INTRODUCTION Don Juan Tenorio or simply Don Juan (Spanish, or "Don Giovanni" in Italian) is a legendary, fictional character whose story has been told many times by many authors.“El burlador de Sevilla y convidado de piedra” by Tirso de Molina is a play that was published in Spain around 1630 and it is considered as the first written version of the Don Juan legend.The best known works about this character today are a play by Molière and and epic poem by Byron but the most influential version of all is Don Giovanni, an opera composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
THE CHARACTER Don Juan is a libertine who takes great pleasure in seducing women and enjoys fighting their men. Hes courageous, irresponsible and he doesnt respect human and divines laws so we can call him an overreacher.At the end of the story he regrets or he doesnt regret his dissipated behaviour (there are different versions). Don Juan is used synonymously for "womanizer".
DON JUAN by LORD BYRONDon Juan is a satiric poem by Lord Byron, based on the legend of Don Juan, which Byron reverses, portraying Juan not as a womanizer but as someone easily seduced by women. Modern critics generally consider it Byrons masterpiece, with a total of over sixteen thousand individual lines of verse. Byron completed 16 cantos, leaving an unfinished 17th canto before his death in 1824. When the first two cantos were published anonymously in 1819, the poem was criticized for its “immoral content”, though it was also immensely popular.
SOURCES Don Juans legends Literary works by: Tirso de Molina and Molière Francesco Berni and Luigi Pulci (Beppo) Ariostos Orlando Furioso
PLOT and MAJOR CHARACTERS Don Juan follows the travels and relationships of a young man.The poem begins with Juans birth, his education and his early love affair with Julia, wife of Don Alfonso of Seville.After that the poem moves from one geographic area to another: a shipwreck on the voyage from Seville; a romantic encounter with Haidée on a Greek island; enslavement by Haidées pirate father; a trip to Turkey; service in Russia for Catherine the Great; and finally entrance into English aristocratic society and a possible affair with a Dutchess. While his experiences and geographic range are vast, Juans journeys are always tragic. Nothing in Don Juan is as idyllic as it seems on its surface.
MAJOR THEMES Love and sexuality are central targets but Don Juan also offers biting commentary on war, religion, personal liberty, injustices and the mores of high society. Byrons Don Juan is regarded also as the prime example of Spanish exoticism.Byrons Juan is brave but essentially passive and without motivation so he is like an innocent victim of the harsh world in which he lives. Byron changed popular legend to suggest that society, not the individual, bears responsibility for evil in the world that is described as chaotic and unfair. This is an anticipation of both the mood and thematic occupations of modern literature.
DON JUAN & ART Theatre: Molière (1665) and Carlo Goldoni (1736) Cinema: “Don Giovanni e Lucrezia Borgia” (1926). It is the first sound movie of history. “ Don Juan DeMarco“ (1995) starring Johnny Depp and Marlon Brando. Music: Lorenzo da Pontes opera ” Don Giovanni“, music by Mozart (1787) Franz Liszts “Réminiscences de Don Juan“ (1841) Richard Strauss symphonic poem “Don Juan“ (1888).
Don Giovanni (complete title: Il dissoluto punito, ossia il Don Giovanni) is an opera in two acts with music by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and with an Italian libretto by Lorenzo Da Ponte.It was premiered at the Teatro di Praga in 1787. Mozart entered the work into his catalogue as an "opera buffa". Although sometimes classified as comic, it blends comedy, melodrama and supernatural elements because theres a mixing of serious and comic action. Setting: Seville, Spain in the early 17th century Don Giovanni is seventh of the most-performed operas worldwide.
MADAMINA, IL CATALOGO è QUESTODon Giovanni seduces Donna Anna, Donna Elvira and Zerlina and in the end hes punished because of his dissipated behaviour.Here theres one of Mozarts most popular arias: "Madamina, il catalogo è questo"(also known as The Catalogue Aria). It is a bass aria.It is sung in scene 5 of the first act of the opera, by Leporello (Don Giovannis servant, who had to write the name of his masters lovers on a catalogue) to Donna Elvira (a lady who had been abandoned by Don Giovann). It consists of a description and count of his masters lovers.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=INF9r5jju0A
“Pleasures a sin, and sometimes sins a pleasure.” Don Juan, Lord Byron This quote contains Don Juans vision of life. Hes anirresponsable man and he represents the libertine part that lies in everybody, a lascivious nature coexisting togetherwith a more modest one and that makes us human beings: brave and fragile at the same time.