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The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo
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The grotto of the wonders, laura zamorano 4e-completo

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Research essay about the Cave of Aracena (Spain) by Laura Zamorano. …

Research essay about the Cave of Aracena (Spain) by Laura Zamorano.

Published in: Education, Sports
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  • 1. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. Introduction. The land reform carried out by the Bourbons kings during XVIIIth century relieved the hard living conditions in Sierra Morena villages and especially in the ones in our area.
  • 2. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. Introduction. But here in Aracena, under its Templar church-fortress there was a hidden wonderful treasure…
  • 3. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. Introduction. People say that it was because of the mining operations in this area in 1850, others say that it was a shepherd known as “Uncle Blas” that was looking for a lost animal, anyway the important fact is that the news of the treasure was published in El Porvenir newspaper in the second half of the XIX century and it was called The Grotto of the Wonders.
  • 4. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. Geology. Our wonderful cave is a phreatic cavity (formed by water) created through the erosive and solvent action of water on the calcareous rocks (marbles) …
  • 5. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. Geology. … It has been kept under the hill in which the castle of Aracena was settled since the Cambrian times (first of the six periods of the Primary Era).
  • 6. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. Geology. The grotto has a horizontal development or distribution with three different levels of galleries on the top of each other. They are 2130 meters long all together and they have a depth of more than 100 meters. 2.130 metres + 100 metres
  • 7. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. Geology. The average temperatures all year long range from 16º to 19º Celsius that amounts between 289’15º K and 292’15º K.
  • 8. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. Geology. Rocks are very slowly dissolved when they come into contact with carbon dioxide-laden water from the air and the soil. This process is what we called Karstification and it creates different and stunning rock shapes.
  • 9. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. The visit. At the beginning of the XXth century not all the grotto was known, but in 1926 and 1987 new halls were discovered. Today there is a tour of 1200 meters long. Francisco Javier SánchezDalp, Marquis of Aracena and Juan del Cid had the bright idea of opening up The Grotto of the Wonders in September 1914. 1.200 metres
  • 10. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. The visit. So the Grotto was one of the first caves opened up to tourists. Henceforth all kind of important public figures have visited Aracena, king Alfonso XII was among the first important visitors in 1915 and again in 1929. Gruta de las Maravillas, Aracena. 1914 Nerja Cuevas del Drach, Mallorca
  • 11. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. The visit. The 1200 meters tour with an air humidity of 98% starts in The Shells Hall. Water surrounds you everyway then you can see The Diamonds Hall and The Impossible Love Column until you arrive to The Big Hall, the biggest in the grotto.
  • 12. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. The visit. From the Big Hall you go up to the second level where you get into the stunning The Cathedral Hall.
  • 13. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. The visit. In this second level you have The Sultana Bath, The Emeralds Hall and The God Glassmaking.
  • 14. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. The visit. After that you go back to the first level again into The Chickpeas Hall after it The Famous Nudes with phallic shapes and finally you arrived again to the underground lake in your way to the exit.
  • 15. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. The visit. The third level where extraordinary geological treasures laid cannot be visited yet.
  • 16. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. The visit. Not only visitors have been in the grotto. Famous films as “Titans”, “Tarzan in the mines of king Solomon”, “Yerma” and “Journey to the Centre of the Earth” have used the amazing landscape of the grotto in their shootings.
  • 17. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. The visit. It has also been a source of inspiration for musicians as Primitivo Lárazo Martínez who composed “Gruta de las Maravillas” suite for piano.
  • 18. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. Her care. Enjoying this geological wonder also means taking care of it. That is the reason because the number of daily visitors is limited and University of Granada collaborates measuring constant readings of vital sings of the place too. 1000 daily visitors
  • 19. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. Economy. Marquis of Aracena and Juan del Cid idea could not be more right. La Gruta de las Maravillas has become along the years in an engine for tourism of the area. Here you have some estimating figures. The average annual of visitors: 150.000 people. The average price per person: 6'60 € Annual gross incomes: 990.000'00 €
  • 20. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. Economy. But the grotto does not only bring economical incomes to the City Hall that is the one in charge of its management but there are several neighbors businesses that also have important benefits.
  • 21. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. Economy. As for example Casas Restaurant.
  • 22. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. Economy. And the well-stocked Spanish cured jam and Iberian cold cured meat shops where the visitors can buy our typical products to take back home our best flavors, thanks to all the ham cured manufacturers of the area.
  • 23. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. Economy. And of course besides La Gruta there is the enviable natural surroundings of the Sierra de Aracena and Picos de Aroche Nature Reserve allowing the development of the rural tourism of the area that makes all who visit fall in love with the environment.
  • 24. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. The future. The first centenary anniversary of the public opening of the grotto will take place in 2014. One of the most remarkable innovations will be the enlarging of the existing tour in 300 meters around a new area known as “La Palmatoria” (The Candlestick).
  • 25. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS. The future. It is sure that this would be a good way of celebrating the hundred years opening, for the grotto all drop a whole life but a of us amidst for the vastness of its history.
  • 26. THE GROTTO OF THE WONDERS THANKS FOR YOUR ATTENTION Laura

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