Population Rates Of Population Change
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Population Rates Of Population Change

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Population Rates Of Population Change Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Rates of Population Change A2 Geography
  • 2. Rates of Growth
    • These vary around the world but overall there is an upward trend.
    • Changing fertility has effected birth rates around the world
  • 3. Birth Control
    • Is affected by 5 different factors:
      • Development
      • Social Traits
      • Cultural Heritage
      • Environment
      • Government
  • 4. Development
    • Improving living standards and quality of life
    • Rising personal aspirations and wealth
    • Materialism
    • Increasing awareness of need for sustainability and conservation
    • Extending Social services
  • 5. Social Traits
    • Awareness of the wider need for birth control
    • Recognition of women's rights and career aspirations
    • Perception of children as an impediment
    • Sensitivity to the cost of raising children
    • Expect to spend around £180,137 on their child from birth until the age of 21 (Times online 2006)
  • 6.  
  • 7. Cultural Heritage
    • Religious beliefs
    • Children as a symbol of male virility
    • Ignorance of possible birth controls
    • Focus on fertility
  • 8. Environment
    • High Infant mortality
    • No access to contraception or healthcare
    • Large extended families and support of elderly
    • Reliance on cheap child labour
  • 9. Government
    • Need to balance population and resources
    • Facilitate access to contraceptives
    • Healthcare provision
    • Promotion through state education
  • 10. Young Mothers
  • 11. Family Size Total fertility rate (TFR) and average completed family size (CFS), UK, 1951-2025
  • 12. Teenage Pregnancies
  • 13. Spread of Aids
    • 1999 – 33 million people infected with Aids
    • China – 400,000 HIV positive
    • Rising cases in Russia, India and Nigeria
    • India accounts for 60% of all Aids victims in Asia
    • Nigeria 1 person per minute is becoming infected
    • How will this affect Population Growth?
  • 14. Key Terms for Unit KEY TERMS Endogenetic Optimum Population Preventative Checks Congenital Under population Sustainability Exogenetic Overpopulation Dependency Ratio Degenerative Distribution Female infanticide Replacement level Structure Infant Mortality Rate Natural Change Carrying Capacity Crude Death Rate Choropleth Population Density Standardised Birth Rate Migrational Change Open System General Fertility Rate
  • 15. Spider Diagram
    • Draw a spider diagram of all the factors you would include when thinking of mortality rates and how they change
  • 16. The Demographic Transition
    • Is a model that describes population change over time.
    • It  is based on observed changes, or transitions , in birth and death rates in industrialized societies over the past two hundred years or so
    • it is an idealized
    • The model is a generalization that applies to these countries as a group and may not accurately describe all individual cases. Whether or not it applies to less developed societies today remains to be seen.
  • 17. Rostow’s Model