Deflle                              51- } 1                 Deflowersees what the evils are which pollute and defile-c01ls...
Degree                              52                         Degreeand knowledge, are also signified by the windows of t...
Degree                             53                         Degree   42862. The First Heaven is also celestial and spiri...
Degree                              54                               Degree    [A.] 7014°. These were.the steps of the Lor...
Degree                                  55                       Degree    98Z5. As the Spiritual Kingdom is distinguished...
Degree                            56                          Degree differently from animais, alf to all the interiors of...
Degree                             5i                       Degree   66. There are three degrees of ascent in the natura.!...
Degree                             58                           Degreethey who are ignorant of these degrees, cannot see  ...
Degree                            59                          Degree  whercfore they must be pcrceived distinctly, and by ...
Degree                              60                             Degreehent and light; and as spiritual heat and spiritu...
Degree                            61                          Degreewhich is called the spiritual one; this is opened by t...
Degree                              62                        Degree    Loye (alone, therefole,) does not avail to open th...
Degree                                63                      Degreeascends, the lower d2grees which tend to Hell are     ...
J.f.potts the swedenborgconcordance-vol2-dtof-pp51-71-DEGREE-swedenborgsociety-1890-rep1953
J.f.potts the swedenborgconcordance-vol2-dtof-pp51-71-DEGREE-swedenborgsociety-1890-rep1953
J.f.potts the swedenborgconcordance-vol2-dtof-pp51-71-DEGREE-swedenborgsociety-1890-rep1953
J.f.potts the swedenborgconcordance-vol2-dtof-pp51-71-DEGREE-swedenborgsociety-1890-rep1953
J.f.potts the swedenborgconcordance-vol2-dtof-pp51-71-DEGREE-swedenborgsociety-1890-rep1953
J.f.potts the swedenborgconcordance-vol2-dtof-pp51-71-DEGREE-swedenborgsociety-1890-rep1953
J.f.potts the swedenborgconcordance-vol2-dtof-pp51-71-DEGREE-swedenborgsociety-1890-rep1953
J.f.potts the swedenborgconcordance-vol2-dtof-pp51-71-DEGREE-swedenborgsociety-1890-rep1953
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J.f.potts the swedenborgconcordance-vol2-dtof-pp51-71-DEGREE-swedenborgsociety-1890-rep1953


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Emanuel Swedenborg

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J.f.potts the swedenborgconcordance-vol2-dtof-pp51-71-DEGREE-swedenborgsociety-1890-rep1953

  2. 2. Deflle 51- } 1 Deflowersees what the evils are which pollute and defile-c01lspur­ tions of such worda .•. in the deflnitions of certaincant-the love. worda ... R. 166. Who have not defiled their garments (Rev. 2370. They who have llOt inhered in the philosophica.liii.4)=who are in truths, 8IId have not defiled-conspur­ deflnitions of words ...cateru~their worship through evils of life and the 4627. Cannot be defined ...falsities thenee. Min. 4578. See PHILOSOPHY at these refs. 4655. 626. These are they who have not been defiled withwomen (Rev.xiv.4)=that they have not adulterated the Deflower. Dejlorare.truths of the Church, and defiled-c01lspurcaleri~them Defloration. Dejlora/io.with falsities of faith. A. 828. (On those who are in the desire to defiower T. 3662. The evil obstruct this influx by •.. spiritual virgins; the enormity and the punishment of thisdeJllemen ts . . . crime.) D.2704. De Conj.I26. M. 319°. The lust of defioration ... has led sorne to E. 195. See SARDIS at t~is ref. desire repeated marriages. 862. These are they who have not been defiled with 454. The lust of fornication is more grievous as itwomen=those who have not falsified the truths of the verges to the desire of . . . defioration. Gen. art.Word, S0I. On the lust of defioration. Polluere. - - . This lust is not only a lust of adultery, but isDefllement. Pollulio. more grievous than (ordinary adulteries); for the lust of A.4439. Ja,cob hoard that he had defiled Dinah his def!oXlJotion ... cannot previously exist with anyone.daughter (Gen.xxxiv.5) = conjunction notlawful. .. The 5022. The wives said ... that this state commenceddefilement of marriages=con,iunction nat law.ful. from the moment of defioration ... 4460. Because he defiled Dinah their sister = initia­ 5040 Defloration, without a view to marriage, is thetion to conjunction. villainy of a robber. -~. Sorne adulterers are possessed of the desire of 45°3". To defile the houses" and fi11 the courts withthe slain (Ezek.ix.7)=to profane goods and truths, deflowering virgins, and thus girls . . . and after defiora­ tion they leave them, and continua11y seek for others 4504. Because they had defiled their sister = because ... and this lust grows to be the chief of the delightsthey had defiled-Ioedaveru~thetruth of faith, of their flesh. , . This villainy remains inrooted ... after 59549• Defiled garments (Zech.iii.3)=truths defiled­ death... A woman dellowered by such . , , becomes aconspurcatÏ$- by the falsities which are from evil. harlot, which is to be laid at the door of that robber...E·V4ol6, As such are ~iolators of marriage, and despisers of the female sex, and thus are spiritual robbers, it is evident E. 1953• Thus are Knowledges from the Word polluted that the Divine N emesis pursues them.and defiled-conspurcantur-by the loves of self and ofthe Vorld ••. 505. The lot of those who have confirmed themselves in the persuasion that the lust of defiora.tion is not an 3881>. To defile the temple of holiness (Ps.lxxix.l) evil of sin, aCter death is grievous. profane worship. D. 4741. See CHARLES XII. nt this ref.Deflne. Dejinin.Deflnition. Dejini/io. Deformity. See UGLY.Deflnite. Dejini/us. Defraud. See under FRAUD. A. 448 e • They deprive Spirits of a11 sense by theirdefinitions alld suppositions. Defunct. See DIE-dejungere. 2575. As a thousand ... is a deflnite number , , , ~ade. See under ABROGATE. 8533. Goods . . • are datermined with every manwhile he lives in the world; they are dete:nnined (Degr~~/ Gradus.aœording t.o the quantity and quality of the f8ith llud GrB;dilate. in his life. See under REGXON. T. 173• They said. , . Thus do the chiefs of the A. 62. By d.egrees (man becornes regenerate).Church detine the word person..• 1 said, Is this a 316°. Are led by degrees to Heaven.definition of person 1 • " . You have defined person as 543. 1:0 that degree that they could bear no more ...being that which properly subsists .. , Hence it is evident, that not onlyare there degrees (of 28. It cannot define it otherwise ... heavenly joy) . , . 52. Here wa will open the subjcct of order by a general 657. There are three degrees of intellectual things indefinition of it..• In this defuûtion ..• man; the is the Scientific, the middle is t.he 132. The determined damnation. , , Rational, the highest is the Intellectual; these are so distinct from each other as never to be confounded. 423. Charity may be dellned as ... (Sig. by the three stories of the ark.) D. 2369. Inhering in thcir significatioIls and deflni- 658. These three degreea , .• understanding, reason,
  3. 3. Degree 52 Degreeand knowledge, are also signified by the windows of the -_.. They who are in love to the Lord, 50 as tothree tiers in the Temple (1 Rings vi.); and also by the have a perception of the love, are in a higher degree ofdvers which went forth from Eden. 655 2. good and truth, and are in the Third Heaven ... and [A.) 15553• The llilW life is received by degrees. are called Celestial Angels; but they who are in charity , towards the neighbour, so as to havc a perception of the 1627. Decorll.tions ofsteps, described. charity, but not so much a perception of love to the 1661°. By degrees. 1871. 41452. 7186 (occurs five Lord, are in a lower degree of good and truth, and aretimes). H.335· in the Second Heaven . . . and are called Spiritual 182cr~. In the highest degree. (In the sense of Angels; while they who are in charity towards thesuperlative. ) neighbour merely from the affection of truth, so as not 20232. Love to the Lord is in a higher degree (than to have a perception of the charity itself, except froiplove towards the neighbour). the truth by which they are affected, are in a still lower degree of good and truth, and are in the First Heaven 2504". Ali these are called spiritual things, which are ... and are called good Spirits. Hence it may in sornethus distinguished into degrees, and succeed each other measure appear how the case is with degrees; namely,in such an order. that those things which are in a higher degree, present 3020. The natural mind isa distinct mind from the themselves in an image in those which are in the nextrational one, and is in a lower degree ... lower one ... _ _ 0. Into these degrees are the three Heavens 3209. The Rational is in a degree above theNatural ... distinguished, and according to these degrees does the 3309. Scientifics are of two kinds, or of two degrees, Lord flow in with Divine good and truth, thus withsensuous things and scientific ones. Sig. and Ex. wisdom and intelligence, and with heavenly joy and 3404. These appearances or truths are of a higher Tr. 3699". There are lowest goods and truths, and highcst 34052. The appearances of truth which are of a higher ones, and between them there are steps as of far -surpass in abundance and perfection those 37472 There are three degrees of life in man, as there .which are in a lower degree; for myriads of myriads of are three degrees of life in the Heavena. •. 1 have beenthings which are distinctly perceived by those who are instructed concerning these degrees of life, that thein a higher degree, appear as ouly a single one to those ultimate degree of life is what is called the external orwho are in a lower degree ; for lower things are nothing natura! man ... that the second degree is what isbut compounds of higher ones; as may be inferred from called the internai or rational man •.. and that thethe memories of man, the interior of which, being in a third degree of life, which is entirely unknown to man,higher degree, far surpasses the exterior one, which is is that through which the Lord flows into the rationalin a lower degree. mind, whence he has the capacity of thinking as a man, _ _0. The Angels of the Third Heaven are in the and whenco he has conscience, aId the perception of goodfourth degree above man. and truth, and, also elevation by the Lord to Himself. 3412. The appearances of truth of a lower degree. Tr. 3952. The heavenly marriage is not between good and 3646. In, a like degree and manner. truth of one and the same degree,.but between good and - - . ·The souls of men are in a higher degree (than truth of a lower degree and of a higher one. Ex.those of brutes). --. The celestial man is in a higher degree (than the spiritual). 3691. The reason it is said, the good and truth of thatdegree, is that goods and truths are entirely distinct 3994· In the Original Language, Iamb is expresscdfrom each other aceording to degrees; interior goods and by various words, whereby are signified the differcnttruths are in a higher degree, and exterior ones are in a degrees of innocence.lower degree; in a higher degree are the goods and 4121. Ali who are in goods and truths are in brother­truths of the Rational, in a lower. one are the goods and hood; but still there are degrees according to thetruths of the Natural, and in the lowest are the sensuous quality of the goods and truths; these degrees aregoods and truths which are of the body. The interior sign1fted by brothers, sistere, ete.goods and truths, or those in a higher degree, inflow 4154. The goods and truths of the internai man arein to the exterior goods and truths, or those in a lower of threefold degrees, such as exist in the three Heavens ;degree, and there present theIr own image ... Hence it and the goods and truths of the external man are alsois evident, that the goods and truths .•. which are in of threefold degrees, and correspond to the internaia higher degree are entirely sep,!:ratcd from those in a ones; for there arc intermediate goods and truthslower one, and so separated, that the interior ones, or between the Ï.!lternal and the external man ... there arethose in a higher degree, are able to come into existence goods and truths proper to the natural man ... andindcpendently of the exterior ones, or those which are there are sensuous goods and trnths •.• These goodsin a lower degree. He who has not a distinct notion of and truths of threefold dégreea pertain to the externaldegrees, cannot have a distinct notion .of intcrior and man, and correspond to so many goods and truths of theexterior goods; nor how the case is with the soul of jnternal man ... The goods and trnths of ail the degreesman ... or with the Heavens ... are entirely distillct from each other •.. those which _ _3. These three Heavens are most distinct from are interior arc component, and those which are exterioreach other according to degrees ... are composite ...
  4. 4. Degree 53 Degree 42862. The First Heaven is also celestial and spiritual, most. The interior Rational constitutes the first degreebut not in the same degree as the former ones • . . in which are the Celestial Angels, or the Third Heaven ; 443410• (Correspondence of. the forbidden degrees in the exterior Rational constitutes the second degree, inmarriage.) which are the Spiritual Angels, or the Second Heaven; ",,6 He whA . t 1 lU an ln te . . llor d egree,. interior N atural, constitutes the. third degree, in the 44 ;)7 • u IS SpITI ua ,regards intelligehce and wisdom as a mediate end. . . whtlCl~ alNe gtoodl SplrSltS, or the Ft~tutt Heahven j the ex cnor a ura or ensuous cons 1 es t e lourth. 448~3. They who are in a like degree of.good, &ore also degree, in which is man. These degrees with man are11l a hke degree of truth . . . perfectly distinct •.. Hence if a man has lived the life 45929. Ail things of the Church, from the first degree of charity and love,. he can after death be translatedto the last. Sig. into the Third Heaven ; but, in order for him to be of 50083. (Such) hold everyone to be the neighbour, yet s~ch a character, it.~s necessary for ail the d~gre~ withall in a different respect and degree ... whereas (such) lum to he weil tennmated, and thus by termmatlOns todo not ailow of degrees and respect. be dis,tinct from each other. ,When this Is the case, 3 each degree is a plane, in which the good .that flows in 5 11 4. There are degrees (or steps) as of a ladder from the Lord rests and is received. Without thesebetween the Intcllectual and the Sensuous; but no one d egrees as panes, th e go ad . no t recelVe, b u t fi ows . 1 19 dcan apprehend these degrees, unless hc knows .•. that th rough as th rough . . . a sleve . •. d own t 0 th e S ensuousthe~ a~e perfectly dl~tmc~ from each other! and m fact, and there ... is turned into what is dlstmct, that the mtenor ones can come mto existence " - - . S ee B OUNDARY-te77n> ) ; a t th rc f• 4 na 10 ISan d su bSISt wlthout the extenor ones, but not the 2 • , •exterior ones without the interior (51462). as f 5 146 . What IS purer and what lB grosser mayeXlst mexample, the spirit of man can subsist witllOut t~: one a~d the ~ame degree, ~cording to bO,th ~xtensionmaterial body ... the spirit of mali bcing in an interior and compr~sslOn, and, acco~dmg to ,determmatlOns, anddegree, and the body in an exterior one. The case is also accordmg to the mserbon of thmgs homogeneous orthe same Vith the Spirit of man after death if he is heterogeneous.among thc blest: hc is in the ultimate de~ee there 1 • 5~362. By the suckling, :little child, and child, arewhen he is in the First Heaven, in the interiOi degree slgmfied th.ree degrees of. m~ocence ... and as threewhen in the Second and in the inmost when in the degrees of mnocence are slgmfied by them, sa also areThird: when he is ir: this last, he is at the same time three degrees of love and charity a.!1 the lest, but they are quiescent with him, almost 5605. We will arise, and go, and we will live, andas the Corporeal is quiescent during sleep, only with thc not dic =spirituallife a.ccording ta degreee. Ex.differ~nce that thc interiors with the Angels are then in 5934". By such degrees of scientifics, man ascends tothe hlghest state of wakeful,ne~s. There also cxist with intelligence; for, through these degreee, scientificsman the same number of dlstmct degrees as there are open the mind ...of Heavens, besides the ultimate, which is the body with 63 10 The interiors of man are distinct according 10its sensuous things. Hence it is evident how the case is degree~ by means of derivations according to thescwith the derivations from first ta las~ (which are sigui­ degrees there are also lights . .. lied by thc three shoots of the vme), or fro1Jl the " . "Intellectual ta the Sensuous. The life of man which is 63 1 3 . The three Heavens are no otherwlse dlstmctfrom the Divine of the Lord, passes thro~gh these fr~m each other th~n according ta el~vation ta interio!degrees from the inmost to the ultimate, and according thmgs, thus accordmg ta degrees of hght.ta its derivation it becomes more and more general, and 6326. There was a philosopher ... who died a fein the ultimate most gencral; the derivations into lower years aga, with whom 1 spoke about the three degreesdegrees are only compositions, or rather conformations of life in man, saying, that man consists of mere formsof the singlllars and particulars of the higher degrees in for the reception of life, and that one form is moresuccession, with such things added from purer nature, interior than another, but that one has com~ intoand thcn from grosser, as may serv,e for containing existence and subsists from the other; also, that whenvessels; on the dissolution ofwhich vessels, the singulars the lower or exterior fonn is dissolved, the higher orand particulars of the interior degreee, which had been interior one still lives.conformed therein, return ta the degree next higher . . . 6396. Man .•. is first in truth ••. ncxt, in the good 5144. Three baskets=the successives of voluntary of lifc from truth •.. then, in the good of life f~omthings ... for there are degrees (or steps) as of a ladder good ... these are the degrees (or steps) ofregeneratlOn.from inmost things ta outermost ones ; into the inmost 6707. The quality of Christian good detennines inthere f10ws in good from the Lord, and this flows through what degree everyone is the neighbour .•.the Ratio,nal into the interior Natur~l" and then?e into 681 9. These are the four ascending degrees of thethe exterlOr N atural or Sensuous~ d19tmctly, as It ~e~e neighbour; a society consisting of many is in a degreeby t,he steps ~f a ladder, and. m every degree It IS priaI ta that of a. single man; our Country is in a priorqualified accordmg to the receptlOn. 5 1 47. degree ta a society; in a still priaI degree is the Church ; 51452. The interiors with mali are distinguished into and in a still priaI degree is the Lords Kingdom; butdegrees, and in degree there are terminated things, in the highest degree is the Lord. These Wlccndingand, by the termination, they are separated from the degrees are like the stops of a Wlder, at the top oflower degree; thus it is from the inmost ta the outer· which is the Lord.
  5. 5. Degree 54 Degree [A.] 7014°. These were.the steps of the Lords glorifi- which are in the sensuous Corporeal, signilied by the cation. things in the waters under the earth. 7265. In this chapter it treats of the first three degrees 8945. Thou shalt not go up by steps unto Miuc of vastation. Enum. altar (Ex. xx. 23)=non-elevation to the iuterior things . 72953. (The first, second, and third degrees of the which are celestial. .. To go up by steps=to elevate taking away and deprivation of the influx of truth and ones self to higher or to interior things. _ _2. No one in the other life is allowed to be .eleva!ed good.) Sig. 1 higher into Heaven than to the degree of good ln whlCh 7378. In this chapter it treats of the third and thefourth degree of the vastation of tliose who are in he is ... __6. It is said to go up by steps, because, in thefalsities, and who infest the upright in the other life. Ex. World of Spirits, elevation to interior things ... appears as an ascent by steps; hence it Vas that Jacob in his 75°2. The degrees of the vastation of those who were sleep saw Angels ascending to the Lord by the steps of infesting, were punishments. a ladder; therefore, too, in the IYord, steps = an 77Ia°. Hence it is that there are degrees of devasta- ascent to higher, that is, to interior things, as in Ezek.tion, until at last they are cast into Hell, which is the x1.6,22,26,3I,34; and in Amos; The Lord Jehovihlast of the degrees of vastation. Zebaoth builds His steps in the heavens (ix.6). 7795. Prodigies =so many degrees of their vastation 92862• The successive steps of deliverauce from dam-... The reason there are so many degrees ... nation are circumstanced as are the successive steps of 8443 2• Truth Divine is not of one degree, but of re6 eneration. Sig. and Ex.many; truth Divine in the first degree and aIso in the 9336. By little and Little 1 will drive them out fromsecond is that which immediately proceeds from the before thee=the removal (of evils and falsities) byLord, and is above the angelic understanding; truth degrees according to order. Ex.Divine in the third degree is such as there is in the 9435. The degrees of ascent from the people to theThird Heaven ... truth Divine in the fourth degree is Lord are thus described.such as there is in the Second Heaven ... truth Divine _ _2. There are like degrees of ascent from thein the fifth degree is such as there is in the First world to Heaven with those who are being regeneratedHeaven ... and truth Divine in the sixth degree is by the Lord ...such as there is with man, accommodated to his per-ception ; thus is the sense of the letter of the Wordo 9489. A cubit and a half the height thereof=what is full as to degrees. Height = degrees as to good and 8603 Ëi • The passings over from one to another in as to truth.successive order are also called degrees. _ _ 0. The reason height =degrees as to good and 864i. Truth in the first degree is represented by thence as to truth, is also because what is high=whatMoses; and the truths thence derived in sucessive is internaI, and good is perfect according to degreesorder, by the princes of thousands, of hundreds, of towards interior things.fifties, and of tens. 9594. The reason there are three Heavens, is that 8643. When the son-in-Iaw represents truth, the there are three degrees of life with man ... the inmostfather-in-Iaw represents good, in a higher degree ... degree of his life is for the inmost Heaven; the middle 8707· IYay is predicated of the understanding of degree of life is for the middle Heaven; and the ultimatetl1lth; here, in an interior degree, because ... one is for the ultimate Heaven •.. _ _2. These degrees of life with man are opened 8712. Princes of thousands=the primary thingswhich are in the first degree under truth immediately succcssively; the first degree by a life according tofrom the Divine ... (these) are in a more digniJied degree what is fair and just; the second degree by a lifethan they who are over few; here, therefore (it means) according to the truths of faith from the Word andthose who were in the first degree, for they who were according to the goods of charity towards the neighbourin a lower degree Vere princes of hundreds, of fifties, therefrom; and the third degree according to the goodand of tens. of mutuallove and the good of love to the Lord; these are the means by which are suecessively opened these 87 13. Primary things in the second degree. Sig. three degrees of life with man, thus the three Heavens 87 14. Intermediates between those truths from good with him. But in proportiou as man recedes from thewhich are in the second degree, and those which are in good of life, and accedes to llviI of life, these degrees arethe third. Sig. 1 closed .•. 87 15. Tens also=many things, but in a less degree. 96596. Truths leading to good and from good to truths 8872. These things are such as are in the sensuous are signified by the porch, and by the steps (Ezek.xl).Corporeal, as is evident from the successive degrees of 9773. The height five cubits=degrees of good andthe light which is of the Intellectual in man; in the truth also as much as is sufficient. Height = degreesfirst degree with man are those things which are in as to good; and as it is predicatell of the ultimatespiritual light, signified by the things in the heavens Heaven, it also=degrees as to truth, for that Heavenabove; in the second degree are those things which are is in the good and truth of natural light, signified by the things in the earth _ _0. Distances from the inmost are degreetl of goodbeneath ; , and in the third degree are those things and truth from the Lord.
  6. 6. Degree 55 Degree 98Z5. As the Spiritual Kingdom is distinguished into _ _4. He who does not acqUÎle a perception of these three degrees, into the inmost, middIe, and external, degrees, cao know nothing whatever of the differences the robe=that which is in the middIe of this Kingdom. between the Heavens, and between the interior and the The reason this Kingdom is distinguished into three exterlor faculties of man, thus between the soul and the degrees, is that the inmost there communicates with body; he is alao utterly unable to apprehend what the the Celestial, and the external with the N atural, and internal sense of the Word is, and its difference from therefore the middIe draws equally from both. For the external sense; and not even the difference betweenanything to be perfect, it must be distinguished into the SpiIitual World and the natural world; being, in three degrees; such is the case Vith Heaven, and with fact, not able to understand what and whence are corre·the goods and truths there. That there are three spondences and represcntatives, and scarcely what influxHeavens is known, thus there are three degrees is. Sensuous men do not apprehend these differences ;of goods and truths there. Each Heaven, too, is for they make increase and decrease according to these distinguished into three degrees; for the inmost of it degrees continuous, thus they make these degrees likecommunicates immediatcly with the higher one, the the degrees of length and breadth, wherefore they stand external with the lower one, and therefore the middle outside, far from intelligence. H.383• J.(Post.)309.with both; hence its perfection. The case is the same H. 31°. The spiritual natural and celestial naturalwith the interiors of man, which, in general, arc distin­ Angels are distinct from each other, yet constitute onlyguished into three degrees, namely, into the Celestial, onc Heaven, because they are in one degree.the Spiritual, and the Natural. In like manner, eachof these is distinguished into its own three degrees; for 33. There are three degrees of the interiors with every·the man who is in the good of faith and of love to the one, both Angel and SpiIit, and aIso with man; they withLord, is a Heaven in the lcast form corresponding to whom the third degree is open, are in the inmostthe Grand one. Such, also, is the case with all things Heaven; they with whom the second, or only the firstof nature; that the Natural of lllan is distinguished in to is open, are in the middle or in the ultimate Heaven:three degrees, see 4570... The reason it is so, is that the intcriors are opened by the reception of Divine goodeverywhere there are end, cause, and effect ... andnence and Divine truth. (See THIRD HEAVEN at this ref.)itis that three =what is completefrom beginning toend. (q). There are as many degrees of life in man as thcre are Heavens, and they are opened after death according 9940. These are the degrees of the influx and the to bis life. Refs.reception of the Divine; but every degree containsinnumerable things, which are distinct from those which 34. As, with the Angels of the inmost Heaven, theare in every other degree; and the innumerable things interiors are opened into the thiId degree, their perfec­ tion vastly surpasses that of the Angela in the middletherein are the arcana of Heaven, few of which faU Heaven, whose interiors are opened into the secondwithin the human understanding ... The arcana of degree •.•permission are few relatively to those of the higherdegrees, which are the things which take place from 38. He who does not know how the case is withleave, from good-pleasure, and from will. Divine order as to degrees, cannot apprehend in what way the Heavens are distinct from each other, nor, in 1013z12. T.hese three degrees of innocence are signified fact, what the internaI and the external man are a bullock, a lam, and a lamb ... There are two kinds of degrees, there are continuous 10181. Two cubits the height thereof=the degrees degrees, and there are degrees not continllous; con­of good and truth, and their conjunction.•• Height= tinuous degrees are circumstanced as are the degrees ofthc degrees of good and thence of truth. By degrees the decrease of light from the flame down to darkness,of height are meant degrees from interiors to exteriors, or as the degrees of the dcerease of sight from thoseor from inmosts to outermosts. things which are in light to those which are in shade, __2. There are two kinds of degrees, degrees in or as the degrees of purity of the atmosphere from thelength and breadth, and degrees as to height and bottom of it to the top; it is distances that determinedepth; the latter degrees differ very greatly from the these degrees. Whereas degrees not continuous, butformer ones; the degrees of length and breadth are discrete, are discriminated as are the prior and thethose which succeed each other from the middle to the posterior, as the cause and the effect, and as the thingcircumferences; but the degrees of height proceed from producing and the thing produced. He who investigatesinteriors to exteriors; the former degrees, namely, those the matter, will see that in each and 0.11 things in theof length and breadth, are degrees which continually universal world, whatsoever they may be, there aredecrease from the middle towarda the circumferences, as such degrees of production and of composition; that islight decreases from the flame ... Whereas the degrees to say, that from one lis formed] a second, and from theof height, which proceed from inmosts to outermosts, or second a third, and so on.from highests to lowests, are not con tinuous, bu t discrete ; 39. With every Angel, and also with every man,they are ciIcumstanced as are the inmost things of a there is an inmost or highest degree, or an inmost orsclld relatively to its exteriors .•. These degrees are highest something, into which the Divine of the Lorddi8Criminated~ thus are distinct, as the thing producing first or proximatcly inflows, a.nd from which it disposesand the thing produced. The things wh1ch are in an the lest of the interiors which succeed each other accord­interior degree, are more perfect than those vhich are ing to the degrees of order. • . By this inmost orin an exterior degree, and there is no likeness between highest man is man, and is distinguished from the brutethem, except through correspondences ... animaIs, for tRey have it not., Rence it is, that man,
  7. 7. Degree 56 Degree differently from animais, alf to all the interiors of his 280. The Heavens are distinguished aceording to mind and disposition can be elevated by tbe Lord to innocence; they wbo are in the First Heaven arc in Himself, can believe in Him, be affected with love to innocence of the first or ultimate degree; they who are Him, and thu8 see Him, and can also receive intelligence in the Second Heaven are in innocence of the second or and wisdom, and speak from rea.son; bence, too, it is, middle degree; and they who are in the Third Heaven that he lives to eternity. J.25~. arc in innocence of the third or inmost degree. [H.] 104. See CORRESPONDENCE" at tbis ref. 288. The Angels of the Third Heaven are in the 120. The Lord as a Sun does not flow in immediately third or illmost "degree of peace, because they are in the i"nto the Heavens, but the ardour of His love is tempered third or inmost degree of innocence; and the Angels of on tbe way by means of degrees; the temperings appear the lower Heavens arc in a lcss degree of pca.çe, beca.use as radiant belts round the sun. they are in a lesa degree of "innocence. 146. The distance betweell, the Sun and the Moon 349. Whatever a man acquires" in the "orld, remains there, is thirty degrees; consequently, tlJ.e distance and is carried with him after death, ",hen, also, it is hetween the [two sets of] quarters is tbe same. E.4224. increased and becomes full, but within the degree of his 208. In every Angel tbere are three degrees of life, affection and desire of truth and its good ... as there are three degrees of Heaven; with those who 410. Hence it is evident, not only that there are are in the inmost Heaven, tbe third or inmost degree is degrees of the joys of Heaven, but also that the inmost open, and the second and first are closed; witb those of one hardly approaches the ultimate or middle of wbo -are in the middle Heaven, tbe second degree is another. open, and tbe first and tbird are closed; and with those 4682. There are thrlle degrees of life with every man ; wbo are in tbe ultimate Heaven, the first degree is open, the Rational is opened to the first degree by civil truths ; and the second and third are closed. As soon, tberefore, to the second degree by moral truths; and to tbe third as an Angel of tbe Tbird Heaven looks down into a degree by spiritual truths. The Rational, h()vever, is Society of the Second, and speaks with anyone tbere, not formed and opened by these truths merely by mans his tbird degree is closed, and tben he is bereaved of bis knowing them, but"by his living according to them ... wisdom, because bis wisdom resides in bis tbii:d degree, When truths are mere servants (to selfish ends) they do and be has none in tbe second or first. Sig. not enter into man, and open any degree of his life, 211. In tbe inmost Heaven (the form of Heaven) is even the first •.. Man, tberefore, becomes rational to the most perfect of all; in tbe middle Heaven it is also the third degree by the spiritual love of the good and p~rfcct, but in a lower degree; and in the ultimate truth which are of Heaven and the Church; to the Heaven in a stilliower one; and the form of one Heaven second degree by the love of what is sincere and right; subsists from that of anotber Heaven tbrough influx and to the first degree by the love of ",hat is just and from tbe Lord. But tbe nature of communication by fair. influx is not eomprebended, unless the nature of degrees of beigbt is knowII, and wbat tbe difference" is between S. 62• Hence it fol1ows, that the Divine which proceeds these degrees and tbe degrees of lengtb and bread~h. from the Lord to its ultimates, descends through three degrees, and is named the Celestial, the Spiritual, and 267. Witb every Angel tbere are three degrees of the Ratural. The Divine wbich descends from the Lord life, wbicb correspond to tbe three Heavens; those witb to men, descends through tbese three degrees, and when ",born tbe first degree is open are in tbe First Heaven; it has descended,.it contains tbese three degrees within those witb whom tbe second degree is open are in the Sccond Heaven; and those with whom tbe tbird degree it: everything Divine is of this character; therefore, when it is in its ultimate degrée, it is in its fulnesa. is open are in tbe Tbird Heaven; a.ccording to tbese Such is the W ordo degrees is the wisdom of tbe Angels il! tbe Heavens.•. The reason tbere are sucb great differenccs (in their 7. The difference between these "degrees cannot be wisdom), is tbat tb066 tbings whicb arc in a higber known unless correspondence is known; for these degree are singulars, and those wbicb -are in a lower degrees are en tirely distinct from each other, as are the degree are generals ..• end, the cause, and the effect; or as the prior, the _ _2. The sensuous Corporeals of man are in the posteriori and the postreme; but they make one through lowest degree. correspondences. 270. Tbe wisdom of the Angels of tbe Tbird Heaven 68. In every man from creation therc are three degrees is incomprehensible, even to those wbo arc in the of life, celestial, spiritual, and natural; bu t man is in ultima.te Heaven; the reason is, tbat the interiors of the natural so long as he is in tho world, and so far in the Angels of tho Tbird Heaven are open to the third the spiritual as he is in genuine truths, and so far in degree, whereas those of tbe Angels of tbe First Heaven the celestial as he is in a life according to them; but are only open to tbe first degree ... As the interiors of still he does not come into the spiritual itself or the the Angels of the Tbird Heaven are open to tbe third celestial itself until aCter death. T.239. degree, Divine trlltbs are as it were inscribed on them, W. 65. The uses of all things which are createdfor the interiOlS of the third degree are more in the form ascend through degrees from ultimates to man, andof Heaven tban those of tho second and the first degree, through man to God the Creator.• Ulti.and the form of Heaven is from Divine truth ..• mates are all things of the minerai kingdom •.• Mediates 271. Love to the Lord opens the interiors of the mind are ail things of the vegetable kingdom ... Primes areto the third degree ... all things of the animal kingdom . •. 170•.
  8. 8. Degree 5i Degree 66. There are three degrees of ascent in the natura.! tainants of heat and light, it follows that there are asworld, and thore are three degrees of a.scent in the many degrees of atmospheres as there are degrees ofSpiritual World... The. more perfect animais are recipi­ heat and light, and aIso that there are as many as thereents of the three degrees of life of the natural world; are degrees of love and wisdom •..the lesS perfect are recipiellts of the life of two degrees 184. Degrees are of a twofold kind, degrees of heigh tof that world; and the imperfect ones are recipients of and degrees of breadth. of its degrees. But man alone is a reeipicnt of the 1 - - . The knowledge of degrees is like a key forlife, not onJy oHhe three degrees of the natura.! world, opening the causes of things ... Without this know­but also of the three degrees of the Spiritual World. ledge, scareely anything of Cause ean be known ..• TheRence it is, that, unlike any animal, man can be elcvated interior things which are not open to view can in noabove nature; can think analytically and rationally. •. way he discovered unless degrees are known. FolBut these six degrees ... will be treated of .. , exterior things pass ta interior ones, and through these 67. How man ascends from the ultimate degree ta to inmost ones, through degrees; not through con­the first. Re is born into the ultimate degree of the tinuous degrees, but through discrete degrees. Thenatural world; he is then elevated by knowledges into graduai lessenings or decreasings from grosser to finer,the second degree; and as he perfects his understanding or from denser to rarer, are caUed continuous degrees;by knowledges, he is elevated into the third degree, and or rather [they arc] as the graduaI additions and increas­then becomes rational. The three degrees of ascent in ings from fin el to grosser, or from 1&rer ta denser;the Sp~itual World are in him above the three natural exa.ctly as it is with [the gradations] of light to shade,degrees, but they do not appea.r until he puts off the or of heat to cold.ea.rthly body. When he puts this off, the first spiritual - - , But discrete degrees are entirely different ; theydegree is opened to him, afterwards the second, and at are as things prior, posterior, and postreme; 01 as end,last the third; but only with those who become AngeIs cause, and effect. These degrees are called discrete,of the Third Heaven ... Those become Angels of the because the prior is by itself, the posterior is by itself,Second and the Ultimate Heaven, with whom the second and the postreme is by itself; jet taken together theyand the ultimate degree can be opened. Each spiritual make one. The atmospheres ... from the sun to thedegree is opened with man accordulg to the reception earth ... are discrete in such degrees; and are asof the Divine love and the Divine wisdom from the simples, as congregates of these, and again as congregatesLord; they who receive something thereof come into of these, which taken together are caUed a composite.the first or ultimate spiritual degree; they who receive These degrees are discrète because they come into exist­more, into the second or middle spiritual degree; elJ.ce distinctly, and they are meant by the degrees ofand they who receive much, into the third 01 highest height; whereas the former degrees are continuous,degree. But they who receive nothing thereof remain beoause they increase cOlltinuously, and are meant byin the natural degrees, and from the spiritual degrees the degrees of breadth.draw only this, that they are able ·to think and thencc 185. and ail things which come into existenceto speak, and to will and thence to act, but not intelli­ in the Spiritual World and in the natural world comegent1.y. into existencc conjointly from disorete degrees and at 712. Instead of height (the spiritual man) thinks of the same time from continuous degrees, that is, fromthe degmes (of good and truth). degrees of height and from degrees of breadth. That 94. The decreasing (of sin a1 h ea.and l ht) dimension dh p"tu t 19 which consists of discrete degrees is ca11ed !Shht, an t at Wlh conslsts 0 f contmuous d egrees IS .effected through degmes . elg lIC . , called breadth: their position relatively to the sight of 104· The Sun ... appears ~bove the lands on whlCh the eye does not alter the designation. Without athe Angels dwell, at an elevatlOn of about 45 d.egrees • .• knowledge of these degrees, nothing can be known 179. There are degrees of love and wisdom, and thence about the differences between the three Heavens, nordegmes of heat and light, also degrees of atmospheres. about the differences between the love and wisdom the Angels there, nor about the differences between the - - . That there are degrees of love and wisdom may heat and light in which theyare, nor about the differ­bc cvident from the Angels of the three Heavens . .. ences between the atmospheres which environ and holdThe degrees of love and wisdom distinguish and separate together. Further, without a knowledge of thesethem • . • degrees, nothing can be known about the differences ISo. That there exist degrees of love.and wisdom may between the interior fa.culties of the mind in men, thus 1be still more evident from the love and wisdom of the nothing about theïr state as to reformation and regene­Angels relatively to the love and wisdom of men. . . ration; nor about the differences between the exterior r8r. As there arc degrees of love and wisdom, there facuities, which. are of the body, with ?oth Angels andare also degrees of (spiritual) heat and light mon; and nothmg at ail about the dlfference between d . . . ". the Spiritual and the Natural, consequently nothing r82. Th~ egrees of spllltual heat cannot .b? desor;bed about correspondence; nay, nothing about any differ­from expenence ••. but the degrees of spllltual hght ence of life between men and beasts nor about thecan be desc:i~ed ... From the degrees of light the difference between the more perfcct and the more imper­degrees ~f spn?tual heat even can be comprehendcd ; for fect beasts; nor about the differences among the formsthey are m a hke degree • . • of the vegetable kingdom, and among the matters of the r83. As the atmospheres are the receptacles and con­ minerai kingdom. From which it may be evident, that
  9. 9. Degree 58 Degreethey who are ignorant of these degrees, cannot see together by the like degrees. It is the same in a11 causes from any judgment ... things of the vegetablc and in aU things of the mineraI [W.] 186, In order to comprehend still better what dis­ kingdom. In woods ~here are combinations of filamentscrete degrees are, what their nature is, aud how they differ in a threefold order; in metals and in stones there arefrom continuous degrees, let the angelic Heavens serve conglobations of parts also in a threefold order. Hencefor an example. There are three Heavens, and they are is evident the nature of discrete degrees, namely, thatdistinct by degrees of height ... They do not communi­ the second is from the first, and the third from thecate with each other except through influx ... But cach second, the third being called the composite; and thatHeaven by itself is not distinct by degrees of height, each degree is discrete from the others. but by degrees of breadth ... It is the same with men; 191. The case is the with the organic substancesthe interiors of their minds are distinguished into the which are the receptacles ..• of the thoughts and affec­same number of degrees as the angelic Heavens, and tions in the brains; with the atmûspheres; with heatone of thcir degrees is above another; wherefore the and light; and with love and wisdom. For the atmo·interiors of men belonging to their minds are distin­ spheres are receptacles of heat and light; and heat andguished by discrete degrees or degrees of height. Hence light are receptacles of love and wisdom. Wherefore, asit is that a man may be in the lowest degree, he may there are degrees of the atmospheres, there are also likebe in the higher, and also in the highest one, according degrees of heat and light, and like ones of love andto the degree of his wisdom; and that when he is only wisdom • the lowest degree, the higher degree is closed ,; and 192. That these degrees are homogeneous, that is, ofthat it is opened as he receivcs wisdom from the Lord. the same nature, is evident from what has just beenWith man, too; as in Heaven, there aro continuous said. The motor fibres of the muscles, least, larger, anddegrees, or degrees of breadth. largest, are homogeneous. The nervous fibres, least, i87. He who does not know anything of discrete larger, and largest, are homogeneous. The, filaments ofdegrees •.• cannot know anything of the state of man woods .•. the parts of stones and metals ••. theas to his reformation and regeneration, which take place organic substances which are the receptacles ... of thethrough the reception of love and wisdom from the thoughts and affections ... the atmospheres .•. theLord, and the consequent opening of the interiordegrees degrees of heat and light in series, according to thepf the mind in the1r order. Nor can he knowanything degrees of the atm08pheres .•. and hence also theof the influx through the Heavens from the Lord, nor degreea of love and wisdom, are homogeneous. Thingsanything of the order into which he is created. For if which ... are heterogeneous do not agrec with theanyone tbinks of these tbings, not from discrete degrees homogeneous, thus cannot present discrete degrees. . . but from contii1UouS degrees ... he cannot see together with them, but only with their own ..•anything about them except from effects ... 194. Each degree is distinct from the others through 188. 1 am not aware whether anything has been coverings of its own, and aH the degrees together arehitherto known about discrete degrees .•. but only distinct by means of a general covering. The generalabout continuous degrees; yet not anything of Cause covering communicates with the interior and with thein its truth can become known without a knowlOOge of inmost things in their order. Henee comes the con­degreea of both kinds. junction of aU, and unanimous action. 1&9. The degrees of height are homogeneous, and the 195. The first degree is the ail in aU things of theone is from the other in succession, as are the end, the subsequent degreea. The reason is, that thecause, and the effect. Gen. art. degreea of each subject and of each tbing are homo­ - - . As the degreea of breadth, or continuous ones, geneous; aud they are homogeneous because producedare as thosc from light to shade, from heat to cold, from the first degree. For the formation of thesefrom hard to soft, from dense to rare, from gross to degreesis such, that the first, by confasciclliations orfine, and so forth; and these degreea are known from conglobations .•. produces the second, and through itsensuous and ocular experience; but not so the degrees ! the third; and discretes each from the other by a cover­of height or discrete degrees ; the latter will be.especiaUy 1 ing drawn around it. Hence it is evident, that the firsttreated of in this Part; for without Knowledge of these . degree is the principal and the solely regnant in thcdegrees ,causes cannot be seen... Hence it is, that 1 subsequent degrees ...although end, cause, and effect proceed by discrete 196. ft is said that degrees are such in regard to eachdegrees, little, if anything, is known in the world about other, but the meaning is that the substances are suchthese degrees . . . in their degrees. Speaking by degrees is abstract 190. A11 things . • . of whicb trinal dimcnsion is speaking, which is universaI, and therefore applicablepredicated, or wmch are caHOO composite, consist of to every subject or thing which is in degrees of thisdegreea of height. For example . • . every muscle kind.consists of least fibres, and these compounded fascicu­ 199. AU perfections increase and asccnd with degrees,larly present the larger fibres wbich are caUcd motor and according to them. fibres, and from bundles of these there cornes forth the - - . Of (degreea of height) it is said that they ascendcomposite which is called a muscle. It is the sarne with or descend, for they are of height; whereas of (degreeathe nerves ... It is the same in a11 tbe other combinations of breadth) it is said that they increase or decrease, for... ~hich constitute the organs and viscera; for these they are of breadth. The latter degrees differ so,muchare compositions of fibres and vessels variously put from the former, that they have nothing in cornmon;
  10. 10. Degree 59 Degree whercfore they must be pcrceived distinctly, and by no in every seed and in every fruit, and also in every met&! means be confounded. aud stone ... The inmost, middle, and outermost things 200. The reason why ail perfections increase and of the parts are in these degrees, for they are successive ascend with degrees and according to them, is that all compositions ..• from simples ... predicatcs follow their subjects ... 208. In short, there are such degrees in every ultimate, __o. The forms which are not at the same time thus in every effect. Ex. forces, are also perfect according to degrees. --". There are the like degrees in each and ail 201. We shall speak here ... of the perfections of things of the Wordo life, of forces, and of forms, which ascend or descend 209. The ultimate degree is the complex, the contain· accolding to degrees of height, because these degrees ant, and the basis of the prior degrees. are not known in the world..• As these degrees stand - - . Thli doctrine of degrees ... has an extension, out conspicuously in the Spiritual World, for the whole not only to natural things, but also to civil, moral, and of that World from highest to Jowest is distinctly dis· spiritual things, and to each and ail things thereof. Ex. creted into them, from that World the Knowledge of 211. Ali things civil, moral, and spiritual advance these degrees can be drawn; and afterwards conclusions through degrees in like. manner as do natural things, may be drawn thercfrom respecting the perfections of not only through continuous degrees, but also through the forces and the forms which are in like degreea in the discrete degrees ; and the progressions of discrete degreca natural world. are circumstanced as are the progressions of ends to 202. In the Spiritual World there are three Heavens causes, and of causes to effects ..• a.rranged according to degrees of.height ... The de~ees 212. That the ultimate degree is the comptex, the of their perfections are such, that the Angels of the containant, and the basis of the prior degreea, is mani. lowest Heaven cannot ascend to the first threshold of festly evident from the progression of ends and causes to the perfections of the Angels of the middle Heaven, nor effects. Ex. these to the first threshold of the perfections of the Angels of the highest Heaven... The reason is, that 214. In a series of like degrees (to love, wisdom, and they are consociated aecording to discrete degrees, and use) are affection, thought, and action... In a series of not according to continuous degrees. Ex. like degreesare charity, faith, and good work ..• In a series of like degrees are also will, understanding, and 203. These perfections do not appear to any man so exercise •.• long as he lives in the world, because he is then in the lowest degree; and the higher degreea cannot be known 217. The degrees of height in their ultimate are infrom the lowest degree, but they are Known after death. full1ess and in power. Gen. art.Thc man then COlles into that degree which corresponds 218. Those ascending and descending degrees, whichwith his love and wisdom •.. There is then an elevation are also called prior and posterior oncs, also degrees of of ail things of his mind, not in a simple ratio, but in a height, and discrete ones, are in their power in their triplicate ratio. In the latter ratio are the degrees of ultimate. Ex. height; in the former are the degrees of breadth. But - - . As motion is the ultimate degree of endeavour,none ascend into these degrees except those who in the it thereby exerts its power. Endeavour, force, andworld have been in trutlls, and have applied. thern to motion are no othermse conjoined than according tolife. degrees of height, the conjunction of which .is not by 20$. In successive order, the first degree makes the continuity, for they are discrete, but by correspo~dences.highest, and the third the lowest; but in simultaneous Ex.order, the first degree makes the inmost, and the third 219. The interior things which belong to the will andthe outermost. understanding make the first degree ; the interior things ~~2. When the degrees of height are in successive which belong to the body the second; and the wholeorder, they may ùe compared to a coluDln divided into body, which is their complex, makes the third degree.thlce steps, by means of which ascent and descent are 220. Such is the evolution and the putting forth 01made. Des. the degrees iI!to power •.. -_ 3 . But simultaneous order, which consists of the 221. There are three senses in the "Vord according tolike degrees, has another appearance ... They lie as ina solid consisting of these three degrees; in the middle the three degrees. . . As these senses are in the Wordof which are the most subtle parts, round about are the accolding to the degrees of height .••parts less subtle, and in thc outermost things, which 222. There are degrees of both kinds in the greatestconstitute the circuit, are the parts compounded of these, and the least of ail things that are created. thcl1ce grosser. It is likc that columl1 .•. subsid· The greatest and the least of ail things consist of discreteing into a plane ... and of continuous degrees, or of thosc of height and of 207. In every ultimate there are discrete degrees breadth . .. 310".in simu!taneous order. The motor fibres iu every 223. (The Angels say that) there is nothing so smallmuscle, the fibres in every nerve, and the fibres and which has not in it degrees of both kinds; for instance,little vesscls in every viscus and organ, are in such an there is not the least thing in any auimal •.. plant ...order. Inmostly in them are the most simple things, or minerai ... in the ether and in the air, that has notwhich are the most pcrfect; the outermost is the com· in it these degrees; and as the ether .and the air areposite of these. There is a. like order of these degreea receptacles of hoat and light, there is not the least of
  11. 11. Degree 60 Degreehent and light; and as spiritual heat and spirituallight degrees of love and wisdom in which are the Angels ofare receptacles of love and wisdom, there is not the least the Second and the Third Hcavcns; for ... as to theof these, in which there are not degreeB of both kinds. interior things of his mind, man is Heaven in the least(The AngeIs also say) that the least of affection, and the form; therefore. there are from creation as many degre~sleast of thought, nar, the least of an idea of thought, of height with man as there are Heavens. Man, too, ISeonsists of degrees of both kinds; and that a least an image and likeness of God; wherefore these tllleewhich does not consist of these degrees is nothing; for degrees are inscribed on man, because theyare in . , .it has no form, thus no quality, and no state which can the changed and varied ... The Angels confirm this by 232. With the Angels, these three degrees are namellthe truth, that the Infinite things in God the Creator celestial, spiritual, and natural; and with them the... are distinctly one; and that there are infinite things celestial degree is the degree of love, the spirit.ualin His infinite things; and that in the infinitely Infinite degree is the degree of wisdom, and the natural deg-.eethings there are degreeB of both kinds, which also in is the degree of uses. The reason why these degreesHim are distinctly one; and as these things are in Him, are so named, is that the Heavens are distinguished into-and 11,11 things have been created by HinI ... it follows two Kingdoms, named the Celestial and the Spiritualthat there is not the least fini te thing in which there Kingdoms, to which is added a third Kingdom, inare not such degreeB. The reason these degrees are which are men in the world, anù "hich is the Natural equally in the least things and in the greatest, is that Kingdom ... the Divine in the greatest and in the least things is thesame. 224, Ex. 233. In the Lord from eternity, before the assnmpti?n of the Ruman in the world, there were the two pllor [W.] 225. The greatest things in which there are degreeB degrees actual1y, and the thinl degree in potency, snch of both kinds, are the universe- .•• the natural warld as they also are with the Angels; but after the assump­... the Spiritual World ..• each empire •.. each king­ tion of the Ruman in the World, He superinduced also dom, in thcir complex; also, al! the Civil, the Moral, the third degree, whieh is called natural; and He ther~­ and the Spiritual thereof, in their complex; the whole by became a Man like a man in the world, with thls animal kingdom, the whole vegetable kingdom, and the difference however, that this degree, like the prior ones, whole minerai kingdom, each in its coniplex; and al! is in Rim Infinite and uncreate, while in Augel and man the atmospheres of each world taken together, and oJso these degrees are finite and created... Before the their hents apd lights. In like manner things less assumption of the Ruman, the Divine influx into thegcncral, as man in his complex; every anima.I in its natural degree was mediate through the angelic Renvens, complex; every tree and every shrub in its complex; but after the assumption, Immediate from Himself. also every metal and every stone in theirs. The forms 234,Ex. of these things are similar in this respect, tha.t they 235. These are the general statements concerning the eonsist of degreeB of both kinds.•• The and threefold ascent of the degrees of height... There are the most singular things of a.1l these like the general such degrees in each and all things of love, and thence and the most genera.! things in this, tha.t they &re forms such degrees in each and al! things of wisdom, and, of both kinds of degrees. from these there are such degrees in each and 11,11 things 226. On accoun t of the greatest and the least things of uses; b:lt in the Lord 11,11 these degrees are infinite, being forros of both kinds of degreeB, there is a. connec­ and in Angel and man finite. tion of them from primes to ultimates .•• The reason 236 . These threc degrees of height are in evcry man why there is not any least thing in any form, or among from birth, and they can be snccessivcly opened; and, auy forms, whieh is the same (a.s any other), is that as they are opened, the man is in the Lord, and the there are the like degrees in the greatest things, and Lord in him. th~ greatest things consist of the le~t. As there are - - . So long as these degrees remained hidden, no such degrees in the greatest things, and aceording to degrees could be known but continuous degrecs; anù those degrees perpetuaI differenees from top to bottom, when only these degrees are known, it may be believed and from the centre to the circumferenees, it fol!ows that love and wisdom with man increase only by con­ that there do not exist &ny less or least things thereof, tinuity. But it is to be known, that with every man in which there are the like degrees, that are the 1 from birth there are three degreeB of height, or discrete 230. There are Uuee Infinite and Ililcreated degrees ones one above or within another; and that each degreein the Lord, and there are three finite and created degrees of h~ight ..• has also degreeB of breadth .. , accordingin man. The reason there are three infinite to which it increases by continuity; for there are degreeBand uncreatcd degreeB of height in the Lord, is that the of both kinds in the greatest and in thc least of al!Lord is love itself and wisdom itself . . . and therefore things ... as no degree of. one kind can possibly existis use itself ... These thyee constitute the three degreeB without degreeB of thc other kind.of height in the subjects of life. These three are as the 237. These tlnee degrees of height are named natural,first end, the mediate end w hich is called the cause, anù spiritual, and celestial. .. WhEm man is born ho firstthe ultimate end which is called the effect. That the cornes into the natnral degree, and this increascs withend, the cause, and the effeet constitute three degrees him by continuity, according to knowledges and acconl­of height, has been shown above. ing to the unclcrstanding thereby acquireù, up to the 231. That there are these three degreeB in man, may highest of the understanding which is called the Rational;be evident from the elevation of his mind even to the but still he does not thereby open the second degree
  12. 12. Degree 61 Degreewhich is called the spiritual one; this is opened by the _ _e, Man is able to receive wisdom up to the thirdlove of uses from intellectual things, that is to say, by degree, but not love, unless he shuns evils as sins, andthe spiritual love of uses, which love is love towards the looks to the Lord ••.neighbour. This degree is in like manner able to 245. The nature of the influx of light into the threeincrease by a continuous degree up to its summit, and degrees of life which are of the mind with man, shallit increases by means of the Knowledges of truth and now be told. The forms which are the receptacles ofgood, that is, by means of spiritual truths. Yet the heat and light, or of love and wisdom, with him, andthird degree, which is called the celestial one, is not which are in a threefold order, or are of three degrees,opened even by these truths, but it ois opened by means are from birth transparent, and transmit spiritual lightof the celestial love of use, which love is love to the as crystalline glass transmits naturallight. Hence it ia Lord, and love to the Lord is nothing else than commit­ that as to wiadom man can be raised up to the third ting to life the precepts of the W ord ... These three degree. Yet these forms are not opened until spiritualdegrees are thus successively opened with man. heat conjoins itself with spiritual light •.. By thia 238. So long as a man lives in the world, he does not conjunction these transparent forms are opened accord· knowanything about the opening of these degrees in ing to the degrees. himself. The reason is, that he is then in the natural 246. Wben a man shuns evils from the Lord, the love degree, which is the ultimate, and from it he at that of evil and its heat is removed, and the love of good and time thinks, wills, speaks, and acts; and the spiritual its heat lS introduced in its place, by which a higher degrae, which is the interior one, does not communicate degree is opened. For the Lord f10ws in from above, with the natural degree by continuity, but by corre­ and opens it ... spondences, and communication by correspondences is not felt. "Vhen, however, a man puts off the natural 247. By the infiux of spirituallight into aIl the three degree, which is the case when he dies, he then cornes degrees of the mind, man is distinguished from beasts, into that degree whieh has been opened with him in and •.. is able to think analytically .•• the world; into the spiritual one he with whom the 248. If the higher degree, which is the spiritual one, spiritual degree has been opened, into the celestial one is not opened with man, he becomea natural and sen­ he with whom the celestial degree has been opened. suous. Gen. art. It was shown that there are three He who comes into the spiritual degree after death, no degrees of the human min d, which are called uatural, longer thinks, wills, speaks, and sets naturally; but spiritual, and celestial ; and that these degrees can be spiritually; and he who cornes into the celestial degree, successively opened with him: also, that the natural thinks, wills, speaks, and aets according to his own degree is first opened, and afterwards; if he shuna evils degree. And as communication between the three as sins, and looks to the Lord, the spiritual degree is degrees exists only by correspondences, the differences opened, and at last the celestial degree. As these of love, of wisdom, and of use as to these degrees are degrees are successively opened according to the mans such, that they have nothing in common byanyeon­ liie, it follows that the two higher degrees may also not tinuity between thernselves. be opened, and that the man then remains in the natural 239. As there exist with man three degrees of love degree, which is the ultimate one. 260. and wisdom and thence of use, it follows that there also _ _e, It is not known that the natural man becomes exist with him three degrees of will and understanding spiritual by the opening of any higher degree with and thence of conclusion, and thus of determination to him •.. use ... In a word, the mind of man ... is of three 252. The quality of the naturaI man with whom the degrees, so that man has a natural mind, a spiritual spiritual degree is opened. The natural man mind, and a celestial mind ... is a full man when the spiritual degree is opened with ~3. See COMMAND-praecipere, at this ref. him ... The natural man with whom the spiritual 240e. The Lords abode with man is nearer, as by degree is opened does not know that he thinks and acts means of these fseulties a man opens the higher degrees ; from his spiritual man ... N either does the naturaI man for by the opening of thesehe cornes iuto the higher whose spiritual degree is opened know that by his degrees of love and wisdom, thus nearer to the Lord. spiritual man he is in Heaven ... Moreover, the natural Hence it is evident, that as these degrees are opened, man with whom the spüitual degree is opened does not so is the man in the Lord, and the Lord in him. know that his spiritual mind is filled by the Lord with 241. The three degrees of height are as the end, the thousands of the arcana of wisdom and with thousands cause, and the effect, and according to these degrees of the delights of love ... The reason why the natural there succeed love, wisdom, and use. man does not know these things, is that communication 242. Spiritual light infiows with man through three between the natural man and the spiritual man is degrees, but not spiritual heat, except in so far as man effected by correspondences . . . shuns evils as sins, and looks to the Lord. Gen. art. 253. The quality of the natural man with whom the - - . There are three degrees of light and three spiritual degree is not opened, but still is Ilot closed up. degrees of heat, that is, three degrees of wisdom and Gen. art. The spiritual degree is not opened, but still three degrees of love, and these degrees have been is not closed up, with those who have led some life of formed with man in order that he may be a receptacle charity, and yet have known but little genuine truth. of the Divine love and the Divine wisdom, thus of the The reason is, that this degree is opened by the con­ Lord. junction of love and wisdom, or of heat with light ...
  13. 13. Degree 62 Degree Loye (alone, therefole,) does not avail to open that 1 that one degree is above another, and that the natural degree, but only keeps it in the potency of being degree, whieh is the ultimate one, is a kind of general opencd ; which is meant by its not being closed up . .. covering to the two higher degrees; and then, as the [W.253]2. Good through truths opens the spiritual natural degree is elevated to a degree of higher [light), degree . . . so the higher from within acts into the exterior Natnral, - - . The lot after death of those with whom the and iIluminates it. The illumination is indeed effected spiritual degree is not opened, and still not closed up, from within by the light of the higher degreee, but this is that as they are still natural and not spiritual, they Iight is reeeived by the natural degree which envelops are in the lowest parts of Heaven . .. or they are in the and surrounds them, by eontinuity, therefore more boundaries in sorne higher Heaven, where they are as it lucidly and purely according to the height of the ascent ; Vere in the light of evening . . • that is to say, the natural degree is enlightened from 254. The quality of the natural man Vith whom the witbfn ,from the ~ight of thc highe~ ~egre~, discreteJ.y, rt Spin ua1 degreeIS en tire1y e1ose d up. Gen.a. The l "t but m Itself contmuously. Henee It IS eVldent that so . h d . . spiritual degree is closed up with those who are in evils ong as man hves m t e world, an ~s the~eby I~ the as t 0 1Ile, an d s tII more WI th ose W h 0 from evilsare natural degree,, cannot be elevated Into w18dom . 0 1 th . he , Itself in falsitics ... So the substances or forms of the spiritual s~ch as eXlSts wlth the Ang~ls, but ~n~y mto, hlgher d egree VI mans rm k from evil san d tllelr lalat th .h 0 1168, hght up to the Angels, and mto recClvmg enlighten. t f th r ht beeause these are heterogeneous; for, as the spiritual men rom en Ig ... degree is in the form of Heaven, it admits ~othing but 257. But still the man with whom the spiritual "oods and the truths whieh are from good; these arc degree has been opened, cornes into that wisdom when homogeneous to it. . . he dies, and he can also come into it by a laying asleep _ _2. This degree is eontracted, and by contraction of t~e sensations of the body ... elosed up, with those espeeially who in the world are in 258. Every man is born into thc faculty of understand. the love of ruling from self-love, because this love is ing truths even to that inm08t degree in which are the opposed to love to the Lord. It is also closed up with Angels of the Third Heaven; for the human understand. those who from the love of the world are in the mad ing, rising up by eontinuity around the two highel eupidity of possessing the goods of others, but not to degreee, receives the lightofthe wisdom ofthose degrees such a degree. The reason why these loves close the ... Henee it is, that man can become rational according spiritual degree, is that they are the origins of evils. to this elevation; if he is elevated to the third degree, The contraction or closing up of this degree is like the he becomes rational from the third degree; if he is rctorsion of a spire into the opposite direction; whieh is elevated to the second degree, he becomes rational from the reason why, after this degree has been closed up, it the second degree; and if he is not elevated, he is refleets the light of Hcaven . . . rational in the first degree. If is said that he beeomes _ _3. With these persons, not only is the spiritual rational from these degrees, because the natural degree degree itself el08ed up, but also the higher region of is the general receptacle of their light. the natural degree, which is called the Rational; until __ 2. Hence it is, that if a mans love is not elevated at last the lowest region of the natural degree, which is at the same time into the spiritual degree, he is still not called the Sensuous, alone stands open. . . rational save in the ultimatc degree. Hence it is 255. The difference (between the life of a merely ~vident, that mans Rational is in appearance as of three natural man and that of a beast) is that man has tlnee egrees ... degrees of the mind, that is, three degreeB of the uncler- 260. As the natural mind is the covering and contain· standing and of the will, and these degreeB can be ant of the higher degreeB of the human mind, it issuccessively opened j and, as they are transparent, man reactive! and if the hig.her degrees are no~ opened" it can bc raised as to his understanding into the Iight of acts agamst them, but If theyarc opened, It acts wlthHeaven ... But beasts have not the two higher degreeB, them. only the natural degrees, which, without thc higher , -_. As the natural mind is i~ ~he ulti~ate degree,degrees are in no faculty of thinking about any subjcet ; It envelops and encloses the spiritual mllld and thecivil m~ral or spiritual. And as their natural degrees celestial mind, which, as to degreeB, are higher than it.are ~ot ca;able of being opened, and thenec of being , __ 2. (In respect to the reaction of the naturalraised into higher light, they cannot think in successive mind) it is the same Vith every ultimate degree oforder, but in simnltaneous order, which is not thinking degrees of height ... P·3 24· 269". The malignity of evil-inereases aecording to the 25 6. Regarded in itself, the natural degree of the degree of the closing up of the natural mind .•.hnman mimi is continuons, but by cOllcspondenee with 274. The natural mind, which is a form or image ofthc two higher degrees, while it is elevated, it appears Hell, descends by three degrees. In theas if it were discrete. gleatest and in the least things there are degrees of two - - . Bnt the enlightenment of the natural mind kinds ... and such also is the case Vith the naturalùoes not ascellll by diserete degreeB, but it increases by mind in its greatest and in its least things: degrees ofa eontinuous degree, aud, as it inereases, so that mind height are here meant. From its two faculties, whiehis enlightened from within by the light of the two are called rationality and freedom, the natural mind ishigher degrees. How this takes place, can be compre- in sueh astate, that it can ascend through three degreee,hended from a perception of the degrees of height, in and it ean descend through three degrees .•. when it
  14. 14. Degree 63 Degreeascends, the lower d2grees which tend to Hell are are aIl things of the memory ... which present theclosed, and when it dcscends, the higher degrees which third degree.tend to Heaven are closed: the reason is, that they are 278. Each degree is encompassed by a covering, andin reaction. These three degrees, higher and lower, are is thereby distinguished from another degree; where­neither opened nor closed in man in early iLfancy; for fore those things which belong -to the first degree arehe is then in ignorance of good and truth, and of evil not known by the second degree; nor are the thingsand falsity; but as he commits himself to the one or the which belong to this degree knownby the third. Forother, so are the degrees opened or closed on the one example: The love of the will, which is the first degreeside or on the other. When they are opened towards of the mind, is not known in the wisdom of the under­HeIl, the reigning love ..• oQtains the highest place, standing, which is the second degree of the mind,the thought of falsity from that love ... obtains the except by a certain delight in the ,thought of a thing.second place, and the conclusion of the love through the Tlle first degree, which, as was said, is the love of thethought . . . 0 btains the lowest place. It is the same will, is not known in the knowledge of the memory,here as with the degrees of height before treated of, except by a certain pleasantness in knowing aud speaking.namely, that they are in order as the end, the cause, and 295°. Hence it is evident, that the N atural and thethe cffect ... The descent of these degrees is towards Spiritual differ according to degrees of height •..the body; hence, in the descent they become grosser,and become material and corporeal. If truths from the 297. Love, wisdom, and use follow in order nccordingWord in the sccond degree are taken to it ta form it, to degrees of height, and the ultiroate degree is thethese truths are falsified from the first degree, which is complex, the containant, and the basis of the priorthe love of evil ..• degrees. 300. The one only substance, which is the Sun, 275. The three degrees of the natural mind, which is procecding by means of atmospheres according to con·a form and image of HeIl, are opposite to the three tinuous degrees, or those of breadth, and at the samedegrees of the spiritual mind, which is a form and time according to discrete degrees, or those of hcight,image of Heaven. There are three degrees of presents the varieties of aIl things in the createdthe mind, which are called natural, spiritual, and universe.eelestial; and the human mind consisting of these .degrees looks toward Heaven, and bends itself round ~02. The~e ~re three atmospheres m ~ach world ...thither ... Hence it may be seen, that when the whlC~ are dlstmct ~rom each ot~er acc?rdmg to degreesnatural mind looks downwards and bends itself round of hmght, and wInch decrease m thmr downward pro­towards Hell it consists in like manner of three degrees gression according to degrees of breadth... From thisand that each degree of it is opposite to a degree of th; origin of substances and matters, it follows, that thesemind which is a Heaven. . . (For) there are three substances and matters are also of three degrees.Heavens, and these are distinct according to degrees of 313. The first forms of the mineraI kingdom are theheight; and there are three HeIls, and these also are substances and matters of which earths consist, in theirdistinct according to degrees of height, that is, of depth least things; the second forms are congregates of these... It is the same with the natural mind, which is in •.. the third forms arise from plants fallen to dust, andthe form of Hell . . . from the remains of animaIs, and from the coutinual _ _3. Love to the Lord, and thence love towards the evaporations and exhalatious of these, which mix withneighbour, make the inmost degree in the Heavens; earths, and form their soil. These forms of the threebut the love of self and the love of the world make the degrees of the mineraI kingdom ...inmost d~gree in the Hells: wisd~m and inteIl~gence 345. The Spiritual flows down from its Sun throughfrom thelr own loves make the mlddle degree m the three degrees down to the ultimates of nature andHeavens; but folly and insanity ... from their own these degrees are called celestial spiritual and natural .loves make the middle .degree in the HeIls: and the and these degrees are in man fr~m creation and thenc;conclusions from their own two degrees, which are from birth; and they are opened accordin~ to his life.either ~tore~ up in th~ memory as knowledges, ~r are If the celestial degree is opened, which is the highestdetermllled mto acts III the body, make the ultlmate and inmost one, the man .becomes celestial; if thedegree in the Heaven~; an~ the conclusions from their spiritual degree is opened, which is the middle one, heown two degrees, whwh mther become k~IOwledges, or becomes spiritual; and if only the natural degree isbecome acts, make the. outermost degree III the Hells. opened, which is the lowest and outermost one, the man(Shown from experience.) becomes natural. 277. AIl things which are of the three degrees of the 3462• AIl animaIs, great and smaIl, draw their originnatural mind, are included in the works which are done from the Spiritual in the ultimate degree, which isby acts of the body. called the natural one; man alone from aIl the degrees, - - . There are forces of the motor fibres of the whole which are three, and are called celestial, spiritllal, andbody in concurrence, and there are aIl the things of the ; natu;al.. As ev~ry degre? of h~ig~t ... de?reases bymind which excite and determine these forces which contllllllty from ItS perfectIOn to lts ImperfectIOn ... soare of three degrees ... And as there are aIl things of i do. animaIs:: r But still, live only from thethe mind, there are aIl things of the will ..• which ,ulhmate spmtual degree, WhlCh lS called natural, theymake the first degree; there are aIl things of the under- cannot look elsewhere than to the earth •..standing •• : which make the second degree; and there 414- See LOVE at this ref.