Consequences Of The Development Gap


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Development Gap - A2 Geography

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Consequences Of The Development Gap

  1. 1. Consequences of the Development Gap<br />A2 Geography<br />
  2. 2. Learning Objectives<br />Understand what the DG means to people in the most deprived countries<br />Be aware that poverty is becoming more concentrated in LEDC megacities<br />Appreciate the fact that the DG has ethnic and religious dimensions<br />Evaluate the positive and negative consequences of countries moving out of poverty<br />
  3. 3. Impact on Poor Countries<br />Consequences Include:<br />Social<br />Economic<br />Environmental<br />Political<br />Impacts vary Especially in Rural to urban areas<br />Rural is based on the ability to produce food<br />Though incidence of poverty is falling except sub Saharan Africa – it does not mean the Gap is closing.<br />
  4. 4. In many places in the world the incidence of poverty within individual countries is quite alarming<br />
  5. 5. The Caste System<br />The DG can produce differences in many formats<br />The Caste system in India can be one of the key factors affecting who gets access to public facilities and who doesn’t<br />
  6. 6. The Gap<br />
  7. 7. Women<br />As we know the women in developing countries are:<br /> less likely to get paid jobs<br /> they have lower earnings<br />Limited participation in politics and Government<br />Though steps have been made still 64% of all illiterate people are women and 57% of children who still don’t receive a primary education are female<br />
  8. 8. Megacities<br />Fastest growing economies – show the greatest urban growth<br />Cities in LEDC’s grow rapidly as the develop<br />As cities grow so does the cost of maintenance <br />Migrants move in with little money and without a place to stay often build temporary living areas<br />
  9. 9. These temporary settlements are built often on:<br />Too steep and polluted land for build<br />Alongside major transport routes<br />Close to city centres on derelict land<br />On former abandoned farmland near city centre<br />
  10. 10. These dwellings are often illegal many often rent without a formal contract<br />Therefore many megacities in the developing world often have high levels of inequality between rich and poor<br />
  11. 11. Deprivation<br />What problems do you think face the Urban poor:<br />Limited access to employment opportunities and income<br />Reliance on informal economy<br />Inadequate, insecure and overcrowded housing and services<br />Violent and unhealthy environment due to density and location of settlement<br />
  12. 12. More Deprivation<br />Little or no social protection mechanisms with few rights and help from Police<br />Limited access to health and education facilities or infrastructure like telephone or internet<br />Limited access to credit facilities<br />
  13. 13. The Environment<br />Development is often at the expense of the environment<br />Sustainable management is not a general consideration<br />Cities are often engulfed in pollution<br />
  14. 14. Brown Agenda<br />This refers to the environmental problems of third world cities<br />Has 2 components<br />Environmental Health issues associated with limited availability of good quality land, shelter and services<br />Problems resulting from rapid industrialisation, such as waste, air, noise pollution as well as accidents due to poor H and S<br />
  15. 15. Green Agenda<br />Focuses on impacts of development on the environment.<br />Blue agenda looks at water quality<br />Read the handout on Pollution problems and see if you can come up with links between them<br />
  16. 16. Social and Political Unrest<br />Disparities can be seen to develop unrest none more so than in countries like South Africa and East Timor<br />As both ethnic and religious divisions were linked inextricably to poverty.<br />
  17. 17. South Africa - Apartheid<br />S. Africa has an abundance of resources, gold, diamonds, platinum and farmland<br />Between 1948 -1990 the Govt operated Apartheid. <br />This meant you were classed as one of 3 types<br />White (European Origin)<br />Black (African)<br />Coloured (Any mixed decent)<br />Coloured contained Asian and Indians and formed the middle tier<br />
  18. 18. Segregation<br />Apartheid segregated the three groups in all areas of life including where they lived and ensured economic differences were maintained (Often Increased)<br />
  19. 19. Blacks resented the injustices<br />They were kept under control by strict white police and army<br />Eventually Apartheid was begrudgingly repealed<br />Since 1990 the gap has eased however whites are very much still in control of power and wealth<br />
  20. 20. East Timor<br />Small SE Asian country<br />Until 1975 was a Portuguese colony<br />After they withdrew Indonesia invaded<br />The reasons for this were for oil and natural gas which had been discovered in the sea between the two<br />Indonesia bullied and terrorised the country to vote in favour of Indonesian rule<br />However in 2002 two thirds voted to turn the nation into a sovereign state<br />Their economic future looks brighter<br />
  21. 21. Consequences of Development<br />What do you feel is the consequences of development?<br />Think about these in groups and begin to development a mind map of the consequences remembering cause and effect.<br />Evaluate these consequences<br />