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Emergency Planning For The Farm & Livestock

Emergency Planning For The Farm & Livestock






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  • NC started State Animal Response Team (SART) system after Hurricane Floyd in an effort to help with disaster preparation and recovery for livestock and animals Losses during Katrina overwhelmed resources despite having a SART in place
  • Lack of preparation is still biggest problem
  • Farm Service Agency programs

Emergency Planning For The Farm & Livestock Emergency Planning For The Farm & Livestock Presentation Transcript

  • Emergency Planning for the Farm & Livestock
    • Corey Childs
    • Extension agent
  • Why be concerned…
    • North Carolina, 1999 – Hurricane Floyd
      • Over 3 million pets, livestock lost
    • Louisiana, 2005 – Hurricane Katrina
      • ~500 horses rescued by LSART
      • Over 300 dogs, other livestock
      • MS, LA estimated over 7 million livestock lost (not including pets)
  • The Problems
    • Floyd
      • Lack of coordinated response and planning
    • Katrina, Rita – despite LSART
      • Many people had no plan for the animals
      • Systems in place simply overwhelmed
      • Some unconsidered issues
        • Security, Celebrity Animals
        • Unneeded supplies
        • Volunteers without training
    • Many won’t leave animals
  • What Can Hit You?
    • Natural Disasters
      • Drought
      • Flood
      • Hurricanes
      • Tornados
      • Wildfires
      • Winter storms
    • Terrorist Attacks
    • Damage property
    • Destroy property
    • Economic hardship
    • Farm Events
    • Barn fire
    • Vehicular incident
    • Biosecurity
  • What Should You Protect?
    • People
      • Family
      • Co-workers, employees
      • Emergency responders
    • Places
      • Farm and storage buildings
      • Machinery
    • Animals, crops, chemicals
    • Food, water, supplies
  • What Can You Do?
      • Type of disaster?
      • Major vulnerabilities?
      • How minimize damage?
      • Plans in place?
    • Best time you ever wasted!
      • Greater preservation of life, property
      • Faster recovery time, resume productivity
  • How do I provide for basic needs in times of disaster?
    • Develop a “Active” Disaster Management Plan for the home, farm and/or business
  • Action Steps Should include:
    • Plan
    • Prepare
    • Perform
    • Recover
  • Plan
    • Sit down with your management team and design a common sense, thorough, highly effective, easy to use Disaster Management plan.
      • Have it reviewed by others
        • “What did I forget”
  • Before The Disaster…
    • Survey your property
      • Look for potential off site hazards
      • Alternate water sources
      • Identify Potential Evacuation Routes
    • Make lists and keep updated
      • Animals, equipment (make and model), supplies
      • Hazardous materials
        • Pesticides, fertilizer
        • Fuel
        • Other chemicals or medications
  • Conduct “on site” inspections
    • Carefully look over your premises for these potential dangers.
      • Failing structures
      • Fire risks
      • Electrical risks
      • Flooding risks
      • Drifting snow or “Ice sheet” risks
      • Stumps, holes, damaged or dead trees
      • others
  • Prepare :
    • Keep up with current events, weather and news.
      • Many disaster or high risk situations come with a few days notice.
    • Ensure accessible, “secure” supply of feed, water and protection from wind.
    • Ensure all animals have some form of identification that will help facilitate their return.
  • Prepare …
    • Vehicles – trucks, trailers, etc.
      • Maintenance, fuel
      • Insurance
    • Animals
      • Train to load and travel
      • Strange/different clothing, people, conditions
      • Prioritize – trailer space?
    • Train people
  • Are you a Livestock Owner?
    • If you own and/or provide care for large animals such as horses, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, llama, alpaca or others….
    • or,
    • Groups of small animals (ex: chickens, ducks, dogs and cats) on your property.
    • You are a Livestock Owner
  • Responsibilities……
    • As a Livestock owner you are bound to a duty of care and subsequent actions to provide basic necessities for these animals under your care.
  • What are the Basic needs?
    • Food
    • Water
    • Shelter
    • Safe environment
  • Questions to ask?
    • What is the best method for keeping your livestock safe?
      • Should livestock be left in the pasture or placed in the barn?
      • Should I keep livestock in barbed wire or electric fencing during a storm.
      • Do I have shallow rooted trees that will fall easily under hurricane- or straight line force winds and can injure livestock or destroy the fencing?
      • Well-constructed pole barns or concrete block barns may provide safety from flying debris, but the livestock may become trapped if wind collapses the building.
      • Should I keep livestock out of pastures with power lines?
  • What about “High Risk” animals
    • Evacuate high risk animals or animals in high risk situations animals whenever possible. Arrangements for evacuation, including routes and host sites, should be made in advance. Alternate routes should be mapped out in case the planned route is inaccessible.
    • The evacuation sites should have or be able to readily obtain food, water, veterinary care, handling equipment and facilities.
    • Notify authorities in advance if you have special needs situations. “extreme special needs only”
  • Keep accurate records and inventory and important information
    • ID animals – Permanent/Temporary
      • Tattoo, chip, brand, tag, photo/drawing
      • Age, sex, breed, color
      • Paint/etch hooves, grease paint
      • Secure ID on animals
    • Keep health records up-to-date
      • Feeding instructions
      • Vaccines, Coggins
      • Medication instructions
      • Vet contact info
  • Collect Local Information
    • Local Fire Department
    • Local Animal Control
    • Local Feed/Hay Dealer
    • Local Vet (regular and emergency)
    • Local Extension Office
    • Regional VDOT office
  • Sometimes Evacuation is the only safe
    • Evacuation of flood plains and coastal areas is usually recommended, and should occur 48 hours before storms or expected damaging events occur in the area.
    • Transportation of livestock when wind gusts exceed 40 mph is dangerous, and trailers may not be allowed across bridges for safety reasons.
  • Evacuation continued:
    • Make available vehicles and trailers needed for transporting and supporting each type of animal. Also make available experienced handlers and drivers.
  • Cold Weather Guidelines:
    • When temperatures plunge below zero, livestock producers need to give extra attention to their animals. Prevention is the key to dealing with hypothermia, frostbite and other cold weather injuries in livestock.
    • Making sure your livestock have the following help prevent cold-weather maladies:
      • Shelter if possible
      • Plenty of dry bedding to insulate vulnerable udders, genitals and legs from the frozen ground and frigid winds.
      • Windbreaks to keep animals safe from frigid conditions.
      • Access of food and water
  • Winter’s special needs:
    • Also, take extra time to observe livestock, looking for early signs of disease and injury.
    • Severe cold-weather injuries or death primarily occur in the very young or in animals that are already debilitated.
      • particularly pneumonia.
    • Animals suffering from frostbite don’t exhibit pain.
      • It may be up to two weeks before the injury becomes evident as freeze-damaged tissue starts to slough away. At that point, the injury should be treated as an open wound and a veterinarian should be consulted.
  • If Disaster Strikes
    • Perform
      • Remain calm
      • Ensure your own safety first
      • Follow your plan
  • During The Disaster…
    • Listen to the Emergency Broadcast System
      • Follow official advice
    • If evacuate
      • Take records and kits
      • Call ahead to confirm destination
      • Let people know you’re leaving, where you’re going, and how you’re getting there
      • Let people know when you arrive
  • After the Disaster
    • Inspect your premises carefully before turning out. Look for foreign materials such as tin, glass or nails, downed trees or limbs, and damaged fences or power lines. Be careful leaving your animals unattended outside. Familiar scents and landmarks may be altered, and your livestock could easily become confused and lost.
  • After The Disaster…
    • Notify people you’re home
      • Friends/family
      • Officials
    • Inventory
      • Pictures/video everything
      • Report hazards
    • Check utilities before re-engaging
    • Farm security from looters, exploiters, etc
  • Recovery
    • Check with your local veterinarian or the state veterinarian’s office for information of any disease threats that may exist because of the situation.
    • If your animals have been lost, or if you find someone else’s livestock, you have several options. By contacting local farmers, farriers, veterinarians, animal control, extension office or the local disaster response team or by listening to the Emergency Broadcast System, you’ll most likely find out how to log lost or found animals.
  • Lost Livestock
    • If you have lost livestock, be prepared to identify them and document ownership. This is where your identification packet comes in handy.
    • In the event that you find lost animals, use extreme caution in handling them.
      • If possible, work in pairs for safety. Keep the lost animals(s) contained and isolated, and notify authorities as soon as possible.
  • Farm Disaster Assistance
    • Emergency Conservation Program - emergency funding for farmers/ranchers to rehabilitate farmland damaged by wind erosion, floods, or other disasters.
    • Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program - financial assistance to eligible producers affected by natural disasters; covers non-insurable crop losses, planting prevented by disasters.
    • Emergency Loan Assistance Program - emergency loans to help producers recover from production/physical losses due to drought, floods, other natural disasters, or quarantine.
    • Emergency Haying and Grazing Assistance Program - emergency haying and grazing of certain Conservation Reserve Program acreage in areas suffering from weather-related disasters.
  • Miscellaneous Ideas
    • Learn to use a fire extinguisher, generator
    • Invite local fire department to inspect farm or VDOT to inspect potentially impassable roadways
    • Buddy system with neighbors as well as friends out of area
    • Consider using SNOW FENCE!
  • Questions?