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Darfur Power Point
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Darfur Power Point

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  • 1. Darfur: Ethnicity, Religion, Oil, and Janjaweed.
  • 2. Ethnicity
    A group of people who share common characteristics such as language, traditions, and culture.
    What does this look like in Battle Creek? Ethnic restaurants…
  • 3. Ethnicity in Sudan
    Three Main Ethnicities in Sudan
    Arab (North)
    Black (South)
    Fur (West) – These people are mix of Arab and Black
    These are separated based on the color of skin
    Light skin = Arab
    Dark skin = Black
    The lighter your skin, the more important you are in Sudan’s government.
  • 4. Ethnicity
    Fur
    Arab
    Black
  • 5. Religion
  • 6. Religion in Sudan
    Two Main Religions in Sudan
    Muslim (North and Darfur)
    Christian (South)
    The government of Sudan is Arab, Muslim.
  • 7. Questions to Consider
    What caused the ethnic divide in Sudan?
    Why don’t the people in Darfur “fit in” with the government even though they are religiously Muslim?
    If you were to put the ethnicity and religion maps on top of each other, what combinations would you have?
  • 8. Oil in the Sudan
    There is oil in Southern Sudan.
    The only way to get the oil to the rest of the world is by a port in the North.
  • 9. Oil in the Sudan
    The people and government in the North have money from oil.
    People in the South were still poor.
    People in Darfur weren’t included at all.
    This lead to civil war between the North and South. The Darfur was not included in the war.
  • 10. Oil in the Sudan
    After the Civil War, the country split the profit from the Oil.
    However, the Darfur region was still excluded from the profits.
    The Darfur was mad, so they declared war on the government in Northern Sudan.
  • 11. Government
    Who is the Sudanese government exactly?
    “Parliament” – 3 Groups “Share” power
    Theocracy – Islamic Law is imposed on everyone
    They have a president too…
  • 12. Government
    Omar al-Bashir
    • President of Sudan
    • 13. His group took power by force
    • 14. Light skin
    • 15. Arab
  • Government
    Omar al-Bashir
    • ICC (International Criminal Court) has issued a warrant for his arrest for crimes against humanity.
    • 16. He responded by removing ALL aid groups from Darfur…because they were spying.
  • Government
    Now that you know a little about Sudan’s government, let’s determine how they responded to the rebels in Darfur…
  • 17. Oil in the Sudan - Government
    How did the government in Sudan react to the rebels? They called the country that owns 70% of their oil for help…
    CHINA
  • 18. Oil in the Sudan - China
    China was happy to help the Sudanese government.
    Why would they do that??????
  • 19. Oil in the Sudan - China
    In order to protect their oil supply, China provided the Sudanese government with weapons to fight off the rebels.
  • 20. Oil in the Sudan - Government
    To remove rebels from Darfur, the government would enter villages:
    Bomb the village using Chinese bombers
    Shoot up the village using the Chinese helicopters.
    Have armed horsemen shoot the rest of the people who weren’t killed in the bombing or helicopter shooting.
    Have armed horsemen dig up food supplies and burn them so that they won’t grow back.
    Ruin village wells by having armed horsemen throw dead bodies down the well.
  • 21. Oil in the Sudan - Government
    The problem with the government’s solution to the rebels in Darfur is that …
    Who’s the rebel?
    Who’s the civilian?
  • 22. Janjaweed – Herders vs. Farmers
    Who are the Janjaweed?
    Armed horsemen
    Known as Devils on Horseback
    They are Arabic nomads from Dafur killing Black farmers from Darfur
    Chinese gun?
  • 23. Until recently, herders (Janjaweed) and farmers in Darfur got along.
    Janjaweed – Herders vs. Farmers
    Good morning, pardon us.
    Hello!
  • 24. If a herder’s animal got loose and destroyed a farmer’s land, the herder would pay the farmer.
    Janjaweed – Herders vs. Farmers
  • 25. Now, there is less land. Herders don’t feel as bad because they need the land for their animals too.
    Janjaweed – Herders vs. Farmers
  • 26. Janjaweed – Herders vs. Farmers
    What do they do?
    Ride into villages shooting any “rebel”
    Rape women
    Burn homes
    Destroy food supply
  • 27. Why is the land disappearing now?
    The Sahara is Taking Over
    the Good Land!
    Janjaweed – Herders vs. Farmers