These symbols were created after Singapore obtained independence in 1965.
The Lion Head Symbol The National Flower
We, the citizens of Singapore
pledge ourselves as one united people,
regardless of race,
language or religion,
to build a democratic society,
based on justice and equality,
so as to achieve
and progress for our nation.
The National Flag The crescent moon represents a young nation. The five stars stands for the nation’s beliefs of democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality. Red symbolises universal brotherhood and equality of man. White symbolises everlasting purity and virtue.
The National Flag is a symbol of Singapore’s independence.
Let us find out what the crescent moon, five stars and colours on the flag represent.
The National Anthem was created to unite the different races in Singapore.
It reflects Singapore’s identity as a nation.
The song is about enduring hope and spirit of Singaporeans to make progress.
It rallies Singaporeans together to succeed.
Zubir Said was the composer of the National Anthem.
The National Anthem Majulah Singapura Mari kita rakyat Singapura Sama-sama menuju bahagia Cita-cita kita yang mulia Berjaya Singapura Marilah kita bersatu Dengan semangat yang baru Semua kita berseru Majulah Singapura Majulah Singapura
The National Anthem Onward Singapore Come, fellow Singaporeans Let us progress towards happiness together May our noble aspiration bring Singapore success Come, let us unite In a new spirit Let our voices soar as one Onward Singapore Onward Singapore
On April 15, 1981, the Minister of Culture, S. Dhanabalan, announced that as part of an overall effort to foster national pride and identity Vanda Miss Joaquim was chosen from amongst 40 other flowers (including some 30 orchids) as Singapore's national flower.
The ability of Vanda Miss Joaquim's to bloom throughout the year was considered to reflect Singapore's continuous quest for progress and excellence in all aspects of life, and its natural resilience which is reflected the determination of the Singaporean people to stand fast through difficult times.
Vanda Miss Joaquim requires full sunlight, free air movement, high humidity and heavy fertilising to achieve optimum growth and flowering.
It needs support to grow straight and tall but it flowers only when the top of its stem rises above the support.
It is a robust, sun loving plant with slender stems best grown in beds against post supports.
Unlike most countries whose national flowers are found beyond their national boundaries, Singapore has the distinction of being the only nation to have a hybrid as its national flower and whose distribution was confined to Singapore's boundaries.
The lion head symbol was introduced in 1986 as an alternative national symbol of Singapore.
The lion head was chosen as a logo, as it best captures, the characteristics of Singapore's reputation as a Lion City.
It is used in less formal occasions mainly to promote Singapore's national identity.
The Lion Head Symbol According to the Singapore government: “ The lion head symbolises courage, strength and excellence, as well as resilience in the face of challenges. It is in solid red against a white background - the colours of the national flag. Its mane's five partings represent the same five ideals that are embodied in the five stars of the national flag, namely democracy, peace, progress, justice and equality. Its tenacious mane symbolises the nation's single-minded resolve to rise to any challenges and overcome any obstacles. ”
An individual, organisation or company can use the lion head symbol for purposes of identifying with the nation.
The lion head symbol should be used in good taste. Its design should not be modified in any way nor have any words or graphics superimposed over it. However, it may be depicted in outline form, be embossed or portrayed as a watermark.
The President of the Republic of Singapore is Singapore's head of state.
In a Westminster parliamentary system, which Singapore possesses, the prime minister is the head of the government while the position of president is largely ceremonial.
Before 1993, the President of Singapore was appointed by Parliament.
Following constitutional changes brought into force in 1991, the President became a popularly-elected post.
The first elected President was Ong Teng Cheong, who served from 1 September 1993 to 31 August 1999.
The current President of Singapore is S.R. Nathan, who first became the head of state in 18 August 1999 and is presently serving his second term of office.
The President is a ceremonial head of state broadly analogous to the British monarch, but the 1991 constitutional amendments gave the President certain reserve powers over government expenditure of financial reserves and appointments to key public offices.
There was one incident when he made Alice swallow a one-cent coin as a medical “pill” in their game.
Benjamin was six years old then and receiving a good hiding from his mother Lilian. Throughout his growing years Benjamin showed ambition to become a doctor - a dream deemed an almost impossible one for someone coming from a poor family and being an Asian in early colonial days in Singapore.
Alice continued to spirit him on with that dream, against his mother's wishes for his son to take up a job as a clerk and start helping out with the family bills when he completes his Senior Cambridge Examinations (O-Level equivalent). Ben attended the Methodist Girls' School and then in 1918 went to Saint Andrew's School, Singapore.
He transferred himself to study at the Raffles Institution in 1922, as the Institution was the only school with equipped with scientific laboratories and that it was an ideal place to further his ambition to become a doctor.
In 1923, he enrolled into the King Edward VII College of Medicine Singapore to begin his medical training.
But he knew too well that his family could not see him through the hefty school fees afforded by the College, and he won a generous scholarship offered by the Council of the Medical College with his exemplary academic performance.
He was able to part his $50 monthly award to his mother to help support his family.
He continued to excel in his studies and was awarded four medals by his College and passed his Obstetrics and Gynaecology (O&G) final examinations with distinctions.
Upon graduation and working as an obstetrician in the Kandang Kerbau Hospital and a professor at the University of Malaya he continued to support his family, and assuming full responsibility for his family when his father died in 1940.
Dr. Sheares was also the first Chancellor of the National University of Singapore.
Initially, a member of the Communist Anti-British League, he joined Lee Kuan Yew's People's Action Party in 1954.
He was the only PAP member to win in the Malaysian general election, 1964, winning the Bangsar constituency, near Kuala Lumpur.
He stayed in Malaysia after the Separation, forming the Democratic Action Party, but returned to Singapore to lead the labor union movement and founded the National Trades Union Congress.
He won the Anson seat in the Singapore Parliamentary Elections, (1979|1979 elections) and accepted the largely ceremonial office of President in 1981, resulting in a by-election of the Anson seat which was then won by opposition leader J.B. Jeyaretnam (this was seen as one of the major upsets of Singapore politics).
Nair is survived by his daughter, three sons, and five grandchildren.
His eldest son, Janadas Devan, is a senior editor with the Straits Times.
His second son, Janamitra Devan, is a Senior Fellow at McKinsey & Co, and his third son, Janaprakash Devan is a private entrepreneur in Canada.
His only daughter, Vijaya Kumari Devan continues to reside in Hamilton, Ontario.
His granddaughters are Gitanjali Devan, a psychology graduate from the University of Maryland, Priyanjali Devan, currently attending Middlebury College, and Kiran Devan, a high school student in Minnesota.
His grandsons are JanaAvinash Devan, currently attending the University of Washington, and JanaShaan Heng-Devan, attending high school in Texas.
Wee was editorial manager when he retired in 1973 to become the High Commissioner to Malaysia, a position he held for seven years.
He was appointed ambassador to Japan in September 1980, and to South Korea in February 1981.
At the end of his diplomatic career in 1984, he was appointed chairman of the Singapore Broadcasting Corporation – the predecessor of the current MediaCorp Studios – and became president a year later.
A highly popular president, he was noted by people from all walks of life for his approachability and humility during his term in office.
Modest, friendly, and sincere, he is remembered as the People's President.
Up until Wee's second term as President, the selection of the presidential candidate was determined solely by the Parliament of Singapore.
During Wee's second term, the Singapore Parliament amended the constitution in January 1991 to allow for the direct election of the President, who would have the right of veto over civil service appointments and the use of government reserves.
The creation of an elected presidency was a major constitutional and political change in Singapore's history as under the revision, the President is empowered to veto government budgets and appointments to public office.
This allows him to examine the Government's exercise of its powers under the Internal Security Act and religious harmony laws, and in investigations into cases of corruption.
For the ensuing initial Presidential election - the first in Singapore to be decided by popular poll - Wee decided not to enter his candidacy, and went into retirement upon the completion of his second and final term as President.
In 2004 he published his autobiography, Glimpses and Reflections .
From the royalties and other donations, half a million Singapore dollars were donated to eight charities.
Wee passed away due to prostate cancer in his home on May 2, 2005 at 5:10am SST.
He was 89.
A humble man up to his death, he had asked to be cremated and for the ashes to be placed at Mandai Columbarium with those of ordinary citizens instead of Kranji War Cemetery, where late dignitaries are usually buried.
His state funeral saw a large crowd who attended to pay their last respects.
Wee was survived by his wife of 69 years, Koh Sok Hiong, son Bill Wee Hock Kee, six daughters, thirteen grandchildren, and fourteen great-grandchildren.
Mr Ong had a varied career before becoming President.
He joined the Planning Department, Ministry of National Development in 1967 as an architect-planner.
He was seconded to the UNDP (Special Fund) Assistance in Urban Renewal and Development Project to lead a local team in the comprehensive transportation and land-use planning of Singapore's central area.
In 1971, he left the civil service and set up his own practice.
Mr Nathan started working before completing his studies.
After the war, whilst working, he completed his secondary education through self-study and entered the University of Malaya (then in Singapore) where he graduated in 1954 with a Diploma in Social Studies (Distinction).
In February 1979, he returned to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and became its First Permanent Secretary until February 1982 when he left to become the Executive Chairman of the Straits Times Press (1975) Ltd, the Singapore newspaper company.
At various times from 1982 to 1988, Mr Nathan also held directorship of several other companies including the Singapore Mint Pte Ltd, The Straits Times Press (London) Ltd, Singapore Press Holdings Ltd and Marshall Cavendish Ltd.
He was Chairman of Mitsubishi Singapore Heavy Industries – a Ship-repairing and Engineering joint-venture with the Mitsubishi Group of Japan, from 1973 to 1986.
Quiz 1. What are all the created symbols in Singapore? a) The National Flower, The Lion Head Symbol, The National Flag, The State Crest and The National Anthem b) The National Flower, The Lion Head Symbol, The National Flag and The State Crest c) The National Flower, The Lion Head Symbol and The National Flag Ans: a)
Quiz 2. Which of these presidents is the first president? a) S R Nathan b) Mr Ong Teng Cheong c) Yusof bin Ishak Ans: c)
Quiz 3. What is the President's official residence? a) The Benjamin Sheares Bridge b) The Istana c) The Singapore Flyer Ans: b)
Quiz 4. Who is the composer of the National Anthem? a) Dr Wee Kim Wee b) Zubir Mohammad Said c) Dr Benjamin Sheares Ans: b)