Science and Science Fiction


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MLIM6202 Literature for young people in a digital age assignment

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Science and Science Fiction

  1. 1. Science and Science Fiction Mr. Fong Fu Yun Librarian
  2. 2. Do you read Science Fiction? <ul><li>Have you read Science Fiction (SF) recently? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think about Science Fiction? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Science Fiction = ……? <ul><li>Star Wars? </li></ul><ul><li>Aliens? </li></ul><ul><li>Robot? </li></ul><ul><li>Space travel? </li></ul><ul><li>Time travel? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Indeed… <ul><li>Science Fiction is far more than such topics </li></ul><ul><li>Topics doesn’t mean Science Fiction </li></ul><ul><li>Star Wars, aliens, robot, space / time travel …… doesn’t mean Science Fiction </li></ul>
  5. 5. Science Fiction is… <ul><li>SF is the reflection of science in literature </li></ul><ul><li>SF reflect and speculate the affect of scientific method and knowledge to our world and life (by famous SF author R.A. Heinlein) </li></ul><ul><li>“ How science affect us?” </li></ul><ul><li>Imagination based on scientific, rational and naturalist view </li></ul><ul><li>SF stories may happened in future, present or past, with or without the topics said before </li></ul>
  6. 6. SF usually step before science <ul><li>Mary Shelly’s “Frankenstein” (1818) </li></ul><ul><li>Theme: artificial life </li></ul><ul><li>Step too far? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Jules Verne (1828 – 1905) <ul><li>He describes: </li></ul><ul><li>“ From the Earth to the Moon” (1865) </li></ul><ul><li>Theme: Space travel </li></ul>
  8. 8. Jules Verne <ul><li>“ Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea” (1869 – 1870) </li></ul><ul><li>Theme: Submarine (“Nautilus”) </li></ul>
  9. 9. H.G. Wells (1866 – 1946) <ul><li>He describes: </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Invisible Man” (1897) </li></ul><ul><li>Theme: Stealth / low observable technology </li></ul>
  10. 10. H.G. Wells <ul><li>“ The War of the Worlds” (1898) </li></ul><ul><li>Theme: Aliens……who use Laser as weapon! </li></ul>
  11. 11. Atomic bombs <ul><li>H.G. Wells “The World Set Free” (1914) </li></ul><ul><li>Cleve Cartnill “Deadline” (1944) </li></ul><ul><li>First atomic bomb attack: 1945 </li></ul><ul><li>Cartnill even being investigated by FBI as his detail description very similar to the top secret Manhattan Project </li></ul>
  12. 12. “ Big Three” Western SF writers <ul><li>Robert A. Heinlein (1907 – 1988) </li></ul><ul><li>Arthur C. Clarke (1917 – 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Isaac Asimov (1920 – 1992) </li></ul>
  13. 13. Arthur C. Clarke <ul><li>He contribute to the idea of geostationary satellites, satellites could run synchronously with the earth in certain orbit, always facing the same point on the earth </li></ul><ul><li>Now used in communication, broadcasting and weather forecasting </li></ul>
  14. 14. Isaac Asimov <ul><li>His invented the word “Robotics” </li></ul><ul><li>His also established “Three laws of robotics” as a respond to the fear of robot development: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st law: A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 nd law: A robot must obey any orders given to it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with the First Law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 rd law: A robot must protect its own existence as long as such protection does not conflict with the First or Second Law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(+ 0 th law: A robot may not harm humanity , or, by inaction, allow humanity to come to harm) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. SF in Hong Kong <ul><li>Ni Kuang ( 倪匡 ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As famous as Jin Yong ( 金庸 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eddy Lee W.C. ( 李偉才 ), as Lee N.S. ( 李逆熵 ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Former HKO scientific officer and HKUSPACE staff, 1985 Outstanding Young Person HK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fulltime in science and SF promotion now </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hong Kong SF Club </li></ul><ul><li>SF publications </li></ul>
  16. 16. Your turn: short SF reading <ul><li>Try to read the short SF stories distributed to you. Each group share 2 – 3 stories. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to mark down the scientific themes you’ve found </li></ul><ul><li>There are different stories for each group, extra copies available, try to read more if you’re finished. </li></ul><ul><li>Time: 15 minutes </li></ul>
  17. 17. Small competition <ul><li>How many scientific themes you’ve found? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Homework <ul><li>Each group mate pick a book from the book list and read </li></ul><ul><li>(Of course, READ MORE is encouraged!) </li></ul><ul><li>Choose at least 5 scientific themes that interest you </li></ul><ul><li>Next week: decide which themes (2 – 3) are used to develop into a short SF story in your group </li></ul>