- My fatherbuiltthehouse 10 yearsago (In this case thefocusoremphasisisonthe SUBJECT)
PASSIVE VOICE is used when the focus is on the ACTION:
- Thehousewasbuiltby my father 10 years ago.
PASSIVE VOICE ismuch more usual in Englishthan in Spanish, mainly in science and journalism. It’s NOT common in colloquiallanguage.
PASSIVE VOICE isused in publicmessages: - Dogs are notallowed.
PASSIVE VOICE isused in theexpressions “se dice”, “se comenta”, “se supone”, etc. (“it’ssaid, “it’ssupposed”).
HOW TO CHANGE FROM ACTIVE TO PASSIVE: ACTIVE: Subject + Verb + Object. PASSIVE: Subject + Finite form of ”to be” + Past Participle ACTIVE: My mumwillbuya new car. PASSIVE: A new carwillbebought(by my mum). Active: I haveinvitedhimtotheparty. Passive: He hasbeeninvitedtotheparty. Active: John canfixthewatch. Passive: Thewatchcanbefixedbyhim. Active: Theyoffered me a new job. Passive: a) I wasoffered a new job. // b) A new jobwasoffered me.
Practisewiththefollowingsentences: Active: I sold my house in thecountrysidelastweek. Active: Youhavemade a mistake. Active: Weusually do the shopping at theweekend. Active: Someoneissendingtheletternow. Active: Youshouldn’tforgetthepassword. Active: Alltheactorshadalreadyexplainedtheplot. Active: My dad isgoingtocookthedinner. Active: I gavehim a present.
SOLUTIONS: Passive: My house in thecountrysidewassoldlastweek. Passive: A mistakehasbeenmade. Passive: The shopping isusuallydone at theweekend. Passive: Theletterisbeingsentnow. Passive: Thepasswordshouldn’tbeforgotten. Passive: Theplothadalreadybeenexplainedbyalltheactors. Passive: Thedinnerisgoingtobecooked (by my dad). Passive 1: He wasgiven a present. Passive 2: A presentwasgivenhim.