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W state[1] spring12
 

W state[1] spring12

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    W state[1] spring12 W state[1] spring12 Presentation Transcript

    • Social Justice Market and Welfare State Child Right and Poverty in Development Spring 12
    • Social Justice and RightsSocial Justice : distribution of good,money and services•State & Market & Social Networks• Market = Exchange of goods andservices•Market is one important mechanism fordistribution of social goods but only one.•Fairness is not the guiding principleObjective to ensure life & freedom
    • Social Justice and Market Reasons for Justice•Development as Freedom: Socialdevelopment & individual freedom•Link between social responsibility andeffective power: If some one has the powerto make changes that influence social justiceMUST do it.•Mutual benefit of cooperation
    • Welfare State•A welfare state is a concept ofgovernment where the state plays theprimary role in the protection andpromotion of the economic and socialwell-being and rights of its citizens.• It is based on the principles of equalityof opportunity, equitable distribution ofwealth, and public responsibility
    • Welfare State•“There is a kind of basic human equalityassociated with the concept of fullmembership of a community” T. H. Marshall• Full citizenship = enjoying HumanRights
    • Rival views of the Welfare State Positive NegativeStrongWeak
    • Rival views of the Welfare State Positive NegativeStrong Better life for everybody. Titmus; MarshallWeak
    • Rival views of the Welfare State Positive NegativeStrong Better life for everybody. Titmus; Profit crunch. Kalecki Marshall Fiscal crisis. O’ConnorWeak
    • Rival views of the Welfare State Positive NegativeStrong Better life for everybody. Profit crunch. Kalecki Fiscal crisis. O’Connor Weakening of “work ethic”. Moynihan Bureaucracy.Weak
    • Rival views of the Welfare State Positive NegativeStrong Better life for everybody. Profit crunch. Kalecki Fiscal crisis. O’Connor Weakening of “work ethic”. Moynihan Bureaucracy.Weak Status quo. Class, status and power differences. Exploitation.
    • Rival views of the Welfare State Positive NegativeStrong Better life for everybody. Profit crunch. Kalecki Fiscal crisis. O’Connor Weakening of “work ethic”. Moynihan Bureaucracy.Weak Evolutionary step towards Status quo. classless society. Bernstein Class, status and power Debate differences. Exploitation.
    • Rival views of the Welfare State Positive NegativeStrong Better life for everybody. Profit crunch. Kalecki Fiscal crisis. O’Connor Weakening of “work ethic”. Moynihan Bureaucracy.Weak Evolutionary step towards Status quo. classless society. Bernstein Class, status and power Debatte differences. Exploitation. Slow economic growth. Low efficiency. Washington Consensus
    • Rival views of the Welfare State Positive NegativeStrong Better life for everybody. Profit crunch. Kalecki Fiscal crisis. O’Connor Weakening of “work ethic”. Moynihan Bureaucracy.Weak Evolutionary step towards Status quo. classless society. Bernstein Class, status and power Debatte differences. Exploitation. Necessary to mitigate effects of Slow economic growth. markets, but markets need Low efficiency. Washington strengthening (3rd way). Consensus Giddens
    • At what are markets efficient? Definition:A market is a rationing mechanism It is one important mechanism of distribution but only one p S D q Excluded
    • Macroeconomic stability/trade reforms + Economic growth + Targeted safety net programmes = ? Human development
    • Macroeconomic & Social Policy• Macroeconomic framework is usually set up first – Fiscal deficit and inflation targets, with no regard for issues like unemployment, constrains on social spending, etc.• Afterwards: Social Policy – Sector policies and Safety Nets to mitigate effects of macroeconomic policiesWhy is social policy a residual category?
    • Washington Consensus• Fiscal discipline.• Redirect spending priorities from things like indiscriminate subsidies to basic health and education.• Lower marginal tax rates and broaden the tax base.• Interest rate liberalization.• A competitive exchange rate.• Trade liberalization.• Liberalization of FDI inflows.• Privatization.• Deregulation, i.e. abolishing barriers to entry and exit.• Secure property rights.
    • Current Development ParadigmSome controversial and relevant development issues:• Privatization• Decentralization• Civil society• ParticipationThey are often used as rhetoric
    • Current Development ParadigmSome controversial and relevant development issues:• Role of the State• Corporations International and National, Social responsibility.• NGOs role.
    • Current Development ParadigmSome key issues in some LA countries’ model :• Strong role of the State.• Promote and ensure human rights: political and social rights.• Privilege national over international + regional strategy and cooperation.• Long term economic growth necessary but not sufficient condition for economic welfare. ‘Descent job’ creation• Redistribution, reduction of inequality.