Tension Between Indiaand BangladeshA2 Geography
What’s the problem?• The River Ganges flows mainly through India however the last part of it travels through Bangladesh
In Bangladesh the The Problem isGanges becomes the Padma • This 2500km river is joined by the Jamuna River the largest tributary of the Brahmaputra • After this point it changes its name to Meghna • It eventually flows out into the Bay of Bengal
The Main Issues - Farakka Barrage• 1974 India opened the huge Farakka Barrage 11km from the Bangladesh border• Further upstream much of the water is diverted to irrigate farms and provide water for major cities• Many of the major cities use the rivers to carry waste and industrial sources• Bangladesh suffer for this – Deprived of water – What it gets is often polluted
Agreement• 1990 an agreement was signed about sharing the waters of the Ganges• However India have failed to address this• Worse still India plan on making more use of the Brahmaputra• This will put more pressure on Bangladesh’s supply.
Bangladesh’s main problems• Reduced flow affects irrigation and food production• Fish stocks and fish industry declining• Navigation of water ways have become harder• Lower rivers are increasing salinisation• Delta is eroding because less silt is being carried by the river thus making it unstable• Sea water incursion is increasing as the delta dries out.
Your work• Watch the video entitled• A Silent War (Water Crisis and Flood) made by India in Bangladesh• This can be found on Youtube• Using the Helsinki rules show how the two countries fail to meet their obligations and where are the major conflicts.• What do you feel will be the outcome of the problem?