Research before 1995 education operated in an information desert
Written compilation of information - 5-10 sources required for a research paper –resources were difficult to find in the libraries – just as water is difficult to find in the desert– neither requested nor encouraged creation of new knowledge or innovative solutions
Today’s student operates in a information jungle – now have thousands of sources – not just find and organize information
In the best of research situation students answer genuine questions – unlike what happened so much in the past which caused David Loertscher to collaborate on a book called Ban Those Bird Units – fill-in-the-blank library assignments.
Offer original solutions to problems
Communicate their findings using a variety of media and to an audience larger than just the teacher but to the greater world
Librarian’s role changed form the desert guide – helping students find the sparse waterholes of information in the relative desert of information available – remember it was kind of a game whether the magazine article you wanted from the Reader’s Guidewould be either (1) one that the library subscribed to or whether (2) the one copy of the magazine that the library subscribed to would be in. When students would hand us their magazine request slips we were thrilled if we could fill half the requests from the back room. – Those WERE NOT the good old days.
Now students have have literally thousands of resources (not all good, of course) to choose from. Your job, in this jungle of information, is to help guide them through it all and select the best sources.
If there is so much information out there then how do students go about organizing it for consumption?Teaching students and teachers how to utilize the tools that are available is a great opportunity for librarians. The problem is that there are so many tools to use that you have to narrow your focus to the ones that (1) aren’t filtered, of course and (2) the ones that aren’t overwhelming. There are lots of good tools but the more they do the more complicated they are the less likely the students are to use them and stumble along with what is quick and dirty.The bottom line is that the librarian has to be aware of how to use a wide variety of these tools in order to know which to recommend.
SOSHIKULog in > Add a new assignment > can have a reminder that is either e-mail or text > share files with others > can see due dates on calendar
REMEMBER THE MILK – works online and with mobile phones -- add assignment due dates – simple drop down menus – can prioritize or categorize lists – can share with othersTRACK CLASS – keep calendar of events and can save files such as Word documents or PowerPoint presentations
One of the great standbys is Delicious – there has been a lot of discussion that Yahoo which bought Delicious was going to shut it down. Currently it is still running. Advantage is that it is super easy to use. Once you have installed Delicious you can easily bookmark any Web site. The bookmark is saved on Delicious servers which means that you have access to the bookmarks from any Internet-connected machine. Delicious does make it easy for you to export any bookmarks you have saved into another bookmarking application.If you (and who isn’t) are already using Google then Google Bookmarks is a natural. You can choose whether to make a bookmark public or private and you can invite others to see your bookmarks. Any Google Docs can be added to your Google Bookmarks.An add-on for Google Bookmarks is Yawas is an extension that allows you to highlight any Web page from inside Firefox or Chrome. Download the extension and then you can highlight. The highlights are saved to your Google Bookmarks.
Firefox add on – bookmarklet is always availableFlaw – can’t make folders – have to rely on tagging which is problematic if you don’t remember what tags you have usedI really like the built-in highlighting and noting feature.
I have been a faithful fan of Diigo for a number of years now – several slides ago you might have noticed that I have over 2,000 bookmarks. One of the things that was always frustrating to me was the number of steps I had to go through in order to save messages from LM_NET. This is a fundamental part of my personal learning network and I wanted an easy way to go back to those messages. LM_NET’s search archive is difficult to use and I couldn’t depend on being able to find a posting that I wanted to share or re-visit.EVERNOTE has made this very easy. Since I clip so much from LM_NET I would probably consider making this my first choice for a bookmarking service but I’ve invested so much in Diigo at this point that I’m not ready to leave it.
Highlighting text in PDF files can be frustrating – part of whether you can highlight and annotate depends on document security set by the author when saving the PDF.When I downloaded Adobe Reader recently I got this message that there was a plug-in that was available with Safari.
When I downloaded the current version of Adobe Acrobat Reader (Mac 10.2) I had the highlighting and note tools that I didn’t have with version 9.0 on my other computer.
One of the tools that you can download is AWESOME HIGHLIGHTER. As soon as you open a page in Awesome Highlighter your cursor turns into a highlighter – can choose different colors to highlight and can bookmark at the same time – can also add text notes to Web pages
BOUNCE – annotate the screen and share with others – create image of the Web site – draw on and take notes – give a unique URLWebKlipper – don’t have to register to used – annotate any Web page and given a URL – modify highlights at any time – one possible caveat – one reviewer noted that anyone viewing the page could change your notes.
In the latest version of Macintosh’s Preview it is even simpler to annotate a PDF file.
If students are finding a consistently good source of information from blogs, wikis, nings, etc. have them subscribe to them a RSS aggregator such as Google Reader.
Setting up Google Alerts is another great way to receive current information on a topic as soon as it is published on the Web – delivered to your e-mail for RSS reader.
Easy start page
Easy start page > tabs > edit tabs and add links > give a display name and add URL and even add notes > takes a snapshot of what the site looks likeSave Web sites into a grid – thumbnails are refreshed each time you reload the pageAlso a iPhone app and these pages are available on a mobile device
Metaphor of a three-ring binderInformation is organized by tabs > put LiveBinder in the browser toolbar > search the Web and click on LiveBinder icon > can save to a new or already existing folder Can easily share collected Web sites with other students, parents and can embed in blogs and wikis
In a long-term project it is often helpful for students to build a start page – made up of widgets at collect RSS feedsOrganize information in ways that makes sense to them-Personalize with themes, templates-Use existing widgetsContent is DYNAMIC-Publish information and share-Can publish content created in Google Docs and Voice ThreadContain diverse information streams – could publish the Netvibes pages and share public links with anyoneAre problems sometimes with network environments – particularly if students are restricted to certain browsers
Netvibes: Click in the upper left-hand corner to ADD CONTENTClick “add a feed”
Find the RSS feed on the page that you want to add to your Netvibes
After you have pasted the RSS feed into the ADD CONTENT > RSS FEED box you will get a confirmation messageAfter confirming that you want to add the feed to your page, the most recent headlines will appear.You can embed a number of things in the Netvibes besides RSS feeds – videos, and even Google Books.
Another possibility for managing informationCan easily create a “webmix” of current information
Buffy Hamilton wrote a lengthy posting to her blog about the differences between Netvibes and Symbaloo. Among her comments-Create a base information dashboard with key information streams that “would be daily ‘go to’ tools and then publish the results as a public document.-Since it is public and the students can go to it daily, any updates Buffy makes to the site are automatically seen by the students.-Students can post information from the school’s databases-Students like simple interface-Students can publish their own topics and share with others in the class-Main point is that students can organize their own information streams
Last section I want to look at sites that do a lot of things. This allows you collect information, take notes, and produce bibliographies based on the information you have collected. NoodleTools is not a free site – the only one discussed in this presentation that isn’t free. You can subscribe for an entire school or individuals can subscribe $4 for 3 months, $6 for 6 months, or $8 for 12 months.
You can create a number of projects at any one time and you can set them up for whatever bibliographic style the teacher chooses. You can see there that I have a number of APA and MLA projects going at the same time.
When you start a new project you are given the choice of which bibliographic style you want to use.
As soon as you create a project your dashboard opens up. You are ready to start creating your bibliography, creating note cards, or open up Google Docs to start writing the paper.
The greatest feature of NoodleTools is NoodleBib which takes the student through the process of creating citations. The reason I like this so much is that it asks the student to really think about the source of the information.This is the beginning of a blog bibliographic citation.
After the first screen, another screen pops up to ask you to reflect further on the information you are trying to cite.
You are presented with a template to fill in with prompts and guides beside where the information will be typed.
The bibliography is created as you enter the information. As you can see from this example there are a variety of source types being used in this paper.
This brief discussion suggests how to use the note card feature in NoodleTools.
Extracts bibliographic informationPreserves the Web page
Archives full-text PDFCan search inside the PDF
Sense sources online and can be used offline.Can save references from a databaseSome Web sites have a lot of information that Zotero can save automatically.If there is no Zotero icon, then have to open Zotero and click on the “Create New Item from Current Page” icon (blue page) and fill in what information is not given.
This is what is waiting for our students in the jungle of information.
11.10 organizing information
ORGANIZING INFORMATION<br />IN A 2.0 WORLD<br />Floyd Pentlin, Instructor<br />University of Central Missouri<br />Greater Kansas City Association of School Librarians<br />13 October 2011<br />http://pentlin.wikispaces.com/<br />