Social Economy in Québec
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  • 1. Participative Research in Québec: Social Economy Network Jean-Marc Fontan February 2008
  • 2. Presentation •  Participative research at Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM) •  Social Economy Field •  Social Economy participative research network 2
  • 3. Participative Research at UQAM A long tradition •  Service aux collectivités (20 years of history) (http://www.sac.uqam.ca/ index.aspx?ID=accueil) •  Centre de recherche sur les innovations sociales (1986) (http:// www.crises.uqam.ca/) •  Institut de recherche et d’études féministes (1990) (http:// www.iref.uqam.ca/presentation/) •  Le Laboratoire de recherche sur les pratiques et les politiques sociales (1995) (http://www.larepps.uqam.ca/index.php) •  L’Alliance de recherche universités-communautés en économie sociale (2000) & le Réseau Québécois de recherche partenariale en économie sociale (2005) (http://www.aruc-es.uqam.ca/) •  Chaire de recherche du Canada en économie sociale (2003) (http:// www.chaire.ecosoc.uqam.ca/) 3
  • 4. Four types of social economy entreprises Social economy Urgent needs Aspirations Non-commercial dominance Collective Kitchens Early Childhood (social Centers development) Commercial dominance Training Businesses Parminou (economic (theatre) 4 development)
  • 5. From traditional economy to knowledge economy Social economy sectors 5
  • 6. Québec collective entrepreneurship A MAJOR PLAYER FOR 2002 Collective 6 254 2 313 3 941 Enterprises Jobs 65 028 19 948 45 080 Sales 4,3 billion $ 3 billion $ 1,3 billion $ 6
  • 7. Social economy development Some key players Conseil québécois de la coopération et de la mutualité (1939) http://www.coopquebec.coop/ Chantier de l’économie sociale (1996) http://www.chantier.qc.ca/ Réseau d’investissement social du Québec (1997) http://www.fonds-risq.qc.ca/ Comité sectoriel de main-d’œuvre de l’économie sociale et de l’action communautaire (1998) http://www.csmoesac.qc.ca/ Recherche partenariale en économie sociale ARUC-ÉS & RQRP-ÉS (2000 & 2005) http://www.aruc-es.uqam.ca/ 7
  • 8. Le développement de l’économie sociale Quelques acteurs-support L’Alliance de recherche universités-communautés en économie sociale (ARUC-ES) Five participative research committees (PRC) •  Recreational and social tourism •  Social housing •  Responsible finance •  Local and regional development •  Services to individuals Participative research activities : from research-action, to dissemination of findings and training activities 8
  • 9. Le développement de l’économie sociale Quelques acteurs-support Le réseau québécois de recherche partenariale en économie sociale (RQRP-ES) Eight regional participative research groups in the social economy •  Outaouais •  Montréal •  Mauricie •  Abitibi-Témiscamingue 160 researchers from several universities working with social economy leaders and entrepreneurs 9
  • 10. Success Conditions… •  A collective process from the start •  A clear definition of responsibilities based on specific strengths and weakness of stakeholders •  A mutual sharing and understanding of advantages, responsibilities and benefits with a clear commitment of resources Mutual openness to critics •  Consideration of political and ethical questions related to the research activities 10
  • 11. What kind of results ? 2000-2004 (CURA-SE) •  Mobilization of 50 researchers and 20 organizations •  17 symposiums •  Participation of more than 1 000 people from outside universities •  More than 80 research projects •  75 documents published 11
  • 12. Impact & results •  New knowledge : practical and theoretical •  Direct impact on the construction of a collective identity around the social economy •  Direct impact on social and political recognition of the social economy in Quebec •  Contribution to the definition and orientation of public policies •  Innovation •  In the field of partnership research and research-action •  In the construction of a Community of learning •  Networking (observatory & transfer ; dissemination) •  In Québec and recently in Canada •  Internationally: mainly in Europe et Latina America •  Tools •  On governance •  On evaluation •  On finance •  On accounting… 12
  • 13. Keys elements for good results •  Research organization •  Each project implies the creation of a Research Committee •  A clear definition of the object of research that integrates the dissemination objectives from the start •  A strong partnership in the Committee between practitioners and researchers •  A leadership by the two co-directors of each research-action project with •  A clear understanding of the work to be done •  A culture of deliberation based on formal and informal learning •  A good support from the overall structure of research •  An allocation of resources (time, money, people) for dissemination 13
  • 14. Le développement de l’économie sociale Quelques acteurs-support THANK YOU WWW.ARUC-ES.UQAM.CA 14