RELATIVE CLAUSES 1.DefinitionA relative clause is a part of a sentence beginning with a relative pronoun (although this pronoun can be omitted in certain cases). It gives additional information about something
Can you notice any difference in their meaning?
Basic relativesThe relatives you use depends on the thing youre talking about. the most basic ones are these: for people who/that for objects which/that for places where for reasons why when for time whose for possession
-An architect...-A shop assistant ........................-A vegetarian...-A customer...- A lawyer ...
. WHICH Usually a pronoun refers to a noun but in this case it can be used to refer to the whole part of the sentence that went before. My dad has broken his leg, which worries me Ive still got some money left, which is surprising 7
WHOSEThis is used to show possession. It can always be used for people andanimals, but also for things. My pupils, whose homework is never done, will fail the exam. The city, whose football team lost the match, never wins anything.
WHOM*It sounds very formal to most people. Therefore, it is hardly ever used in spoken English. *If youre going to use it, then only use it after prepositions. The boy to whom I was talking is my cousin*However, theres usually another less formal way to say the same thing. The boy that/who I was talking to is my cousin
Use the correctRelative Pronoun
-The hotel _________ we stayed was very good for the price
-The hotel WHERE we stayed wasvery good for the price
-The books, ___________ I ´d ordered over the internet, took nearly three weeks to arrive
-The books, WHICH* I ´d ordered over theinternet, took nearly three weeks to arrive
-My parents, __________ were born in northWales, moved to London to find work
-My parents, WHO* were born in north Wales,moved to London to find work
-The employee to __________ you refer is nolonger working here.
-The employee to WHOM* you refer is no longerworking here
-My neighbour, __________ son is studying inGermany, is quite impolite.
-My neighbour, WHOSE son is studying inGermany, is quite impolite.
SUBJECT OR OBJECT?The woman who was talking to David suffered from heart problems SUBJECT VERB The woman who I was talking to suffered from heart problems OBJECT SUBJECT VERBWhen the Relative Pronoun is the object it can be omitted:The woman I was talking to suffered from heart problems
Can we omit the relative in the following sentences? 1. The person who works at that shop is really friendly. 2. The boy who we met yesterday is very nice. 3. Does the bus that goes to the airport stop here? 4. The man who I saw yesterday is on holiday. 5. A hat is a thing which people wear on their head. 6. The student who is wearing the red shirt is very funny
USUAL MISTAKES1. The girls who they work at that shop are really friendly. X2. Does the bus that it goes to the airport stop here? X3. I have a friend who he works at the airport. X4. Where are the flowers that they were on the table? X5. Did you see the gift that I bought it for your mother? X
TRANSLATE INTO ENGLISH THE FOLLOWING SENTENCES:1. La gente que estaba al lado de nosotros son amigos míos.2. Juan trabaja para una empresa que tiene muchos empleados en el extranjero.3. ¿Cogiste el periódico que estaba sobre la mesa?4. No envié el mensaje que me tú me diste ayer.5. A la mayoría de la gente que le gusta la fruta le gusta las verduras.6. Mi vecino, que trabaja en la afueras de la ciudad, no sabe la noticia.7. Mi profesor de química, cuyo coche está en el mecánico, vino caminando.8. España es el país que tiene más paro en la Unión Europea.9. ¿Conoces al chico cuya madre es enfermera?10. ¿hablaste con la chica con la que yo trabajé hace 2 años? * Omit the relative if it’s possible!!