down from the cross, declaring thatif He did so then they would believe in Him. But the Lord knewthat they would not believe, even if He did as they desired. Nothingwould convince them of His Divinity because they did not want tobelieve. It would have been with them as it had been with theirfathers, who, even while Moses was receiving the Ten Command-ments on Mount Sinai, forsook the worship of the Lord to adore agolden calf. If the Lord had come down from the cross, as indeedHe could have done, they would have been compelled to acknowledgeHim outwardly, but they would still have hated Him, and would havecontinued to plot against Him. Also, while then the Lord wouldhave returned to life on earth, He could not have revealed Himselfin His glorified Human to those, both in this world and in the other,who loved Him. Nor could the Disciples have come to know Himas they did after His resurrection. They would not have under-stood the nature of His Kingdom in the heavens, and a truly spiritualchurch could not have been raised up among-men. Because the Lordknew all this He paid no attention to their wicked mockery, persist-
  • 41. The Crucifixion - The Burialing in His purpose to lay down His life-the life of the material bodyfor which He had no further need-and to take upon Himself theglorified body in which He was to reign thereafter as the supremeRuler of the universe. It is to be noted that the Jews, in thus yielding to the evil spiritsthat inspired them, demonstrated before all good men how cruel, harsh,and hateful they were, even though they pretended to be so devotedto the Law of Moses. The Disciples afterwards could realize that theJewish Church was dead, and that a new church entirely distinct andseparate from it must be established by all those who believed inthe Lord. And the same thing happened in the spiritual world,where the simple good spirits who had in ignorance accepted thefalse teaching of the Jewish rabbis, came to see the selfishness, thehypocrisy, the utter wickedness that had lain concealed under an out­ward pretense of worshiping J ehovah. In order to separate thesesimple good in both worlds, from the evil who had held them in bond­age, the Lord permitted the Jews to do all these terrible things to Him,and underwent the horrible suffering of the cross. For there was noother means whereby He could save the human race from eternal death.Matthew 27: 45. Now from the sixth hour there was darkness allover the land unto the ninth hour. It was about the sixth hour, according to Jewish reckoning, whichwould be noon according to our time, when the Lord w~ crucified.A great storm came up. Black clouds covered the sky and plungedthe world into a strange darkness that struck all men with awe, causingthem to wonder what was about to happen.Matthew 27: 46-49. And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with aloud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, Lama sabachthani? That is to say, MyGod, my God, why hast Thou forsaken me? Some of them that stoodthere, when they heard that, said, This man calleth for Elias. Andstraightway one of them ran, and took a sponge, and filled it withvinegar, and put it on a reed, and gave Him to drink. The rest said,Let be, let us see whether Elias will come to save Him. The Lord spoke in the Aramaic language used by the commonpeople of Palestine. But those who heard did not know what thewords meant. They thought that instead of calling upon God, Hewas asking the Prophet Elias or Elijah to rescue Him.
  • 42. The Crucifixion - The Burial They had offered the Lord vinegar before He was crucified, andHe refused it. But now when they offered Him vinegar on a reedmade of hyssop, He drank it. The reason is that the vinegar firstoffered represented the falsities of the Jews who had the Word, andwho should have known better. They were in the falsity that is theinvention of an evil heart, and this the Lord utterly rejected. Butthe vinegar now offered to Him represented the falsities of the Gen­tile peoples who were in ignorance, and yet who were searching for theTruth. This falsity the Lord mercifully accepts as if it were theTruth, until genuine instruction can be given. And the Lord is everready to help and to teach those who sincerely come to Him, howevergreat the falsity in which they may be.Matthew 27: 50. Jesus, when He had cried again with a loud voice,yielded up the ghost. By this is meant that the body died. The lungs ceased to function,and the beating of the heart was stilled. This is what happens toeveryone when the time comes for the spirit to be separated from thebody, in order that he may awaken to life in the spiritual world.Matthew 27: 51-53. And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent intwain from the top to the bottom,. and the earth did quake, and therocks rent; and the graves were opened; and many bodies of thesaints which slept arose, and came out of the graves after Hi~ resur­rection, and went into the holy city, and appeared unto many. The veil of the temple marked the division between the Holy Placewhere the priests ministered-providing the shewbread, tending thelampstand, and burning incense-and the Holy of Holies where theArk of the Covenant was kept. This Holy of Holies was the specialabiding place of the Lord, whence He had spoken to Aaron, the HighPriest, from behind the veil. But this inner sanctuary of the Jews wasin total darkness because they did not really see the Lord, nor did theyunderstand truly who He was. But now He was to be made knownto all who were willing to receive Him. They were to see Him as Heis in heaven. They were to worship Him henceforth as a visible God,seen and known as Jesus Christ, risen and glorified. This is thereason why the veil was rent from the top to the bottom, flooding theHoly of Holies with new light. It is the reason why in our Churchthe sanctuary where the Word is kept is not hidden behind a veil.
  • 43. The Crucifixion ~ The BurialWhen we worship, the Word lies open upon the altar in full view.This because the Lord has now revealed Himself to us in glory. There was indeed an earthquake that caused the rocks to crack andthe walls of the houses to tremble, striking fear into the hearts of men.But people who had been dead did not rise out of their graves in theirmaterial bodies. Some, however, whose spiritual eyes were opened,saw into the other world, and there beheld in vision some who theyknew had died. But the greatest earthquake, and the one primarily meant here inthe Word, took place in the world of spirits, where the Lord was aboutto set free the good spirits from the imprisonment in which they hadbeen kept by the evil. To these, because they now felt new hope andnew life, it seemed as though they had been dead and were now living,experiencing a joy unutterable because they had seen the Lord, andknew that He had come to save them.Matthew 27: 54. Now when the centurion, and they, that were withhim, watching Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those things that weredone, they feared greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son of God. The centurion was the Roman officer in charge of the soldiers whohad crucified the Lord. They were now frightened by the darknessand the earthquake, and in their fear proclaimed their faith that thismust have been the Son of God, even as He had claimed. Whetherthey continued to believe in Him and embraced the Christian Religion,after He had risen, we do not know. Sometimes in moments of dangerwe come to believe, and afterwards return to our unbelief when theperil has passed. Probably in this case there were some who con­tinued to believe and others who did not.Matthew 27: 55, 56. And many women were there beholding afaroff, which followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering unto Him: amongwhich was Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James andJoses, and the mother of Zebedees children. Mary Magdalene, a native of Magdala in Galilee, was the one outof whom the .Lord had cast seven devils. Mary the mother of J amesand Joses, was probably the same as the one mentioned in John asthe wife of Cleophas. There were two Disciples called J ames. Onewas the brother of John, the son of Zebedee; the other was theson of Alphaeus, and was called J arries the Less. It is the mother of
  • 44. The Crucifixion - The Burialthis James and his brother Joses that is here referred to. This wouldmean either that she was married twice, or that Cleophas was anothername for Alphaeus. As to this we have no sure knowledge. InJohn this same Mary is said to be the sister of the Lords Mother.Some have supposed that she was a sister-in-law, her husband, Cleo­phas, possibly having been a brother of Joseph, the husband of Marythe Lords Mother. There is no historical evidence to support thisview, but it would explain the terms used in the Gospels to describethese women who were present at the Lords crucifixion. The wife ofZebedee, who was the mother of .Tames and John, was Salome.Matthew 27: 57, 58. When the even was come, there came a richman of Arimathea, named Joseph, who also himself was Jesus dis­ciple:he went to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Then Pilatecommanded the body to be delivered. Joseph of Arimathea was a prominent counseUor, a member of theSanhedrin. He had believed in the Lord, but secretly, because he wasafraid of the Jews. And because he loved the Lord he had not "con­sented to the counsel and deed of them" (Luke 23: 51), that is, ofthe judges who had condemned the Lord. He now came to Pilate andasked if he might take the Lords body down from the cross and buryit. And Pilate gave him permission to do so. From the Gospel of John we learn that another member of theSanhedrin came with him to assist in this act of love. This wasNicodemus, who, you remember, had come to the Lord secretly bynight, to hear His Word. It is interesting and important to remem­ber that the two men who first ministered to the Lord after His cruci­fixion were members of the council of judges that had condemnedHim, but who accepted His teachings and at heart were among Hisdisciples. This shows us that even in the Sanhedrin which had al­lowed itself to become a tool of the hells, there were good men who didnot sanction the wickedness of the others.Matthew 27: 59, 60. And when Joseph had taken the body, hewrapped it in a clean linen cloth, and laid it in his own new tomb,which he had hewn out of the rock: and he rolled a great stone tothe door of the sepulchre, and departed. Matthew does not mention Nicodemus, but we know that he waswith Joseph of Arimathea when he came to take away the body ofthe Lord.
  • 45. The Crucifixion - The Burial J oseph was a rich man. He had bought a plot of land not far fromGo1gotha, where he had hewn out a sepulchre and planted round it agarden, as a place where he himself might be buried when he died;for it is said to be "his own new tomb," and in John it is called "anew sepulchre wherein was never man yet laid." Unwittingly, Josephhad been led to do this in order that there might be a fitting place forthe Lords burial and resurrection. In ancient times the dead were wrapped in linen cloths called"shrouds," and various kinds of spices were poured into the folds ofthe cloth. When this had been done to the Lords body, and it hadbeen placed tenderly in the cave, a great stone was rolled to the doorof the sepulchre.Matthew 27: 61. And .there was Mary Magdalene, and the otherMary, sitting over against the sepulchre. By the "other Mary" here is meant the wife of C1eophas. (SeeMark 15: 47.) These two evidently came nearer, but the other womenalso followed at a distance, to see where the Lords body was laid. (Luke 23: SS.) And it is said that they returned then to their homes,and prepared spices and ointments, that they also might perform whatthey regarded as a last act of devotion to show their love for the Lord.But the next day being the Sabbath, they rested quietly at home, be­lieving that it was against the Commandments for them to anoint thedead on the Sabbath. This also was in Providence, that they mightnot come until the morning of the Lords resurrection.
  • 46. Part VIIFrom the Burial to the Ascension
  • 47. MAP VII FROM THE BURIAL TO THE ASCENSION Matt. Mark Luke John150. The Watch at the Sepulchre ... 27: 62-66151. The Morning of the Resurrection 28: 1-10 16: 1-11 24: 1-12 20: 1-18152. Report of the Watch .......... 28: 11-15153. The Walk to Emmaus ........ 16: 12-13 24: 13-35154. Appearance to the Ten ........ 24: 36--43 20: 19-25155. Appearance to the Eleven ..... 16: 14 20: 26-31156. Appearance to the Seven ...... 21: 1-24157. Appearance on the l·lountain .. 28:16-20 16: 15-18158. The Ascension ............... 16:19-20 24:44-53159. Conclusion of Johns Gospel. .. 21:25 490
  • 48. 2 4A A8 .8c3 o30 :W.:· 30E E 4
  • 49. CHAPTER LXVI The Watch at the Sepulchre The Morning of the Resurrection (Matthew 27: 62-66; 28: 1-10. Map Nos. 150, 151)Matthew 27: 62-64. Now the next day, that followed the day ofpreparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate,saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while He was yetalive, After three days I will rise again. Command therefore thatthe sepulchre be made sure until the third day, lest His diciples comeby night, and steal Him away, and say unto the people, He is risenfrom the dead: so the last error shall be worse than the first.THE "day of preparation" was the day before the Sa~bath. Sinceno work was to be done on the Sabbath Day, food had to be preparedthe day before, and other arrangements had to be made for domesticand other necessities. It was on this "day of preparation" that theLord was crucified. But it was on the "next day" or the Sabbath thatthe priests and Pharisees spoke to Pilate about guarding the sepulchre. The rulers of the Jews, of course, did not at all believe that it waspossible for the Lord to rise from the dead. But they were afraidthat the Disciples would secretly remove His body from the sepulchre,and then falsely proclaim that He had risen, as He had promised.Wherefore they asked Pilate to place a guard at the sepulchre to pre­vent anyone from entering until after the three days had passed. The priests reasoned among themselves that if the people continuedto have faith in the Lord, believing that He had risen from the dead,then they would have failed of their purpose. For they wanted todestroy not only the Lord Himself, but all faith in His teachings.For these teachings had shaken the confidence of many people in thetraditional doctrines taught by the priests. They had deprived thepriests of power and influence, exposing their hypocrisy. This is 49 1
  • 50. 49 2 The Watch at the Sepulchrewhat had goaded them to fury. For this injury they sought revengeby personal violence against the Lord. But most of all they wantedto regain their power. And this they could not do unless those whoha.d become disciples of the Lord ceased to believe in Him and turnedback to the priests for instruction and leadership. If then theyshould believe that the Lord had risen, and should remain faithful toHis words, their opposition to the priests would grow. This is whythey said, "the last error shall be worse than the first."Matthew 27: 65, 66. Pilate said unto them, Ye have a watch: goyour way, make it as sure as ye can. So they went and made thesepulchre sure, sealing the stone, and setting a watch. The Jewish rulers had soldiers under their command to do policeduty and to relieve the Romans of the full responsibility for preserv­ing civil order. The Romans, while placing a strong garrison oflegions at strategic points in a conquered country, and making surethat no armed force that might threaten their authority would bemustered by the natives, yet permitted them a considerable measureof self-government. This was a wise imperial policy, not only be­cause it relieved the Romans of a large burden of petty local govern­ment, requiring judgment with reference to customs and traditionsthat they did not understand, and about which they cared nothing,but also because it made the rule of the conqueror less irksome, lessobvious, and less apt to stir the spirit of revolt. Pilate had no interest in the claim that the Lord would rise again.The fear expressed by the priests was something he did not under­stand. He regarded the whole incident as merely the result of aquarrel between two factions of the Jews. He refused therefore totake sides or to commit the Roman soldiers to the menial duty ofserving the private interests of the despised people whom they hadconquered. But he gave the priests permission to set over the sepul­chre a guard of the soldiers under their command. Therefore, they placed a seal over the door of the tomb. Thisseal was a legal document, forbidding anyone to enter the sepul­chre on threat of punishment-probably by order of the Sanhedrin.And the document was so fastened to the stone and to the wall of thetomb that the stone could not be removed without breaking the seal.And then they placed soldiers in front of the sepulchre, with othersto relieve them at stated hours, so that both day and night the tombwould be protected against anyone that might try to break into it.
  • 51. The Morning of the Resurrection 493 It was in the Divine Providence that this should have been done.For it was of the utmost importance that there should be no room fordoubt as to the truth of the Lords resurrection. If the sepulchre hadnot been watched, the priests could have denied that the Lord hadrisen, claiming that the Disciples themselves had removed His body.But since every precaution had been taken to insure that this shouldnot happen, when the tomb was found empty, there was no other ex-planation than that the prophecy of resurrection had been fulfilled.Here we see a striking example of how the Lord uses evil men to ac-complish a good end-the exact opposite of what they wish or intendto do. All the efforts of the Jewish priests to make certain that no oneshould have any ground for belief in the Lords resurrection, werethe very means whereby all possible doubt was removed as to the truthof His resurrection.Matthew 28: 1. In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn to-ward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the otherMary to see the sepulchre. This was the dawn of the first Easter Sunday. This was the earliestmoment when the women who loved the Lord could come to anoint Hisbody, because they could not do this on the Sabbath Day withoutbreaking the Mosaic Law. They had prepared the sweet spices suchas were used for burial. This they had done quietly in their homesduring the Sabbath, so that they might be ready to seek the Lord veryearly in the morning. Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of J ames the Less, and Salome,the mother of J ames and John, are distinctly mentioned as beingamong those who came to the sepulchre. But there were "certainothers with them" whose names are not given. (Luke 24: 1.)Matthew 28: 2-4. And behold there was a great earthquake: for theangel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled backthe stone from the door, and sat upon it. His countenance was likelightning, and his raiment white as snow: and for fear of him thekeepers did shake, and became as dead men. The angel descended and the earthquake came before the womenarrived. There is no indication that they felt the tremor of the earth;or if they did feel it, that they knew what it was. For we are toldthat as they were approaching "they said among themselves, Who
  • 52. 494 The Watch at the Sepulchre shall roll us away the stone from the door of the sepulchre?" And they were astonished when they saw that the stone had already been removed. But the "keepers," the soldiers set to watch the sepulchre, did feel the earthquake. They saw the angel remove the stone and situpon it. They were so frightened that they could not move. Butwhen the vision of the angel disappeared the sepulchre was still open,and they saw that it was empty. In the eleventh verse it is implied that they saw the women who first discovered the empty tomb. Since they had been watching they knew that the Disciples had not takenthe Lords body away. That the angel removed the stone by means of an earthquake isclear from what is here said. But this earthquake, like the one thatoccurred when the Lord died on the cross, took place at the same timein the spiritual world. There is where it had the most immediate andthe most powerful effects. It moved the entire world of spirits, andeven all the heavens. It completely changed the idea of the Lord inthe minds of the spirits and angels, and gave new meaning to His Word. The Word had told about the Lord. It had prophesied His birthinto the world, His whole life on earth, His death, and His resurrec­tion. But the prophecies had not been understood. The idea of theLord who was to come was that of a great prophet who was to estab­lish an earthly kingdom. In this way the Jews had interpreted theWord, and had taught it on earth. And in this way they continuedto teach it when they entered the other world. For this reason theLord, as He really was-a Divine Man, God Himself in the form ofman, the Ruler of the whole universe, who was to establish a heavenlykingdom-was not known. He was present in the Word, but He wasnot seen there. Since the Jews had forsaken their faith in J ehovah,they no longer had any love of the Lord, and He was to them asone dead. The Word had become a sepulchre in which the Lordwas buried. But when the Lord rose from the grave, those whohad thought of Him only as a prophet saw Him in heaven as Hereally is. All their traditional ideas about Him were shaken as bya great earthquake. They now began to see for the first time whatthe prophecies of the Word really meant. A new and wonderfullight from the Lord flooded their minds. Those who at heart lovedthe Lord rejoiced in this light and accepted gladly the Truth con­cerning Him. But the evil, who like the soldiers at the sepulchre,
  • 53. The Morning of the Resurrection 495were determined to maintain their false ideas, who were unwill­ing to accept "any new truth, and who were watching the sepulchreto keep the Lord forever dead-these evil spirits in the other worldrejected the Lord and "became as dead men," that is, they were castinto hell. It was the same on earth. The women and the Disciples who lovedthe Lord welcomed with joy of heart the message of the angel tellingthem that the Lord had risen. But the Jewish priests and scribesrefused to believe it, and sought in every way to destroy the ChristianFaith.Matthew 28: 5-7. And the angel answered and said unto the women,Fear not ye: for I know that ye seek Jesus, which was crucified. Heis not here: for He is risen, as He said. Come, see the place wherethe Lord lay. And go quickly, and tell His disciples that He is risenfrom the dead; and, behold, He goeth before you into Galilee, thereshall ye see Him: lo I have told you. When the women drew near they saw the angel sitting upon thestone that had been used to seal the sepulchre. They were naturallyafraid, but the angel said to them, "Fear not ye: for I know that yeseek Jesus, which was crucified." For those who loved the Lordthere was no cause for fear but only for rejoicing, because there werethe glad tidings that He whom they adored had risen from the dead.They who hated the Lord had reason to fear because the one they hadsought to destroy utterly had not been harmed by their maliciouscruelty, but had returned to judge them for their wicked deeds. The angel then invited the women to enter the sepulchre and seefor themselves that the Lords body was not there. In Luke weare told that when they had entered the tomb they saw two men inshining garments, though only one is mentioned in Mark. Again thisangel told them to "see the place where they laid Him." And hereminded them of the Lords words, saying, "Remember how Hespake unto you when He was yet in Galilee, saying, The Son of manmust be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, andthe third day rise again. And they remembered His words." (Luke24: 6-8.) The women did not yet know what these words might mean. Theythought of the Lord as coming to life again in this world, even as Hehad raised Lazarus from the dead. But how this could be they could
  • 54. The Watch at the Sepulchre not imagine. They had despaired of ever seeing the Lord again. But now new hope fined their hearts, and they departed quickly from the sepulchre to tell the Disciples what they had seen and heard. In Mark it is said, "they trembled and were amazed: neither said they anything to any man; for they were afraid." (Mark 16: 8.) Matthew 28: 8. And they departed quickly from the sepulchre with fear and great joy; and did run to bring His disciples word. You remember that the sepulchre was situated only a little way outside the North Gate of Jerusalem. The Disciples undoubtedly were in the city, and the women hastened toward the gate. Matthew 28: 9, 10. And as they went to tell His disciples, behold, Jesus met them saying, All!:!!:iJ. And they came and held Him by the feet, and worshipped Him. Then said Jesus unto them, Be not afraid: go tell my brethren that they go into Galilee, and there shall they see me. It was while they were hastening toward the city that they met the Lord. Mary Magdalene must have been a little ahead of the others, for we are told in the Gospel of Mark that "He appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom He had cast seven devils." But the others, catching up to her when she stopped, beheld the vision also. And they all fell down at His feet to worship Him. After the Lord had spoken to them He disappeared, even as He had done when He was seen by Peter, James, and John on the Moun~ of Transfiguration. When they were once more alone they went on, hurrying as before, to the place where the Disciples were gathered together weeping and mourning because they thought the Lord had been taken from them forever. The women told them of the strange and wonderful things that had happenea-;- ut (ltheir--wDrds seemed to them as idle tales, and they believed em not." (Luke 24: 11.) Even Mary Magdalene did Dot believe. It all seemed too impossible to be true. And leaving the Disciples still discussing these strange events, she returned alone to the sepulchre. Presently, Peter and John ran to the sepulchre to investigate for themselves what had happened. For Mary Magdelene had told them "They have taken I away the Lord out of the sepulchre, and we now not where they b~e laid Him." (John 20: ~A1thougb she had seen the angels -._------­
  • 55. The Morning of the Resurrection 497l a~ad beheld the Lord in visio~, she still thought that someone had taken away His body. John ranfuster· than Peter, but when he saw the stone rolled away he stopped, bent down, and looking in "saw the linen clothes lying; yet went he not in." But Peter, when he arrived, went immediately into the cave and saw the linen clothes that had been wrapped about the Lords body by Joseph of Arimathea and Nicodemus, "and the napkin, that was about His head not lying with the linen clothes, but wrapped together in a place by itself." Then John also entered the sepulchre, and when he had seen for himself that the Lord was not there, it is said that he believed. By this is meant that he believed in the Lord once more. His faith in the Lord as the promised Messiah had been sorely shaken by the crucifixion. But now again he thought that the Lord must have been the one foretold by the Prophets. Yet he did not know what to believe. He still dung to the idea of an earthly kingdom, and expected to find that the Lord had come to life again in this world. "For as yet they knew not the scripture, that He must rise again from the dead." That is, they knew it, but they did not understand it. Although they had beheld no vision of angels, Peter and John now saw for themselves that what the women had told them was indeed true, and they returned to their place of abode in the city. (John 20: 3-10.) "But Mary stood without at the sepulchre weeping: and as she wept, she stooped down, and looked into the sepulchre, and seeth two angels in white sitting, one at the head, and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain." These angels had been there all the time, but Peter and John had not seen them because their spiritual eyes were not opened. "And they say unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? She saith unto them, Because they have taken away my Lord, and I know not where they have laid Him. And when she had thus said, she turned herself back, and saw Jesus standing, and knew not that it was Jesus. Jesus saith unto her, Woman, why weepest thou? Whom seekest thou? She, supposing Him to be the gardener, saith unto Him, Sir, if thou have borne Him hence, tell me where thou hast laid Him, and I will take Him away. Jesus saith unto her, Mary. She turned herself, and saith unto Him, Rabboni; which is to say, Master. Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet as­ cended to my Father; but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I
  • 56. The Watch at the Sepulchre ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God. Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that He had spoken these things unto her." (John 20: 11-18.) You remember that the sepulchre was in a garden that belonged to Joseph of Arimathea, who was a wealthy counsellor of the Jews. When the Lord spoke to Mary, as she stopped at the entrance to the tomb, she mistook Him for the gardener employed to care for the plants and flowers. And she thought that He must have been the one who had removed the Lords body. But when the Lord uttered her name she recognized Him. Note the difference between this appearance of the Lord and the first vision of Him as the women were going into the city. They hadI thought of the Lord then as a S irit. But now He appeared to Mary2 as if He were in a material body and she thought He was the gardener. The Lord was not ClOthed with a material body after His resurrec­ tion. Yet He was not a spirit, because He had risen with His whole body. When men die their body remains on earth, and the sPIrit awakens in a spiritual body. But the Lord had glorified His body and made it Divine, insomuch that nothing remained in the sepulchre. When you are older you will understand better what is meant by the glorification of the Lords body. But now it is important to know and to remember that the Lord, unlike any mortal man, rose from the grave with His whole body.
  • 57. CHAPTER LXVII Report of the Watch The Walk to Emmaus (Matthew 28: 11-15; Luke 24: 13-35. Map Nos. 152, 153.)Matthew 28: 11-15. Now when they were going, behold, some ofthe watch came into the city, and shewed unto the chief priests allthe things that were done. And when they were assembled with theelders, and had taken counsel, they gave large money unto the soldiers,saying, Say ye, His disciples came by night, and stole Him away whilewe slept. And if this come to the governors ears, we will persuadehim, and secure you. So they took the money, and did as they weretaught.: and this saying is commonly reported among the Jews untilthis day.I T IS a serious offence for soldiers stationed as a guard to fall asleep.In time of war such a neglect of duty is punishable with death. Thereason is that many lives depend upon them, since an entire armymight be imperiled by a surprise attack. The soldiers placed to guard the sepulchre had kept faithful watch.They knew that no one had taken away the body of the Lord. Theyreported exactly what had happened, how they had been para­lyzed with fright by an earthquake that had removed the stone fromthe door of the tomb, and by the vision of an angel in shining gar­ments. They told how the women, coming to the sepulchre, hadfound it empty. The Jewish rulers saw at once that if this testimony of eye-witnesseswho were not disciples of the Lord should be spread abroad amongthe people, many might come to believe that the Lord had indeedrisen from the dead. This they wished to prevent at all cost. Theydecided therefore in council to suppress the truth and counteract itby a deliberate falsehood. With a large sum of money they bribed 499
  • 58. 500 Report of the Watchthe soldiers to say that they had fallen asleep at their post, and thatthe Disciples had stolen away the Lords body, at the same time prom·ising protection against any punishment for such a confessed breachof discipline. Since the guard had not been taken from the Romanarmy, but from the Jewish constabulary, this protection could beassured. If, when the governor heard of this affair he was sufficientlyinterested to demand that the guard be punished, which was quiteunlikely, still the soldiers would be brought to trial before a Jewishcourt. And since the judges were pledged not to convict them, theywould either be acquitted or pardoned. Prompted by greed the sol­diers accepted the bribe and did as they were told. But the Disciplesknew that they themselves had not taken away the Lords body. Be­fore any of them had approached the sepulchre the women had foundit empty. Later the Lord Himself appeared to them, giving sureproof that He was alive.Luke 24: 13. And, behold, two of them went that same day to a vil­lage called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescorefurlongs. These two were disciples of the Lord, but neither of them belongedto the inner circle of the Twelve Apostles. Who they were is notknown. One was n.amed Cleopas, and it is supposed by some that hewas the same as Cleophas, the father of James the Less, and thehusband of that "other Mary" who had brought spices to the sepul­chre. It has been suggested that his companion was probably Luke,who wrote the Gospel, and who refrained from mentioning his ownname. But there is no historic evidence to support either claim. The village of Emmaus was "threescore furlongs" distant fromJerusalem, or about seven miles. But in which direction it lay wecan only guess, for it has completely disappeared. Very early tradi­tion, however, places it northwest of the city.Luke 24: 14-16. And they talked together of all these things whichhad happened. And it came to pass, that, while they communed to­gether and reasoned, Jesus Himself drew near, and went with them.But their eyes were holden that they should not know Him. After His resurrection the Lord did not appear before the naturalsight of men. He could be seen only by those whose spiritual eyeswere opened. And this was the case with the two disciples on theroad to Emmaus.
  • 59. T he Walk to Emmaus 501 In the other world thought brings presence. Although they do notknow it, the Lord is perpetually present with all men and with allspirits. But when angels and spirits think about Him they becomeaware of His presence. They see Him sometimes in the Sun ofHeaven, sometimes as it were in the sky outside the sun, and some-times close by, as if in their midst. So it would be with us, if ourspiritual eyes were opened when in worship we think about the Lord. But these disciples were thinking of the Lord as they had knownHim on earth. They did not yet realize that He was the God ofHeaven and the Ruler of the universe. For this reason, when theysaw the Lord, although their spiritual eyes were open, He appeared tothem as an earthly man. They merely thought He was a fellowtraveler, met by chance along the road. Wherefore it is said, "theireyes were holden that they should not know Him." They had so fully believed that the Lord was the promised Messiahwho would ascend the throne of David, liberate the Jews, and restorethem to wordly wealth and power, that they could not understandhow it was possible that He should have been crucified. His deathseemed to prove that they had been mistaken in Him. Yet they clungdesperately to their faith, and tried by reasoning to find some explana-tion of what had happened. They were willing and anxious to believein Him still, but they did not know how. n is interesting to note that they were walking along a road in thisworld, and at the same time they were looking upon the Lord in theother world. The Prophets often saw visions when they were asleep,or entirely unconscious of their natural surroundings. But very fre-quently we read in the Word of angels appearing to men who werefully awake as to their bodily senses. Such was the case with Lotwhen he beheld the two angels as he sat in the gate of Sodom. Healso supposed them to be ordinary travelers, and he invited them intohis house, where they protected him from the wicked inhabitants whoattacked him. (Genesis 19.) It was the case also with Manoah,who slew a kid and cooked the meat, offering it to the angel who hadcome to him. For he did not know that he was looking upon an angeluntil the angel ascended in the flame of the altar. (Judges 13.)Many similar instances might be recalled. This helps us to under-stand how Swedenborg lived in both worlds at the same time-theonly difference being that he did so for many years. Also Swedenborgwas able to compare the two worlds in a way that the Prophets couldnot.
  • 60. 502 Report of the WatchLuke 24: 17, 18. And He said unto them, What "manner of com­munications are these, that ye have one to another, as ye walk, and aresad? And one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said untoHim, Art thou only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known thethings which are come to pass there in these days? The Lord knew what they were talking about, but He wanted toteach them gently, that they might come, as if of themselves, to under­stand. Every teacher, although he knows the answers, asks questionsof children to make them think. For if they search for the answerthemselves they will understand it far better than if they merelyaccept it because they are told. Because the Lord was so widely known through His miracles andHis teachings, the news of His crucifixion must have spread far andwide throughout the city, everyone telling his friends and neighbors.Cleopas thought it almost impossible that anyone who had been livingin Jerusalem could fail to have heard what had happened. Hesupposed therefore that this traveler must be a stranger, merely pass­ing by from some other part of the country.Luke 24: 19-24. And He said unto them, What things? And theysaid unto Him, Concerning Jesus of Nazareth, which was a prophetmighty in deed and word before God and all the people: and howthe chief priests and our rulers delivered Him to be condemned todeath, and have crucified Him. But we trusted that it should havebeen He that should have redeemed Israel: and beside all this, todayis the third day since these things were done. Yea, and certain womenalso of our company made us astonished, which were early at thesepulchre; and when they found not His body, they came, saying, theyhad also seen a vision of angels, which said that He was alive. Andcertain of them which were with us went to the sepUlchre, and foundit even so as the women had said: but Him they saw not; From these words it is clear that the disciples had not given uptheir faith in the Lord; but still they did not know what to thinkabout Him. They did not see how He could be the Messiah, and yethave allowed the Jews to put Him to death. With their own eyesthey had seen Him die on the cross, and the memory of this filledtheir hearts with sadness. But why then had they found the sepul­chre empty? And how could the women have seen Him alive? Theywere trying in vain to understand. .
  • 61. T he Walk to Emmaus 5°3Luke 24: 25-27. Then He said unto them, 0 fools, and slow of heartto believe all that the prophets have spoken: ought not Christ to havesuffered these things, and to enter into His glory? And beginning atMoses and all the prophets, He expounded unto them in all the scrip­tures the things concerning Himself. The Lord now showed that He was fully aware of all that hadtaken place. He made it clear that He knew far more about it thanthey did. He had merely been asking them why they should be sadabout it. Did they not see that these things had been necessary?Why should they think that the Lords crucifixion implied that He wasnot the Messiah, when it had been foretold in the Word that theMessiah, when He came, must undergo all these sufferings? Hereminded them how it had been prophesied in Genesis that the ser­pent would bruise the heel of the Lord, and the Lord would bruisehis head (Genesis 3: 15), by which was meant that the hells wouldtempt the Lord, and bring about the death of His material body, butthat He would conquer them, and deprive them of their power to holdmen and spirits in bondage. He spoke of passages wherein the Lordssufferings are described, as they are in the Twenty-second Psalm, andin the fifty-third chapter of Isaiah, where it is said of Him: "He isdespised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted withgrief: . . . Surely He hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows:yet we did esteem Him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted. ButHe was wounded for our transgressions, He was bruised for our iniqui­ties: the chastisement of our peace was upon Him; and with Hisstripes we are healed." (Verses 3-5.) So also in many other placesthroughout the whole of the Word. Yet in spite of this it was prophe­sied that He would overcome death and hell to reign supreme in heavenand on the earth, as in the Forty-fifth Psalm, where it is said: "Thinearrows are sharp in the heart of the kings enemies; whereby thepeople fall under Thee. Thy throne, 0 God, is for ever and ever: thesceptre of Thy kingdom is a right sceptre." (Verses 5, 6.) The Lord explained to them the true meaning of His Word, causingthem to understand it in a new way, quite different from the waythe Jewish rabbis had taught it. He made them see for the first timethat the Lord could not have done otherwise than lay down His lifefor the salvation of men. He made them realize that His crucifixion,so far from being a cause for doubt, was the final and unanswerableproof that He was the Messiah, in whom all the Scriptures had been
  • 62. Report of the Watchfulfilled. Yet still they did not know who it was that was tellingthem these things.Luke 24: 28, 29. And they drew nigh unto the village, whither theywent: and He made as though He would have gone jurther. But theyconstrained Him, saying, Abide with us: jor it is toward evening, andthe day is jar spent. And He went in to tarry with them. They knew not who He was, but His teaching had made them veryglad. They wanted to hear more. They could not bear to thinkof His parting from them. For He spoke of the Lord whom theyloved, and gave them new hope of seeing Him again. Christians throughout the world today who love the Lord and wantto believe in Him are like the!;je two disciples walking along the roadto Emmaus. They have the Word, but they do not understand it.They know about the Lord, but they still think of Him as a man onearth, and expect Him to return to establish an earthly kingdom.They are baffled by the reasonings of those who do not believe in theLord-who try to destroy all faith in Him, who endeavor to prove byscientific arguments that the Word is not true, that God did not de­scend to earth, that Jesus Christ was only a man like other men, andwho in this way crucify Him in their hearts. To such as these whodesperately cling to their faith in the Lord in spite of evidence thatseems to make that faith impossible, the Lord now speaks in the Writ­ings, "expounding in all the scriptures the things concerning Himself."All who harken to His words will come to see Him, and know Him,even as these disciples did; and of these the New Church will beformed-indeed, is now being formed.Luke 24: 30, 3t. And it came to pass, as He sat at meat with them,He took bread, and blessed it, and brake, and gave to them. Andtheir eyes were opened, an:d they knew Him; and He vanished outoj their sight. The Lord had blessed and broken the five loaves and two fishes tofeed the five thousand near Bethsaida. He had blessed and brokenthe seven loaves and the few fishes in Decapolis to feed the four thou­sand. He had blessed the wine and the bread at the Last Supper inJerusalem, giving them to the Disciples with the words, "This do inremembrance of me." And now when He did the same thing inEmmaus, the two disciples remembered. Their eyes were openedand they recognized Him, even as Marys eyes were opened and she
  • 63. The Walk to Emmaus 5°5recognized Him when He spoke her name. So also in the Holy Sup­per, when the priest representing the Lord blesses the bread andbreaks it, and gives it to the people, the Lord is brought very near, andtheir minds are opened to receive His Truth and His Love. But withall men, as with the two disciples at Emmaus, this state does not last.They return to the things of the world, and the Lord vanishes out oftheir sight. Yet the memory of His presence remains, giving themstrength to meet the temptations that the problems of life in the worldinevitably bring.Luke 24: 32. And they said one to another, Did not our heart burnwithin us, while He talked with us by the way; and while He openedunto us the scriptures? Now they knew who it was that had been teaching them. Theyrealized why His teaching had been so wise, and yet so simple. Theyknew why it had affected them so deeply, causing their hearts to burnwithin them, that is, kindling their love and stirring their affections.Luke 24: 33-35. And they rose up the same hour, and returned toJerusalem, and found the eleven gathered together, and them thatwere with them, saying, The Lord is risen indeed, and hath appearedto Simon. And they told what things were done in the way, and howHe was known of them in the breaking of bread. Doubtless they returned far more quickly than they had· come,spurred on by the eagerness to share their new found joy with theother Disciples. It is to be noted that not only the elev,en Disciples, but others alsowere gathered together in some house in Jerusalem, but just wherewe are not told. Also note that instead of first telling the other Disciples of theirexperience, the two who had been to Emmaus were greeted by theglad news that the others already knew that the Lord was alive, forHe had appeared unto Simon Peter. Where or how this appearancetook place is not revealed. Yet it is important to know that Simonhad seen the Lord during the time that Cleopas and his companionwere away. For this shows that the Lord could appear at two dif­ferent places at the same time. Indeed, He may appear at the sametime in many places, and even on different planets widely separatedin space, for He is everywhere throughout the whole universe.
  • 64. CHAPTER LXVIII The Appearance of the Lord to the Ten Apostles) and to the Eleven (John 20: 19-31. Map Nos. 154, 155.)John 20: 19. Then the same day at evening, being the first day of----the week, when the doors were shut where the disciPl~-bled for fear of the Jew,s, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saithunto them, Peace be unto you.THIS was in the evening of Sunday, the day of the Lords resurrec­tion. It is interesting to note that here, as also in the first verse ofthis chapter, the first day of the week is called the Sabbath. Liter­ally translated from the Greek this verse reads: "Being then eveningon that day, the first of the Sabbaths." This is undoubtedly to in­dicate that henceforth Sunday the y. of the week, rather thanSaturday, the seventh day of the week, was to be tlie."Lords Day,"consecrated to worship in the Christian Church~ - - - It is said in Luke 24: 33 that when they returned from Emmaus thetwo disciples "found the eleven gathered, and them that were withthem." The two disciples told how they had m.et the Lord along theway, and "how He was known of them in the breaking of bread."In verse thirty-six it is said, "As they thus spake, Jesus Himself stoodin the midst of them." But an interval must have elapsed before theLord appeared. The gathering, which included the eleven Apostles,the two who walked to Emmaus, and other disciples, must have beenfollowed by a private meeting of the Apostles alone, after the othershad departed to their respective homes. The Apostles knew that the Lord had risen, but they did not yetknow what this resurrection might mean, nor what the Lord mightwish them to do. They wanted to discuss these things. But becausethe priests and the elders, having brought about the Lords crucifixion, 506
  • 65. The Lords Appearance to the Ten 5°7were now determined to destroy all belief in Him, any plans of Hisfollowers to perpetuate the Christian Faith must be laid in secret. IfJewish spies should learn of such plans and report them to the rulers,the Apostles would surely be persecuted. For this reason they metalone behind closed doors. They were the more astonished, therefore, when suddenly the Lordappeared in the midst of them, and said, "Peace be unto you." Theywere not in a state of peace, but in great perplexity. Their mindswere confused, and they knew not what to think, nor what to do.They had seen the Lord. They knew that He was not dead. Butthey thought of Him as a Spirit, according to the common idea of menin their day-an idea that persists even to our own time. Spiritsare regarded as a mere breath, as ghostly, without substance. It is notrealized that the spiritual world is substantial and real-more realindeed than the world of nature. After death when we awake in theother world, we have a real and substantial body, and we enjoy keenersensations and more perfect faculties than we had on earth. This theydid not realize. Nor did they know that when the Lord rose He waseven more real and more substantial than the spirits of men, risingwith His whole body and retaining something Divine on the plane ofthis world. His glorified body was not material, for He could be every­where present, could appear in widely separated places at the sametime, could pass through closed doors, and could disappear in a mo­ment, being visible only to spiritual sight. But still He was more thana spirit, and could be present immediately with men on earth in a wayimpossible to those who have passed into the other world. Not knowing these things, the Apostles were deeply disturbed, andtheir minds could be set at rest only by visible proof of the Lordspresence with them, and by direct Divine instruction. It was to givethem assurance of His continued presence, and to remove the falseideas of Him that were disturbing their minds, that the Lord now cameto them, and this is why He said, "Peace be unto you."John 20: 20. And when He had so said, He shewed them His handsand His side. Then were the disciples glad, when they saw the Lord. They now saw the Lord as if crucified, and yet alive. They saw inHis hands the print of the nails that had fastened Him to the cross,and also the place where the spear of the Roman soldier had piercedHis side. And seeing these things they knew that He was the same
  • 66. 508 The Lords Appearance to the Ten Lord and Master whom they had come to love as they followed Him through the years of His ministry in Galilee and in Judea. Also they knew that He was not a spirit only, because He had risen with His whole body. The Gospels record the appearances of the Lord to the Apostles during the time between His resurrection and His ascension. He was glorified, but He was not yet "ascended to the Father." During this time He was seen as if He were still a man on earth. Mary thought He was the gardener. Cleopas and his companion mistook Him for a fellow traveler. And now, as if He still were in the material body, He showed in His hands and side the marks of the crucifixion. Such appearances were provided in order that all possible doubt might be removed from the minds of His Disciples as to whether or not He had indeed risen from the grave. Afterward, when certainty had been established, the Lord was seen quite differently. He was seen as· the angels see Him, in glorious light, with shining garments, even as described by John in the Apocalypse. But the way the Lord ap­ peared before His ascension has been recorded in the Word, because it is just as necessary for us, as it was for the Disciples, to know beyond all question that He who now reigns in heaven is the Lord Jesus Christ who lived on earth and suffered death for the salvation of mankind. When the Apostles beheld the marks of the crucifixion they were convinced that it was the Lord Himself who appeared unto them. Be­ fore this, although they had recognized Him, they had not been quite sure. It was now as if they saw Him for the first time. All doubt was removed, and anxiety gave place to great joy. Wherefore it is said, "Then were the disciples glad, when they saw the Lord." John 20: 21-23. Then said Jesus to them again, Peace be unto you: as my Father hath sent me, even so send I you. And when He had said this, He breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the If.i!:y~r.it: whose soever sins ye remz -;"they ar-;~emitte unto them; and whose soever sins ye retain, they are retained.)( There were two things that bad been troubling the Apostles. First, I the question whether He whom they had seen in vision was the very , same Lord Jesus Christ who bad died on the cross; and secondly,t r the q~estion .of how He was still to be present with them, leading them and Instructmg them. The first doubt had been removed by what the Lord showed them. And now the second question was answered
  • 67. The Lords Appearance to the Ten 5°9 by His commanding them to go forth in His name, assuring them of His perpetual presence and His unceasing power to establish His King- dom through their labors. "As my Father hath sent me, even so send I you." As He had come into the world to save the human race, and had set aside every other consideration for the sake of accomplishing ~ su .reme DEine ~, so now He required His Disciples to devote their lives to the task QLu buildin His King~om amon men, and to undergo every suffer- ing and every persecution that this work might call forth from tho?e w~ated the Lord. His sacrifice was to be the pattern of devotion to His cause that all His Disciples should follow. When the Lord breathed on the Apostles He inspired them with His Love. Every mans love is his spirit. We see this in the common expression, "the spirit of a deed." It is not what we do that matters, but the affection or love from which we do it. If we do a kindness to another merely for the sake of reward, it is the love of self that quali- fies our act. But if we do the same thing with no thought of return, but as a friend wishing to give pleasure or happiness to another, then it is the love of the neighbor or charity that prompts the deed. The love of self is the spirit of hell, and where this love reigns the deed is evil But charity is the spirit of heaven, and where this reigns the deed is good. Everything that the Lord does is prompted by His Divine Love and Mercy toward all men, for He desires the eternal happiness of all. This Love is the "Holy Spirit," and when men are inspired by this Love to deeds of true charity they are said to "receive the Holy Spirit." No man, from himself, can attain to the spirit of charity. Everyone is born into the love of self, and in all his actions is motivated by self-interest. The spirit of charity is a gift from the Lord. It inflows into men from the Lord, and this influx is described by the Lord "breathing upon His apostles." The appearance is that the Lord gave His Apostles the power to for- give the sins of other men, or to retain them. If this were true they would have the power to save or to condemn to hell But this power belongs to the Lord alone. It cannot be given to any man. What was meant was that the Lord would teach His Disciples the Truth, which they then could teach to others. It is the Truth that has power to save and to condemn. For those who know the Truth and live according to it are saved; while those who know it but reject it, and refuse to live according to it, are condemned. The Lord Him- self is "the way, the truth, and the life," So far as the Apostles
  • 68. 510 The Lords Appearance to the Tenlearned the Truth from the Lord, and loved to obey it, they had powerto do wonderful things-power to perform miracles of healing, andof casting out devils, similar to those the Lord had performed. Notthat they did the miracles, but that the Lord did them by means ofthe Truth. And so far as the Apostles taught this Truth, others re­ceiving it had power to overcome their evils, and thus to enter intoheaven. As soon as evils are overcome in temptation, they are for­given by the Lord. In this way it was true that the Apostles, livingand teaching under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, had power toforgive sins, though it was really the Lord who did this through them.John 20: 24, 25. But Thomas, one of the twelve, called Didymus,was not with them when Jesus came. The other disciples thereforesaid unto him, We have seen the Lord. But he said unto them,Except I shall see in His hands the print of the nails, and put myfinger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into His side,I will not believe. You will recall that when the two disciples returned from Emmausthey fou:p.d the "eleven gathered together." Since Judas had killedhimself this must have included Thomas. But when the Lord ap­peared, Thomas was not with them. He must have left with theothers before the doors were shut. "Didymus" means "twin," and it is supposed that Thomas had atwin brother or sister, of whom however we know nothing. It was probably the next day that those who had been present whenthe Lord came through the closed doors, met Thomas again and toldhim that they had seen the Lord, explaining that they knew it was Hebecause He had showed them the marks of crucifixion. But Thomasrefused to believe unless he might touch the wounds with his ownhands. It was not that Thomas did not want to believe in the Lordsresurrection, but unless he received convincing evidence of its truth,he could not believe. This had been the case also with the others.When the women came to tell them of their vision of the Lord theirwords "seemed to them as idle tales." Even Simons declaration thathe had seen the Lord, and the testimony of the two who had walkedto Emmaus, had not entirely dispelled their doubts. Only whenthey had seen for themselves, beholding the wounds in His handsand His side, had they achieved the peace of complete conviction.It is not surprising that Thomas should demand similar proof. But he
  • 69. The Lords Appearance to the Ten 5 11asked for something more. The others had merely seen the wounds;he insisted that he must touch them. Some people find it more difficult than others to believe in spiritualthings. Some can be convinced by reasonable argument, while othersrequire scientific proof. Thomas was a type of the latter class. Butboth kinds of people can be saved by the Lord if only they are willingto learn. Many indeed are incapable of being taught in this world;but everyone who loves the Truth is given an opportunity in the otherworld to know what the Truth is, and this in such a way that he canbelieve it. Fortunately, some, -and a gradually increasing number,can be prepared to receive a genuine faith in the Lord while they arestill on earth. Of such the true Church is composed.John 20: 26. And after eight days again His disciples were within,and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, andstood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you. This happened on the following Sunday. The Lord appeared justas He had before, coming through closed doors, and saying, "Peacebe unto you." This He did specially for the sake of Thomas, whohad not seen Him the first time. It may seem as though there aremany people in the world who would gladly receive the Lords teach­ings if only they knew about them, but who are prevented from know­ing by circumstances beyond their control. But this is not the case.The Lord knows the heart of every man, and everyone who is preparedand able to receive the Truth is immediately brought to know of it­often in very strange and wonderful ways. On the other hand, thosewho are not prepared are prevented from knowing the Truth, eventhough they may read it or hear it taught, for they will not recognizeit as true. We cannot tell who is prepared to receive the Truth. It is ourduty to spread a knowledge of the Truth wherever we can do so.But whether or not it will be recognized and received is entirelyin the Providence of the Lord. In some cases our efforts may be themeans used by the Lord to bring the light of Truth to others. Inother cases all our endeavors may seem to be in vain; and yet whatwe do may help to prepare the mind of another to receive the Truthat some future time. It is enough for us to offer the teaching of theWord and of the Writings to all who ask it, confidently leaving theresult in the hands of the Lord.
  • 70. 5 12 The Lords Appearance to the TenJohn 20: 27, 28. Then saith He to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger,and behold my hands,. and reach hither thy hand, and thrust it intomy side: and be not faithless, but believing. And Thomas answeredand said unto Him, My Lord and my God. Note here that the Lord already knew what Thomas had said, andthis in itself was proof of His Divinity. The Lord gave him the op­portunity to do the very things he had demanded, in order that hemight believe. There are two kinds of doubt. One comes from an unwillingnessto believe, and this always leads to denial. Even the Lord cannotcompel a man to believe against his will, for this would take away allfreedom, and deprive him of the very delight of heaven, for the sakeof which faith is given. The other kind of doubt comes from igno­rance, and from mistaken ideas deeply implanted in the affection ofthe heart. No one can believe what he does not know. But if thereis a desire to learn, the Lord can teach him; and when the Truth ispresented it wilI be gladly received. This kind of doubt, therefore,which leads to acknowledgment, was the kind that troubled Thomas. There is no evidence that Thomas accepted the Lords invitationto touch His wounds. It would seem to be implied that it was suf­ficient for him to know that he could do so.John 20: 29. Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seenme, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yethave believed. The Lord provides that faith in Him may first be established byexternal proof, or evidence of the senses. This is the reason why weare born on earth, before we come into heaven. It is the reason whyas infants we learn by seeing, hearing, and touching, before we canunderstand anything that is invisible or beyond the reach of our bodilysenses. But our belief in the Lord must not be made to depend uponmaterial evidence. It must be based on an inner vision of Him thatremains after death, when all material things have been laid aside.When once we have seen the Lord with our spiritual sight we no longerneed material things to convince us of His -presence. Those who demand scientific proof before they will believe willnever attain to a permanent faith. They may be convinced for a time,but soon they will find new reasons to doubt, and will go on demand­
  • 71. The Lords Appearance to the Tening further proof, because only superficially have they accepted theTruth, while at heart they still deny it. This is the reason why a last­ing faith cannot be produced by miracles. It is the reason why theSons of Israel-although the Lord performed so many wonders beforetheir eyes--eontinually fell away into idolatry. It is the reason why,of an the multitudes who acclaimed the Lord at His triumphal entryinto Jerusalem, only a few remained His disciples, and joined theChristian Church. The Lord here was warning Thomas that while he had believedbecause of what he had seen, yet if he did not attain a deeper faithhe could not come into heaven. Only those who "have not seen, andyet have believed" are "blessed," that is, only those whose faithis not dependent upon outward proof, hut springs from an internalvision of the Lord, can receive eternal happiness after death.John 20: 30, 31. And many other signs truly did Jesus in the pres­ence of His disciples, which are not written in this book: But theseare written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son ofGod,. and that believing ye might have life through His name. The Gospels were written at the command of the Lord, and underDivine inspiration. The Lord told the Evangelists what to write,selecting those things that were necessary to reveal His Divine Human,and omitting all others. The things omitted would only have injuredor would have confused the perfect picture of the Lord had they beenincluded. For this reason nothing from mans ingenuity is to beadded to the Word. Nothing from other historic sources should beconfused with the sacred narrative. You may hear stories about theLord that have been passed down as tradition from generation togeneration; and you may read books written by learned men describ­ing His life and times. Some of these are interesting and useful.But do not allow them to destroy in your minds the order or the con­tent of the Word itself. For this is Divine. It has a Divine meaningof Infinite Wisdom into which you may enter more and more deeply toall eternity.
  • 72. CHAPTER LXIXThe Lords Appearance to the Seven (John 21: 1-24. Map No. 156.)John 21: 1, 2. After these things Jesus shewed Himself again to thedisciples at the sea oj Tiberias; and on this wise shewed He Himself.There were together Simon Peter, and Thomas called Didymus, andNathanael of Cana in Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee, and two otherof his disciples.THE angel at the sepulchre had said to the women who came toanoint the Lords body on that first Easter morning, "Go quickly, andtell His disciples that He is risen from the dead; and, behold, He goethbefore you into Galilee; there shall ye see Him: 10, I have told you."(Matthew 28: 7.) When the Lord appeared to them He confirmedthis promise. (Verse 10.) Therefore, after the Lord had appeared tothe eleven, on the eighth day following His resurrection, the Disciplesdid go into Galilee. They must have done so almost at once, for it wasa three days journey, and they must have remained there for sometime,for the Lord appeared to them on two separate occasions; and yet theywere back in Bethany in time for the Lords ascension, which tookplace forty days after the resurrection. Aside from these indicationswe have no means of knowing when this appearance at the Sea ofTiberias occurred. As we have pointed out before, the "sea of Tiberias" was the sameas the Sea of Galilee, being so called in honor of Tiberias Caesar. Only seven of the Apostles were present on this occasion, includingPeter, Thomas, Nathanael, James, and John, and two others who arenot named. It is important to remember these names in the ordermentioned, because of the internal meaning of the Word, which youmay learn when you are older.John 21: 3. Simon Peter saith unto them, I go a fishing. They sayunto him, We also go with thee. They went forth, and entered intoa ship immediately,. and that night they caught nothing. 5 14
  • 73. The Lords Appearance to the Seven 51 5 Peter, J ames, and John had all been fishermen before they had lefttheir nets to follow the Lord. Now they returned to that occupa­tion-not for the sake of a livelihood, but merely because they lovedto do it-while they waited for the Lord to appear to them as theangel had promised He would. They set out in the evening, and continued fishing all night, lettingout their nets time after time, and drawing them in again, but catchingnothing.John 21: 4. But when the morning was now come, Jesus stood on theshore: but the disciples knew not that it was Jesus. Evidently they were not far from land. As the morning dawnedand the sun arose, they saw a man standing on the shore. It was theLord, but they did not recognize Him, for again He appeared as ifclothed in an earthly body.John 21: 5, 6. Then Jesus saith unto them, Children, have ye anymeat? They answered Him, No. And He said unto them, Castthe net on the right side of the ship, and ye shall find. They casttherefore, and now they were not able to draw it for the multitudeof fishes. Once before, when the Lord had been in a ship with Simon Peter,He had said to him, "Launch out into the deep, and let down yournets for a draught. And Simon answering said unto Him, Master, wehave toiled all the night, and have taken nothing: nevertheless at Thyword I will let down the net. And when they had this done, theyenclosed a great multitude of fishes: and their net brake. And theybeckoned unto their partners, which were in the other ship, that theyshould come and help them. And they came, and fined both ships,so that they began to sink." (Luke 5: 4-7.) Doubtless they nowremembered this. They knew that no one but the Lord could knowthat the fish, which had an night remained in deep water, had cometo the surface where they could be caught. . On both occasions the Lord intended by this miracle to teach allmen that they can accomplish nothing by their own efforts withoutthe Lords help. If we would succeed truly, we must seek Divineinstruction. We must harken to the Lords Word, and follow theindications of His Providence. For of ourselves we have neitherthe knoWledge nor the ability to do what is really good. If we
  • 74. 516 The Lords Appearance to the Sevenmerely try to attain our own ambitions without guidance from theLord, we are but working in the dark, and we too will "have toiled allthe night" without achieving our purpose. But if we are willing to beled by the Lord, He will teach us, and then we will succeed beyond ourfondest dreams. But there was a special lesson for the Apostles in this miracle.When the Lord called Peter, Andrew, James and John to follow Him,He had told them that they were to become "fishers of men," thatis, they were to go forth into the world, preaching the Gospel of theLords Advent, gathering together all who were willing to receive faithin the Lord, and establishing the Christian Church. While the Lordwas still on earth they were merely being prepared for this work;but now that He had risen they were to begin their appointed taskin earnest. It was most important that in doing this they shouldconstantly seek the Lords guidance. They would be tempted to addthings from their own imagination to what the Lord had said anddone, in their efforts to persuade people to believe in the Lord. Butit was essentiaJ that they should faithfully repeat the Lords ownwords, and describe His miracles just as they had happened. For itwas not the Apostles who were to bring people into the Church. Onlythe Lord Himself could do this. And He could do it through themonly if they transmitted to others nothing but the Truth. For theTruth itself must reveal the Lord to men. This is as vital today as it was at the time of the Lords First Com­ing. The Lord has revealed in the Writings the internal Truth ofHis Word-a Truth that could not be made known to the Apostles be­cause they were not prepared to understand it. This Truth is nowto establish the New Church, making the Lord known to men morefully and more perfectly than ever before, bringing Him nearer tomen, and inspiring them with new love and new faith. Ministerscannot cause the Church to grow. They cannot cause men to knowand to love the Lord. If they would serve the Lord in the work ofestablishing His Church, they must learn the Truth from the Writings.They must be faithful to this Truth in all that they teach. In thebuilding of the Church they must follow the leading of the Lord,acknowledging that He alone has the wisdom and the power to achievethat end. For in the Writings the Lord tells them how to teach, andhow to build, saying, "Cast the net on the right side of the ship, andye shall find."
  • 75. The Lords Appearance to the SevenJohn 21: 7. Therefore that disciple whom Jesus loved, saith untoPeter, It is the Lord. Now when Simon Peter heard that it was theLord, he girt his fishers coat unto him (for he was naked) and didcast himself into the sea. It was John who first recognized the Lord; but it was Peter wholeaped into the sea and swam ashore to meet Him. This was charac­teristic of the two men. John was quick to understand, but Peterwas the first to act. Indeed, he often acted hurriedly, rashly, boldly,without stopping to think, and for this reason he sometimes got intotrouble. You remember how he tried to walk on the water, and hadto call on the Lord for help when he began to sink. Also how he de­clared that he would never forsake the Lord, when yet, as soon as theLord was arrested he fled, and later denied Him three times. Peter "girt his fishers coat unto him" because he wished to appearclothed when he stood before the Lord on the shore.John 21: 8. And the other disciples came in a little ship; (for theywere not far from land, but as it were two hundred cubits,) draggingthe net with fishes. The ship was too small to hold all the fish that had been caught inthe net. Wherefore the Disciples rowed ashore, dragging the netthrough the water. The distance of "two hundred cubits" was abouta hundred yards.John 21: 9-11. As soon as they were come to land, they saw a fireof coals there, and fish laid thereon, and bread. Jesus saith unto them,Bring of the fish which ye have now caught. Simon Peter went up,and drew the net to land full of great fishes, a hundred and fifty andthree: and for all there were so many, yet was not the net broken. It is important to note that there were fish other than those the Dis­ciples had caught, already cooking on the fire, and also bread. Thesewere not earthly fish, but such as might appear in the spiritual world.For the eyes of the Disciples were opened that they might behold theLord in His risen body. They were told to bring the fish that they had caught, and it wasPeter, who responding, drew the laden net to land. Note also thaton the previous occasion the net broke, but this time, although therewere a hundred and fifty-three large fish in the net, it did not break.It is important to remember these differences in the two miracles, for
  • 76. 5 18 The Lords Appearance to the Sevenevery detail has a special meaning essential to the lesson the Lordintended to teach.John 21: 12, 13. Jesus saith unto them, Come and dine. And noneof the disciples durst ask Him, Who art Thou? knowing that it wasthe Lord. Jesus then cometh, and taketh bread, and giveth them, andfish likewise. At Emmaus the Lord had blessed and broken bread set before thetwo disciples in the inn. In Luke 24: 42, 43 we are told that whenthe Lord appeared to the ten Disciples in Jerusalem, "they gave Hima piece of broiled fish, and of a honeycomb. And He took it anddid eat before them." But now the Lord invited the Disciples to"come and dine" on food that He Himself had provided. Theybrought to shore the fish that they had caught, but they ate of thebread, and of the fish which had been cooking on the fire. The Lord had eaten of the broiled fish and the honeycomb for thesame reason that He had showed them the wounds in His hands andin His side, namely, that they might not think of Him as a disembodiedspirit. He wanted them to know that He had risen with His wholebody, and that although He had not a material body, yet He waspresent in the natural world as well as in heaven, because He hadtaken on a human in the world and had glorified it. The Lord did not really partake of material food, for of this Hehad no further need. Yet He appeared to do so in order to instructthe Disciples that He was more than a spirit. And now He invitedthe Disciples to partake of spiritual food, that they might henceforthseek the "bread of heaven" that was necessary to nourish their soulsunto everlasting life. All men eat of this bread when they worthilypartake of the Holy Supper. Even while we eat the material breadat the Lords table in response to His invitation, He gives us thespiritual food of renewed love and faith. Natural eating and spiritualeating correspond, the one nourishing the body, and the other thespirit of man. And when, while eating natural food, we think of theLord, worship Him, and pray for His protection and guidance, wereceive spiritual food at the same time. This is especially the casewhen we partake of the Holy Supper. But it is true at ordinarymeals also, and is the reason why we should begin every meal byturning to the Lord in prayer and thanksgiving. If this prayer comesfrom the heart, and expresses our desire and constant endeavor to
  • 77. The Lords Appearance to the Sevenkeep the Lords Commandments, then truly do we receive from theLord our "daily bread."John 21: 14. This is now the third time that Jesus shewed Himselfto His disciples, after that He was risen from the dead. He had appeared to the ten, and a week later to the eleven in Jeru­salem; and now He appeared to the seven on the shores of Galilee.The appearance to Simon Peter alone is not counted; and though Hewas seen by Mary Magdalene, and by the women with her, and alsoby Cleopas and his companion, none of these were among the TwelveApostles.John 21: 15-17. So when they had dined, Jesus saith unto SimonPeter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? Hesaith unto Him, Yea, Lord; Thou knowest that I love Thee. He saithunto him, Feed my lambs. He saith unto him again the second time,Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? He saith unto Him, Yea, Lord;Thou knowest that I love Thee. He saith unto him, Feed my sheep.He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thoume? Peter was grieved because He said unto him the third time,Lovest thou me? And he said unto Him, Lord, Thou knowest allthings; Thou knowest that I love Thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed mysheep. The Lord had fed the Disciples with spiritual food, and· now Heurges Peter, and through him all the Apostles, to feed His "lambs" andHis "sheep," that is, to impart to others the Truth that the Lord hadgiven to them. This is the work of the ministry. The Apostles wereto be the first ministers of the Christian Church, appointed and or­dained by the Lord. But the teaching must be inspired by love tothe Lord. Men might learn the Truth of the Word and teach it forthe sake of their own advancement, and in order that others mighthonor them as learned and God-fearing. Many indeed have done so,and the Lord has used their teaching to establish His Church. Butthe true ministry of the Church consists of those who sincerely lovethe Lord, and seek to serve Him, without thought of self. Unlessthere is such a ministry, the Church declines and at last dies, becausethe worship of the Lord from the heart perishes within it. It is so important that the ministers of the Church should truly lovethe Lord, that the Lord repeated His question to Peter three times
  • 78. 520 The Lords Appearance to the Seventhat it might be deeply impressed upon him, and upon aB who wouldcome after him in priestly work. The Lord knows the frailty of man.He knows that we constantly tend to fall away from our love of Himinto the loves of self and the world. He knows that only by constantwatchfulness and repeated effort to return to our first love can weovercome in these temptations. We think we love the Lord. LikePeter we are sure that we will never forsake Him. And yet, likePeter, when evil spirits inflow, we are quick to deny Him. This istrue not only of ministers, but of others as well, and what the Lordsaid to Peter on this occasion applies to all men.John 21: 18, 19. Verily, verily, I say unto thee, When thou wastyoung, thou girdedst thyself and walkedst whither thou wouldest: butwhen thou shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth thy hands, and anothershall gird thee, and carry thee whither thou wouldest not. Thisspake He, signifying by what death he should glorify God. And whenHe had spoken this, He saith unto him, Follow me. When we are young we are strong, confident, sure of ourselves, andfull of hope. We feel that we can accomplish anything we set ourheart upon. But when we grow old our body becomes weak. VIecannot work as we did before. We must depend upon others to helpus. The Lord used this comparison to illustrate the fact that when weare not in temptation, when everything is going smoothly for us, weimagine that we have power in ourselves to conquer our evils, andto do what is good. But when evil spirits bring temptation upon us,causing failure and disappointment, we first begin to realize that wehave no strength of our own, and that unless the Lord helps us, wecan do nothing that is good. Yet it is then that the Lord can giveus strength, and can enable us to overcome the evil spirits, if we willhumbly turn to Him. This is the reason the Lord permits men to have trials and hard­ships, sufferings and temptations, that they may learn to love Himtruly, acknowledging that they are dependent upon Him for everyblessing of truth and good. Only so far as men acknowledge this fromthe heart do they really follow the Lord.John 21: 20-23. Then Peter, turning about, seeth the disciple whomJesus loved following,. which also leaned on His breast at supper, andsaid, Lord, which is he that betrayeth Thee? Peter seeing him saith
  • 79. The Lords Appearance to the Seven 52!to Jesus, Lord, what shall this man do? Jesus saith unto him, If Iwill that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee? Follow thou me.Then went this saying abroad among the brethren, that that discipleshould not die: yet Jesus said not unto him, He shall not die; but, If Iwill that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee? Peter was jealous. He had been told to follow the Lord, and hewanted to do so alone. He regarded this as a special privilege, andhe did not want to share it. Therefore when he saw John followinghe asked the Lord, "What shall this man do?" The Lord knew what was in his heart, and He rebuked him, saying,"If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee? Followthou me." Peter here displayed a very common human weakness.So often we are concerned about what others ought to do, instead ofpaying attention to our own duty. We are quick to notice the faultsof others, even when we are blind to our own. We point to the"mote" in our brothers eye, but give no heed to the "beam" in ourown eye. If each one of us would harken to the Lords Word as itapplies to ourselves, obeying the Divine command "Follow thou me,"we would be kept too busy correcting our own faults to find time foridle criticism of others. But with us, as with Peter, it is jealousythat prompts us to find fault with our neighbor. It is a desire tofeel that we are better than he-more favored by the Lord. This isnothing but the love of self. The fact that the Lord said of John, "If I will that he tarry till Icome, what is that to thee?" caused many. to suppose that before Johndied the Lord would come again into the world. But John, evenmore than the other Disciples, loved the Lord. And the Lord meantthat although the Christian Church would decline and fall; althoughin time aNew Church would have to be raised up lest all faith in theLord should perish from the earth, yet in Providence some wouldremain who sincerely loved the Lord, and who would receive Himgladly at His Second Coming.John 21: 24. This is the disciple which testifieth these things, andwrote these things: and we know that his testimony is true. Here it is plainly declared that the one who wrote the Gospel ofJohn was the "beloved disciple," John the brother of James, the sonof Zebedee.
  • 80. CHAPTER LXX The Lords Appearance on the Mountain in Galilee The Ascension and the Conclusion of Johns Gospel (Matthew 28: 16-20; Luke 24: 44-53; John 21: 25. Map Nos. 157-159) Matthew 28:· 16. Then the eleven disciples went away into Galilee, i!!:!..o a mountain where Jesus had appointed them. I T WAS evidently in compliance with the Lords own command, and in the expectation of seeing Him there that the Disciples departed from Jerusalem and journeyed into Galilee. (Matthew 28: 7, 10.) In Matthew this is said as if it happened immediately after the resur­ rection, no mention being made of the several appearances of the Lord that are recorded in the other Gospels. Yet the language is sufficiently general to permit of some time intervening between the Lords resurrection and the departure for Galilee. In the internal5 sense of the Word it is necessary that the Lord should be seen both in Jerusalem and in Galilee; that is, it is necessar that the Lord1 shoul elfaled tQboth the internal and the external mind. of man. ThiS is the real reason why the Lord commanded His Disciples to gof into Giililee. But the appearances in Jerusalem must come first, and those in Galilee must follow; for this is the order of human life, and the way the Lord reveals Himself to every man. You cannot yet) understand why this should be so, but you may know and remember that it is true. It isbere implied that the Lord had told the Disciples where to meet Him. It was to be on a certain mountain in Galilee. We have no 522
  • 81. The Ascension and the Conclusion of Johns Gospel 523 indication as to which mountain is referred to, nor when the instruc­ tion to go there was given. But we know that the Lord appeared unexpectedly at the Sea of Tiberias before He was seen on th~~o~n­ tain. For it is distinctly said in John 21: 14 concerning the inci­ dent on the seashore, "This is now the third time that Jesus shewed Himself to His disciples, after that He was risen from the dead." This would not have been true if the appearance on the mountain had preceded it. We may take this as an indication that tEe mQuntain WE near the sea. It is possible also that the Disciples had not traveled together, and did not all arrive at the same time. Those who came first waited for the others before ascending the appoint~d m~ntain.f This would explain why there were only seven who went fishing to­) gether, and why they were so surprised when the Lord appeared to - --- . them, although He had said that they should see Him in Galilee. --- We may suppose in this case that the Lord had directed them to the( same mountain whereon He had spoken the Ten Blessings alldth~JSermon that followed, and where He had chosen the Twelve Apostles) and ordained them. Concerning this, however, we can have no defi­{ nite knowledge. Matthew 28: 17. And when they saw Him, they worshipped Him: but some doubted. On every previous occasion the Lord had appeared suddenly, un­ expectedly, without warning. But this time He came by appbintment. He had promised to come on this mountain, and the Disciples gathered there especially to see Him. If they had not believed in the Lords promise they would not have made the long journey from Jerusalem. All the eleven, without exception, had seen the Lord on more than one occasion. Simon Peter was the first to do so. The ten had seen Him on the evening of His resurrection day. Eight days later the ten saw Him for the second time, and Thomas for the first time. At the Sea of Tiberias, Thomas saw Him for the second time, Peter for the fourth time, and the others for the third time. There could now be no question in the mind of any of them that the Lord had risen, and that He was alive. The final, unanswerable proof was His ap­ pearance at a particular place designated beforehand, on a mountain whither He Himself had commanded them to go. Why then-al­ though when they saw Him approaching from the top of the mountain they fell down and worshiped Him-is it said that "some doubted"?
  • 82. 524 The Lords Appearance on the Mountain The doubt here meant was not as to whether the Lord was alive,nor whether He whom they had seen was indeed Jesus Christ risenfrom the dead. It was a doubt as to how He was to establish HisKingdom. The Disciples still thought of redemption in terms of de­liverance from Rome and a restoration of the freedom, the wealth, thepower, and world influence of Solomons Empire, only immeasurablygreater. How this could be brought about now that the Lord wasno longer in the natural world-was no longer in a position to com­mand the armies of Israel in reVOlt, and could no longer be conceivedas ascending the throne of David-this was what perplexed them. Itwas to remove this doubt, to change their whole conception as to thenature of His Kingdom, and to instruct them as to their part in estab­lishing the Christian Church, that the Lord now spoke.Matthew 28: 18-20. And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying,All power is given unto me in heaven and on earth. Go ye therefore,and teach all nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father, andof the Son, and of the Holy Spirit: teaching them to observe all thingswhatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway,even unto the end of the world. Amen. The Lord assured them that although He was not now on earth in amaterial body, yet He was fully present with them, and had taken toHimself all power to protect the angels of heaven, to govern and con­trol the hells, and to establish His Kingdom on the earth. But thiswas not to be an earthly kingdom, wielding political power and gather­ing worldly wealth from subject nations. It was not to be a kingdomconfined to the Jewish people. It was to be a spiritual Kingdom oflove, and faith, and worship for all peoples, based on the acceptance inheart and life of the Truth the Lord had taught while He was on earth. For this reason the Lord commanded them to "Go, and teach allnations," imparting to others the things they had learned from Him,and baptizing them into a new church founded on the rock of beliefin the Lord Jesus Christ as God. The fact that they were to baptize every Christian "into the nameof the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit" was later under­stood to mean that they were to acknowledge three separate Personsin God. But this interpretation was not made until about three hun­dred years later, at the Council of Nice, in the year 325 A. D. Norwas this the real meaning of the Lords words. There is only one
  • 83. The Ascension and the Conclusion of Johns Gospel 525 God, in one Person, and man has been created in His image. Like every man, God has a Soul that is invisible. He has a Body whereby men can see Him. And He has a Spirit that goes forth from Him toperform all the wonderful works of His Providence throughout theentire universe. The Soul is called the "Father," the Body is calledthe "Son," and His Providence is called the "Holy Spirit." By a "name" is meant everything whereby a man is known, setapart in our minds, and distinguished from other men. In this worldwe have names that are given arbitrarily by parents. But these wedo not take with us to the other world. In that world every man isknown by a name that expresses his real quality, and brings to mindthe special faculties of love, of thought, and of use that constitute hima distinct personality. This is true to some extent even in this world.Parents often give their child a name expressing what they wouldlike him to become; but although he may grow up to be quite differentin character from that which his name implies, still, whenever wespeak his name we think of the man to whom it belongs. We picturehis features, his gestures, his speech, his manners, his actions-all. thethings we know about him. Because of this we usually acquire aliking for the name of someone we love, because it recalls him to ourminds. And we acquire a dislike for the name of one we despise, forthe same reason. Similarly, the name of God is not merely a word. It is our wholeidea of Him, including all we have learned about Him from the Word,embracing the things He has said and done that reveal the quality ofHis Love and Wisdom. All these things are, as it were, wrapped up inthe word we employ as His name; and when we utter that word, orthink of it, we picture Him in our minds as the One who governs ourlife, who protects us from evil, who sustains us in temptation, whoshowers us with blessings, who performs countless miracles for oursalvation, and who teaches us the Truth according to which we areto live. To baptize into the "name" of God, therefore, is to give usa knowledge of God, that we may acknowledge Him, love Him, andworship Him. This is why all who were baptized were to be taught by the Disciples"to observe all things whatsoever" the Lord had commanded them.For by learning these things, and keeping them, the "name" of theLord was inscribed on their hearts. Having given instruction as to what the Disciples were to do, the
  • 84. 526 The Lords Appearance on the MountainLord assured them that while He was no longer in an earthly body,walking visibly among them, yet He would be with them always. Thefact that He was not seen with the physical sight did not mean thatHe was absent. He would inspire them from day to day, teachingthem what to say, and what to do by giving them to understand thetrue meaning of His Word. By the "end of the world" Christians came to think of some futuretime when the Lord would come again, destroying the visible heavensand the habitable earth, as described in the twenty-fourth chapter ofMatthew. But this is not what the Lord meant. He knew that theChristian Church would depart from its first love, and would so falsifythe teachings of the Word tllat the Lord could no longer impart spir­itual truth to men by means of the sacred page. He knew that thenit would be necessary for Him to come again by giving a new Revela­tion, explaining the real meaning of the Scriptures, and establishinga New Church. But He promised to remain with the ChristianChurch until that time, teaching and saving all who with simple heartswere willing to harken to His Word. He referred not to the end ofthe natural world, but to the end of the Christian Church.Luke 24: 44. And He said unto them, These are the words which Ispake unto you, while I was yet with you, that all things must befulfilled, which were written in the law of Moses, and in the prophets,and in the Psalms, concerning me. This verse is placed in Luke immediately following the Lords ap­pearance to the ten Disciples in Jerusalem. But this Gospel omits allreference to the incidents that occurred in Galilee, because they donot belong to the series of the internal sense of which the Evangelistis speaking. Why this is so we cannot say with assurance; but thereare indications that you may come to understand when you are older. That this was actually spoken after the Disciples had returned fromGalilee, however, and not at the time of the appearance to the ten, isclear from what follows in verse forty-nine, where the Lord commandsthe Disciples, saying, "tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye beendued with power from on high." The Lord could not say to thewomen, "Go tell my brethren that they go into Galilee, and there shallthey see me," and the very same day require them to "tarry in Jeru­salem." But after they had returned from Galilee He could requirethem to remain in Jerusalem.
  • 85. The Ascension and the Conclusion of Johns Gospel 527 Evidently, having received direct instruction from the Lord on themountain by the shores of the Sea of Tiberias as to their responsibilityto go forth as the first ministers and teachers of the Christian Church,spreading the Gospel to all nations, the Disciples had gone back toJerusalem to consult together and formulate plans as to how theymight best carry out the work assigned to them. There the Lord ap­peared to them again, giving further and more definite instructions. They were to teach not only what the Lord Himself had spokenwhile He was with them, but they were to show from the propheciesof the Old Testament that everything the Lord had said and done wasin fulfilIment of what had been foretold concerning Him. Every­thing the Lord says in His Word is true. Everything written by Himwas necessary in order that men might have a true idea of Him. TheOld Testament was not to be discarded because the Lord had come.The Law it contained was eternal, applying to every age. Whenrightly understood, in the way the Lord explained its meaning, itwould be even more precious, more needful as a source of Divineteaching than it had been before. The fact that the Jews had per­verted it, and falsified it by interpreting it wrongly, did not destroythe genuine Truth contained within it. That Truth had been concealedfrom the Jews because they were not ready to understand it. Butnevertheless the Lord led them to preserve the Word, with its Divinemessage, against the time when its true meaning might be revealed. The same is the case in our own day with the New Testament aswell as the Old. Both have again been misinterpreted, insomuchthat men no longer understand what the Lord intended them to teach.The fact that He has now opened for us the meaning that has for somany centuries lain buried in them, unknown and unsuspected, givesus the power to use them, and cause to love and cherish them far morethan ever before. We now can see why they are so holy, and why theLord, in His Providence, has preserved them so perfectly. Indeed,without them we could not understand the Writings, which from be­ginning to end are based upon them.Luke 24: 45-48. Then opened He their understanding, that theymight understand the scriptures, and said unto them, Thus it is writ­ten, and thus it behooved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the deadthe third day: and that repentance and remission of sins should bepreached in His name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.And ye are witnesses of these things.
  • 86. 528 The Lords Appearance on the Mountain The Lord evidently spoke to them for a considerable time, sayingmany things that are not recorded in the Word. As in the case ofthe two disciples on the road to Emmaus, He "opened unto them thescriptures," recalling to their minds many passages from the OldTestament that had been given a false meaning by the Jewish rabbis,and showing them what was really meant. He showed how every­thing in Moses, and the Prophets, and the Psalms had been writtenconcerning Him, foretelling how He was to come into the world, fightagainst the hells and overcome them, suffer death upon the cross, andrise again the third day. Every least detail of His life had been fore­seen and provided by His Infinite· Wisdom. There was a DivineOrder that had to be observed if His work of redemption was to beaccomplished. And so far as this was seen it was clear that this Orderwas eternal, that the Divine Plan was still being followed, and that Hewho had so wondrously fulfilled the Word would continue to governall things, even to the final establishment of His promised Kingdom.This realization is what was needed to give the Disciples trust in Himand courage to face every trial and every persecution, after He wasno longer visibly present with them, for they knew that the Lord wasmindful of His own. But only those who had received faith in the Lord, and who hadrepented of their sins, could become true members of His Church onearth, and angels in heaven after death. Wherefore the Discipleswere not only to expound the Word, but were to preach repentance,urging people to forsake their selfish and worldly ambitions that theymight obey the Lords teachings, and keep His Word. The were to be in their re n fro erusalem, because thiswas the center of the Jewish Church, where the Word, although it hadbeen perverted, was nevertheless preserved as holy. Every newchurch must be in with the few ~ the former church, who being simplein heart and familiar with the Word, are willing to be taught. The Apostles were said to be "witnesses of these things" becausethey had followed the Lord while He was on earth. They hadSeenHis miracles and harkened to His teachings. They had been withHim constantly, receiving far more instruction than was possible togive to the multitudes that met Him only occasionally. And now theyhad seen Him after His resurrection, and had been given to under­stand, as others could not yet understand, why He had come intothe world, and what kind of kin dom He had come to establish. They
  • 87. The Ascension and the Conclusion of Johns Gospel 529 were like ministers who had been called and chosen, trained and edu- cated,that they might be prepared to teach in the LordSiiame, beaX- ing witness to the Truth. Luke 24: 49. And, behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you: but tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, until ye be endued with power from on high. The Lord gave assurance that God would be with them wherever they might go, to protect them in all their labors for the establishment of the Christian Church. This is what is meant by "the promise of my Father." To be "endued with power from on high" was to be inspired by the Lord with love and burning zeal, and enlightened as to how to preach the Gospel. To be so inspired was to "receive the Holy Spirit." That this inspiration was given was confirmed by a strange experience described in the second chapter of the Book of Acts. That book is not a part of the Word, but it was written by Luke who also wrote the Gospel that bears his name, in order to record what ha - pened to the Disciples after the Lords ascension, and how the Chris- tian Church graduallycameinto emg t rough their efforts. Th Ds i les, in obedience to the Lords command, remained in Jerusalem, meetin to ether ev r da in an upper room like that w~they had partaken of the Last Supper with the Lord. And on the day of Pentecost, the fiftieth day after Easter, while they were seated in that room discussing their lans, "suddenly there came a sound from heaven as (;f a rushin _ mi )l ind, and it fil e all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance." (Acts 2: 2-4.) This happened in the spiritual world, where the Lords Love ap ears as fire. They were inspired with love to the Lord which was repre-sented by "cloven tongues of fire" on the head of each Apostle. And then they spoke with "other tongues;" that is, they spoke in the spiritual lanl@ge-the language that all spirits and angels under- stand, no matter what language they may have known on earth. Spirits may be present withJ!len in various_parts of the world, rousingIin them thoughts~nd ideas that each one then translates int.2.-Eis ownlanguage so quickly th~t it seems to him as if the thoughts themselves
  • 88. 530 The Lords Appearance on the Mountain had been in that language. In the same way, when the Apostles spoke, everyone who heard them thought they were speaking in his language, whether it were Hebrew, Greek, Latin, Aramaic, or any other that might happen to be his native tongue. This was to them a very won­ derful thing; but now, knowing something of the relation between the two worlds, we can understand how it was possible. Luke 24: 50. And He led them out as far as Bethany, and He lifted up His hands, and blessed them. The Disciples were gathered in a house in the city of Jerusalem when the Lord appeared to them for the last time. And after He had instructed them they returned to the Mount of Olives, the Lord going with them, as He had so often done while He was on earth. But as they walked through the streets of the city, no one except the Apostles could see the Lord, because they alone had their spiritual eyes opened. They went as far as Bethany, where the Lord had spent the night whenever He was teaching in Jerusalem. But as they were entering the village the Lord stopped, lifted up His hands, and blessed them. Luke 24: 51. And it came to pass, while He blessed them, He was parted from them, and carried up into heaven. This is what is called the "ascension." It marked the end of that )) Reriod after the resurrection during which the Lord COi:ild appear as if in an e rthl od. After this He was always seen as He appears in heaven, surrounded by a wonderful light, and clothed in glistening white garments. Thus He was seen by John in the visions of the Apocalypse. The reason was that He was no longer thou ht of as a man on earth, but as the God of hea n and earth, and as such was worshipe by all in the early Christian Church. Luke 24: 52, 53. And they worshipped Him, and returned to Jeru­"? salem with great joy: and were continually in the temple, praising and blessing God. Amen. All doubts had been swept away. There was no more cause for sadness. The Apostles now knew what the Lords resurrection meant. They knew that He was not a prophet sent by God, but was God 1:!imself who had come down to e~h. They· knew that He had not been taken from them, but was ~even more nearl resent with them
  • 89. The Ascension and the Conclusion of Johns Gospel 531 than He had been in the flesh. Wherefore they returned with great, joy. And_ w en the went into the Temple they did not worship anI invisibl~ God as the Jews did. They thought 0 t e or, of all that He had taught them, of t ork He had iven the to do, and they lifted up their hearts in praise and thanksgiving to Him. John 21: 25. And there are also many other things which Jesus did, the which, if they should be written everyone, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written. Amen. Such is the conclusion of Johns Gospel, and the end of the sacred story of the Lords life. How true it is, that if everything the Lord did should be recorded, "the world could not contain the books that should be written." For the Lord is eve where in the entire uni- verse, governing the motions of the stars and planets, controlling the winds and the waves, causin plants and flowers to rower etually( sustainin all the inn m rable thin s - - H created. And all this He was continuin to do even while He was living in a material body, journeying through GaIilee, and ]udea, and Samaria, perform- ing miracles, and teaching men. Yet those things that were written in the Word by the inspired Prophets and Evangelists, under the direct guidance of the Lord, contain all Truth-Truth from which we can draw whatever may be needed for our own lives, and Truth that can increase the wisdom of all future a es both of men on earth and of an els in the heavens. Seek this Truth from tEe Writings, and from the Old and New Testaments as the Lord has now taught us to under- stand them. Seek it as the greatest of all treasures. Learn to love it, and to keep It aith ully. For this is the only way to find the happi- - ness and the use of heaven.
  • 90. I1I11I1111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIItllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllIIII111I111111111111I111111o 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

×