Eco System over code!


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Lyon Silk Factory

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Eco System over code!

  1. 1. Eco-system over code by stephane ribas (inria) for fOSSa 2013.
  2. 2. I am a thief !
  3. 3. “Community over code“ by Ross Gardler, Apache Community VP
  4. 4. Goal of my talk?
  5. 5. Why such message?
  6. 6. Ecosystem definition (wikipedia) […] An ecosystem is a community in which components are interacting as a system. We can figure it as a network of interactions […]
  7. 7. Ecosystem definition (moore) An economic community supported by a foundation of interacting organizations and individuals—the organisms of the business world. The economic community produces goods & services of value to customers, who are themselves members of the ecosystem. The member organisms also include suppliers, lead producers, competitors, and other stakeholders. Over time, they coevolve their capabilities & roles, tend to align themselves with the directions set by one or more central companies. Those companies holding leadership roles may change over time, but the function of ecosystem leader is valued by the community because it enables members to move toward shared visions to align their investments (some of them could be activities), and to find mutually supportive roles.
  8. 8. Lyon silk factory
  9. 9. Once upon a time 1800-1900, Lyon was famous for its loom eco system, silk factories & open attitude governance. Demands from North America, Major competitors in Italy and in England.
  10. 10. Patent! oooh my patent ! middle of the 18th century, english government adopted a patent system to protect their innovation and production of goods. No patent system did exist in France. The town of Lyon adopted an open attitude governance in order to drive their innovations.
  11. 11. Momentum The town of Lyon set up & organised public meetings where... ● inventors came & presented new technologies, new methods & possible improvements for the loom industry. Industrials were invited to the public meetings.
  12. 12. Incentives Companies that integrated the technologies presented were persuaded to document and disseminate the nature of the integrations, and any improvements they noticed The number of machines or processes which has been impacted by the innovation were traced. The knowledge based upon research and industrials where then put back into the public domain, people were then encouraged to present the new modifications, and so on.
  13. 13. Monitoring The town of Lyon carefully monitored ● ● the presentation of novelties the adoption of those new technologies by the industrials.
  14. 14. Rewarding Inventors were remunerated by the town accordingly to the estimated value of their invention and accordingly to the usage popularity in the silk factories. grants were based on the nature of the invention, the effort made by the inventor to share his knowledge & the effectiveness of the results.
  15. 15. Leadership In 1814, we could count 14,500 loom in Lyon versus 12,000 in London. In 1853, they were only 5,000 looms left in London versus 30000 looms in Lyon. Lyon won the battle against the silk factory of London.
  16. 16. Open governance The open attitude governance of the city of Lyon enabled the creation of an important loom ecosystem which pushed the town of Lyon as the leader of the silk market.
  17. 17. Why such a success? - creation of new technologies by building new components above existing innovations - diversity in the production of goods, - peer-to-peer collaboration network that added flexibility in the production of silk goods. - promote inventions while making them public and open, - leverage motivations by rewarding smartly inventors. - relationship and collaboration between the different factories and looms.
  18. 18. Classical model speculation, anticipation, storing Distributors build the ecosystem on providing funds to silk factories, facilitated speculations, and creating stocks to decrease prices, thus undermining the responsiveness of the supply chain. The english silk factories were forced to reduced their prizes in order to sell their goods to distributors. An important impact of reducing their revenue was that silk factories were afraid to invest in new silk machines, buy new equipment (and more innovating equipment).
  19. 19. Classical model why so many economists & politics are taking it for granted? By imposing their own rules of the game the distributors & banks killed the english loom. this model has already showed its inferiority against openness two century ago, we can ask ourselves why does this mode prevails nowadays?
  20. 20. Standardisation the town of lyon decided to establish standards for the loom industry. ● ● ● facilitate the maintenance of the machines, ensure a certain level of interoperability between machine/components stimulate a normalization of the “user interface”
  21. 21. New market Thanks to this standardization, a new market appeared ● the market of spare parts. Manufacturers, resellers, technicians had access to a widely open market in which monopoly situations where virtually nonexistent which brought cheaper goods & cheaper services.
  22. 22. Openness [my definition of Openness] The concept of Openness can be defined as the attitude to systematically freely distribute, freely share, freely disseminate knowledge
  23. 23. Openness Knowledge is a special kind of good that you do not loose when you give it away. If you are participating in a system where knowledge is freely shared, you will get far more knowledge from peers than you may give them. We participate to a smart win-win system.
  24. 24. Conclusion(s)
  25. 25. “People who do not know their history are condemned to repeat it”
  26. 26. Living on the shoulders of the giants !
  27. 27. Don't loose your time and your money in trying to sell code
  28. 28. Openness is a freedom we have to struggle for!
  29. 29. What about the Gross Domestic Product ?
  30. 30. Thanks, and, have a nice conference! @stephaneribas