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Population Factors Encouraging Growth
 

Population Factors Encouraging Growth

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AS Geography

AS Geography

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    Population Factors Encouraging Growth Population Factors Encouraging Growth Presentation Transcript

    • Factors Encouraging Growth And Debt
    • Firstly a step back
      • Can you name all nine types of aid?
      • What is invisible trade?
      • Do you understand the term cumulative causation?
      • Name two NIC’s and 2 RIC’s? and tell what the difference is?
      • Can you name 3 trade blocs?
    • Nine types of AID
      • Bilateral
      • Multilateral
      • Food Aid
      • Disaster Relief
      • Aid and trade provision
      • Debt relief
      • Programme aid
      • Project aid
      • Tied aid
    • Invisible Trade
      • Import and export of services including such items as banking, insurance and tourism
    • cumulative causation
      • A model that explains why wealth becomes concentrated in certain places and not in others
    • two NIC’s and 2 RIC’s
      • NIC
      • South Korea
      • Taiwan
      • Brazil
      • RIC
      • Thailand
      • Chile
      • India
      • China
    • 3 Trade Blocs
      • OPEC – Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries
      • EU – European Union
      • NAFTA – N. American Free Trade Agreement
      • APEC – Asian Pacific Economic Co-operation
    • Debt
      • LEDC’s often get into enormous debt
      • Owe money to World Bank and the IMF investments have failed and left them with huge sums to repay
      • 1997 total debt owed by South to North = £1.5 trillion
      • Each day £475 million is repaid just to service the debt
      • Every new born child owes £300
      • Aid given is often dwarfed by debt owed
    •  
    • LDCs most dependent on foreign aid (As a percentage of GDP, 2006)
    • Factors Encouraging Aid
    • Globalisation is a complex process
      • Organisation
      • Production
      • Services
      • Tourism
    • 1700 – 2 yrs to navigate the globe in 3 mast ships 1930’s - 8 days to navigate the globe, propeller aircraft 1990’s – 31 hrs in Concorde
      • 200 AD first sailing ship
      • 1500 – 1700 Industrial canals and stagecoach routes
      • 1800 – first steam ship (Crosses Atlantic in 29 days)
      • 1866 – Telegraph wires laid across the Atlantic
      • 1900’s – early Ford Motor car company 1903 / first TV 1926 / first commercial flight 1928
      • Late 1900’s – first mobile phones – 1980’s / Internet 1989 onwards.
    • Globalisation is a complex process
      • Organisation
      • Production
      • Services
      • Tourism
      • The growth in telecommunications has aided businesses with instantaneous communication
      • Broadband has allowed the quick movements of data around the world in seconds
      • Air Travel pioneer cheap travel for all and movement of large amounts of people quickly
      • GIS and GPS help to transmit data around the world on locations and pinpoint cargo’s
    •  
      • Cluster – Geographical concentrations of similar businesses
      • Cumulative Causation – Wealth becoming concentrated in one area. Globalisation increases this as local people can find markets for their products
      • Global Hub – A settlement that has a global influence e.g. Megacities.
      • Multiplier Effect – Positive spin offs from an initial investment
      • Technopole – Cluster of technology lead businesses
      • Trickle Down – Positive impacts on the peripheral regions e.g. improved infrastructure.
      • Export Processing Zone – Small industrial area usually on the coast that attracts TNC’s due to tax exemptions or over incentives