IP FORTE Theme: Sustainability 3.3.2009, Valencia, Spain Copyright Susanna Saari / TUAS / 2009 Susanna Saari M.Soc.Sc. Tur...
Definition of sustainability ” Development that meets the needs of present generation without compromising the ability of ...
Background   <ul><li>Rio environmental conference at 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>Local Agenda 21 as a basis for all development...
Dimensions of sustainability <ul><li>Ecological </li></ul><ul><li>Sosio-cultural </li></ul><ul><li>Economical </li></ul><u...
Ecological sustainability <ul><li>Main factors: </li></ul><ul><li>To prevent climate change </li></ul><ul><li>To secure bi...
Socio-cultural sustainability <ul><li>Population impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Transformation of labour market </li></ul><ul><...
 
Economical sustainability <ul><li>Is growth on long run (=No quick profits) </li></ul><ul><li>We use the resources respect...
Ethical sustainability <ul><li>A discussion about our values in life and how they have changed (or how they are changing) ...
The Renewed EU Sustainable Development Strategy <ul><li>Was adopted by the European Council in June 2006.  </li></ul><ul><...
Why sustainability? <ul><li>From marketing perspective  </li></ul><ul><li>(= tourism companies): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The...
Management tools <ul><li>Product </li></ul><ul><li>Price </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Place (or distribut...
<ul><li>Recognize </li></ul><ul><li>Refuse </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce </li></ul><ul><li>Replace </li></ul><ul><li>Re-use </l...
What damage do hotels & restaurants do? <ul><li>CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions </li></ul><ul><li>CFC ( chlorofluorocarbon)...
 
&quot;Good environmental management is fully comparable with good business practise;  Either protect the environment that ...
 
 
Malaria, the world's largest killer, has resurfaced in Spain, and it is estimated that changes in climate will result in p...
The Wider Caribbean Region, stretching from Florida to French Guiana, receives 63,000 port calls from ships each year, and...
The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that of the seventeen major fisheries areas in the world, f...
There are 109 countries with coral reefs. In 90 of them reefs are being damaged by cruise ship anchors and sewage, by tour...
<ul><li>Sustainable food products support the long-term maintenance of ecosystems and agriculture for future generations. ...
” We do not inherit the world from our ancestors,  we borrow it from our children”
Kiitos Merci Dank je Ačiū   Gracias Thank You
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Sustainability_ Lecture by TUAS - Finland

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  • Sustainability_ Lecture by TUAS - Finland

    1. 1. IP FORTE Theme: Sustainability 3.3.2009, Valencia, Spain Copyright Susanna Saari / TUAS / 2009 Susanna Saari M.Soc.Sc. Turku University of Applied Sciences
    2. 2. Definition of sustainability ” Development that meets the needs of present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (Brundtland Commission,1987)
    3. 3. Background <ul><li>Rio environmental conference at 1992 </li></ul><ul><li>Local Agenda 21 as a basis for all development involving local citizens, local entrepreneurs and companies etc. in all development and planning at their own municipality. </li></ul>
    4. 4. Dimensions of sustainability <ul><li>Ecological </li></ul><ul><li>Sosio-cultural </li></ul><ul><li>Economical </li></ul><ul><li>Ethical </li></ul>
    5. 5. Ecological sustainability <ul><li>Main factors: </li></ul><ul><li>To prevent climate change </li></ul><ul><li>To secure biodiversity (= flora & fauna) </li></ul><ul><li>Reasonable use of nature and its’ resources </li></ul>
    6. 6. Socio-cultural sustainability <ul><li>Population impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Transformation of labour market </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in community characteristics and structure </li></ul><ul><li>Impacts at individual and family level </li></ul><ul><li>Impacts on natural and cultural resources </li></ul>Ratz & Puczko (2002), The Impacts of Tourism
    7. 8. Economical sustainability <ul><li>Is growth on long run (=No quick profits) </li></ul><ul><li>We use the resources respecting the carrying capacity of the nature </li></ul><ul><li>Ecological and economical sustainability are not contra dictionary! </li></ul>
    8. 9. Ethical sustainability <ul><li>A discussion about our values in life and how they have changed (or how they are changing) </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think about e.g: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Genetic engineering? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cloning? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Producing “spare parts” for humans and animals? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How can food be produced in an ethical way? </li></ul>
    9. 10. The Renewed EU Sustainable Development Strategy <ul><li>Was adopted by the European Council in June 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>It is an overarching strategy for all EU policies which sets out how we can meet the needs of present generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. </li></ul><ul><li>The Sustainable Development Strategy deals in an integrated way with economic, environmental and social issues and lists the following seven key challenges: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate change and clean energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable consumption and production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation and management of natural resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social inclusion, demography and migration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global poverty </li></ul></ul>http://ec.europa.eu/sustainable/welcome/index_en.htm
    10. 11. Why sustainability? <ul><li>From marketing perspective </li></ul><ul><li>(= tourism companies): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The need to attract and satisfy increasingly sophisticate consumer segments in hospitality demanding all aspects of high product quality, especially the quality of environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The competitive and PR/image advantages that flow from more sustainable practise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investment in the maintenance of environmental resources for the same reasons that all businesses maintain and enhance their capital assets. </li></ul></ul>
    11. 12. Management tools <ul><li>Product </li></ul><ul><li>Price </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Place (or distribution) </li></ul><ul><li>People </li></ul>
    12. 13. <ul><li>Recognize </li></ul><ul><li>Refuse </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce </li></ul><ul><li>Replace </li></ul><ul><li>Re-use </li></ul><ul><li>Recycle </li></ul><ul><li>Re-engineer </li></ul><ul><li>Retrain </li></ul><ul><li>Reward </li></ul><ul><li>Re-educate </li></ul>10 R’s:
    13. 14. What damage do hotels & restaurants do? <ul><li>CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions </li></ul><ul><li>CFC ( chlorofluorocarbon) emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Noise, smoke, smells </li></ul><ul><li>Health of staff </li></ul><ul><li>Waste energy </li></ul><ul><li>Waste water </li></ul><ul><li>Waste food </li></ul><ul><li>Waste disposal </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural ecology </li></ul><ul><li>Purchasing policies </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation policies </li></ul><ul><li>Sale of souvenirs made from endangered species </li></ul><ul><li>Location of hotels in fragile locations </li></ul>Kirk, D. (1997). Environmental Management for hotels
    14. 16. &quot;Good environmental management is fully comparable with good business practise; Either protect the environment that is the basis of your industry, or have no industry to worry about.&quot;
    15. 19. Malaria, the world's largest killer, has resurfaced in Spain, and it is estimated that changes in climate will result in parts of the country becoming a suitable habitat for malaria-carrying species of mosquito by the 2020s. Source: WWF [PDF] An average golf course in a tropical country such as Thailand needs 1500kg of chemical fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides per year and uses as much water as 60,000 rural villagers. Source: Tourism Concern
    16. 20. The Wider Caribbean Region, stretching from Florida to French Guiana, receives 63,000 port calls from ships each year, and they generate 82,000 tons of garbage. About 77% of all ship waste comes from cruise vessels. The average cruise ship carries 600 crew members and 1,400 passengers. On average, passengers on a cruise ship each account for 3.5 kilograms of garbage daily - compared with the 0.8 kilograms each generated by the less well-endowed folk on shore. Source: Our Planet ,
    17. 21. The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that of the seventeen major fisheries areas in the world, four are depleted and the other thirteen are either fished to capacity or overfished. Commercial marine fisheries in the United States discard up to 20 billion pounds of non-target fish each year-- twice the catch of desired commercial and recreational fishing combined. Source: Ocean Planet
    18. 22. There are 109 countries with coral reefs. In 90 of them reefs are being damaged by cruise ship anchors and sewage, by tourists breaking off chunks of coral, and by commercial harvesting for sale to tourists. One study of a cruise ship anchor dropped in a coral reef for one day found an area about half the size of a football field completely destroyed, and half again as much covered by rubble that died later. It was estimated that coral recovery would take fifty years. Source: Ocean Planet
    19. 23. <ul><li>Sustainable food products support the long-term maintenance of ecosystems and agriculture for future generations. </li></ul><ul><li>Organic agriculture prohibits the use of toxic synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, irradiation, sewage sludge, and genetic engineering. </li></ul><ul><li>Locally grown foods reduce the amount of pollution associated with transportation primarily by fossil fuels. </li></ul><ul><li>Plant-based foods require fewer natural resources and create less pollution per calorie consumed. </li></ul><ul><li>Source: GRA, Green Restaurants Association </li></ul>
    20. 24. ” We do not inherit the world from our ancestors, we borrow it from our children”
    21. 25. Kiitos Merci Dank je Ačiū Gracias Thank You
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