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AS and A2 Geography

AS and A2 Geography

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  • 1. HIV/AIDS
    AS Geography
  • 2. Changing Population Structures
    Sub-Saharan African
  • 3. What do we mean by Sub Saharan Africa.
  • 4. What’s the Problem?
    Many are undergoing a pop’n crisis
    From independence (Approx 1960’s) to the late 1980’s
    High BR’s and falling DR’s
    Typical Stage 2
    Towards the end there was beginning of a fall in BR’s in some countries
  • 5. What started this fall?
    HIV
    Definition: infection by the human immunodeficiency virus
    AIDS
    Definition: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
    Transmitted by Blood products contaminated needles and sexual contact.
  • 6. Why here?
    HIV/ AIDS became an epidemic spreading more rapidly than any other part of the world encouraged by several factors:
    Poor levels of education
    Low status of women
    Mobile pop’n – migratory habits
    Poor levels of basic health and health ed’n
    Traditional societies and stigmatism
    Slowness of govt’s
    High costs of drugs for treatment.
  • 7. Figures
    An estimated 22.4 million adults and children were living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa at the end of 2008
    During that year, an estimated 1.4 million Africans died from AIDS.
    Around 14.1 million children have lost one or both parents to the epidemic.
  • 8. The AIDS Epidemic
  • 9. HIV/ AIDS around the world
  • 10. Population Pyramids
  • 11. Swaziland
  • 12.
  • 13. GDP
  • 14. Activity
    On the sheet given think about the issues and problems that may arise from AIDS epidemic for the countries considered and any future problems
    What costs will be involved?
    Try to think about the term ‘Absolute Poverty’ What do you think it means?
    What is the future for Sub Saharan Africa?