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A free software is a matter of the users' freedom to run, copy, distribute, study, change and improve the software
Free Redistribution: the software can be freely given away or sold. Source Code: the source code must either be included or freely obtainable. Derived Works: redistribution of modifications must be allowed. No Discrimination Against Persons or Groups: no-one can be locked out. No Discrimination Against Fields of Endeavor: commercial users cannot be excluded. License Must Not Be Specific to a Product: License Must Not Restrict Other Software: The Open Source Initiative
A Brief History……………………………. The Open Source World
Open Source History The Hacker’s culture Richard Stallman In 1985, Stallman created the Free Software Foundation, a tax exempt charity, to support his work and that of his collaborators. Stallman personally created an enormous body of software: GCC (C compiler), GDB (debugger), Emacs (text editor), and a number of other tools.
The "open source" label itself came out of a strategy session held on February 3rd 1998 in Palo Alto, California Open Source Birthday! Todd Anderson, Chris Peterson, John "maddog" Hall and Larry Augustin (both of Linux International), Sam Ockman (of the Silicon Valley Linux User's Group), and Eric Raymond. Netscape's turns free browser!!! Linus Torvalds Linux OS Phil Hughes Linux Journal
The Open Source Culture It was build on hackers culture.
Hackers? There is a community, a shared culture, of expert programmers and networking wizards that traces its history back through decades to the first time-sharing minicomputers. The members of this culture originated the term ‘hacker’. Hackers built the Internet. Hackers made the Unix/Linux operating system what it is today. Hackers run Usenet. Hackers make the World Wide Web work.
Freedom Liberation of third world countries like Nigeria Safety and Confidence Research Speed Knowledge
SourceForge.net This is the repository of almost all Opensource software's. It has produced great software’s like: Asterisk/OpenH.323 7-Zip phpBB Gaim e.t.c
Linux The Linux Operating System is one of the greatest achievement of the Open source community. Its free Its well Documented Its Unix clone Good for programming Good for Servers Very stable Good as Real-time/Embedded OS
Linux Flavors Redhat Linux and Fedora Core Debian Linux Gentoo Linux Knopix Linux Ubuntu Linux Suse Linux Wazobia Linux
Open Source Softwares Squid Proxy Server Apache Web server PHP Web programming Perl Systems and CGI Programming G++ Linux C++ compiler Mysql Database Software
News!!! Siemens Joins Open Source Development Labs IBM, Sony, Novell start Linux patent sharing project The biggest fish in the Linux pond have established a new collaborative patent sharing model in order to promote innovation and open source technology. The participants of the new Open Invention Network (OIN) include IBM, Sony, Philips, Novell, and Redhat .