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  • Sex is a part of life: Sex is a part of expressing our sexuality and sexuality begins the day we’re born and ends the day we die Sex is never an emergency: No one has ever died from no having sex. There isn’t a perfect age or time to have sex. People have to decide for themselves when they’re ready. If a person feels that he/she is not ready then they should never be pressure into having sex. Sex is something we see, and hear about all the time: Today we receive more messages about sex than ever before. It’s in music we listen to, the movies we watch and the magazines we read. Sometimes we don’t even realize that the messages are there. Sex is something that some people don’t like to talk about: Even though we see and hear about it all the time, sex is a topic that many people feel uncomfortable talking about. Some people believe that talking to teens about sex encourages them to have it. We know that that is not the case and that it is NOT talking about sex ahead of time that gets people into trouble. Sex is a big deal: Sex can be a wonderful, fulfilling part of life when the time is right, but it also comes with some risks.
  • Not all people have all symptoms and many people have no symptoms at all. Regular check-ups are vital even if someone is showing no symptoms of a possible infection
  • This rash can occur on the hand and feet as well as on the torso and around the genital area.

Transcript

  • 1. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Planned Parenthood of the Rocky Mountains
  • 2. STD Presentation Goals
    • Goal #1
    • To have a basic understanding of sexually transmitted diseases.
    • Goal #2
    • To understand how to safeguard the body from STDs.
  • 3. Planned Parenthood Services
    • Planned Parenthood offers a variety of reproductive health care services
    • Annual Exams
    • Birth Control
    • Pregnancy Testing
    • STD Testing
    • And many more
    • Planned Parenthood services are confidential and are available without parental permission.
    • Some States (Colorado) have Parental Notification laws around abortion services.
  • 4. Resources
    • Facts of Life Line
      • 303 832 5995
      • 1 800 322 1020
    • For your nearest health care centers or for more information:
      • 1 800 230 PLAN
    • Website
      • www.pprm.org
  • 5. Sex Is:
    • Sex is a part of life
    • Sex is never an emergency
    • Sex is something we see and hear about all the time
    • Sex is something some people don’t like to talk about
    • Sex is a big deal
    • Sex is diverse in culture, lifestyle, beliefs, and how we look
  • 6. What is an STD?
    • A Sexually Transmitted Disease is an infection that can be passed from one person to another during sex or intimate contact.
  • 7. Did you Know??
    • 15 million new people are infected with an STD every year. (American Social Health Association, 2005)
  • 8. Did you Know??
    • Today 2,700 teens (15-19 years old) will become pregnant
      • That is 1 girl every 31 seconds
    • 20% of sexually active girls ages 15-19 get pregnant each year (1 in 5)
    • A woman who has intercourse once a month without using contraception has a 90% chance of becoming pregnant in a year
  • 9. Risk Factors for STIs
    • Previous or current STI
    • Multiple partners
    • Unprotected sexual contact
      • Anal, Vaginal, Oral
    • Alcohol and/or drug use
    • Lack of information
  • 10. Common Symptoms of STIs
    • Unusual discharge
    • Burning with urination
    • Sores and/or lesions
    • Change in menstrual cycle
    • Pain during or after intercourse
    • A rash
    • Bleeding associated with intercourse
    • Blisters, lesions and/or sores
    • Many people show no symptoms
  • 11. Getting Tested for STIs
    • Cervical or Penile Swab
      • Chlamydia and Gonorrhea
    • Urine Tests
      • Chlamydia and Gonorrhea
    • Blood Tests
      • HIV
      • Hepatitis B
    • Oral Swab
      • HIV
    • On Sight Diagnosis
      • Herpes
      • HPV (Genital Warts)
      • Crabs
    • Vaginal Swab
      • Trich
  • 12. Types of Infections
    • Bacterial
      • Can be cured with correct use of antibiotics
    • Viral
      • Cannot be cured
      • Symptoms can be treated
    • Parasitic
      • Can be cured with treatment
  • 13. CHLAMYDIA
    • Bacterial Infection
    • Symptoms (usually appear 1-3 weeks after exposure)
      • Abnormal discharge (often white or yellow) from the penis or vagina
      • Burning with urination
      • Bleeding between periods (spotting)
      • Bleeding after intercourse
      • 90% of women show no symptoms
      • 40% of men show no symptoms
  • 14. More On Chlamydia
    • Transmission
      • Sexual Contact
      • Mother to Baby
    • Possible Effects
      • Severe damage to reproductive organs
      • Infertility/Sterility
      • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
    • Treatment
      • Antibiotics
      • Treatment of partner(s)
  • 15.  
  • 16. Gonorrhea
    • Bacterial Infection
    • Symptoms (usually appear 2 days to 2 weeks following exposure)
      • Abnormal, green or yellow, discharge from the penis or vagina
      • Burning with urination
      • 60-70% of women show no symptoms
      • 25% of men show no symptoms
  • 17. More on Gonorrhea
    • Transmission
      • Sexual Contact
      • Mother to baby
    • Possible Effects
      • Severe damage to reproductive organs
      • Infertility/Sterility
      • Arthritis
      • Blindness (when exposed to eyes)
      • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
    • Treatment
      • Antibiotics
      • Treatment of partner(s)
  • 18.  
  • 19.  
  • 20. PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE (PID)
    • PID is an infection of a woman’s reproductive system: uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. Chlamydia and Gonorrhea are the two major STIs that can cause PID when left untreated.
    • SYMPTOMS:
      • Unusual white or yellow discharge from the vagina
      • Unusual bleeding between periods
      • Heavier or more painful periods
      • Lower abdominal pain, backache, fever, chills, nausea, vomiting
      • Pain deep inside during and after sex
      • Bleeding after intercourse
  • 21. More on P.I.D.
    • Possible Complications of Untreated PID
      • Permanent damage to sex/reproductive organs
      • Inability to become pregnant or have children
      • Ectopic pregnancies (tubal)
      • Infection of surrounding tissues and organs which may result in death.
    • Treatment
      • Antibiotics
      • Treatment of partner(s)
      • May require hospitalization and surgery
  • 22.                                                               
  • 23. Syphilis
    • Bacterial Infection
    • Transmission
      • Sexual Contact
      • Mother to Baby
    • Treatment
      • Antibiotics
      • Treatment of partner(s)
  • 24.  
  • 25. Syphilis
    • Symptoms of Syphilis occur in three (3) stages:
      • Stage #1
        • reddish-brown, open sores (chancres) on sex organs, mouth or any contacted areas
          • Painless
        • swollen glands
  • 26. More on Syphilis
      • Stage #2 (months later)
        • Rash and Flu-like symptoms
  • 27.  
  • 28.  
  • 29. More on Syphilis
    • Possible Effects (Stage #3)
      • Heart Disease
      • Insanity
      • Nervous System Damage
      • Blindness
      • Death
  • 30. HPV (Genital Warts)
    • Viral Infection
    • Symptoms (can appear from one month to years later)
      • Small, bumpy warts on the sex organs, anus, or other contacted areas
    • Transmission
      • Sexual Contact
      • Skin to skin contact with warts
      • Mother to baby
  • 31. More on HPV
    • Possible Effects
      • Warts can grow larger, spread to more areas and become more serious
      • Premalignant cellular changes (may lead to cervical cancer)
    • Treatment
      • HPV cannot be cured but the warts can be treated
        • Removed using creams, burning, freezing, laser surgery
  • 32.  
  • 33.  
  • 34.  
  • 35. Herpes
    • Viral Infection
    • Symptoms (usually appear 2-20 days following exposure but can be dormant for years)
      • Small, painful blisters on genitals, anus or other contact areas
      • Pain with urination
      • Flu like symptoms
      • Possible painless lesions
      • A high number of people show no symptoms
  • 36. More on Herpes
    • Transmission
      • Sexual Contact
      • Skin to skin contact
      • Mother to baby
    • Possible effects
      • Mild to severe attacks of painful sores (“Outbreaks”)
    • Treatment
      • Herpes can not be cured but outbreaks can be treated/shortened
  • 37.  
  • 38.  
  • 39.  
  • 40.  
  • 41. HIV and A.I.D.S
    • Viral Infection
    • Symptoms (some examples)
      • Fatigue, fever, chills, weight loss, swollen glands, white spots in mouth, constant diarrhea, lesions on skin
    • Transmission
      • Fluid to fluid contact (vaginal, semen, blood, breast milk)
        • Sexual contact, sharing needles, mother to baby
  • 42.  
  • 43.  
  • 44.  
  • 45. More on HIV and A.I.D.S
    • Effects
      • Weakened Immune System
        • Some Cancers
        • Pneumonia
        • Nervous system damage
        • Death
    • Treatment
      • Symptoms can be treated but there is no cure
  • 46. Hepatitis B
    • Viral Infection
    • Symptoms (usually appear within 1 to 6 months after exposure)
      • Severe fatigue
      • Achiness
      • Nausea
      • Vomiting
      • Loss of appetite
      • Darkening of urine
      • Jaundice
      • Many people have no symptoms
  • 47. More on Hepatitis B
    • Transmission:
      • Fluid to fluid contact (vaginal, semen, blood, breast milk, saliva)
        • Sexual contact, sharing needles, mother to baby
    • Possible Effects:
      • Chronic, persistent inflammation of the liver and later cirrhosis or cancer of the liver
  • 48. Hepatitis B
    • Treatment:
      • Most cases clear up within one to two months without treatment, during which complete abstinence from alcohol is recommended. Some people are contagious for the rest of their lives.
      • A three-dose vaccine is now available to prevent this STI.
  • 49. Crabs
    • Parasitic Infection
    • Symptoms
      • Itching
      • Redness
    • Transmission
      • Sexual contact
      • Non-Sexual contact
    • Treatment
      • Can be treated with a combination of ointments, shampoos and cleaning
  • 50.  
  • 51. Trichomoniasis (Trich)
    • Parasitic Infection
    • Symptoms
      • Women
        • Greenish/Yellowish discharge with bad odor
        • Frequent painful urination
        • Inflammation of genitals
        • Lower abdominal pain
      • Men
        • Abnormal discharge from penis
        • Mild discomfort in penis
  • 52. More on Trich
    • Transmission
      • Sexual Contact
      • Non-sexual contact
        • Damp wash clothes, towels, bathing suits which are shared with infected persons
        • This parasite can live outside of the body for hours
      • Treatment
        • Can be treated with a drug called Flagyl
        • Treatment of partner(s)
  • 53. PROTECT YOURSELF!!
  • 54. Protecting Yourself Means:
    • Abstaining from sex
    • Limiting your number of sexual partners
    • Knowing your partner and asking questions
    • Using condoms every time and using them correctly
    • Getting checked regularly
    • Educating Yourself
  • 55. CORRECT CONDOM USE
    • Check the condom’s expiration date. If it is too old, it is no good
    • Check that the package has not been broken
    • When taking the condom out of the package, handle it with care
    • Make sure the condom is the right way to be rolled down, and pinch the tip
    • Roll the condom all the way down the penis
    • Use proper lubrication (water based)
    • Hold onto the base of the condom and withdraw while the penis is still erect
    • Throw the condom away
    • Use a new condom for every act of intercourse
  • 56. What if I think my partner or I may have an infection?
    • Stop having sex
    • Talk to your partner
    • Get tested
    • Use protection