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  1. 1. Innovation Forum Design research as a methodological proposal for working on the relationship between innovation and research November 23 2007
  2. 2. <ul><li>Tensions between design and research </li></ul><ul><li>From instructional design to design of learning environments </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of design research </li></ul>
  3. 4. ANALYSIS IMPLEMENTATION ASSESSMENT DESIGN DEVELOPMENT
  4. 6. Instructional design, design of learning environments <ul><li>The theory of affordances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gibson (1977), relationship between object properties and user characteristics that allows for a given interaction between actor and object. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kirschner (2003, 2004): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technology : usability. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social : ease of carrying out activities, promotion of interaction, perception of action, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Educational : actual correspondence with educational model used. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 7. From instructional design to design of learning environments <ul><li>Ann Brown (1992) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Limitations of experimental designs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research-action, reflection on the practice. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design research (educational design). </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. Characteristics <ul><li>Actual context </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of variables </li></ul><ul><li>Not replicable, generation of implementation guidelines (scenario) </li></ul><ul><li>Co-participation of design and analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Complementary methodology (triangulation) </li></ul><ul><li>Improved scientific knowledge and practice </li></ul><ul><li>Constant review of the design </li></ul>
  7. 9. Characteristics Research questions Method Results Analysis and conclusions Antecedents Development of solutions Assessment of solutions Analysis and conclusions Analysis of the problem
  8. 10. SCENARIO 1 SCENARIO 2 SCENARIO 3 SCENARIO 4 Basic communication tool Communication tool Level-1 management Communication tool Level-3 management Communication tool Level-4 management CSCL
  9. 11. International Society of the Learning Sciences Journal of the Learning Sciences Design Research Society Bereiter, C. “Design Research for Sustained Innovation.” Cognitive Studies: Bulletin of the Japanese Cognitive Science Society 9 no. 3 (2002): 321-327. http://ikit.org/fulltext/2002Design_Research.pdf (PDF: 28kB) Reeves, Thomas C. “Enhancing the Worth of Instructional Technology Research through ‘Design Experiments’ and Other Development Research Strategies.” Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New Orleans, LA. 2000. http://it.coe.uga.edu/~treeves/AERA2000Reeves.pdf (PDF: 48kB)
  10. 12. Innovation Forum November 23 2007 http://foruminnova.blogs.uoc.edu

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