Social Economy in Québec
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  • 1. Participative Research in Québec: Social Economy Network Jean-Marc Fontan February 2008
  • 2. Presentation •  Participative research at Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM) •  Social Economy Field •  Social Economy participative research network 2
  • 3. Participative Research at UQAM A long tradition •  Service aux collectivités (20 years of history) ( index.aspx?ID=accueil) •  Centre de recherche sur les innovations sociales (1986) (http:// •  Institut de recherche et d’études féministes (1990) (http:// •  Le Laboratoire de recherche sur les pratiques et les politiques sociales (1995) ( •  L’Alliance de recherche universités-communautés en économie sociale (2000) & le Réseau Québécois de recherche partenariale en économie sociale (2005) ( •  Chaire de recherche du Canada en économie sociale (2003) (http:// 3
  • 4. Four types of social economy entreprises Social economy Urgent needs Aspirations Non-commercial dominance Collective Kitchens Early Childhood (social Centers development) Commercial dominance Training Businesses Parminou (economic (theatre) 4 development)
  • 5. From traditional economy to knowledge economy Social economy sectors 5
  • 6. Québec collective entrepreneurship A MAJOR PLAYER FOR 2002 Collective 6 254 2 313 3 941 Enterprises Jobs 65 028 19 948 45 080 Sales 4,3 billion $ 3 billion $ 1,3 billion $ 6
  • 7. Social economy development Some key players Conseil québécois de la coopération et de la mutualité (1939) Chantier de l’économie sociale (1996) Réseau d’investissement social du Québec (1997) Comité sectoriel de main-d’œuvre de l’économie sociale et de l’action communautaire (1998) Recherche partenariale en économie sociale ARUC-ÉS & RQRP-ÉS (2000 & 2005) 7
  • 8. Le développement de l’économie sociale Quelques acteurs-support L’Alliance de recherche universités-communautés en économie sociale (ARUC-ES) Five participative research committees (PRC) •  Recreational and social tourism •  Social housing •  Responsible finance •  Local and regional development •  Services to individuals Participative research activities : from research-action, to dissemination of findings and training activities 8
  • 9. Le développement de l’économie sociale Quelques acteurs-support Le réseau québécois de recherche partenariale en économie sociale (RQRP-ES) Eight regional participative research groups in the social economy •  Outaouais •  Montréal •  Mauricie •  Abitibi-Témiscamingue 160 researchers from several universities working with social economy leaders and entrepreneurs 9
  • 10. Success Conditions… •  A collective process from the start •  A clear definition of responsibilities based on specific strengths and weakness of stakeholders •  A mutual sharing and understanding of advantages, responsibilities and benefits with a clear commitment of resources Mutual openness to critics •  Consideration of political and ethical questions related to the research activities 10
  • 11. What kind of results ? 2000-2004 (CURA-SE) •  Mobilization of 50 researchers and 20 organizations •  17 symposiums •  Participation of more than 1 000 people from outside universities •  More than 80 research projects •  75 documents published 11
  • 12. Impact & results •  New knowledge : practical and theoretical •  Direct impact on the construction of a collective identity around the social economy •  Direct impact on social and political recognition of the social economy in Quebec •  Contribution to the definition and orientation of public policies •  Innovation •  In the field of partnership research and research-action •  In the construction of a Community of learning •  Networking (observatory & transfer ; dissemination) •  In Québec and recently in Canada •  Internationally: mainly in Europe et Latina America •  Tools •  On governance •  On evaluation •  On finance •  On accounting… 12
  • 13. Keys elements for good results •  Research organization •  Each project implies the creation of a Research Committee •  A clear definition of the object of research that integrates the dissemination objectives from the start •  A strong partnership in the Committee between practitioners and researchers •  A leadership by the two co-directors of each research-action project with •  A clear understanding of the work to be done •  A culture of deliberation based on formal and informal learning •  A good support from the overall structure of research •  An allocation of resources (time, money, people) for dissemination 13
  • 14. Le développement de l’économie sociale Quelques acteurs-support THANK YOU WWW.ARUC-ES.UQAM.CA 14