Greenwood Management eucalyptus forestry in Brazil
 

Like this? Share it with your network

Share

Greenwood Management eucalyptus forestry in Brazil

on

  • 594 views

This is an independent report regarding Greenwood Management and its operations in Brazil. This report was prepared prior to the establishment of some of the company's forestry investment in Brazil. ...

This is an independent report regarding Greenwood Management and its operations in Brazil. This report was prepared prior to the establishment of some of the company's forestry investment in Brazil.

Focusing on the establishment of eucalyptus farm forestry crops on land owned by Greenwood management in the state of Bahia, Brazil this report uses commercial forestry models projected expected growth and yields for the tree crops grown using site specific date including meteorological data, soil data, and current growth and yields being achieved in the region. Greenwood Management started the establishment of its first forestry investments in the region in 2009 with the acquisition of several key sites centered around its operating base in the region.

The company has since grown to become one of the larger forest operators in the region and currently manages around 5,000 hectares of forestry land in the region.

Greenwood Management will be expanding this area further over the coming years and is already in the planning stages of developing a further 3,000 hectares of barren land for the companies reforestation projects in the region.

Statistics

Views

Total Views
594
Views on SlideShare
594
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Greenwood Management eucalyptus forestry in Brazil Document Transcript

  • 1. Ind e pe nd e nt  asse ssm e nt or  f Gre e nw ood  M anage m e nt Eucal us pl at ypt ant ion grow t  proj ct h e ion Sit s of aze nd a Sant e  F a M aria and   F aze nd a T ropical   V rsion 1 ­ O ct e r 6,  e ob
  • 2. A f w us e f t rm s e ule M AI: M e an AnnualIncre m e nt t e m e an , h annualv um e grow t pe r s t ol h and h e ct , are m e as ure d in cubic m e t rs (pe r s t e and h e ct ) are P : P riodic Annual Incre m e nt pe riodic AI e , (annual ch ange on v um e pe r pl at ) ol ant ion h e ct , m e as ure d in cubic m e t rs pe r are e st and h e ct are V ob: V um e out ide bark , t at is v um e ol s h ol w it h bark (M AI V ob and P AI V ob accordingl m e as ure d in cubic m e t rs pe r y) e st and h e ct are V ib: V um e ins ide bark , t at is v um e ol h ol w it out t e bark (M AI V and P h h ib AI V ib accordingl m e as ure d in cubic m e t rs pe r y) e st and h e ct . are Us e f ul e s t at im e f or com m e rcial and round w ood as s e s s m e nt s Bas alAre a: t e s q uare s urf h ace of a cros s s e ct ion of t e s t h and t e s (us ual pe r re l y h e ct ) M e as ure d in s q uare m e t rs in our are e cas e TPH a: T e s pe r h e ct , t e num be r of re are h t e s pl e d or s t re ant anding pe r s t and are a f or a giv n t e pe riod e im St m biom as s : t e biom as s of t e m ain e h h t e s t m , in our docum e nt w it branch e s re e h and bark , m e as ure d in t onne s pe r h e ct are D BH : D iam e t r at Bre as t H e igh t diam e t r e , e of a t e at 1.35 m e t rs h e igh t re e M e an D BH : M e an D iam e t r at Bre as t e H e igh t pe r h e ct are pe r s t and
  • 3. Tabl of e  Cont nt e s I roduct nt ion and rat ional, pg. 5 e Brie f e  about h e  Faz e nda s it s , pg. 5  not  t e Soil s ource s , pg. 6  re Sit  Agro­e col e ogy, pg. 9 T m pe rat , pg. 11 e ure Cl at at r bal im ic w e ance , pg. 11 Sun radiat ion, pg. 11 Av abl s oil at r and irrigat ail e  w e ion, pg. 11 Cl at  dat ource s , pg. 11 im e a s Grow t  proj ct h e ion not s , pg. 16 e Grow t ­s it  q ualy cas e s , pg. 16 h e it M ode l ing not s , pg. 16 e O t e r t ch nical e s , pg. 21 h e  not M anage m e nt ce narios , pg. 21  s As s um pt ions  ans  cav at , pg. 26 e s Conv rs ion Fact e or ­ W ood v um e  t ol o ch arcoal DC, pg. 26  M Concl ions , pg. 26 us Re f re nce s  ­ Re s ource s , pg. 28 e Sofw are  re s ource s , pg. 29 t Ack now ldgm e nt , pg. 29 e s About h is  docum e nt  t , pg.33
  • 4. Int roduct ion and rat ional e Th is t ch nicalre port is an inde pe nde nt as s e s s m e nt of Eucal us pl at e ypt ant ion product it iv y bas e d on re m ot l s e ns e d and acq uire d dat f t e t o prope rt s it s , F nda T e y a or h w y e aze ropical and F nda Sant M aria, l e d cl e t Cat andia and Baianopol M unicipalie s , M icro aze a ocat os o ol is it Re gion of Ext m o O e s t Baiano, in Re gion of Bah ia, Brazil Th e product is bas e d on re e . re m ot l s e ns e d and m ode ld dat w it no f l as s e s s m e nt , and it is t be us e d f an e y e a, h ie d s o or inde pe nde nt com paris on of t e grow t proj ct h h e ions and f s t m anage m e nt pl ore ans re port d e by Gre e nw ood M anage m e nt Bot l . h ocal s t is t , e m pirical grow t m ode l and alo at ical h s s proce s s bas e d m ode l (3-PG) w e re us e d t m ode lpl at s o ant ion grow t , f com paring and h or cus t izing int rpre t d re s ul w it l om e e t s h ocalle rat it ure grow t re port . Sat l e im age ry and h s e l it v ct GIS dat w as alo proce s s e d and us e d t prov e or a s o ide an ov rv w of t e are a, t e e ie h h t rrain, t e e nv e h ironm e nt and cl at ogical t al im ol at ribut s . Graph ical pre s e nt ion of re s ul e re at t s is t e pre f rre d w ay us e d in t is docum e nt t com m unicat t e s t h e h o e h udy f indings . Brie f not about t e F nda s it s e h aze e Th e t o s it s e xam ine d, as alo pre s e nt d in re lv w e s e e ant m aps , are l e d in an are a of Brazil ocat w it s t h rong agricul t uralprim ary s e ct product it cl e t t e are a of Barre iras , at t e or iv y, os o h h re gion of Bah ia, Brazil Th e approxim at s urf . e ace are as (as re port d f e rom Gre e nw ood M anage m e nt are ~ 9 00 H e ct s f F nda T ) are or aze ropicaland 205 h e ct s approxim at l f , are e y or 5
  • 5. F nda Sant M aria. Plas e not t at grow t proj ct aze a e e h h e ions in t is docum e nt are re port d on h e a pe r h e ct are bas is f av rage product it s ce narios f t e t o s it s , s o it is e as y w it or e iv y or h w e h s im pl m ul icat e t ipl ion t e xam ine t e s t o h and grow t f e ach are a pl e d w it Eucal us . h or ant h ypt Soil s ource s Re According t re v w e d dat s ource s t e s oil of t e t o s it s are cl s if d as L os s ol o ie a h s h w e as ie at o V rm e lo Am are l D is t ico (IBGE, 25, 26, 27, 28). Such s oil re port d in m any s it s of e h o rof is e e Eucal us pl at ypt ant ion grow t , as in s cie nt ic s t h if udie s re v w e d (16, 17, 18, 19 and ot e rs ). ie h Bas e d on t is re v w , t is is a m e dium t prom ine nt cl t xt h ie h o ay e ure s oil w it l nut nt , h ow rie av abily and l f rt it lv l. H ow e v r, according t le rat ail it ow e ily e e s e o it ure re v w , t e re are ce rt ie h ain s it and s oil e ndm e nt m e t odol s t im prov s oil e am h ogie o e condit ions f pl grow t , and it is or ant h re port d t at a l of agricul e h ot t ural product ion in Brazil com ing f is rom s uch s oil. Spe cif l s ical y f Eucal us , t e re w e re re v w e d num e rous s t or ypt h ie udie s of pl at ant ions grow ing on e xact y t e l h s am e s oil as s e it e r in t e Re gion of Bah ia and in t e ne igh boring Re gion of M inas Ge rais cl h h h re port ing good (16, 17, 18, 19 and ot e rs ) and in ce rt h ain cas e s v ry h igh grow t t nds e h re giv n appropriat s it t at e nt . Th e re f , t e s e s t e e e re m s ore h udie s w e re us e d t cros s com pare and o l l adapt our m ode l re s ul . T re pre s e nt t e cas e s w h e re s oilf rt it is l , or ocal y ing t s o h e ily ow h igh e r due t s it t at e nt , s e parat grow t s it q ualy cas e s are us e d. o e re m s e h e it Agrof s t re gim e (16, 17, 18, 19 ), w it nit ore ry h roge n f ixing pl s and f rt izat ant e il ion w ilbe t e l h m ain m anage m e nt s ys t m as re port d f e e rom Gre e nw ood M anage m e nt aim ing t im prov , o e s oil e rt it and nit f ily roge n av abily t t e grow ing t e s . Such s ce narios of incre as ing s oil ail it o h re f rt it are incl d in t e m anage m e nt s ce narios e xam ine d and t e ily ude h abul e d and graph ical at re s ul are pre s e nt d. Sim il t e crop e cos ys t m s are re port d by m any l t s e ar re e e ocal cie nt ic s if st udie s f Eucal us pl at or ypt ant ions , s uch as t e one s us e d t cus t ize and cros s -com pare h o om our m ode l re s ul . ing t s 6
  • 6. Sit Agroe col e ogy Agroe col ogical oning Z L e rat it ure re v w (29 ), re port t at t e t o m unicipalie s of int re s t are cl s if d as ie s h h w it e as ie “Ch apadas Al ”. F t as rom l ocalanal is (plas e s e e re lv ys e e ant m aps and ge os pat anal is ) ial ys t e are as are l e d at an al ude of 720 m e t rs approxim at l f F nda T h ocat t it e e y or aze ropical and , 750 m e t rs f F nda Sant M aria, w h ich is s im il t t e 800m al ude re port d f e or aze a ar o h t it e rom le rat it ure m ap s ource s . F rom t e s am e le rat h it ure s ource s (29 ), “Ch apadas ” a h av a dry e pe riod during w h ich a pre cipit ion de f at icit occurs , and a s e m i-h um id cl at w it a dry im e h pe riod f rom Aprilo O ct t obe r . Grow ing Se as on L ngt (12, 13, 14) is 200 days e ach ye ar approxim at l according t e h e y, o agrom e t orol e ogicalanal is m ade f one of t e cl e s t w e at e r s t ions m e an cl at ys or h os h at im ic dat w h ich s t s at t e be ginnings of O ct a, art h obe r (w h e n our t e pl ing dat is s im ul e d) re ant e at and e nds at t e f t days of M ay. h irs Th e Cl at Ne t P ary P im ic rim roduct it (12, 13, 14) according t t e M iam i M ode l(12), iv y o h re port alo t at t e pre cipit ion pat e rn is a l it s s h h at t im ing f or f t is are a. As re port d in act or h e re lv e ant paragraph s , s uch pat e rn in t e n int cons ide rat t ak o ion by t e m anage m e nt re gim e , h s ince irrigat ion w ilbe appl d t prom ot pl grow t during t e dry pe riod. l ie o e ant h h P cipit ion re at Th e s ub-h um id cl at of t is t im e h ropicalbiom e h as an e v nt dry pe riod be t e e n Aprilt ide w o O ct obe r, w h il f t e t al t e ye ar t e pre cipit ion v e or h ot of h h at arie s be t e e n 1000 t 1300 m m w o (de pe nding on nat uralcl at v im ic ariabily). Th e re f , t t e adv age of t e h um id it ore o ak ant h pe riod, our pl ing dat of t e Eucal us s e e dl ant e h ypt ings in t e m ode l cal h ibrat ions w as cons ide re d f t e m ont of O ct or h h obe r As w it ot e r v . h h ariabls , t e pre cipit ion (D at Source e h at a 3) w as incl d int our proce s s bas e d m ode l proce dure s of 3-PG proce s s bas e d m ode l ude o ing , in orde r t f h e r cus t ize our re s ul t t e s pe cif s it condit o urt om t o h s ic e ions . 9
  • 7. T m pe rat e ure Th e t m pe rat e ure is w it in t e lv l of ot e r are as w h e re t e pl at h h e e s h h ant ions of t e Eucal us h ypt s pp. are grow n in BrazilD e cadals pat l int rpol e d v ue s of t m pe rat . , ial y e at al e ure f t e l t or h as de cade are prov d at t e re lv ide h e ant graph ical pre s e nt ions of t is re port Plas e not re at h . e e t e re f re nce s s e ct h e ion w h e re cl at dat s ource s (D at Source 3) are m e nt im ic a a ione d . Cl at W at r Bal im ic e ance Th e cl at w at r bal im ic e ance (D at Source 3) is t e dif e re nce be t e e n t e m ode ld a h f w h e ev apot rans pirat ion and t e pre cipit ion f e ach t e pe riod. Any ne gat e v ue s rough l h at or im iv al y de pict t e am ount of w at r de f h e icit (cl at im ic). Plas e not t at t e cl at w at r bal e e h h im ic e ance pre s e nt d h e re is not t e s am e as t e s oil e h h and pl w at r bal ant e ance s , but can be an indicat or of w h e n m ore l e l pl s w ilne e d art icial at r s uppl Such de f ik y ant l if w e y. icit is al ady addre s s e d re by t e f l appl ions (e x. irrigat h ie d icat ion) f l e d by Gre e nw ood M anage m e nt as re port d. ol ow e Sun radiat ion Th e s un radiat ion (D at Source 3) is us e d as input t m ode l cul ions , as ot e r v a o cal at h ariabls e m e nt ione d abov . Spat l int rpol e d dat (Se e Ch apt r “Cl at D at Source s ”) on e ial y e at a e im ic a radiat ion on a m ont l and de cadal is w as us e d f t is s t h y bas or h udy, and as input t t e 3-PG o h m ode l int rpre t ions . ing e at Alo, t e “r un” (34, 35) m odul of GRASS GIS w as us e d t de riv s pat h igh re s ol ion s h .s e o e ial ut m aps (30m ) of dif us e , ground re fe ct d, and t al f l e ot irradiat ion and radiance , as can be alo s h be obs e rv d f t e 100t day of t e ye ar in re lv e or h h e ant m aps and graph s . Av abl s oil at r and irrigat ail e w e ion As pre s e nt d in re lv e e ant graph s and docum e nt d in t is re port t e Cl at W at r Bal e h , h im ic e ance is de f icit f s om e of t e dry m ont s of t e ye ar and t e grow ing pe riod of Eucal us , and or h h h h ypt t us art icialw at r av abily can re duce t e pl w at r ne e ds and aid int pl at h if e ail it h ant e o ant ion grow t . h Irrigat ion is part of t e m anage m e nt re gim e of t e pl at h h ant ions according t Gre e nw ood o M anage m e nt re port , t cov r any av abl s oilw at r pl ne e ds , and s o it is incl d s o e ail e e ant ude and m ode ld in t e grow t proj ct e h h e ions of t is docum e nt Plas e not t at e f e ct e h . e e h f iv irrigat ion is w h at is m ode ld in t e grow t s ce narios , t at is art icial at r input prov d e h h h if w e ide w it t e appropriat w ay, f l appl ions and t ing t act l be ne f t e grow t . Th e h h e ie d icat im o ual y it re h m e dium t prom ine nt cl t xt o ay e ure of t e s it s oil can h av a h igh w at r h ol h e s e e ding capacit y, w h ich can re s ult s oil at r av abily f t e pl s cul at d. t o w e ail it or h ant t iv e Cl at dat s ource s im e a L ong t rm act l m e as ure d dat of agricul e ual y a t ural and f s t s it s , prior t e s t is h m e nt ore ry e o abl of pl at ant ion is us ual h ard t f l y o ind, and t e re f h ore in m any cas e and s cie nt ic s t if udie s , e it e r h int rpol e d dat of int rnat e at a e ionalt t d dat s ource s or m onit d dat of t e cl e s t rus e a ore a h os m e t orol e ogical t ion is us e d. s at Af e r re v w of m any dat s ource s , originat t ie a ing w it e r f h rom f rom Brazil (CPTEC/ INPE, SUD ENE, INM ET), int rnat e ional organizat ions (F CL ,GH CN), or ot e r w e b w e at e r AO IM h h f cas t re s ource s (Re f Cl at Ch art ), f ore . im e s inal f t e m ode l in our cas e one opt l or h y ing ion w as 11
  • 8. 12
  • 9. s e lct d (D at s ource 3) f t e cl e s t t our s it l ions s pat dat int rpol ion point e e a or h os o e ocat ial a e at . Us ing t e s e rie s int rpol e d cl at dat (D at Source 3) h as t e adv age of im e at im ic a a h ant re pre s e nt ing bot dry and non dry ye ars , and in ge ne ralre pre s e nt h ing cl at v im ic ariabily, it w h ich is t e n us e d in our m ode l proce dure s f w ood v um e incre m e nt re s ul h ing or ol , t ing in bot h ye ars of h igh e r or l e r product ow ion. Th e dat us e d h as a re s ol ion of 0.25 de gre e s , and as a ut m e nt ione d be f , t e cl e s t point t t e t o F nda Sit s w as s e lct d f f h e r ore h os o h w aze e e e or urt anal is . ys 13
  • 10. Grow t proj ct h e ions Grow t –Sit q ualy cas e s h e it Re port d M e an AnnualIncre m e nt of Eucal us s pp. are h igh l v e s ypt y ariabl, de pe nding on e biom e and condit ions grow n. Incre m e nt can be 8 cubic m e t rs pe r h e ct , or e v n l e r, s e are e ow bas e d on ce rt ain s t udie s , in cas e of ant ropoge nic or ot e r s it q ualy re as ons , s pe cie s h h e it adapt ion and ot e r e nv at h ironm e nt unde rl al ying caus e s . F s t and t e grow t can be h igh l v ore re h y ariabl, and com m e rcial ant ion grow ing f h igh e pl at or product it incre m e nt re q uire s t e s e lct iv y s h e ion of appropriat t e prov nance s and h ybrids , e re e h igh lv le xpe rt e and com m it e nt t f l m anage m e nt in orde r t prov e e is m o ie d o ide pos it e iv re s ul . t s As s um ing t at s uch pract s are appl d on t e f l t o bas ic cas e s are pre s e nt d, one of h ice ie h ie d, w e m e dium -h igh grow t , and one opt al h igh e r product it cas e . F our s t h im , iv y or udy, w e cov re d e t o bas ic s it q ualy/ w e it grow t cas e s : h - Th e m e dium product it cas e w h e re at pl at iv y ant ion age 11 t e v um e pe r h e ct h ol are is approxim at l at 260 cubic m e t rs , and t e s t m biom as s is 125 t e y e h e onne s pe r h e ct , as in are re f re nce s (28) -plas e s e e alo re lv e e s e ant t e -. Such grow t is re port d by l abl h e ocalit rat le ure f rom Brazilf Eucal us s pp. w it s im il s t ing and m anage m e nt pract s f a or ypt h ar ock ice or l ion in t e ne igh boring Re gion of M inas Ge rais , w h e re t e s oil as s w as as in t e t o ocat h h cl h w F nda Sit s dis cus s e d (L os s ol V rm e lo Am are l D is t ico), but at l e r al ude and aze e at o e h o rof ow t it w it h igh e r pre cipit ion lv l Th e re f h at e e . ore w e as s um e t at f t e t o F nda s it s , h or h w aze e nit roge n f ixing pl s are grow n in a t e crop s ys t m w it Eucal us , and t at ade q uat ant re e h ypt h e f rt izat e il ion is appl d. F h e rm ore , irrigat ie urt ion is appl d in a m anne r t prov ie o ide s oil at r w e f pl grow t as in t e l or ant h h ocal t s udie s . According t our as s e s s m e nt m ore s t o , udie s re f r t s uch grow t pat e rns (f t e Sit e o h t or h e Qualy Cas e 1), t an in t e s e cond cas e , and t e re f it h h h ore w e cons ide r t is f t cas e m ore h irs f as ibl t an t e s e cond. e e h h H ow e v r, t e re is an incre as ing num be r of publ h e d s t e h is udie s de s cribing s uch h igh v um e ol incre m e nt rat s w it t e us e of Eucal us cl e h h ypt onalv arie t s (w it an M AI e q ualt 40 or ie h o m uch h igh e r), as t e s e are alo in de t m e nt h s ail ione d be l and pre s e nt d as s im ul ions t ow e at o graph s and t e s . abl - Th e opt alproduct it cas e de s cribe s a rat e r h igh incre m e nt lv l Bas e d on t e im iv y h e e . h pre v ious grow t cas e , w e as s um e t at m os t l it h h im ing f ors f pl grow t are re duce d act or ant h s ignif icant y bas e d on t e s it m anage m e nt f rt izat l h e , e il ion and irrigat ion appl d, and t e ie h pl ing of f t grow ing Eucal us cl ant as ypt onalv arie t s . Such grow t is re port d f s e lct d ie h e or e e prov nance s and pl h ybrids . Th e M AI is re ach ing t e 40, or m ore t an 40 cubic m e t rs e ant h h e pe r h e ct are in ce rt ain ye ars , and t e t al h ot incre m e nt is m uch h igh e r t an in t e pre v h h ious s ce nario. Th is e s t at f l cl e w it t e product im e al os s h h ion e s t at s f im e rom l ocals t udie s f rom Bah ia (33) and ot e rs (11). Alo, t e s e re s ul as in t e s e cond opt alcas e , and e v n h s h t s h im e h igh e r incre m e nt , are f as ibl according t f l s t s e e o ie d udie s and e xpe rim e nt re port d f s e rom Gre e nw ood M anage m e nt bas e d on t s t of t e cl , e s h onal arie t s t be us e d. v ie o Eucal us m anage d f s t in Brazil ypt ore s are h igh l product e . In bot cas e s abov , t e t e y iv h e h re product it is v ry h igh , w h e n com pare d w it t e incre m e nt lv l of ot e r, non t iv y e h h e e s h ropical f s t e cos ys t m s (f e xam pl f nat ore e or e ir uralf s t in h igh al ude , h igh re l iv de ns it ore s t it at e y s e lct e ion cut s t ands of t e M e dit rrane an re gion can h av an annual h e e grow t dat of 3 cubic h e m e t rs pe r h e ct e are in ce rt ain s it s , w h il ls s can be obs e rv d in ce rt e e e e ain e v rgre e n oak e st ands , 2.5 cubic m e t rs pe r h e ct ). e are M ode l not s ing e A l of inf ot orm at ion and s t udie s e xis t f young f t grow ing pl at or as ant ions in Brazil and , according t our le rat o it ure as s e s s m e nt ls s inf , e orm at ion e xis t on t inning ope rat s h ions (s uch as M anage m e nt Sce nario 2 or 3) and t e s t h and be h av ior af e r t inning. Bot l t h h ocal 16
  • 11. 17
  • 12. 18
  • 13. 19
  • 14. 20
  • 15. s t is t at ical ode l de v l d f m s e ope rom a s t udy in Bah ia Re gion, and t e proce s s bas e d m ode l h 3PG cus t ize d bas e d on l om ocals t udie s (31, 16, 17, 18) f Eucal us s pp. (incl or ypt uding t e h nat ural ybrid of Eucal us cam al e ns is x Eucal us uroph yl h ypt dul ypt l a). Adapt d f t is s t e or h udy Cl t r bas e d m ode l (32, 37) and a Sch um ach e r bas e d m ode l ut e s (32) (us ing as our int rpre t ion input v e at arious s it indice s t account f s it q ualy v e o or e it ariat ion) and t e cus t ize d 3-PG proce s s bas e d m ode l e re e xam ine d f grow t and m anage m e nt h om w or h s ce narios , as giv n in graph ical s ul . Cros s com paris on of our 3-PG adapt ion w as m ade e re t s at t m ak e s ure t at our cus t izat o h om ion h as s im il e s t at s w it l ar im e h ocal m pirical ode l. e m s Th e re s pons e t t inning w as alo t s t d f t e –f h e r cal o h s e e or h urt ibrat d f our s t e or udy- Cl t r ut e m ode loriginat ing f rom re ce nt s t udie s in Bah ia (31, 32, 37) and s uch re s ul w e re cros s t s com pare d w it t e 3-PG, as alo pre s e nt d in re lv h h s e e ant graph s . Th e agre e m e nt of grow t h proj ct e ions is prov d in re lv ide e ant graph s and t e s , be f abl ore and af e r t inning. t h F e xam pl, f a s t or e or udy m ade in Bah ia, publ h e d on 2009 (32), e xam ining s e v ral is e incre m e nt m ode l f 37 Eucal us cl s , t e M e an AnnualIncre m e nt (M AI, IM A in s or ypt one h P ugue s e ) w it bark w as f t e v ort h or h arious cal at cul ions m ore t an 40 cubic m e t rs pe r h a f h e or young s t and age s , and in m any cas e s s urpas s ing t e 50 cubic m e t rs pe r h e ct , out ide h e are s bark . Plas e not t at t e abov doe s not im pl t at al Eucal us pl at e e h h e y h l ypt ant ion grow e rs in t e h s am e re gion w il h av t e v ry s im il re s ul ; rat e r it is an indicat l e h e ar t s h ion t at if t e h , h appropriat prov nance s and t e v e e re arie t s are ch os e n and t e ne e de d m anage m e nt ie h re gim e s are f l e d on t e f l t e n s uch h igh incre m e nt re s ul are pos s ibl. ol ow h ie d, h t s e O t e r t ch nical e s   h e not O ct obe r is cons ide re d t e pl ing m ont , w it 1333 s e e dl h ant h h ings pe r h e ct are e s t is h e d, and abl as m e nt ione d in pre v ious ch apt rs , it is s e lct d as it is t e s t e e e h art of grow ing and rainy s e as on. Th e v um e ins ide bark is cons ide re d t be 14% -15% of t e t als t m v um e , as in ol o h ot e ol it rat e ions m ade f rom le rat it ure s ource s (37) - h ow e v r t e bark v um e is re port d s m al r e h ol e l e f cl or onal arie t s , f v ie rom 9 % t 12 % of t e s t m t al re ce nt publ ions (36)-. o h e ot in icat M anage m e nt s ce narios Bas e d on t e s e t o m ain grow t cas e s , ce rt h w h ain e ach of t e t e cas e s dis cus s e d: h h m anage m e nt re gim e s are pre s e nt d f e or - A rot ion pe riod of 7-9 ye ars , f t e product at or h ion of t e t alv um e pe r h e ct h ot ol are f or e ne rgy biom as s propos e s . - H arv s t e ing t e m aj y of t e at t e produce d v um e at t e pl at h orit h h ol h ant ion age 7-9 ye ars , and lav e ing 250 s t m s pe r h e ct e are f f h e r grow ing unt 13-15 ye ars (of pl at or urt il ant ion age ). Such m anage m e nt re gim e is appl d by m anage m e nt s t ie udie s dim e ns ion w ood product ion and t e re f h ore is f l e d h e re . ol ow - Th inning ope rat ions as t k e e p t e re l iv de ns it l and t us t e com pe t ion in l o h at e y ow h re it ow lv l, in orde r t m axim ize pl at e e s o ant ion grow t , is t e l t m anage m e nt s ce nario propos e d, h h as w it re ducing bas al a by approxim at l 50% on Y ar 4, w it 650 t e s re m aining, and h are e y e h re f h e r re m ov urt ing about 60% of bas alare a on Y ar 8, lav e e ing 250 t e s pe r h e ct . Th is re are proj ct e ion s h oul be t at d w it capt d re e h ion, s ince it is not re f re nce d and cros s ch e ck e d f e or corre ct ions w it l h ocalre s ul and s t t s udie s (due t t e f o h act t at l h ocalq uant at e dat on it iv a s ubs e q ue nt t inning e v nt w as not av abl on pe e r re v w e d publ ions as s e s s e d in h e s ail e ie icat orde r t com pare our re s ul ). o t s 21
  • 16. 22
  • 17. 23
  • 18. 24
  • 19. 25
  • 20. As s um pt ions and cav at e s As s um pt ions , and pos s ibl inaccuracie s , about our approach e s on e s t at e im ing w ood v um e ol incre m e nt and s it product it are dis cus s e d in m ore de t e iv y ailat t e re lv h e ant docum e nt ch apt rs . e Nat uralv ariabily, cl at e xt m e s , nat it im e re uralor m an caus e d dis t urbance s s uch as f s t ore f s , can e as il cre at unf orabl condit ire y e av e ions f pl grow t according t one 's pl . or ant h o ans H ow e v r, cons ide ring t e pas t and curre nt h igh product it of Brazil e h iv y Eucal us pl at ypt ant ions and t e l h ocal xpe rt e de v l d, w e as s um e t at s uch grow t is f as ibl, as alo re port d e is e ope h h e e s e by l ocal t s udie s f t e s am e re gions , and/ f t e s am e or s im il agro-e col or h or or h ar ogical biom e s . As it is obv ious , any pos s ibl e rrors or inaccuracie s are of cours e not due t m ode l and e o s s of w are us e d and us e d, but rat e r t our param e t t h o rizat ion. L ocal adapt ion and at param e t rizat ion t s pe cie s and s it condit o e ions of e m pirical t is t -s at icalm ode l, s uch as t e s h Cl t r one , or proce s s -bas e d m ode l s uch as t e 3-PG, can h av e rrors or inaccuracie s ut e s h e caus e d f rom t e m ode lr (as in t is docum e nt and re s ul t m is lading f cas t . h e h ), t o e ore s Th e re f , our re s ul w e re com pare d w it publ h e d q uant at e dat of Eucal us ore t s h is it iv a ypt incre m e nt of t e s am e biom e s in Brazilin orde r t l it t e occurre nce of any e rror in our s h , o im h proj ct e ions . Conv rs ion F or - W ood v um e t ch arcoal D C  e act ol o M Th e rat of “s t e d w ood cubic m e t r/ D C of ch arcoal 1,47” re f rring t bone dry w ood io ack e M = e o is prov d h e re bas e d on l ide ocalle rat it ure s ource s . Th e s e M D C f ors and cal at act cul ions de riv d f e rom le rat it ure (30) w e re de v l d in Brazilf Eucal us s pe cie s , and in t e e ope or ypt h re f re nce d art e t e cl e icl h onal (Eucal us uroph yl x Eucal us cam al e ns is ) v ypt l a ypt dul arie t in y s im il t t e one in q ue s t ar o h ion f t is as s e s s m e nt . or h Th e ABRAF s t is t at icalY arbook 2009 (33) re f rs t a ch arcoalconv rs ion rat of 1,33 f e e o e e or Eucal us s pp. according t ne w de v l ypt o e opm e nt / prov m e nt of t e carbonizat s im e s h ion proce s s . Conv rs ions of w ood v um e or w ood biom as s t M D C de pe nd on v e ol o arious f ors , s uch as act t e de ns it (w h ich f e xam pl can v re y or e ary f rom pl at ant ion grow n t nat o ural grow n s pe cie s , l y or f rom one l ion t anot e r), dry v um e s h rink age , t m pe rat ocat o h ol e ure of carbonizat ion proce s s and ot e rs . h Concl ions us W orl k now n, pe e r re v w e d approach e s on m ode l pl grow t w e re f h e r adapt d t d ie ing ant h urt e o t e be s t of our k now ldge in orde r t de riv t e abov pre s e nt d m ode l re s ul . Anal is h e o e h e e ing t s ys w as f l e d t ch e ck t at our adapt ion f s in w e l w it t e grow t t nds obs e rv d by ol ow o h at it l h h h re e aut ors of l h ocal t s udie s . T o bas ic s it q ualy cas e s are e xam ine d, one of m e dium -h igh and one of h igh e r grow t , w e it h and f e ach of t e s e cas e s 3 s it m anage m e nt s ce narios are propos e d, w it product or h e h ion age s v arying f rom 7-13 ye ars af e r pl at t ant ion e s t is h m e nt de pe nding on s ilicul abl , v t ural t at e nt . re m s Re ade rs s h oul not h ow e v r, t at t is is a t e ore t d e e h h h icalas s e s s m e nt of pl at ant ion grow t , h bas e d on s cie nt ic m e t odol if h ogy and dat av abl, and can pre s e nt s ignif a ail e icant v ariat ions of t e act h ual ut f ure Eucal us pl at ypt ant ion grow t . W h il t e ut os t care h as be e n t e n t h e h m ak o e ns ure t e v idit of t e re s ul , t e aut or can not be h e l re s pons ibl f v h al y h t s h h d e or ariat ions be t e e n t e curre nt proj ct w h e ions and act ualf ure Eucal us pl at ut ypt ant ion grow t , due t h o m ode l m anage rialant ropoge nic, or ot e r re as ons . ing, , h h 26
  • 21. Com m e nt on t e t e abov : Th e dat proj ct d f Sit Qualy Cas e 1, w h e re h abl e a e e or e it proj ct e ions agre e w it re f re nce s (18) h av h e ing at 11nt ye ar v um e ins ide bark t h ol o 260 cubic m e t rs approxim at l and s t m biom as s (incl e e y, e uding branch e s and bark ) at 127 t onne s pe r h e ct . are 27
  • 22. Re f re nce s - Re s ource s e Se v ralit rat , w e b and ot e r re s ource s w e re re v w e d f e le ure h ie or t is as s e s s m e nt w h ich are h , m e nt ione d in de t be l : ail ow 1. Av ry, T e .E., B.E. H arol 2002. Fore s t M e as ure m e nt , f t e dit d, s if h ion, Ne w York ;M cGrow -H il426 p. l 2. J . L .J ands be rg, R.H . W aring, A ge ne ral e d m ode l f s t product it us ing s im plie d conce pt is of ore iv y if s of radiat ion-us e e f icie ncy, carbon bal f ance and part ioning, Fore s t Ecol and M anage m e nt it ogy , V um e 9 5, Is s ue 3, 1 Augus t 19 9 7, Page s 209 -228, ISSN 0378-1127 ol 3. R.H . W aring, N.C. Coops , J . L .J ands be rg, Im prov ing pre dict ions of f s t grow t us ing t e 3-PGS ore h h m ode l it obs e rv ions m ade by re m ot s e ns ing, Fore s t Ecol and M anage m e nt V um e 259 , w h at e ogy , ol Is s ue 9 , Product it in Tropical ant ions , 15 April iv y Pl at 2010, Page s 1722-1729 , ISSN 0378-1127 4. J J L . . ands be rg, R. H . W aring, N. C. Coops , Pe rf orm ance of t e f s t product it m ode l h ore iv y 3-PG appl d t a w ide range of f s t t ie o ore ype s , Fore s t Ecol and M anage m e nt V um e 172, Is s ue s 2-3, ogy , ol 20 J anuary 2003, Page s 19 9 -214, ISSN 0378-1127 5. N. C. Coops , R. H . W aring, J J L . . ands be rg, As s e s s ing f s t product it in Aus t ia and Ne w ore iv y ral Z e al and us ing a ph ys iol ogical l y-bas e d m ode l driv n w it av rage d m ont l w e at e r dat and e h e h y h a s at l e -de riv d e s t at s of canopy ph ot ynt e t capacit Fore s t Ecol and M anage m e nt e l it e im e os h ic y, ogy , V um e 104, Is s ue s 1-3, 12 M ay 19 9 8, Page s 113-127, ISSN 0378-1127 ol 6. P J Sands , J J L . . . . ands be rg, Param e t ris at e ion of 3-PG f pl at or ant ion grow n Eucal us gl us , ypt obul Fore s t Ecol and M anage m e nt V um e 163, Is s ue s 1-3, 28 J ogy , ol une 2002, Page s 273-29 2, ISSN 0378-1127 7. AL EID A, A.C.;L M AND SBERG, J .;SAND S, P . Param e t ris at .J .J e ion of 3-PG m ode lor f t f as -grow ing Eucal us grandis pl at ypt ant ions . Fore s t Ecol and M anage m e nt v 3, p.179 -19 5. 2004. ogy , .19 8. SIL A, G.G.C. Nut V rição, cre s cim e nt e s ua m ode l m e m pov o age oam e nt de e ucal o e m os ipt re s pos t à dis ponibil a idade de água e nut nt s . V rie e iços a, M G: UFV 2006. 102f T s e (D out , . e orado e m Sol e Nut os rição de Pl as ) –Univ rs idade Fe de ral V ant e de iços a, V iços a. 9 . SAND S, P . 3PGpj - A Us e r –Frie ndl int rf .J s y e ace t 3-PG, t e l o h ands be rg and w aring m ode l of f s t product it Coope rat e re s e arch ce nt f s us t ore iv y. iv re or ainabl product e ion f s t and CSIRO ore ry f s t and f s t product . T ch nical port n. 29 , Edit ore ry ore ry s e Re ion 2.3, f bruary, 2003. e 10. Sila, W e l v l Ch av s M ont iro da, 19 73- M ode l m dos bal iam e e age anços de radiação e de água e s im ul ação do cre s cim e nt do e ucal o na Bacia do Rio D oce -M G /W e l o ipt l Ch av s M ont iro da iam e e Sila. –V v iços a, M G , 2007. T s e (dout e orado) - Univ rs idade Fe de ral V e de iços a 11. BEPP Brazil Eucal us Product it M ode l ine re s ource s at ian ypt iv y onl h t p:/ l ar t /am .col t e .e du/ m ryan/ s e arch / os at ~ Re BEPP t , and alo .h m s h t p:/ l ar t /am .col t e .e du/ bink ly/ os at ~ e Brazilucal us .h t and h t p:/ w w w .ipe f be pp/ W e bs it s e ypt m t / .br/ . e and cit ions w it in. at h 12. F CL 2: W orl ide Agrocl at D at AO IM d-w im ic abas e , V rs ion 2.01. J e anuary 2001. Env ironm e nt and Nat ural s ource s W ork ing Pape r Num be r 5. Av abl on CD -RO M f Re ail e rom t e Agrom e t orol h e ogy Group, Env ironm e nt and Nat ural s ource s Se rv Re ice (SD RN), Sus t ainabl D e v l e e opm e nt D e part e nt (SD ), Food and Agricul m t ure O rganizat ion of t e Unit d Nat h e ions (F ), Rom e , It y. AO al F CL 2 CD -RO M is de s cribe d at [h t p:/ w w w .f AO IM t / ao.org/ d/ s 2001/ EN1102_e n.h t ] m . 13. CL P IM AG: Cl at Im pact on Agricul , Env im e t ure ironm e nt CL at Ch ane g and Bioe ne rgy , im e D iv t is ion (NRC), Food and Agricul t ure O rganizat ion of t e Unit d Nat h e ions h t p:/ w w w .f t / ao.org/ cl pag/ nr/ im 14. L t , H ., 19 72. " ode l t e prim ary product it of t e e art . Nat ie h M l ing h iv y h h ure and re s ource s " , UNESCO , V 2:5-10. III, 15. " TENTIALFO REST SPECIES FO R PL PO ANT ATIO NS IN BRAZ IL IAN AM AZ O NIA"L M arce l Brum uiz o Ros s i , Ce lo Paul de Aze v do, Cint Rodrigue s de Souza and Robe rv M . B. de L a. F . s o e ia al im AO Publ ion ye ar:2003 Is s ue num be r: 0537-B1 icat 16. Re nabio - Re de Nacional Biom as s a para Ene rgia, Rua Prof s s or Al rt Pach e co, 125 –s al de e be o a 506 –Bairro de Ram os –36570-000 V iços a –M G h t p:/ w w w .re nabio.org.br/ t / inde x.ph p 17. " AL AV IAÇÃO D E D ENSID AD ES D E PL ANTIO E RO T AÇÃO D E PL ANT AÇÕES D E RÁPID O CRESCIM ENTO P ARA PRO D UÇÃO D E BIO M ASSA"D ocum e nt T o écnico RENABIO , n. 2, 2006 Aut s : ore M arce l D ias M ül r e L o l e aércio Cout o 28
  • 23. 18. " FIXAÇÃO D E CARBO NO E PRO D UÇÃO D E BIO M ASSA EM UM SISTEM A AGRO FL REST CO M O AL EUCAL IPTO NA REGIÃO D O CERRAD O D E M INAS GERAIS"D ocum e nt T o écnico RENABIO , n. 1, 2006. Aut s : Ant ore onio de Arruda T uk am ot Filo* L s o h , aércio Cout J io Cés ar L a Ne v s , o, úl im e Carl Al rt M orae s Pas s os , Carl Ant os be o os onio Álare s Soare s Ribe iro, M árcio L v ope s da Sila e v M arce l D ias M ül r ISSN: 1809 -7561;av abl onl (*Trabalo de T s e apre s e nt o l e ail e ine h e ado à Univ rs idade Fe de ral V e de iços a, com o part das e xigências do Program a de Pós -Graduação e m e Ciência Fl s t , para obt nção do t ul de D oct Scie nt ) ore al e ít o or iae 19 . St ape , J e L os uiz;Ryan, M ich ae l Bink ly, D an " e s t G.; e T ing t e ut it of t e 3-PG m ode lor h ily h f grow t of Eucal us grandis x uroph yl w it nat h ypt l a h ural and m anipul e d s uppl s of w at r and at ie e nut nt "2004, Fore s t Ecol and M anage m e nt 19 3: 219 rie s ogy . 20. St ape , J e L os uiz;Bink ly, D an;Ryan, M ich ae l " e G. Eucal us product ypt ion and t e s uppl us e h y, and e f icie ncy of us e of w at r l t and nit f e , igh roge n acros s a ge ograph ic gradie nt in Brazil 2004, " Fore s t e col and m anage m e nt V . 19 3, no. 1/ (M ay 2004): p. 17-31. ogy . ol 2 21. St ape e t al2007. “Product , ion and carbon al l ion in a cl ocat onal Eucal us pl at ypt ant ion w it h w at r and nut nt m anipul ions ” Fore s t Ecol and M anage m e nt 255 (2008) 9 20-9 30 e rie at ogy 22. Auro C. Al e ida, Ande rs Siggins , Th iago R. Bat t Ch ris Be adl, Se bas t m is a, e iao Fons e ca, Rodol f o L , M apping t e e f e ct of s pat and t m poral ariat oos h f ial e v ion in cl at and s oil on Eucal us im e s ypt pl at ant ion product ion w it 3-PG, a proce s s -bas e d grow t m ode lFore s t Ecol and h h , ogy M anage m e nt V um e 259 , Is s ue 9 , Product it in Tropical ant ions , 15 April , ol iv y Pl at 2010, Page s 1730-1740, ISSN 0378-1127 23. L aércio Cout Ant o, onio de Arruda T uk am ot Filo, J io Cés ar L a Ne v s , Carl Al rt s o h úl im e os be o M orae s Pas s os , Carl Ant os onio Álare s Soare s Ribe iro e M ich e l M argarido Fons e ca Cout Arauj v l e o o " PRO D UÇÃO E AL CAÇÃO D E BIO M ASSA EM UM SISTEM A AGRISSIL IP O V ASTO RILCO M EUCAL IPTO NA REGIÃO D O CERRAD O D E M INAS GERAIS"Re nabio - Biom as s a & Ene rgia, v 1, n. 4, p. 321. 334, 2004 24. D anie l re ira Guim arãe s , Gual r Gue nt e r Cos t Sila, L M arce l Aguiar Sans , Fe rnando Pe t e h a v uiz o Pala L it " o do m ode l de cre s cim e nt 3-PG para o zone am e nt do pot ncial h e e Us o o o e produt o do iv e ucal o no e s t ipt ado de M inas Ge rais " NO T TÉCNICA. Re v t Bras ilira de Agrom e t orol . A is a e e ogia, Piracicaba, v .15, n.2, p.19 2-19 7 Re ce bido para publ icação e m 07/ 06. Aprov 11/ ado e m 06/ 07. 08/ ISSN 0104-1347 25. IBGE: Ins t ut Bras iliro de Ge ograf e Es t ís t it o e ia at ica h t p:/ w w w .ibge .gov h om e / t / .br/ 26. M apa Expl orio-Re conh e cim ie nt de s ol de m unicipio de Cris t orat o os opol , BA. Font : is e L v nt e nt Expl orio-Re conh e cim ie nt de Sol de Es t e e am o orat o os ado de Bah ia (Em brapa/ SUD ENE 19 73) D IREITO S RESERV O S: EM BRAP SO L S, UEP Re cif AD A O e 27. M apa Expl orio-Re conh e cim ie nt de s ol de m unicipio de Baianopol , BA. Font : orat o os is e L v nt e nt Expl orio-Re conh e cim ie nt de Sol de Es t e e am o orat o os ado de Bah ia (Em brapa/ SUD ENE 19 73) D IREITO S RESERV O S: EM BRAP SO L S, UEP Re cif AD A O e 28. M apa Expl orio-Re conh e cim ie nt de s ol de m unicipio de Barre iras , BA. Font : orat o os e L v nt e nt Expl orio-Re conh e cim ie nt de Sol de Es t e e am o orat o os ado de Bah ia (Em brapa/ SUD ENE 19 73) D IREITO S RESERV O S: EM BRAP SO L S, UEP Re cif AD A O e 29 . Z O NEAM ENTO AGRO ECO L ÓGICO D O NO RD ESTE, (Z ANE) w w w .ue p.cnps .e m brapa.br/ zane 30. Álaro Nogue ira de Souza, Ant v ônio D onize t e de O l e ira, J é Robe rt Soare s Scol t iv os o f oro, J é os L Pe re ira de Re ze nde , J é M arcio de M e l “V uiz os l IABIL AD E ECO NÔM ICA D E UM SISTEM A o ID AGRO FL REST ” Ce rne , L ras , v 13, n. 1, p. 9 6-106, j O AL av . an./ ar 2007 m . 31. D IAS, Andre a Nogue ira e t alEm pre go de um m ode l de cre s cim e nt e produção e m . o o pov oam e nt de s bas t os ados de e ucal o. Re v Árv ipt . ore [onl ] 2005, v .29 , n.5, pp. 731-739 . ine . ol ISSN 0100-6762. 32. O L EIRA, M arcio L ls Rom arco de ;L IV e e EITE, H e l Garcia;NO GUEIRA, Gil io ciano Saraiv and a CAM PO S, J oão Carl Ch agas . M ode l m e prognos e e m pov os age oam e nt não de s bas t os ados de cl s de e ucal o. Re v Árv one ipt . ore [onl ] 2009 , v .33, n.5, pp. 841-852. ISSN 0100-6762. ine . ol 33. As s ociação Bras ilira de Produt s de Fl s t Pl adas –ABRAF “ABRAF St is t e ore ore as ant at ical Ye arbook 2009 ” 34. H of rk a, J Suri, M . (2002): Th e s ol radiat ie ., ar ion m ode lor O pe n s ource GIS: im plm e nt ion f e at 29
  • 24. 34. and appl ions . M anus cript s ubm it e d t t e Int rnat icat t o h e ional GRASS us e rs conf re nce in e Tre nt It y, Se pt m be r 2002 o, al e 35. H of rk a, J (19 9 7). D ire ct s ol radiat ie . ar ion m ode l w it in an ope n GIS e nv l ing h ironm e nt . Proce e dings of J EC-GI'9 7 conf re nce in V nna, Aus t e ie ria, IO S Pre s s Am s t rdam , 575-584. e 36. Ce lo Foe le l s k “Cas ca da árv ore do e ucal o: as pe ct m orf ógicos , f iol ipt os ol is ógicos , fore s t , l ais e col ógicos e indus t riais , v ando a produção de ce l os e e pape l Eucal us O nl Book , is ul ” ypt ine Capit o 5, as s e s s e d O ct ul obe r 2010 37. L EITE, H e l Garcia e t alAv iação de um m ode l de dis t io . al o ribuição diam ét rica aj t us ado para pov oam e nt de Eucal us s p. s ubm e t o ypt idos a de s bas t . Re v Árv e . ore [onl ] 2005, v .29 , n.2, ine . ol pp. 271-280. ISSN 0100-6762. Sof w are re s ource s t Se v ral of w are re s ource s w e re us e d f t e re al ion of t is as s e s s m e nt e s t or h izat h : ­ Th e  3­PG M ode l t are . 3­PG is  t e  acronym  of h e   Ph ys il ogical  Sof w h   t ol  Principls  Pre dict e ing Grow t , w h ich  is  a  h “ge ne ral d f s t ize ore  carbon alocat l ion m ode l ”, publ h e d by L is ands be rg and W aring on 19 9 7 h t p:/ w w w .cs iro.au/ t / product / s 3PGProduct it t l iv y.h m ­ M icros of Exce l t and M icros of W indow s XP P e s s ional t rof ­ O pe nof ice .org 3.2.0 f ­ D e bian Gnu/ inux 5.0.4 L ­ D e bian GNU / inux t s t L e ing, code nam e d “Sq ue e ze ” ­ Gras s GIS 6.4.0RC6 (2010) - GRASS D e v l e opm e nt T am , 2010. Ge ograph ic Re s ource s Anal is e ys Support Sys t m (GRASS) Sof w are , V rs ion 6.4.0. O pe n Source Ge os pat F e t e ial oundat ion. h t p:/ gras s .os ge o.org t / ­ Q uant  GIS (Q GIS) v rs ion 1.4.0 Ence l um e adus ­ GNU  R e gre s s ion and Econom e t  L rics ibrary, V rs ion 1.9 .0­1 e ­ Gnupl , V rs ion 4.4.0­1 ot e Ack now ldgm e nt e s Th e m ain dat s ource s , crucialor t e re al ion of t is as s e s s m e nt h av t be ack now ldge d: a f h izat h , e o e D at Source 1: L a ands at ETM 2000 M os aics , f rom Eart Expl r Unit d St e s Ge ol h ore , e at ogical Surv y, e US D e part e nt of Int rior USA m e , D at Source 2: IBGE, Ins t ut Bras iliro de Ge ograf e Es t ís t a it o e ia at ica, Brazil D at Source 3: © Europe an Com m unit s , 2009 EC-J a ie RC-M ARS dat product a, ion by M e t oCons ul e t (Nlbas e d on ECW M F (Europe an Ce nt f M e dium Range W e at e r Fore cas t ) m ode l put – ) re or h s out s J of EC RC D at Source 4: Gl a obal and Cov r Facily (GL L e it CF), Univ rs it of M aryl e y and, M aryl and, USA Ack now ldgm e nt are alo ow e d t t e aut ors / v l rs of t e 3-PG m ode lD r J . L e s s o h h de e ope h , . .J ands be rg and D r R.H . W aring. . - J. L .J ands be rg, R.H . W aring, A ge ne ral e d m ode l f s t product it us ing s im plie d conce pt is of ore iv y if s of radiat ion-us e e f icie ncy, carbon bal f ance and part ioning, F s t Ecol it ore ogy and M anage m e nt , V um e 9 5, Is s ue 3, 1 Augus t 19 9 7, P ol age s 209 -228, ISSN 0378-1127 F inal ack now ldgm e nt are e xpre s s e d t t e Aus t ian Com m onw e al Scie nt ic and Re s e arch l y, e s o h ral t h if O rganizat ion (CSIRO )/ ore s t M anage m e nt f t e dis t F ry or h ribut ion and prov ion of t e 3-PG m ode l is h s of w are . t 30
  • 25. Ab out t is docum e nt h Th is inde pe nde nt as s e s s m e nt f or Eucal us grow t w as de v l d by bio4m e t ypt h e ope <w w w .bio4m e t .com > bas e d on cont ract w it Gre e nw ood M anage m e nt Bio4m e t is a s m al h . l (nat uralpe rs on) cons ul t ing com pany bas e d in Gre e ce . Copyrigh t be l s ong t bot part s o h ie m e nt ione d. 33