Hazard perception and response kates

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  • 1. Hazard perception andresponse.• Perception is what we believe or understand about something.• At an individual level our perception of risk often fails to match the reality because we receive filter and distort information.• Therefore responses to hazard risks at an individual, community and national level may be significantly influenced by perception.
  • 2. receiptinterpretation External stimuli & signalsassessmentresponseI Operational GeographicalN Perceptual Behavioural environment environmentD environment environmentIVI Increasing distanceD & impersonalityUALTHE INDIVIDUAL AND HIS COGNITIVE ENVIRONMENT.
  • 3. Modification & Adjustment Human Use systems Actual Hazard Perception Perception Of Human Natural Response threshold Hazard HazardNatural systems Modification & Adjustment MODEL OF HUMAN PERCEPTION & REPONSE (After Kates, 1992)
  • 4. Awareness Action Intolerance threshold threshold threshold ENVIRONMENTAL STRESSAbsorb Accept or Search for Change uselosses share losses effective adjustments or location Absorptive Adjustment capacity necessary Thresholds of perception and response.
  • 5. Characteristics of different perceptions. Domination: Hazards Domination: Hazards predictable through predictable through Acceptance: Acceptance: scientific research scientific research Natural events, Natural events, ,controllable with ,controllable with acts of God, acts of God, technology. technology. events random events random & part of & part of everyday life. everyday life. Adaptation: hazards influenced Adaptation: hazards influenced by human & natural systems. by human & natural systems. Magnitude and frequency may Magnitude and frequency may be estimated-based on be estimated-based on experience & research. experience & research.
  • 6. Perception & response links.Perception ResponseAcceptance. Do nothing. Accept losses.Dominance. The technological fix- building dams, forecasting technology,earthquake proofing etc.Adaptation. •At traditional level lifestyle may be adapted to environmental risks e.g. nomadism. •Modern level means changing human behaviour as well as trying to control environment.
  • 7. Perception & response links.Perception ResponseAcceptance. Do nothing. Accept losses.Dominance. The technological fix- building dams, forecasting technology,earthquake proofing etc.Adaptation. •At traditional level lifestyle may be adapted to environmental risks e.g. nomadism. •Modern level means changing human behaviour as well as trying to control environment.