OSS and Innovation


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The spirit of free/open-source development has from the begining be well in line with that of academic research: freedom in software distribution is similar to freedom in dissemination of scientific knowledge.

Now that F/OSS hit the business world, new questions arised on the possibility to run sustainable business models based on F/OSS - the question of innovation being a central part of the answer.

This presentation will discuss the relationships between: the open-source development process; open innovation in software; academic research; its funding and industrial valorization; and public policies for the information society.

Published in: Technology, Business
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OSS and Innovation

  1. 1. F/L/OSS is Central to ICT Innovation F. LETELLIER fOSSa Free/OSS & Academia Conference Grenoble, 2009 François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  2. 2. Who am I ? In the software industry for 20 years In F/L/OSS since mid-90's One of the first individual members in ObjectWeb INRIA 2003-2007, ObjectWeb E.D. OW2 board member, ELC member, fOSSa SC Freelance consultant on F/L/OSS strategy François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  3. 3. Source Forge 500 top projects New technology N. for a platform Existing techno. New market Radical innovation 1% <1% Existing market <1% 10% No innov. 87% Source: Innovativeness of open source software projects, K. Klincewicz 2005 François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  4. 4. About 10%-15% F/L/OSS projects are innovative The % is comparable in the proprietary software industry François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  5. 5. Patents and the Regress of Usefull Arts, A. W. Torrance & B. Tomlinson, The Columbia Science and Technology Law Review, Volume X, 2009 François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  6. 6. “Innovation is a driver of economic growth, productivity, job creation and rising living standards. Innovation also promotes ICT competitiveness; in turn, competition leads to better products, improved consumer choice and, ideally, greater ICT uptake.” Source: European Task-Force on ICT Sector competitiveness & ICT uptake, WG on innovation in R&D, manufacturing and services http://ec.europa.eu/enterprise/ict/policy/taskforce/wg/wg3_report. pdf François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  7. 7. structure input output R&D expenditure # researchers # patents filed # start-ups # publications Licensing François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  8. 8. Source: European Commission, “Towards a European Research Area, Key Figures 2001 – Special edition: Indicators for benchmarking of national research policies” François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  9. 9. F/L/OSS = Software Innovation Dark Matter ? Hobbyists, part-time contributors Volunteers or transparent efforts Anonymous (collective) Incremental Free (gratis), Free (open) François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  10. 10. The finger pointing to the Moon is not the Moon François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  11. 11. FLOSS potentially saves the industry 36%+ in software R&D investment that can result in increased profits or be more usefully spent in further innovation Study on the economic impact of OSS on innovation and the competitiveness os the information and communication technologies (ICT) sector in the EU, 2006, UNU-MERIT, NL François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  12. 12. François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  13. 13. 0 03 0 06 2 2 2004 TELOCIM TELOSYS AJAX FRAMEWORK 1994 ASK Corp. 1990 <1980 Relational Technology Inc. / Ingres Corp. 1980 François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  14. 14. François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  15. 15. Make firm boundaries more permeable to innovation Innovation intermediaries Partnerships between the scientific community and firms François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  16. 16. Uses at home/soho Builds on other works Sell substitutes Contributes as a hobby Company Research XYZ Lab Transfers research results Worldwide F/L/OSS Code Base Shares R&D on Develops with non core-business taxpayers money Company Company Public XYZ XYZ Administration Uses in production process Sell hw/sw complements Offers services “publish” According to a protocol: the license “subscribe” François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  17. 17. Geeky talk... F/L/OSS is an innovation “bus” for our Information Society François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  18. 18. The existing base of quality FLOSS applications would cost firms about 12 Billion Euros to reproduce internally This code base has been doubling every 18-24 over the past 8 years and this growth is projected to continue for several more years Study on the economic impact of OSS on innovation and the competitiveness os the information and communication technologies (ICT) sector in the EU, 2006, UNU-MERIT, NL François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  19. 19. “The Power of Collaborative Innovation is the answer to all the big global challenges we are facing” Tony Blair World Economic Forum Davos, January 2008 François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  20. 20. François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  21. 21. A Few OW Java Projects Lomboz (BPM / Orchestrat.) (Java / XML APS) Bonita, Shark eXo Platform (portal & CMS) J2EE dev. (mobile sync.) intelligence) Orchestra (wiki, blogs) SpagoBI (workflow) Enhydra (business Sync4j XWiki Eclipse Eclipse Web TP SOA TP JOnAS / PKUAS Celtix / Petals XService (J2EE appserv) (ESB, JBI) (SOA / WS) EasyBea Tribe JAC JOTM / Speedo ProActiv C-JDBC ns (group (AOP) ISTx (JDO (RDBMS (EJB comm.) e (transaction persist.) clust.) Container) (Grid) s) Fractal ASM XQuare Telosys (component (codebyte JORAM (XML OPS Octopus (JMS, (XML / (AJAX) mod) (ETL) man.) rewriting) MOM) AJAX) François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  22. 22. A Business Ecosystem Platform The OW2 Value Proposal Software Technical Services Academi a Vendors Systems Forge Companie Integrators Mailing lists, Wiki, etc. s Government Individual s Community Services Governance framework Produce Users Activities rs Re-use Use / Integrate Marketing Services Contribute Feed-back Projects promotion Brand and awareness © OW 2 Consor t ium 2 0 0 8 www.ow2.org 22
  23. 23. « Open source projects involve norms of proprietariness that create conditions for innovation - they are institutions that facilitate innovation, just as the guilds were » Source: « From Medieval Guilds to Open Source Software: Informal Norms, Appropriability Institutions, and Innovation, » Pr. Robert P. Merges, UC Berkeley, UC Davis, Nov 13, 2004 François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  24. 24. Associations of Companies Associations of Individuals Individuals François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  25. 25. “There's no business model for F/L/OSS!” François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  26. 26. Buy Get Build Sell Contribute F/L/OSS Bespoke development Use Migrate Lead Patronize Mutualize Dual license Hardware Complement Subscription Legacy In-house Service Open Core Software Refactoring Substitute Proprietary Freeware Customize publishing SaaS Externally Superset Outsourcing funded venture Integration Embedded VAR François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  27. 27. By 2012... 80% of all commercial software will include OSS elements Source: Gartner Key Predictions for IT Organisations and Users in 2008 and Beyond, January 2008 François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  28. 28. 2010 Mainstream IT shops will consider open source for 80% of their infrastructure software needs Mainstream IT shops will consider open source for 25% of their business software needs Source: Mark Driver, Gartner Research VP, The Gartner Application Development Summi François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  29. 29. Innovation &Technology from Academia & Gov’t Share R&D Efforts Faster technology transfer Gather real world needs Complement of activity in standardization bodies Place of Research in the Innovation Ecosystem Trust and professionalism ActiveXML Virtuous cycle between fundamental research and industrial applications Carol Global outreach C-JDBC EC & France Funded R&D Projects CLIF RNRT Corsica, ITEA Pepita, RNRT Parol, RNTL Impact, ITEA Osmose, IST Mocca, Asia ITC COSGov, ITEA S4All JORAM Fractal Rubis ProActive François LETELLIER www.flet.fr …
  30. 30. F/L/OSS & Academia Promote FLOSS code production & community growth as performance metrics in your lab Participate in public funded projects with FLOSS dissemination strategies Set up partnerships with FLOSS savvy industrial players François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  31. 31. The history of F/OSS can be traced back to academic origins: distributing source code under a permissive license was the de facto rule in academia in the 70's. Since then, F/OSS became a wide spread paradigm throughout the software industry, and its alignment with academic goals tended to be forgotten. According to fOSSa steering committee members, software innovation is a value creation process that needs a new joint collaboration of industries, academia and F/OSS experts. François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  32. 32. Take aways... Innovation happens in and on F/L/OSS F/L/OSS communities are innovation intermediaries Companies fund and leverage F/L/OSS based innovations F/L/OSS brings new degrees of liberty in public and private funding for ICT R&D François LETELLIER www.flet.fr
  33. 33. Thank you for your attention! FLOSS Strategy - www.flet.fr OW2 - www.ow2.org Green IT - www.greenit.fr And make sure to enjoy sunny Grenoble! François LETELLIER www.flet.fr