Observing human cellsand plant cells<br />What are the differences?<br />
How this presentation works<br />While the screen is BLUE, watch and listen<br />When the screen is YELLOW, do what the in...
Your objective<br />At the end of this lab, you will have seen real animal cells from your own body and plant cells from a...
Set up your notebook<br />Write a title: “Observing cells under the microscope”<br />Divide the page into two halves. Labe...
Equipment<br />You will use a microscope for this lab. Take out the Parts of the Microscope card and watch the Using a Mic...
Safety<br />You will be using biological specimens – there is always a risk of spreading disease or poisoning in a lab – e...
Preparing the slides<br />You will prepare two slide to look at under the microscope:<br />One from your own cells, taken ...
Onion Cells - Procedure<br />Remember, this is a BLUE slide, just read the instructions this time<br />Obtain a clean slid...
Onion cells – continued.<br />Using the dropper, put a drop of Iodine stain on a slide. <br />Be careful, stains can ruin ...
Cheek cells - procedure<br />Obtain a clean slide and cover slip.<br />Gently rub the end of a Q-tip on the inside of your...
Cheek cells – continued<br />Using the dropper, put a drop of Methylene Blue stain on a slide. <br />Be careful, stains ca...
Review the procedure.<br />Now watch the Preparing Slides of Cheek and Onion Cells video on the class website<br />
Prepare onion cell slide<br />Obtain a clean slide and cover slip.<br />Take a piece of onion and cut a piece about as big...
Onion cells – continued.<br />Using the dropper, put a drop of Iodine stain on a slide. <br />Be careful, stains can ruin ...
Cheek cells - procedure<br />Obtain a clean slide and cover slip.<br />Gently rub the end of a Q-tip on the inside of your...
Cheek cells – continued<br />Using the dropper, put a drop of Methylene Blue stain on a slide. <br />Be careful, stains ca...
Using the microscope<br />Switch on the microscope lamp.<br />Adjust the Diaphramso that the right amount of light is shin...
Medium power<br />Turn the microscope Nose so that the Medium Power Objective lens is in use.<br />Adjust the focus with t...
High power<br />Turn the microscope Nose so that the High Power Objective lens is in use.<br />Adjust the focus with the F...
Analysis<br />Look at the observations you recorded in your notebook.<br />What differences do you see between the animal ...
Reflection<br />Write a heading in your notebook, “Reflections”.<br />What did you enjoy most about this lab?<br />
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Procedure

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Procedure

  1. 1. Observing human cellsand plant cells<br />What are the differences?<br />
  2. 2. How this presentation works<br />While the screen is BLUE, watch and listen<br />When the screen is YELLOW, do what the instructions tell you<br />You will need to watch some videos during this lab, they are on the same page of the website, just press escape to get out of full screen mode.<br />
  3. 3. Your objective<br />At the end of this lab, you will have seen real animal cells from your own body and plant cells from an onion and will be able to list the differences between them.<br />
  4. 4. Set up your notebook<br />Write a title: “Observing cells under the microscope”<br />Divide the page into two halves. Label one “Observing onion cells” and the other “Observing cheek cells”<br />Draw three circles in each section and label them:<br />Low power<br />Medium power<br />High power<br />
  5. 5. Equipment<br />You will use a microscope for this lab. Take out the Parts of the Microscope card and watch the Using a Microscope video on the class website. <br />Fill in the blanks. <br />If you need to, you can pause and rewind the video.<br />Glue the finished worksheet into your notebook<br />
  6. 6. Safety<br />You will be using biological specimens – there is always a risk of spreading disease or poisoning in a lab – especially when using biological specimens like human cells. <br />Wash your hands and dispose of used Q-Tips immediately in the waste bin.<br />Be careful while cutting onion.<br />The stains we are using will stain your skin and clothes – wear an apron and gloves whenever you are handling the stain or slides. TAKE CARE.<br />
  7. 7. Preparing the slides<br />You will prepare two slide to look at under the microscope:<br />One from your own cells, taken from the inside of your cheek<br />One from an onion<br />
  8. 8. Onion Cells - Procedure<br />Remember, this is a BLUE slide, just read the instructions this time<br />Obtain a clean slide and cover slip.<br />Take a piece of onion and cut a piece about as big as your thumbnail. <br />Using the forceps, carefully peel of the very thin skin between the onion layers and put it in the middle of your slide.<br />
  9. 9. Onion cells – continued.<br />Using the dropper, put a drop of Iodine stain on a slide. <br />Be careful, stains can ruin clothing and other materials.<br />Wait 3-4 minutes before putting a coverslip on the slide. Prepare your cheek cell slides while you wait.<br />Put a cover slip over the stain. Do not press or you might burst the cells.<br />
  10. 10. Cheek cells - procedure<br />Obtain a clean slide and cover slip.<br />Gently rub the end of a Q-tip on the inside of your mouth along the cheek. Some of the cells from your cheek will come off on the Q-Tip. <br />Be careful! Do not gouge out your cheek.<br />Wipe the Q-Tip on the center of the slide so that the cells from your cheek are transferred to the slide.<br />
  11. 11. Cheek cells – continued<br />Using the dropper, put a drop of Methylene Blue stain on a slide. <br />Be careful, stains can ruin clothing and other materials.<br />Immediately, throw the Q-tip away.<br />Put a cover slip over the stain. Do not press or you may crush the cells.<br />
  12. 12. Review the procedure.<br />Now watch the Preparing Slides of Cheek and Onion Cells video on the class website<br />
  13. 13. Prepare onion cell slide<br />Obtain a clean slide and cover slip.<br />Take a piece of onion and cut a piece about as big as your thumbnail. <br />Using the forceps, carefully peel of the very thin skin between the onion layers and put it in the middle of your slide.<br />
  14. 14. Onion cells – continued.<br />Using the dropper, put a drop of Iodine stain on a slide. <br />Be careful, stains can ruin clothing and other materials.<br />Wait 3-4 minutes before putting a coverslip on the slide. Prepare your cheek cell slides while you wait.<br />Put a cover slip over the stain. Do not press or you might burst the cells.<br />
  15. 15. Cheek cells - procedure<br />Obtain a clean slide and cover slip.<br />Gently rub the end of a Q-tip on the inside of your mouth along the cheek. Some of the cells from your cheek will come off on the Q-Tip. <br />Be careful! Do not gouge out your cheek.<br />Wipe the Q-Tip on the center of the slide so that the cells from your cheek are transferred to the slide.<br />
  16. 16. Cheek cells – continued<br />Using the dropper, put a drop of Methylene Blue stain on a slide. <br />Be careful, stains can ruin clothing and other materials.<br />Immediately, throw the Q-tip away.<br />Put a cover slip over the stain. Do not press or you may crush the cells.<br />
  17. 17. Using the microscope<br />Switch on the microscope lamp.<br />Adjust the Diaphramso that the right amount of light is shining on the slide<br />Using the Course Focus knob, move the microscope stage so that it is as high as it will go.<br />Turn the microscope Nose so that the Low Power Objective lens is in use.<br />Put the slide onto the microscope stage and fix with the Stage Clips.<br />Use the Course focus knob to move the stage down until the cells are in focus.<br />Ask the teacher to check your focus<br />Draw your observations in one of the Low Power circles in your notebook.<br />
  18. 18. Medium power<br />Turn the microscope Nose so that the Medium Power Objective lens is in use.<br />Adjust the focus with the Fine Focus knob.<br />Ask the teacher to check your focus<br />Draw your observations in the Medium power circle in your notebook.<br />
  19. 19. High power<br />Turn the microscope Nose so that the High Power Objective lens is in use.<br />Adjust the focus with the Fine Focus knob. DO NOT USE THE COURSE FOCUS KNOB.<br />Ask the teacher to check your focus<br />Draw your observations in the High power circle in your notebook.<br />
  20. 20. Analysis<br />Look at the observations you recorded in your notebook.<br />What differences do you see between the animal and plant cells?<br />Write notes of the differences in your notebook.<br />
  21. 21. Reflection<br />Write a heading in your notebook, “Reflections”.<br />What did you enjoy most about this lab?<br />
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