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Energy issue and EU energy policy

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Giuseppe Desogus, Engeneer at FOSTEr in MED beneficiary DICAAR (Department of Architecture - University of Cagliari), presents the energy issue and the European Union energy policy. …

Giuseppe Desogus, Engeneer at FOSTEr in MED beneficiary DICAAR (Department of Architecture - University of Cagliari), presents the energy issue and the European Union energy policy.

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FOSTEr in MED project kick-off meeting was held in Cagliari, on February 26th 2013.

The total budget of FOSTEr in MED project is 4,5 million Euro and it is financed for an amount of 4,05 milion Euro by European union through the ENPI CBC Mediterranean Sea Basin Programme (www.enpicbcmed.eu).

For more information, please contact: Project Management Office DICAAR Via Marengo 2 – 09123 Cagliari (Italy) Ph. +39 070 6755811 email management@fosterinmed.eu | visibility@fosterinmed.eu


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  • 1. Kick Off Meeting, 2013-02-26 Ing. Giuseppe Desogus (DICAAR)
  • 2. Kick Off Meeting, 2013-02-26 Ing. Giuseppe Desogus (DICAAR) The Th energy issue and i d the EU energy policy
  • 3. Kick Off Meeting, 2013-02-26 Ing. Giuseppe Desogus (DICAAR) Why energy policy matters for Europe •EU pays 2.5% of its annual GDP to import energy: € 270 bn for oil, € 40 bn for gas EU •Several Member States rely on a single supplier for gas •EU = 20% of world energy use & largest global energy importer: EU will increasingly compete for energy sources •Energy represents 80% of EU GHG emissions •Investment challenge around € 1 trillion by 2020 (mostly private sector) •Energy costs are an important and increasing part of households' and businesses' expenses (40% energy consumption due to building construction and managment)
  • 4. Kick Off Meeting, 2013-02-26 Ing. Giuseppe Desogus (DICAAR) Global demand is on the rise Effects on energy security and climate change Growth in primary energy demand (in Mtoe), IEA 2011 India and China accounting for 50% of growth: the EU will increasingly compete for energy resources Source: IEA, World Energy Outlook 2011
  • 5. Kick Off Meeting, 2013-02-26 Ing. Giuseppe Desogus (DICAAR) Energy supply security % of missing gas supply – 300 mcm/d for 14 days 6-20 January 2009 > 75 % 50 - 75 % 25 – 50 % < 25% 0% The January 2009 gas crisis showed the lack of physical interconnections and the poor functioning of the EU internal market, with several Member States facing severe energy shortages for several days. Source: European Commission
  • 6. Kick Off Meeting, 2013-02-26 Ing. Giuseppe Desogus (DICAAR) The 20-20-20 Eu Energy Policy by 2020 gy y y Reduce greenhouse gas levels by 20% Current trend to 2020 Increase share of renewables to 20% -20% Current trend to 2020 Reduce energy consumption by 20% Current trend to 2020 20% 100% -10%
  • 7. Kick Off Meeting, 2013-02-26 Ing. Giuseppe Desogus (DICAAR) EU is not on track to meet its 20% energy saving gy g target by 2020 Prim mary energy consumptio y on*, Mtoe 1900 1842 Mtoe 1850 business as usual 1800 1750 1700 Status today 1678 Mtoe 1650 G A P 1600 1550 1500 1450 2005 1474 Mtoe 2010 2015 2020 -20% objective j
  • 8. Kick Off Meeting, 2013-02-26 Ing. Giuseppe Desogus (DICAAR) The 20-20-20 Eu Energy Policy by 2020 gy y y
  • 9. Kick Off Meeting, 2013-02-26 Ing. Giuseppe Desogus (DICAAR) Achieving an energy-efficient Europe g gy p . . . Implementation of the Energy Efficiency Directive Energy efficiency obligation schemes Exemplary role for public sector (buildings) Smart metering and billing Pursuing eco-design and energy labelling measures Reinforced financing schemes and programmes
  • 10. Kick Off Meeting, 2013-02-26 Ing. Giuseppe Desogus (DICAAR) A new energy efficiency directive ( gy y (27/12/UE) ) Public sector Indicative national EE targets Sectorial measures New Directive Di ti 27/12 Monitoring & o to g Reporting Households Services Energy supply General measures promoting EE Industry
  • 11. Kick Off Meeting, 2013-02-26 Ing. Giuseppe Desogus (DICAAR) Energy p gy performance of buildings directive g EPBD (recast – 31/10/UE) Includes: • All new building to be “nearly zero-energy buildings” as of 2020 (public sector: 2018). • Minimum energy performance requirements for new buildings and renovations to be set at cost-optimal levels • Strengthening the role and the quality of energy performance certificates • Strengthening the role and quality of HVAC inspections
  • 12. Kick Off Meeting, 2013-02-26 Ing. Giuseppe Desogus (DICAAR) The investment challenge g Total investment needs in the electricity and gas sector between 2010-20: over € 1 trillion Power generation: ~ € 500 b P ti bn Renewables: ~ € 310 370 b R bl 310-370 bn Transmission and di t ib ti T i i d distribution: ~ € 600 b bn Distribution: ~ € 400 b Di t ib ti bn Transmission: ~ € 200 bn Investments of over € 1 trillion will be needed by 2020 to replace obsolete power plants, plants to modernise and adapt infrastructure to the latest technologies and to cater for demand for low carbon energy.
  • 13. Kick Off Meeting, 2013-02-26 Ing. Giuseppe Desogus (DICAAR) Driving technology innovation g gy Strategic Energy Technologies (SET) plan to be updated: new priorities including renewable energy integration (incl. storage), advanced materials and manufacturing for renewable; 2014-2020 financial framework "green energy" EU funding: - Cohesion funding of €17 billion to energy efficiency and renewable energy - Horizon 2020 (R&D): €6 5 billion for "Secure clean and efficient energy" €6.5 Secure, energy
  • 14. Kick Off Meeting, 2013-02-26 Ing. Giuseppe Desogus (DICAAR) The Energy Roadmap 2050 as a basis for gy p developing a long-term policy framework . . European Council EU objective for 2050 – GHG emissions down to 80-95% below 1990 levels Looks forward to elaboration of a low-carbon 2050 strategy – a framework for longer-term action in energy and related sectors . . . Aim of the Roadmap Give more certainty to governments and investors Explore routes towards a low-carbon energy system by 2050 which improve competitiveness and security of supply Basis for developing the 2030 policy framework and concrete milestones with MS, EP and stakeholders
  • 15. Kick Off Meeting, 2013-02-26 Ing. Giuseppe Desogus (DICAAR) The climate change challenge g g Reduction of GHG emissions by 80-95% by 2050 100% 80% 100% Power Sector 80% Current policy 60% Residential & Tertiary 60% -40% in 2030 Industry 40% 40% Transport 20% 20% Non CO2 Agriculture Non CO2 Other Sectors 0% 1990 2000 2010 Efficient pathway (GHG emissions) in “Low-carbon economy Roadmap”: 2020 2030 2040 0% 2050 -60% in 2040
  • 16. Kick Off Meeting, 2013-02-26 Ing. Giuseppe Desogus (DICAAR) 2050 Energy Roadmap: Renewable Energy as gy p gy "no regrets option” Any pathway to "decarbonisation" requires a renewable energy share of between 55% and 75% by 2050 This compares to 12% today and 30% under "business as usual".
  • 17. Kick Off Meeting, 2013-02-26 Ing. Giuseppe Desogus (DICAAR) Future European energy network
  • 18. Kick Off Meeting, 2013-02-25 Ing. Giuseppe Desogus (DICAAR) THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION