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Judge bao
Judge bao
Judge bao
Judge bao
Judge bao
Judge bao
Judge bao
Judge bao
Judge bao
Judge bao
Judge bao
Judge bao
Judge bao
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Judge bao

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An introduction of Judge Bao, who is the most famous judge in ancient China.

An introduction of Judge Bao, who is the most famous judge in ancient China.

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  • 1. Judge Bao Book Day Presentation Frances Fu / Chinese Teacher Horace Mann School New York 2013 Resources Link: http://padlet.com/wall/y07j5mlw3g Photo used from google’s images and used for presentation only
  • 2. 包拯  Bao Zheng, better known for his title of "Lord Bao" or "Justice Bao," was a historical figure and government official who lived in the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127).  However, due to his unparalleled honesty, fairness, integrity, Bao is remembered today mostly as the personification of justice and an icon of all honest and upright officials. Photo used from google’s images and used for presentation only
  • 3. 安徽省合肥縣  Bao was born into a scholar's family in today's Hefei, Anhui Province in eastern China.  Bao was a gifted child and he studied very hard. Since his father was a close friend of the local county officer, the boy became interested in trying cases and showed his talent in reasoning and judgment. Photo used from google’s images and used for presentation only
  • 4. 進士 孝順  In 1027, Bao passed the highest-level imperial examination and obtained the title of Jinshi which qualified him to become a government official.  However, in order to take care of his aging parents, he didn't begin his career until 10 years later, after his parents died and he had properly observed all the mourning rituals.  For this, Bao earned a high reputation for his filial piety. Photo used from google’s images and used for presentation only
  • 5. 百家龍圖公案 七俠五義  Bao held a number of offices in his legendary career, which was later dramatized in many novels,  Beijing operas and later movies and TV dramas.  Some most popular portrayals of this historical figure could be found in the detective novel "Cases of A Hundred Families Judged by Dragon-Design Bao," written in the Ming Dynasty (1368- 1644) and the novel "Seven Heroes and Five Gallants," which was created in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). Photo used from google’s images and used for presentation only
  • 6. 河南 開封  Most of these stories depict Bao as honest and upright. They also focus on his determination to fight government corruption and matchless wisdom in settling complicated cases.  Many happened during the time when he served as the judge of Kaifeng, capital of the Song Dynasty. Photo used from google’s images and used for presentation only
  • 7. 尚方寶劍  According to the stories,  Bao was granted a golden rod and an imperial sword by the previous emperor, which gave him the authority to execute convicted criminals without prior approval from the emperor. Photo used from google’s images and used for presentation only
  • 8. 龍頭鍘 虎頭鍘 狗頭鍘  He had also been given three levels of knives from the emperor to execute criminals:  one decorated with a dog's head for commoners,  one with a tiger's head for government officials, one with a dragon's head for nobles. Photo used from google’s images and used for presentation only
  • 9. 陳世美案  Once, Bao used the dragon-head knife to execute a son-in-law of the emperor.  The famous case was about an originally poor scholar who, after winning first place in the imperial examination, married one of the princesses by hiding the fact that he had left behind a wife and two children in his hometown.  In order to prevent his secret from being disclosed, he sent someone to kill his own family. Photo used from google’s images and used for presentation only
  • 10. 不怕皇親國戚  Bao tried the case and eventually convicted and executed the scholar despite interference and pressure from the imperial family. Photo used from google’s images and used for presentation only
  • 11. 一百個銅錢  One story about Bao, which is popular among children,  According to the story, a young boy earned about 100 copper coins after selling his fried dough sticks in the market.  Then he took a nap on a rock in the market. But when he woke up,  his 100 coins were gone.  The boy began to cry because the money was needed to pay for medical treatment of his sick mother. Photo used from google’s images and used for presentation only
  • 12. 偷錢的賊  Bao, as a local official, happened to pass through the market ,  after learning of the case, ordered everyone in the market to each put a coin into a basin filled with water.  When a coin created an oil bloom in the water,  Bao caught the man who dropped it and accused him of stealing the boy's coins.  He then explained that he had found out the boy was the only one selling oily products in the market and the caught man's coin was the only one that generated an oil bloom in the basin. Photo used from google’s images and used for presentation only
  • 13. 新月胎記  Today, Bao's black face with a white crescent- shaped birthmark on his forehead is an icon loved by all common people who yearn for a clean, fair and righteous government. Photo used from google’s images and used for presentation only

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