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Smart systems
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Smart systems

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"Smart Systems: Advanced practical engagement model of conflict early warning from Kenya" - Presentation by Zab Vilayil as a part of BBL series organized by the UN Interagency Framework Team for …

"Smart Systems: Advanced practical engagement model of conflict early warning from Kenya" - Presentation by Zab Vilayil as a part of BBL series organized by the UN Interagency Framework Team for Preventive Action.

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  • 1.  
  • 2. Introduction <ul><li>Peacebuilding and Conflict Prevention Unit (UNDP-Kenya) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formed after Post Election Violence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unit works with the Government of Kenya (NSC) </li></ul></ul>
  • 3. National Steering Committee (NSC) <ul><li>Conflict Management and Peacebuilding </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrid Interagency Body </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil Society </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hosted by the Ministry of Internal Security </li></ul></ul><ul><li>District Peace Committees </li></ul>
  • 4. Traditional concept of CEWS <ul><li>Early Warning Information are mixed together, making analysis extremely difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Disorganized information sourcing </li></ul>
  • 5.  
  • 6.  
  • 7.  
  • 8.  
  • 9. Timeliness of EW information <ul><li>CEWARN’s mandate </li></ul><ul><li>Reports from the field took up to </li></ul><ul><li>3 weeks before it was comprehensible. </li></ul><ul><li>Overloaded with information. </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of information- </li></ul><ul><li>gathering framework </li></ul>
  • 10. Fire Fighting… <ul><li>Prevention has turned </li></ul><ul><li>into firefighting </li></ul>
  • 11.  
  • 12. Replication work…
  • 13.  
  • 14. Post Election Violence 2008
  • 15. Almost every election in Kenya has been violent <ul><li>Waki Commission report on the PEV </li></ul><ul><li>Tribal discontentment and economic despair </li></ul><ul><li>Political ethnic benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Ignorance of indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Incitement to violence by </li></ul><ul><li>eminent persons. </li></ul>
  • 16. The Media was an arena for peace and conflict updates
  • 17. Crowdsourcing tools used during PEV Kenya <ul><ul><li>Blogging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ushahidi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facebook </li></ul></ul>
  • 18.  
  • 19.  
  • 20. Rationale: Crowdsourcing
  • 21.  
  • 22.  
  • 23.  
  • 24.  
  • 25.  
  • 26. Cellular subscriptions worldwide
  • 27.  
  • 28. Social networking
  • 29. 4G ICT for CEWS <ul><li>1 St & 2 nd Generation (Top down State centric) </li></ul><ul><li>3 rd Generation (Managed by NGOs) </li></ul><ul><li>4 th Generation (Mix of free open source software and SMS) </li></ul>
  • 30.  
  • 31.  
  • 32. Rationale: Media Sources <ul><li>Already existing reporters on field </li></ul><ul><li>Google Alerts </li></ul><ul><li>Google Maps </li></ul><ul><li>Newspapers </li></ul><ul><li>Radio </li></ul><ul><li>TV </li></ul>
  • 33.  
  • 34.  
  • 35. National Information sources: <ul><li>Peace Reports </li></ul><ul><li>UN Security Reports </li></ul><ul><li>Internal Security Reports </li></ul>
  • 36.  
  • 37. ‘ Open ended reports’ to ‘Indicator based multiple choice’ <ul><li>Reports are instantaneously graphed </li></ul><ul><li>Customized to the location of reporting </li></ul><ul><li>Low bandwidth interface </li></ul><ul><li>Each template of reporting is divided into sections of interest </li></ul>
  • 38. Qualitative information to Quantitative information <ul><li>Indicator: A statement to which the user responds based on their observations </li></ul><ul><li>Template: A group of indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Cluster: A group of templates (Pastoralist, Rural and Urban) </li></ul>
  • 39. One size fits all?
  • 40.  
  • 41.  
  • 42. Development of Customized Indicators <ul><li>Indicators were developed using local peace monitors on the ground </li></ul><ul><li>Finally agreed upon using the Delphi Method </li></ul>
  • 43.  
  • 44.  
  • 45.  
  • 46.  
  • 47.  
  • 48.  
  • 49.  
  • 50.  
  • 51.  
  • 52.  
  • 53.  
  • 54.  
  • 55.  
  • 56.  
  • 57.  
  • 58. Situation Room (NSC) <ul><li>Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Video Link Capability to the field monitors </li></ul><ul><li>Panel Interventions </li></ul><ul><li>Media Updates </li></ul><ul><li>Visualization of conflict trends </li></ul>
  • 59. Situation Room (NSC)
  • 60. Situation Room (NSC)
  • 61. 3 Interfaces for the CEWS <ul><li>Public Interface (Amani Kenya @ 108) </li></ul><ul><li>Field Interface </li></ul><ul><li>NSC Interface </li></ul>
  • 62.  
  • 63. CEWS Tool Coverage
  • 64.  
  • 65. Lessons learned <ul><li>Early Response to an Early </li></ul><ul><li>Warning (auto response?) </li></ul><ul><li>UWIANO success from 2010 </li></ul><ul><li>Participatory EW (people power) cannot be ignored as part of a larger structure </li></ul><ul><li>Pilot testing showed local monitors were encouraged by ‘auto response’ options </li></ul>
  • 66. New Developments February 2011 <ul><li>Egypt’s revolution </li></ul><ul><li>Hillary Clinton announced that </li></ul><ul><li>the state department is looking </li></ul><ul><li>into spending $20-30 million to promote </li></ul><ul><li>‘ voice to people’ and avoid internet </li></ul><ul><li>repression. </li></ul><ul><li>Early Warning accountability of information </li></ul>
  • 67. Questions?
  • 68.  
  • 69. This document is provided &quot;as-is&quot;. Information and views expressed in this document, including URL and other Internet Web site references, may change. You bear the risk of using it. Some examples depicted herein are provided for illustration only and are fictitious. No real association or connection is intended or should be inferred. This document does not provide you with any legal rights to any intellectual property in the document. You may copy and use this document for your internal, reference purposes. © 2011 Zab Vilayil. All rights reserved.

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