Stay Out Of The Trap2

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  • 1. Avoiding the Trap: The belief that PERFECT people have PERFECT bodies and live PERFECT lives!
  • 2. Today’s Societal Pressure
    • From flipping the pages of your favorite magazine to flipping channels with the television remote; people are constantly being bombarded with images of thin people.
  • 3. Then and Now
    • THEN - in the 1950’s Marilyn Monroe was looked at as a sex symbol; today she would be considered overweight.
                                                 
  • 4. Then and Now
    • NOW - children are seeing female actors taking their weight to the extremes.
                                         
  • 5. Staggering Stats
    • About 1% of female adolescents have anorexia.
    • 4% of college-aged women have Bulimia.
    • Only about 10% of those with anorexia or bulimia are men.
    • Primarily affects teens, but children as young as five and as old as seventy-six have been affected.
  • 6. More stats
    • About 60% of adults are overweight and about 1/3 of those are obese.
    • About 72% of alcoholic women younger than 30 also have an eating disorder.
    • Without any treatment about 20% die.
    • With treatment about 60% recover fully and about 20% make only partial recovery.
  • 7. What our kids are told is beautiful…
    • BARBIE
      • Height 6’0”
      • Weight 101 lbs.
      • Size 4
      • Bust 39”
      • Waist 19”
      • Hips 33”
  • 8. What our kids don’t see as REALITY
    • AVERAGE WOMAN
      • Height 5’ 4”
      • Weight 145 lbs.
      • Size 12-14
      • Bust 36-38”
      • Waist 30-33”
      • Hips 40-42”
                                
  • 9. Types of Eating Disorders
    • Anorexia Nervosa- the relentless pursuit of thinness.
    • Bulimia Nervosa- the diet-binge-purge disorder.
    • Binge Eating- uncontrollable urge to eat
  • 10. Less Common Disorders
    • Anorexia Athletica- compulsive exercise
    • Muscle dysmorphia- opposite of anorexia
    • Rumination disorder- food regurgitation
    • Pica- craving of non-food items
    • Chew and spit- tastes and chews food but will not swallow.
  • 11. Anorexia Nervosa
    • Person will refuse to maintain normal weight.
    • Weighs 85% or less than “normal” for age and height.
    • Is terrified of being fat.
    • Reports of feeling very fat.
    • Often associated with depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder.
  • 12. Bulimia Nervosa
    • Person binge eats.
    • Feeling out of control while eating.
    • Vomits, exercises, and misuses laxatives to get rid of calories.
    • Believes self-worth requires being thin.
    • Weight is usually normal or near normal.
    • Diets when not binging so becomes hungry and binges again.
  • 13. Binge Eating Disorder
    • Binge eats frequently and repeatedly.
    • Feels out of control and unable to stop eating during binge.
    • Feels guilty and ashamed of binge eating.
    • Has a history of diet failures.
    • Tends to be depressed and obese.
    • Usually eat for emotional reasons.
  • 14. Warning Signs
    • Food Behaviors
      • Skipping meals
      • Small portions
      • Refusal to eat in front of others
      • Cooks for entire household, but will not eat meal
      • Always has an excuse of why not to eat
      • Becomes “disgusted” with former food favorites
      • Usually seen drinking diet soda
  • 15. Signs, cont.
    • Appearance and Body Image Behaviors
      • Sudden loss of weight
      • Fear of gaining weight
      • Wears baggy clothing
      • Obsesses about size of clothes
      • Complains of being fat
      • Spends a lot of time in front of mirror finding things to criticize
  • 16. Signs, cont.
    • Exercise Behaviors
      • Exercises compulsively and excessively
      • Athletic performance begins to suffer
      • Refuses to change workout routine
  • 17. Signs, cont.
    • Thoughts and Beliefs
      • Loses ability to think logically
      • Becomes irrational and denies anything being wrong
      • Becomes argumentative
      • Has trouble concentrating
      • Envious of thin people
  • 18. Signs, cont.
    • Feelings
      • Will not discuss feelings
      • Becomes moody, irritable, cross
      • Feels that they do not fit in so avoid friends and activities
      • Feels inadequate
      • Experiences depression, anxiety, guilt, and loneliness
  • 19. Signs, cont.
    • Social Behaviors
      • Tries to please everyone
      • Tend to avoid sexual activity
      • Tries to control what and where family eats
      • Person craves true intimacy but at same time is terrified of it
      • Lack of impulse control
  • 20. Medical Complications
    • Anorexia
      • Damage to vital organs especially heart and brain
      • Stop menstruating
      • Blood pressure drops
      • Nails and hair becomes brittle
      • Lowering of body temperature; always cold
      • dehydration
  • 21. Medical Complications
    • Bulimia
      • Swollen joints
      • Light-headed
      • Loss of calcium in bones
      • Irregular heart rhythms and heart failure
      • Rupture of stomach
      • Loss of enamel on teeth
      • Scaring on back of hands
  • 22. Medical Complications
    • Binge Eating
      • Obese
      • High cholesterol
      • High blood pressure
      • Diabetes
      • Increased risk of gallbladder disease, heart disease, and many types of cancer
  • 23. Simplistic Causes
    • Low self-esteem
    • Depression
    • Stress and anxiety
    • Need to have control of something
    • Heredity
    • Fathers/brothers view on weight
  • 24. Where to go for Help
    • Call local physician or admit to a hospital specializing in eating disorders
    • Internet sites
      • www.anred.com
      • www.anad.org
      • www.natioaleatingdisorders.org