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Acknowledging Sources and Academic Integrity
 

Acknowledging Sources and Academic Integrity

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Presentation prepared in spring semester 2010 for the graduate students at the U. Texas at Arlington Department of Modern Languages.

Presentation prepared in spring semester 2010 for the graduate students at the U. Texas at Arlington Department of Modern Languages.

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  • Discovering the dominant communication channels in linguistics and joining that scholarly conversationFinding and evaluating information sourcesLearning to think for yourself and express your ideas
  • Pair share here too!
  • Take good notes when doing research!Cite sources.Get help from the writing center or PDDI or your professor!Read scholarly articles very closely; note their language (what they paraphrase, what they quote) to see how they avoid plagiarism.
  • Define common knowledge as anything that can be found easily in a general encyclopedia.
  • Questions: what does accurately mean?
  • Neither paraphrase is all that great; it’s very hard to paraphrase well in a vacuum.

Acknowledging Sources and Academic Integrity Acknowledging Sources and Academic Integrity Presentation Transcript

  • Acknowledging Sources and Academic Integrity
    Jody Bailey, Reference/Instruction Librarian
    UT Arlington Central Library, Rm. 312
    jbailey@uta.edu
    817.272.7516
    Adapted with permission from “Acknowledging Sources”:
    http://library.uta.edu/tutorials/Plagiarism/
  • What’s the point of a writing assignment?
    “Pair share” on this question!
    Discovering the dominant communication channels in a given discipline and joining that scholarly conversation
    Finding and evaluating information sources
    Learning to think for yourself and express your ideas
    March 4, 2010
    Jody Bailey
    2
    Image: Lavinia Marin
  • Intellectual Property
    “Intellectual property (IP) refers to creations of the mind: inventions, literary and artistic works, and symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce.” (“What Is Intellectual Property?” n.d.)
    In the U.S., all intellectual property is automatically copyrighted as soon as it is created.
    Acknowledging sources is thus mandatory.
    March 4, 2010
    Jody Bailey
    3
    Image: Ivan Petrov
  • What is plagiarism?
    “When you take someone’s words or ideas and represent them as your own, you commit plagiarism. Plagiarism is using the work of others but not acknowledging the source.” (“Acknowledging Sources”)
    March 4, 2010
    Jody Bailey
    4
  • Plagiarism: Cultural Differences?
    Students from Other Cultures:
    “When you really don’t know how to write your own composition, you can use other person’s paragraph or sentences as a student.” (Shi 275)
    “I want to use people’s expressions in English the same way because sometimes I have no other words. . . . I think [copying] a few words or a short expression is OK.” (Shi 273)
    a short expression is OK.
    U.S. Academic Culture:
    Scholars work for years on articles and books and other research; if you use their words or ideas without attribution, it’s viewed as stealing.
    By not citing your fellow scholars, you are denying them public attribution for their work and hence hindering their scholarly advancement.
    March 4, 2010
    Jody Bailey
    5
  • Examples
    Copying/pasting text from a website.
    Copying/pasting a graphic element from a website.
    Copying material from printed books or magazines.
    Copying someone’s spoken words or ideas.
    Copying a unique or distinctive phrase.
    Changing the wording of a source slightly and not citing the source.
    Buying or using a paper written by someone else.
    Taking another person’s ideas and acting as though they are yours.
    Copying someone’s computer program.
    Including artwork or music in a project without getting permission or citing the source.
    Writing a paper for Professor X’s class and using it again for Professor Y’s class; this is called “self-plagiarism.” (“Acknowledging Sources”)
    You can use other people’s ideas in your own work as long as you give credit to the original author.
    March 4, 2010
    Jody Bailey
    6
  • Scholastic Dishonesty at UT Arlington
    From UTA’s Office of Student Conduct, “What Constitutes Scholastic Dishonesty”
    March 4, 2010
    Jody Bailey
    7
  • Effects of Plagiarism
    From UTA’s Handbook of Operating Procedures, Section 2-301, “Authorized Disciplinary Actions”
    Famous Plagiarists website
    March 4, 2010
    Jody Bailey
    8
  • Statement of Professional Ethics, Modern Language Association
    “As a community valuing free inquiry, we must be able to rely on the integrity and the good judgment of our members. For this reason, we should not . . .
    plagiarize the work of others
    practice deceit or fraud on the academic community or the public.” (“Preamble” sec., par. 3)
    “A scholar who borrows from the works and ideas of others, including those of students, should acknowledge the debt, whether or not the sources are published. Unpublished scholarly material—which may be encountered when it is read aloud, circulated in manuscript, or discussed—is especially vulnerable to unacknowledged appropriation, since the lack of a printed text makes originality hard to establish.” (“Ethical Conduct in Service and Scholarship” sec., par. 2)
    March 4, 2010
    Jody Bailey
    9
  • How to Avoid Plagiarism?
    March 4, 2010
    Jody Bailey
    10
  • MLA Sample Citations(from Modern Language Association of America 193, 149)
    Journal article from an online database:Chan, Evans. “Postmodernism and Hong Kong Cinema.” Postmodern Culture 10.3 (2000): n. pag. Project Muse. Web. 5 June 2008.
    Print book:Franke, Damon. Modernist Heresies: British Literary History, 1883-1924. Columbus: Ohio State UP, 2008. Print.
    March 4, 2010
    Jody Bailey
    11
  • Sample In-Text Citations (from Modern Language Association of America 216)
    AUTHOR’S NAME IN TEXTTannen has argued this point (178-85).
    AUTHOR’S NAME IN REFERENCEThis point has already been argued (Tannen 178-85).
    AUTHORS’ NAMES IN TEXTOthers, like Jakobsen and Waugh (210-15) . . . .
    AUTHORS’ NAMES IN REFERENCEOthers hold the opposite point of view (Jakobsen and Waugh 210-15).
    March 4, 2010
    Jody Bailey
    12
  • What do I cite?
    Quotations?
    Common knowledge?
    Graphics, charts, tables?
    Your original ideas?
    Your original research (e.g., surveys, experiments)?
    Paraphrases of others’ ideas?
    March 4, 2010
    Jody Bailey
    13
    YES
    NO
    YES
    NO
    NO
    YES
  • Tips for Quoting & Paraphrasing
    Quote accurately!
    Paraphrase correctly; do not use the structure or language of the original
    Pretend to explain the source to someone else
    Summarize the source without looking at it
    If it’s too hard to paraphrase, then quote!
    Don’t just replace a word here and there using a thesaurus!
    March 4, 2010
    Jody Bailey
    14
  • Correct Paraphrasing
    Source:
    But it is important to remember that Allende consciously gives the world of magic realism a feminine touch, since it is the women who have a sixth sense and not the men. Indeed, Esteban Trueba seems to spend much of his time attempting to stop the neighbours finding out about Clara’s and Blanca’s powers of divination because of the public scandal this may produce. Likewise the novel specifically refers to the spiritual powers that the women possess as allowing them to construct a new solidarity between women, in effect, a passport to survival in a man’s world. (Hart 119)
    Paraphrase: Which is better?
    In Allende’sThe House of the Spirits, the author overtly stamps her fictional world of magical realism with a feminine touch, imbuing her female characters with spiritual powers and a new solidarity.
    In Allende’sThe House of the Spirits, the author fashions her female characters as powerful women, if not physically then spiritually, allowing them to survive in a world dominated by men.
    March 4, 2010
    Jody Bailey
    15
  • What do faculty do if they think someone has plagiarized?
    TurnItIn.com
    Google/Google Scholar
    Wikipedia
    Research databases (e.g., MLA International Bibliography)
    March 4, 2010
    Jody Bailey
    16
  • References
    Acknowledging Sources. University of Texas at Arlington, 2005. Web. 2 March 2010.
    Hart, Stephen M. “Magical Realism in the Americas: Politicised Ghosts in One Hundred Years of Solitude, The House of the Spirits, and Beloved.” Journal of Iberian and Latin American Studies 9.2 (2003): 115-123. MLA International Bibliography. Web. 3 March 2010.
    Modern Language Association of America. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 7th ed. New York: MLA, 2009. Print.
    Shi, Ling. “Cultural Backgrounds and Textual Appropriation.” Language Awareness 15.4 (2006): 264-282. ERIC. Web. 2 March 2010.
    Statement of Professional Ethics. Modern Language Association of America, 2010. Web. 2 March 2010.
    What Is Intellectual Property? World Intellectual Property Organization, n.d. Web. 2 March 2010.
    March 4, 2010
    Jody Bailey
    17