Passing of Time presentation

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Passing of Time presentation

  1. 1. Passing of Time AS PHOTOGRAPHY EXAMINATION February 2012Monday, 23 January 12
  2. 2. Passing of Time Some photographers, videomakers and filmmakers have chosen to represent the passing of time in different ways. various techniques have been employed to produce single images or a series of images. Look at relevant examples and create a personal response.Monday, 23 January 12
  3. 3. Edweard Muybridge, Galloping Horses, 1878 Was there a moment midstride when horses had all hooves off the ground? It was 1872 when Leland Stanford hired noted landscape photographer Eadweard Muybridge to figure it out. It took years, but Muybridge delivered: He rigged a racetrack with a dozen strings that triggered 12 cameras. Muybridge not only proved Stanford right but also set off the revolution in motion photography that would become movies.Monday, 23 January 12
  4. 4. Eugene Atget Coin de la Rue Valette et Pantheon 1925Monday, 23 January 12
  5. 5. “Often the central thought of an image by Atget consists in the confrontation of two opposing ideas: the grandiose and the humble, the elegant and the commonplace, the past and the present, the static and the moving, the light and the dark. The symbolism that this engenders is especially prevalent in the Paris work. A photograph of a doorway with an ornately carved coat of arms may be the ostensible reason for the existence of that photograph. But this tiny remnant of an artistocratic ancien regime, now surrounded by the rising tide of a bourgeois society and its petty commerce, reminds us that new life forever feeds on the decay of the old. Even the double image of a woman in the doorway adds its commentary to the flux of time.” Text by James Borcoman, from Eugene Atget, 1857-1927Monday, 23 January 12
  6. 6. Steven Pippin Laundromat/Locomotion 1999 Laundromat/Locomotion is the result of a project that Pippin conducted in a New Jersey laundromat where he transformed washing machines into cameras. As an homage to the locomotion studies of Eadweard Muybridge, Pippin connected trip wires to a row of twelve front-loading washing machines and proceeded to walk, run, and ride a horse through the laundromat, thus creating his own contemporary motion studies. Pippins unorthodox technique also included developing the photographs in the wash and rinse cycles of the machines.Monday, 23 January 12
  7. 7. PhotodynamismMonday, 23 January 12
  8. 8. “We seek the interior essence of things: pure movement; and we prefer to see everything in motion,since as things are dematerialized in motion they become idealized, while still retaining, deep down, a strong skeleton of truth. This is our aim, and it is by these means that we are attempting to raise photography to the heights which today it strives impotently to attain, being deprived of the elements essential for such an elevation because of the criteria of order that make it conform with the precise reproduction of reality. And then, of course, it is also dominated by that ridiculous and brutal negative element, the instantaneous exposure, which has been presented as a great scientific strength when in fact it is a laughable absurdity.”Monday, 23 January 12
  9. 9. "Alexey Titarenkos intriguing photographs... instead of seizing an instant and preserving it intact, they embrace a span of time, allowing it to pass and leave just a trace ... In one especially poignant example from 1999, an older Russian woman in archetypal heavy coat, scarf and boots sits on the pavement, that seems to erode beneath her ... The picture brings to mind Dorothea Langes White Angel Bread Line of 1932 in its stunning portrait of the singularity of suffering." -- Leah Ollman THE LOS ANGELES TIMESMonday, 23 January 12
  10. 10. Arnatt was fascinated with works of art that are created in the natural landscape but leave no trace of their presence behind. ‘The continual reference to the disappearance of the art object suggested to me the eventual disappearance of the artist himself’, he wrote. This sequence of photographs was broadcast on German television in October 1969. One photo was shown each day, for about two seconds, sometimes interrupting whatever programme was being shown at peak viewing time. They were neither announced nor explained – viewers had to make what sense of them they could. Keith Arnatt Self-Burial (Television Interference Project) 1969Monday, 23 January 12
  11. 11. Andy Warhol Empire 1964 Empire consists of a single stationary shot of the Empire State Building filmed from 8:06 p.m. to 2:42 a.m., July 25–26, 1964. The eight-hour, five-minute film, which is typically shown in a theater, lacks a traditional narrative or characters. The passage from daylight to darkness becomes the film’s narrative, while the protagonist is the iconic building that was (and is again) the tallest in New York City. Warhol lengthened Empires running time by projecting the film at a speed of sixteen frames per second, slower than its shooting speed of twenty-four frames per second, thus making the progression to darkness almost imperceptible. Non-events such as a blinking light at the top of a neighboring building mark the passage of time. According to Warhol, the point of this film— perhaps his most famous and influential cinematic work—is to "see time go by."Monday, 23 January 12
  12. 12. Sam Taylor-Wood A Little Death, 2002, 35mm film/DVD, duration: 4’ This stop motion animation speeds up the slow disintegration of a rabbit carcass so that we are reminded of the inevitable decay of our own bodies. The artist has created similar films featuring bowls of fruit. What is she saying about the passage of time in theses films? How has time itself been distorted, as it is in our perceptions and memories?Monday, 23 January 12
  13. 13. “I think the idea of looking at say a Caravaggio painting or another painting from one, two, or even three hundred years ago and seeing that artists are still dealing with exactly the same thought process and the same sort of questions - questions that generally come from the themes of our mortality and what it means to be human, or smaller themes such as the passing of time, or simple moments that are captured for eternity, these themes that evolve around life and love and death have obsessed artists from day one  and I am equally obsessed with these themes. For me, referencing is a way of showing that through the centuries things really haven’t changed at all. We are still looking at and trying to figure out the same grand questions about our existence.” Sam Taylor-WoodMonday, 23 January 12
  14. 14. Bill Viola Nantes Triptych  1992 Video and mixed media duration: 29 min., 46 sec. installationMonday, 23 January 12
  15. 15. John Baldessari Six Colorful Inside Jobs, 1977 16mm film transferred to video (color, silent), 32:53 min In "Six Colorful Inside Jobs" John Baldessari draws a parallel between a double process of life and creation. The video shows a room being painted in six different colors, each color of the spectrum corresponding to a day of the week. This work, which started as a performance/installation, integrates the artist as a comic figure faced with contemporary history that of American painting and shifts his function toward that of a house painter. Through this form of irony, Baldessari shows to what extent instruments and materials help him define the subtle limits between art and work, art and life.Monday, 23 January 12
  16. 16. John Baldessari The Artist Hitting Various Objects with a Golf Club (detail), 1972-3 Some artists have used photography to document their conceptual experiments. here Baldessari captures a seemingly absurd and futile process in a sequence of images. Why is photography perfectly suited to this kind of artistic activity?Monday, 23 January 12
  17. 17. Andy Goldsworthy Above: Hazel stick throw LYC, Cumbria 10 July 1980 Below: Hand hit site dust, Presidio Spire October 2008. Goldsworthy is a sculptor who works with the land and natural processes. He uses photography to document his actions which are often ephemeral. He relies on the ability of the camera to record these subtle interventions and supply him with a work of art which can be sold.Monday, 23 January 12
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  19. 19. Ed Ruscha Every Building on The Sunset Strip, 1966 Other photo books by Ed RuschaMonday, 23 January 12
  20. 20. Francis Alÿs Paradox of Praxis I (Sometimes Doing Something Leads to Nothing) Mexico City, 1997 Paradox of Praxis I 1997 shows an absurd expenditure of effort, as Alÿs pushed a block of ice around the Centre until it melted. The subtitle of the work is Sometimes Doing Something Leads to Nothing, an idea which speaks to the frustrated efforts of everyday Mexico City residents to improve their living conditions.Monday, 23 January 12
  21. 21. Gillian Wearing 60 Minutes Silence 1997 Wearing uses real people, usually from where she lives in south east London, to create her art. One such example is 60 Minutes Silence, which at first sight is a lifesize photo of 26 police officers. Eventually, the viewer realises that the work is a video - the officers are trying to remain still and quiet for the full hour but the strain gradually builds and they shuffle and flex. The Daily Telegraphs Richard Dorment describes how one officer succeeded in remaining near- motionless the whole time until told that time was up. He then "lets out a yelp of relief that you can hear all over the gallery. The moment is like a dam bursting. His final, cathartic, joyful cry is one of the great moments in the history of recent British art."Monday, 23 January 12
  22. 22. Shomei Tomatsu Atomic Bomb Damage: Wristwatch Stopped at 11:02, August 9, 1945, 1961Monday, 23 January 12
  23. 23. Questions to ask yourself: How is our understanding of time relative? For example, why does a minute sometimes feel like an hour? How have some photographers attempted to break away from the notion of the photograph as a split second? How can a still image convey a sense of the passage of time? How many different meanings and/or uses of the word “time” can you think of? How do you notice time passing? How could a camera help you document this process? How do we measure time? Do you have a favourite time (of the day, of your life)?Monday, 23 January 12

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