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  • 1. Sustentar 2012Política Nacional deResíduos Sólidos e asMegaforças daSustentabilidade23 de maio de 2012Belo Horizonte – MGRicardo Zibas
  • 2. Changes to the global business environment How the world changed since the 1992 Rio Earth Summit Globalization Digital connectivity Accelerated consumption International trade and foreign Mobile phone and internet use Our population has grown by one investments tripled exploded (up 20,000%) quarterSource: The World Bank, World Development Indicators (2011). Source: UNEP: Keeping Track of our Changing Environment (2011). Source: United Nations Population Fund, The State of the World Population (2011). Disparate prosperity Resource scarcity Ecological decline 1.3 billion people have no access to 4 billion people are affected by water 80% of fish stocks are over, or fully, energy scarcity exploitedSource: IEA, World Energy Outlook (2011). Source: Heinberg. Peak Everything. (2007). Source: UNFAO. World Review of Fisheries & Agriculture. (2010)© [year] [legal member firm name], registered with the trade register in [country] under number [number], is a subsidiary of KPMG Europe LLP and a member firm of the KPMG 2network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative („KPMG International‟), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved. Printed in [country].The KPMG name, logo and „cutting through complexity‟ are registered trademarks of KPMG International.
  • 3. Changes to the global business environment Our accelerating human footprint Air freight transport 230% Cement production 170% Gross domestic product 163% Merchandise exports 142% Nitrogen fertilizer use 135% Plastics production 130% Palm oil land area 120% Air passenger transport 100% Steel production 100% Construction materials use 80% Soybean land area 75% International tourist departures 73% Electricity production 71% Industrial metals use 60% Total energy consumption 47% Livestock production 47% Coal consumption 45% Natural gas consumption 45% Urban population 45% Food production 45% Total materials extraction 41% Global CO2 emissions 39% Fish and seafood consumption 32% Petroleum consumption 30% Global ecological footprint 28% Per cap natural resource consumption 27% World population 26% Meat consumption 26% Resource intensity (21)% CO2 emissions/GDP (23)%Source: UNEP, World Bank, Worldwatch Vital Signs, WWF, SERI, UNDP, FAO, IEA.© [year] [legal member firm name], registered with the trade register in [country] under number [number], is a subsidiary of KPMG Europe LLP and a member firm of the KPMG 3network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative („KPMG International‟), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved. Printed in [country].The KPMG name, logo and „cutting through complexity‟ are registered trademarks of KPMG International.
  • 4. Global sustainability megaforces Awareness and comprehension of each is vital Climate Change Energy & Fuel Material Resource Water Scarcity Population Growth Scarcity Wealth Urbanization Food Security Ecosystem Decline Deforestation© [year] [legal member firm name], registered with the trade register in [country] under number [number], is a subsidiary of KPMG Europe LLP and a member firm of the KPMG 4network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative („KPMG International‟), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved. Printed in [country].The KPMG name, logo and „cutting through complexity‟ are registered trademarks of KPMG International.
  • 5. Global sustainability megaforces Megaforce impact to increase over next 20 yearsBusiness-as-usual global projections to 2035 Energy-related CO2 emissions Climate Change 20% Primary energy demand Energy & Fuel 30% Raw materials extraction Material Resources 55% Demand for water withdrawal Water 53% Total population Population 20%Middle class purchasing power Wealth 172% Urban population Urbanization 44% Aggregate food demand Food 50% Human ecological footprint Ecosystems 13% Amazon forest loss Deforestation 55%Source: IEA, SERI, Water Resources Group, UN, OECD, FAO, Global Footprint Network, WWF.© [year] [legal member firm name], registered with the trade register in [country] under number [number], is a subsidiary of KPMG Europe LLP and a member firm of the KPMG 5network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative („KPMG International‟), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved. Printed in [country].The KPMG name, logo and „cutting through complexity‟ are registered trademarks of KPMG International.
  • 6. Implications for business Average external environmental costs 41 US cents per US$ of earnings 800 670 700 600 482 500 US$ in billions 400 300 223 87% 224% 200 153 134 23% 100 89 97 64% 84 71% 100 42% 43% 22 22% 26 52% 59% 2.5% 0 Airlines Automobiles Beverages Chemicals Electricity Food Industrial Marine Mining Oil & Gas Telecom & Producers Metals Transportation Producers Internet 2010 EBITDA 2010 total environment cost as a % of EBITDASource: Trucost 2012.© [year] [legal member firm name], registered with the trade register in [country] under number [number], is a subsidiary of KPMG Europe LLP and a member firm of the KPMG 6network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative („KPMG International‟), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved. Printed in [country].The KPMG name, logo and „cutting through complexity‟ are registered trademarks of KPMG International.
  • 7. Implications for business Automobiles, chemicals and electricity closest to decoupling economic growth from environmental impactEnvironmental intensity 120% 2002-2010 percentage improvement in environmental intensity 100% Industrial Metals Telecom & Marine Internet Transportation 80% Oil & Gas Producers 60% Mining Chemicals Electricity 40% Airlines Automobiles 20% Beverages (40)% (20)% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 120% 140% 160% (20)% (40)% Food Producers (60)% (80)% 2002-2010 growth in environmental costsKey: Size of circle depicts the sector‟s total external environmental costs in 2010 in USD.Source: Trucost 2012.© [year] [legal member firm name], registered with the trade register in [country] under number [number], is a subsidiary of KPMG Europe LLP and a member firm of the KPMG 7network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative („KPMG International‟), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved. Printed in [country].The KPMG name, logo and „cutting through complexity‟ are registered trademarks of KPMG International.
  • 8. Experiência Brasil • Como atender uma demanda crescente (e legítima) de bens e serviços de uma classe média emergente? • Como o custo da adequada disposição dos resíduos impacta o consumidor? Como fornecer sustentabilidade econômica ao modelo? • Como adaptar outras experiências bem sucedidas a um País de dimensões continentais? • Postura ativa x reativa (organizações, empresas, consumidores) • Fabricantes nacionais, importadores e “free riders”© [year] [legal member firm name], registered with the trade register in [country] under number [number], is a subsidiary of KPMG Europe LLP and a member firm of the KPMG 8network of independent member firms affiliated with KPMG International Cooperative („KPMG International‟), a Swiss entity. All rights reserved. Printed in [country].The KPMG name, logo and „cutting through complexity‟ are registered trademarks of KPMG International. 8
  • 9. Ricardo Zibas Gerente Sênior Mudanças Climáticas & Sustentabilidade Obrigado ! +55 11 2183 1795 rzibas@kpmg.com.br© 2012 KPMG International Cooperative (“KPMG International”), a Swiss entity.Member firms of the KPMG network of independent firms are affiliated withKPMG International. KPMG International provides no client services. Nomember firm has any authority to obligate or bind KPMG International or anyother member firm third parties, nor does KPMG International have any suchauthority to obligate or bind any member firm. All rights reservedThe KPMG name, logo and “cutting through complexity” are registeredtrademarks or trademarks of KPMG International.The information contained herein is of a general nature and is not intended toaddress the circumstances of any particular individual or entity. Although weendeavor to provide accurate and timely information, there can be no guaranteethat such information is accurate as of the date it is received or that it willcontinue to be accurate in the future. No one should act on such informationwithout appropriate professional advice after a thorough examination of theparticular situation.The KPMG name, logo and “cutting through complexity” are registeredtrademarks or trademarks of KPMG International.