A1 direct fire planning new

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A1 direct fire planning new

  1. 1. 12 Dec 05<br />INFANTRY COMPANY DEFENSIVE OPERATIONS<br />
  2. 2. 12 Dec 05<br />Direct Fire Control<br />“Suppressing or destroying the enemy with direct fires is fundamental to success in close combat.”<br />FM 3-21.10 DRAFT p. G-1<br />
  3. 3. 12 Dec 05<br />BATTLE COMMAND<br />Art / Science<br />VISUALIZE<br />The Commander’s Vision of the Battle<br />METT-TC ANALYSIS<br />Art / Science<br />Communicating the Vision<br />DESCRIBE<br />ENDSTATE<br />DECISIVE POINT<br />CDR’S INTENT<br />Art/ Science<br />GUIDANCE<br />UNIT PURPOSE<br />DIRECT<br />The CDR<br />Constantly<br />Assesses<br />
  4. 4. 12 Dec 05<br />Agenda<br />Principles of Direct Fire Control<br />Fire Control Process<br /> Fire Control Measures<br />Fire Commands<br />Direct Fire Planning <br />Target Acquisition<br />
  5. 5. 12 Dec 05<br />Principles of Fire Control<br />Mass the effects of fire.<br />Destroy the greatest threat first.<br />Avoid target overkill.<br />Employ the best weapon for the target.<br />Minimize friendly exposure.<br />Prevent fratricide.<br />Plan for extreme limited visibility conditions.<br />Develop contingencies for diminished capabilities.<br />Applied correctly, they allow the<br />company team to acquire first <br />and shoot first.<br />FM 3-21.10 DRAFT p g-1<br />
  6. 6. 12 Dec 05<br />Fire Control Process<br />To be successful, units must do two things:<br /> 1. Rapidly and accurately acquire the target.<br /> 2. Mass the effects of fires.<br />How?<br />Identify probable enemy locations and determine enemy scheme of maneuver.<br />Determine where and how to mass (focus and distribute) fire effects.<br />Orient forces to speed target acquisition.<br />Shift fires to focus or redistribute their effects.<br />FM 3-21.10 DRAFT ANNEX G<br />
  7. 7. 12 Dec 05<br />FireControl Measures<br />Assist the unit in:<br /><ul><li>acquiring the enemy
  8. 8. focusing fires on him
  9. 9. distribute effects of fires
  10. 10. prevent fratricide
  11. 11. NO SINGLE MEASURE IS SUFFICIENT</li></ul>Two Categories:<br /><ul><li>terrain-based
  12. 12. threat-based</li></ul>FM 3-21.10 DRAFT p G-9<br />
  13. 13. 12 Dec 05<br />Fire Control MeasuresTerrain-Based<br />•Target reference point (TRP) <br />•Engagement area <br />•Sector of fire <br />•Direction of fire <br />•Terrain-based quadrant<br />•Friendly-based quadrant<br />•Maximum engagement line (MEL)<br />•Restrictive fire line (RFL)<br />•Final protective line (FPL)<br />Example of terrain-based quadrant<br />
  14. 14. 12 Dec 05<br />Fire Control MeasuresTerrain-Based<br />Friendly-based <br />Quadrant<br />
  15. 15. 12 Dec 05<br />Fire Control MeasuresThreat-Based<br />•Fire patterns<br />•Target array<br />•Engagement priorities<br />•Weapons ready posture<br />•Trigger<br />•Weapons control status<br />•Rules of engagement (ROE)<br />•Weapons safety posture<br />•Engagement techniques<br />
  16. 16. 12 Dec 05<br />Fire Control MeasuresThreat-Based<br />Fire Patterns<br />
  17. 17. 12 Dec 05<br />Fire Control MeasuresThreat-Based<br />Target Array<br />
  18. 18. 12 Dec 05<br />Trigger<br />A specific set of conditions that dictate the initiation of fires<br />Weapons Control Status<br />Weapons Hold<br />Weapons Tight<br />Weapons Free<br />Weapons Safety Posture<br />Ammunition Loaded<br />Ammunition Locked<br />Ammunition Prepared<br />Weapons Cleared<br />Red – Green – Green & Clear<br />Fire Control MeasuresThreat-Based<br />FM 3-21.10 DRAFT Annex G<br />
  19. 19. 12 Dec 05<br />Target Acquisition/Unit Surveillance<br />The enemy will use cover and concealment.<br />Target acquisition is often dependent on the recognition of very subtle indicators such as <br />Surveillance plans help us to find the enemy first.<br /><ul><li>Engine noise, track clatter
  20. 20. Exhaust smoke
  21. 21. Antenna masts
  22. 22. Engine, suspension heat sources
  23. 23. Dust and reflections
  24. 24. Firing signature
  25. 25. Spoil</li>

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