What’s the Problem? Many are undergoing a pop’n crisis From independence (Approx 1960’s) to the late 1980’s High BR’s and falling DR’s Typical Stage 2 Towards the end there was beginning of a fall in BR’s in some countries
What started this fall? HIV Definition: infection by the human immunodeficiency virus AIDS Definition: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Transmitted by Blood products contaminated needles and sexual contact.
Why here? HIV/ AIDS became an epidemic spreading more rapidly than any other part of the world encouraged by several factors: Poor levels of education Low status of women Mobile pop’n – migratory habits Poor levels of basic health and health ed’n Traditional societies and stigmatism Slowness of govt’s High costs of drugs for treatment.
Figures An estimated 22.4 million adults and children were living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa at the end of 2008 During that year, an estimated 1.4 million Africans died from AIDS. Around 14.1 million children have lost one or both parents to the epidemic.
Activity On the sheet given think about the issues and problems that may arise from AIDS epidemic for the countries considered and any future problems What costs will be involved? Try to think about the term ‘Absolute Poverty’ What do you think it means? What is the future for Sub Saharan Africa?