Emergency Planning For The Farm & LivestockPresentation Transcript
Emergency Planning for the Farm & Livestock
Why be concerned…
North Carolina, 1999 – Hurricane Floyd
Over 3 million pets, livestock lost
Louisiana, 2005 – Hurricane Katrina
~500 horses rescued by LSART
Over 300 dogs, other livestock
MS, LA estimated over 7 million livestock lost (not including pets)
Lack of coordinated response and planning
Katrina, Rita – despite LSART
Many people had no plan for the animals
Systems in place simply overwhelmed
Some unconsidered issues
Security, Celebrity Animals
Volunteers without training
Many won’t leave animals
What Can Hit You?
What Should You Protect?
Farm and storage buildings
Animals, crops, chemicals
Food, water, supplies
What Can You Do?
Type of disaster?
How minimize damage?
Plans in place?
Best time you ever wasted!
Greater preservation of life, property
Faster recovery time, resume productivity
How do I provide for basic needs in times of disaster?
Develop a “Active” Disaster Management Plan for the home, farm and/or business
Action Steps Should include:
Sit down with your management team and design a common sense, thorough, highly effective, easy to use Disaster Management plan.
Have it reviewed by others
“What did I forget”
Before The Disaster…
Survey your property
Look for potential off site hazards
Alternate water sources
Identify Potential Evacuation Routes
Make lists and keep updated
Animals, equipment (make and model), supplies
Other chemicals or medications
Conduct “on site” inspections
Carefully look over your premises for these potential dangers.
Drifting snow or “Ice sheet” risks
Stumps, holes, damaged or dead trees
Keep up with current events, weather and news.
Many disaster or high risk situations come with a few days notice.
Ensure accessible, “secure” supply of feed, water and protection from wind.
Ensure all animals have some form of identification that will help facilitate their return.
Vehicles – trucks, trailers, etc.
Train to load and travel
Strange/different clothing, people, conditions
Prioritize – trailer space?
PRACTICE THE PLAN
Are you a Livestock Owner?
If you own and/or provide care for large animals such as horses, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, llama, alpaca or others….
Groups of small animals (ex: chickens, ducks, dogs and cats) on your property.
You are a Livestock Owner
As a Livestock owner you are bound to a duty of care and subsequent actions to provide basic necessities for these animals under your care.
What are the Basic needs?
Questions to ask?
What is the best method for keeping your livestock safe?
Should livestock be left in the pasture or placed in the barn?
Should I keep livestock in barbed wire or electric fencing during a storm.
Do I have shallow rooted trees that will fall easily under hurricane- or straight line force winds and can injure livestock or destroy the fencing?
Well-constructed pole barns or concrete block barns may provide safety from flying debris, but the livestock may become trapped if wind collapses the building.
Should I keep livestock out of pastures with power lines?
What about “High Risk” animals
Evacuate high risk animals or animals in high risk situations animals whenever possible. Arrangements for evacuation, including routes and host sites, should be made in advance. Alternate routes should be mapped out in case the planned route is inaccessible.
The evacuation sites should have or be able to readily obtain food, water, veterinary care, handling equipment and facilities.
Notify authorities in advance if you have special needs situations. “extreme special needs only”
Keep accurate records and inventory and important information
ID animals – Permanent/Temporary
Tattoo, chip, brand, tag, photo/drawing
Age, sex, breed, color
Paint/etch hooves, grease paint
Secure ID on animals
Keep health records up-to-date
Vet contact info
Collect Local Information
Local Fire Department
Local Animal Control
Local Feed/Hay Dealer
Local Vet (regular and emergency)
Local Extension Office
Regional VDOT office
Sometimes Evacuation is the only safe
Evacuation of flood plains and coastal areas is usually recommended, and should occur 48 hours before storms or expected damaging events occur in the area.
Transportation of livestock when wind gusts exceed 40 mph is dangerous, and trailers may not be allowed across bridges for safety reasons.
Make available vehicles and trailers needed for transporting and supporting each type of animal. Also make available experienced handlers and drivers.
Cold Weather Guidelines:
When temperatures plunge below zero, livestock producers need to give extra attention to their animals. Prevention is the key to dealing with hypothermia, frostbite and other cold weather injuries in livestock.
Making sure your livestock have the following help prevent cold-weather maladies:
Shelter if possible
Plenty of dry bedding to insulate vulnerable udders, genitals and legs from the frozen ground and frigid winds.
Windbreaks to keep animals safe from frigid conditions.
Access of food and water
Winter’s special needs:
Also, take extra time to observe livestock, looking for early signs of disease and injury.
Severe cold-weather injuries or death primarily occur in the very young or in animals that are already debilitated.
Animals suffering from frostbite don’t exhibit pain.
It may be up to two weeks before the injury becomes evident as freeze-damaged tissue starts to slough away. At that point, the injury should be treated as an open wound and a veterinarian should be consulted.
If Disaster Strikes
Ensure your own safety first
Follow your plan
During The Disaster…
STAY CALM, FOLLOW THE PLAN!
Listen to the Emergency Broadcast System
Follow official advice
Take records and kits
Call ahead to confirm destination
Let people know you’re leaving, where you’re going, and how you’re getting there
Let people know when you arrive
After the Disaster
Inspect your premises carefully before turning out. Look for foreign materials such as tin, glass or nails, downed trees or limbs, and damaged fences or power lines. Be careful leaving your animals unattended outside. Familiar scents and landmarks may be altered, and your livestock could easily become confused and lost.
After The Disaster…
Notify people you’re home
Check utilities before re-engaging
Farm security from looters, exploiters, etc
Check with your local veterinarian or the state veterinarian’s office for information of any disease threats that may exist because of the situation.
If your animals have been lost, or if you find someone else’s livestock, you have several options. By contacting local farmers, farriers, veterinarians, animal control, extension office or the local disaster response team or by listening to the Emergency Broadcast System, you’ll most likely find out how to log lost or found animals.
If you have lost livestock, be prepared to identify them and document ownership. This is where your identification packet comes in handy.
In the event that you find lost animals, use extreme caution in handling them.
If possible, work in pairs for safety. Keep the lost animals(s) contained and isolated, and notify authorities as soon as possible.
Farm Disaster Assistance
Emergency Conservation Program - emergency funding for farmers/ranchers to rehabilitate farmland damaged by wind erosion, floods, or other disasters.
Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program - financial assistance to eligible producers affected by natural disasters; covers non-insurable crop losses, planting prevented by disasters.
Emergency Loan Assistance Program - emergency loans to help producers recover from production/physical losses due to drought, floods, other natural disasters, or quarantine.
Emergency Haying and Grazing Assistance Program - emergency haying and grazing of certain Conservation Reserve Program acreage in areas suffering from weather-related disasters.
Learn to use a fire extinguisher, generator
Invite local fire department to inspect farm or VDOT to inspect potentially impassable roadways
Buddy system with neighbors as well as friends out of area