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A1 direct fire planning new
 

A1 direct fire planning new

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direct fire planning

direct fire planning

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    A1 direct fire planning new A1 direct fire planning new Presentation Transcript

    • 12 Dec 05
      INFANTRY COMPANY DEFENSIVE OPERATIONS
    • 12 Dec 05
      Direct Fire Control
      “Suppressing or destroying the enemy with direct fires is fundamental to success in close combat.”
      FM 3-21.10 DRAFT p. G-1
    • 12 Dec 05
      BATTLE COMMAND
      Art / Science
      VISUALIZE
      The Commander’s Vision of the Battle
      METT-TC ANALYSIS
      Art / Science
      Communicating the Vision
      DESCRIBE
      ENDSTATE
      DECISIVE POINT
      CDR’S INTENT
      Art/ Science
      GUIDANCE
      UNIT PURPOSE
      DIRECT
      The CDR
      Constantly
      Assesses
    • 12 Dec 05
      Agenda
      Principles of Direct Fire Control
      Fire Control Process
      Fire Control Measures
      Fire Commands
      Direct Fire Planning
      Target Acquisition
    • 12 Dec 05
      Principles of Fire Control
      Mass the effects of fire.
      Destroy the greatest threat first.
      Avoid target overkill.
      Employ the best weapon for the target.
      Minimize friendly exposure.
      Prevent fratricide.
      Plan for extreme limited visibility conditions.
      Develop contingencies for diminished capabilities.
      Applied correctly, they allow the
      company team to acquire first
      and shoot first.
      FM 3-21.10 DRAFT p g-1
    • 12 Dec 05
      Fire Control Process
      To be successful, units must do two things:
      1. Rapidly and accurately acquire the target.
      2. Mass the effects of fires.
      How?
      Identify probable enemy locations and determine enemy scheme of maneuver.
      Determine where and how to mass (focus and distribute) fire effects.
      Orient forces to speed target acquisition.
      Shift fires to focus or redistribute their effects.
      FM 3-21.10 DRAFT ANNEX G
    • 12 Dec 05
      FireControl Measures
      Assist the unit in:
      • acquiring the enemy
      • focusing fires on him
      • distribute effects of fires
      • prevent fratricide
      • NO SINGLE MEASURE IS SUFFICIENT
      Two Categories:
      • terrain-based
      • threat-based
      FM 3-21.10 DRAFT p G-9
    • 12 Dec 05
      Fire Control MeasuresTerrain-Based
      •Target reference point (TRP)
      •Engagement area
      •Sector of fire
      •Direction of fire
      •Terrain-based quadrant
      •Friendly-based quadrant
      •Maximum engagement line (MEL)
      •Restrictive fire line (RFL)
      •Final protective line (FPL)
      Example of terrain-based quadrant
    • 12 Dec 05
      Fire Control MeasuresTerrain-Based
      Friendly-based
      Quadrant
    • 12 Dec 05
      Fire Control MeasuresThreat-Based
      •Fire patterns
      •Target array
      •Engagement priorities
      •Weapons ready posture
      •Trigger
      •Weapons control status
      •Rules of engagement (ROE)
      •Weapons safety posture
      •Engagement techniques
    • 12 Dec 05
      Fire Control MeasuresThreat-Based
      Fire Patterns
    • 12 Dec 05
      Fire Control MeasuresThreat-Based
      Target Array
    • 12 Dec 05
      Trigger
      A specific set of conditions that dictate the initiation of fires
      Weapons Control Status
      Weapons Hold
      Weapons Tight
      Weapons Free
      Weapons Safety Posture
      Ammunition Loaded
      Ammunition Locked
      Ammunition Prepared
      Weapons Cleared
      Red – Green – Green & Clear
      Fire Control MeasuresThreat-Based
      FM 3-21.10 DRAFT Annex G
    • 12 Dec 05
      Target Acquisition/Unit Surveillance
      The enemy will use cover and concealment.
      Target acquisition is often dependent on the recognition of very subtle indicators such as
      Surveillance plans help us to find the enemy first.
      • Engine noise, track clatter
      • Exhaust smoke
      • Antenna masts
      • Engine, suspension heat sources
      • Dust and reflections
      • Firing signature
      • Spoil