What is it• Once the world’s 4th largest inland sea – 68,000km2• located in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan (both countries were part of the former Soviet Union)• Historically a saline lake• Fed by the Amu Darya and Syr Darya rivers
What’s wrong with it?• In the late 1950’s the soviet govt diverted much of the Amu and Syr Darya rivers to irrigate crops.• By 2007 the sea had shrunk by 90% and split into several lakes• It’s level had fallen 40m• The shoreline has receded up to 120 km from its former shore• Deemed an environmental catastrophe
However…• In the past it has completely disappeared and also been far bigger than it was in 1960• The controversy about the Aral Sea Region arises because the change is human induced• Possibly on purpose
So Who Are The Players?• Former soviet govt• The fishing community• Local Residents• Uzbekistan govt• Scientists• Kazakhstan farmers• International Economists• Water Engineers
Activity 1• In groups draw up a matrix of the following issues and Brainstorm how the problems of the Aral Sea may be affected them:• Human health• Agriculture• Fishing industry• Ecosystems
The Video• Watch the film and take notes on the various perspectives depending on which group you are in.• Farmers• Government• Fishermen• Environmentalists
Activity• In your groups formulate ideas on how you may argue your cases for what has gone wrong or right for you.• I will hand out cards as pointers you may find helpful
Finally• Research the issues surrounding the Salton Sea• Write 400 words on the following title:• ‘The issues facing both the Aral and Salton Seas are solely to do with anthropogenic mismanagement’ Discuss.