Area: 1.28 million sq km (496,225 sq miles) slightly smaller than Alaska.
Major languages: Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
Major religion: Catholicism
Life expectancy: 72 years (men), 77 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 nuevo sol = 100 centimos
Main exports: Fish and fish products, copper, zinc, gold, crude petroleum and by-products, lead, coffee, sugar, cotton
Internet domain: .pe
International dialling code: +51
Lima, the capital
Machu Picchu: The Lost City of the Incas
History: The First Inhabitants
The earliest evidences of human presence in Peruvian territory have been dated to approximately 9,000 years BCE. The oldest known complex society in Peru, the Norte Chico civilization, flourished along the coast of the Pacific Ocean between 3,000 and 1,800 BCE
The Inka’s Empire
Independence day: July 28, 1821
Peru is a developing country with a market-oriented economy; its 2010 per capita income is estimated by the IMF at US$5,195 and it has a high Human Development Index score of 0.723 based on 2010 data.
Peru's main exports
Culture: Nobel Prize in literature 2010
Stockholm – Peruvian novelist Mario Vargas Llosa received the Nobel Prize in literature Friday from Swedish King Carl Gustaf during a ceremony in this capital.