Hybrid
    FM (+RDS) & Internet
          Radio              (v3)




               François Lefebvre
     Communications...
Why this Topic ?
                 CRC's interest in
         innovative broadcast applications

         Extensive knowled...
Hybrid ?


       Enhanced broadcast services

    complementary ”out-of-band” content
      (broadcast and/or return chan...
Why Hybrid ?

         Leverage existing infrastructure
               - give it a new life -

                 Transition...
It's Happening:
    Broadcast Devices Become Broadband



                           The Internet

          ”Coming to al...
Threats (to broadcasters)
    ● Market fragmentation
    ● Reduced market shares

    ● Increased competition

    ● Non-r...
HBB Radio Delivery Options
                      (current Canadian context)




    Market Penetration:   GOOD   POOR     ...
New Trends




8
#1 FM + RDS in mobile devices

         GSM
         Phones



                       © HTC




9
#2 FM by Default (not by Design)




     © Broadcom

10
#3 Mobile Internet
     - 2.5 / 3G
     - HSPA convergence in Canada (single standard)
     - Emergence of mobile Internet...
#4 Software-based Platforms
     - PC, mobile phone / device, ...

     - Developer access to platform resources
        -...
#4 Software-based Platforms (2)
     - 50k Apps in ONE YEAR

     - Apps-driven




13
#5 Software Apps Stores

     Developers: upload / sell / upgrade
     Users: download / buy / remove / upgrade

     All ...
#6 Converged Devices (Hybrid Ready ?)
     Personal               Home



                                      © Yamaha

...
#7 NAB : FM in mobile phones
        Emergency Alert System




                  VS




16
#8 RDS in GPS Devices
       Many existing devices can receive RDS-TMC
                  Live traffic information

       ...
New HBB Radio Apps
     (FM + RDS + Internet)




18
HBB Radio Apps
     - Now playing
     - Station ID, song title, artist information, ...
     - Dynamic text, top news (te...
Internet Radio Apps for iPhone




      © Apple, iTunes Store

20
3G – Speed and Reliability




        © PC World, A day in the life of 3G, June 28, 2009
21
3G Radio : End-User Costs ?

               AAC + SBR + PS = 48 kbps
                           =
                        ...
iTunes Tagging Explained
     - On HD Radio AND FM RDS
     - Only HD docking for iPods / iPhones
     - Only iPod Nano 5t...
iTunes Tagging HD Radio




     © iBiquity
24
th
         iPod Nano 5 Generation
     Good
     - FM Receiver with RDS
     - FM Radio is ”cool”
     - Younger generati...
iTunes ”Tagged”




     © iBiquity

26
Other Tagging Opportunities
     - Music sales through various online stores
     - Other revenue sharing models
     - Op...
Next ?




28
RDS in Ottawa, Sept. 2009
                    (as surveyed with iPod Nano)




     RICH=6    BASIC=9   POOR=7     NOT REC...
WANTED:
     Open FM RDS Smart Phone
     HTC Tattoo           HTC Touch Diamond 2
     Android              Windows mobil...
App Example:
     Power Radio FM Player for WM




                       © HTC
31
Radio Directories
      - Central listings of radio stations
      - Detailed stations info + more...
      - CE devices a...
RadioDNS
     - Central lookup for registered radio stations
     - Internet query based on RDS data
     - nslookup -type...
BBC RadioDNS
     Open Source Demonstration




34
Pure Sensia




                        Internet radio
                        Wifi
                        DAB (Band III ...
Conclusions
     - HBB Radio = new opportunity ?
     - Hybrid = Out-of-band = more capacity
     - Enhanced via Internet ...
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Hybrid FM (+RDS) & Internet (v3)

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New context for hybrid broadband broadcast applications using FM, RDS and mobile Internet.

Presented to BTAC in Ottawa on November 30 2009

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Hybrid FM (+RDS) & Internet (v3)

  1. 1. Hybrid FM (+RDS) & Internet Radio (v3) François Lefebvre Communications Research Centre, Canada BTAC, November 30, 2009 1
  2. 2. Why this Topic ? CRC's interest in innovative broadcast applications Extensive knowledge/tools in DAB But: radio not going digital in Canada soon ? FM here to stay ? What can we do with FM ? 2
  3. 3. Hybrid ? Enhanced broadcast services complementary ”out-of-band” content (broadcast and/or return channel) Converged devices 3
  4. 4. Why Hybrid ? Leverage existing infrastructure - give it a new life - Transition strategy - old, old+new (hybrid), new - Advantageous features of new channel - cost, capacity, many-to-many, regulation - It's happening anyways! 4
  5. 5. It's Happening: Broadcast Devices Become Broadband The Internet ”Coming to all devices near you” © Allen Qu, Flickr 5
  6. 6. Threats (to broadcasters) ● Market fragmentation ● Reduced market shares ● Increased competition ● Non-regulated competition ● Loss of control ➢ Business models ➢ Internet ”content” industry ➢ Consumer electronics manufacturers ➢ 3rd party mashups ➢ End-user ➢ Loss of relevance... But also opportunities... 6
  7. 7. HBB Radio Delivery Options (current Canadian context) Market Penetration: GOOD POOR NO 7
  8. 8. New Trends 8
  9. 9. #1 FM + RDS in mobile devices GSM Phones © HTC 9
  10. 10. #2 FM by Default (not by Design) © Broadcom 10
  11. 11. #3 Mobile Internet - 2.5 / 3G - HSPA convergence in Canada (single standard) - Emergence of mobile Internet devices - iPhone - PDA's - USB keys 11
  12. 12. #4 Software-based Platforms - PC, mobile phone / device, ... - Developer access to platform resources - API - RF interfaces (FM receiver,...) - Silicon processes (codecs, modem,...) Consequences: - Innovation - New uses created after manufacturing - Economies of scale – one HW platform 12
  13. 13. #4 Software-based Platforms (2) - 50k Apps in ONE YEAR - Apps-driven 13
  14. 14. #5 Software Apps Stores Developers: upload / sell / upgrade Users: download / buy / remove / upgrade All major players have their own platforms (Apple, RIM, Nokia, Android...) Where are the new broadcast Apps ? 14
  15. 15. #6 Converged Devices (Hybrid Ready ?) Personal Home © Yamaha © vTech © Terratec Car © PURE © Garmin © ROKU © Pioneer 15
  16. 16. #7 NAB : FM in mobile phones Emergency Alert System VS 16
  17. 17. #8 RDS in GPS Devices Many existing devices can receive RDS-TMC Live traffic information Services exist in Europe Service being deployed in US / Mexico / Canada ? © Garmin 17
  18. 18. New HBB Radio Apps (FM + RDS + Internet) 18
  19. 19. HBB Radio Apps - Now playing - Station ID, song title, artist information, ... - Dynamic text, top news (text over RDS) ? - Tagging iTunes tagging, Zune tagging, other... - Application triggers - Notifications (emergencies, mass phoning!) - Links to online content - Slideshow - Electronic program guide - Live traffic information - Emulate Microsoft's DirectBand (12kbps, not RDS) - FM / Internet roaming.... - ... 19
  20. 20. Internet Radio Apps for iPhone © Apple, iTunes Store 20
  21. 21. 3G – Speed and Reliability © PC World, A day in the life of 3G, June 28, 2009 21
  22. 22. 3G Radio : End-User Costs ? AAC + SBR + PS = 48 kbps = 6 kB/s = 21.6 MB / hour 30 hours per month = 650 MB In Canada, 500 MB/month = 25$ - 30$ 22
  23. 23. iTunes Tagging Explained - On HD Radio AND FM RDS - Only HD docking for iPods / iPhones - Only iPod Nano 5th gen. - User clicks on special ”tagging” button - HD: iPod syncs with dock when connected - iPod / iPhone syncs tags with PC iTunes software - New tag section on iTunes - Click to buy... Microsoft: Zune Tagging on FM / HD Radio Works with Zune Marketplace © Microsoft 23
  24. 24. iTunes Tagging HD Radio © iBiquity 24
  25. 25. th iPod Nano 5 Generation Good - FM Receiver with RDS - FM Radio is ”cool” - Younger generations exposed to FM - Infrastructure in place (RDS?) - New revenues : iTunes Tagging Bad - No general tagging: only iTunes - Apple controls to ecosystem - ”iTuneization” / ”Mainstreamization” of music - Canadians will now see poor RDS offerings... 25
  26. 26. iTunes ”Tagged” © iBiquity 26
  27. 27. Other Tagging Opportunities - Music sales through various online stores - Other revenue sharing models - Open to non-iTunes content (emergent, long-tail,...) - Tagging of talk radio - Advertizing tagging - .... 27
  28. 28. Next ? 28
  29. 29. RDS in Ottawa, Sept. 2009 (as surveyed with iPod Nano) RICH=6 BASIC=9 POOR=7 NOT RECEIVED=6 29
  30. 30. WANTED: Open FM RDS Smart Phone HTC Tattoo HTC Touch Diamond 2 Android Windows mobile FM API ? FM + RDS – no mention Open API ? in android code Unofficial API - YES RDS ? © HTC © HTC 30
  31. 31. App Example: Power Radio FM Player for WM © HTC 31
  32. 32. Radio Directories - Central listings of radio stations - Detailed stations info + more... - CE devices and others - Managed vs unmanaged - Free vs licensed FM Radio Unique internet link Internet radio unmanaged, free Internet radio + DAB + FM + ... Managed, licensed 32
  33. 33. RadioDNS - Central lookup for registered radio stations - Internet query based on RDS data - nslookup -type=CNAME 09880.c201.ce1.fm.radiodns.org - Internet replies with services available, ... STATUS - Defining international governance - Defining 3 applications: EPG, Tagging, VIS Who will manage canadian domains ? 33
  34. 34. BBC RadioDNS Open Source Demonstration 34
  35. 35. Pure Sensia Internet radio Wifi DAB (Band III only) FM + RDS Touch Apps RadioDNS, .... 35 © Pure
  36. 36. Conclusions - HBB Radio = new opportunity ? - Hybrid = Out-of-band = more capacity - Enhanced via Internet = non-regulated - Democratisation of broadcast innovation ? - ”Open” devices will be needed Will FM+RDS be integrated into mobile devices ? Will FM+RDS be usable via open API ? - Participate in alignment / standardisation efforts ? RadioDNS, IMDA, … - Need to enhance / harmonize RDS infrastructure ? - Experiment with RadioDNS ? - CRC willing to explore... Hybrid FM + RDS + 3G: the new digital radio ? 36

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