What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook
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What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook

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The secret of a successful relationship between Users and Business Pages.

The secret of a successful relationship between Users and Business Pages.

Results report of the online survey on Facebook users’ attitudes towards Business Pages

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What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook Document Transcript

  • WHAT DO USERS WANT FROMBUSINESS PAGES IN FACEBOOK?The secret of a successful relationship between Users and BusinessPagesResults report of the online survey on Facebook users’ attitudestowards Business Pages Lorenzo Amadei – lamadei@cuoa.it Claudia Zarabara – czarabara@cuoa.it
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?IntroductionMethodologyData was gathered through an online survey conducted between April and May 2011.Participation in the survey was entirely voluntary (see following paragraph about how invitationsto the survey were sent) and, apart form some basic classification data, completely anonymous.The self-selection bias in the respondents’ group was, in our opinion, not relevant in this casebecause of the nature and the goals of the survey itself. Invitations to participate in the surveywere extended to people already using Facebook and, if possible, already fans of at least onebusiness page.As stated before, invites to participate in the survey were sent exclusively via the web, usingseveral resources: − Fondazione CUOA’s newsletter − Dedicated “tab” in Fondazione CUOA’s page in Facebook (http://www.facebook.com/cuoaxte) − Twitter − Online ‘word of mouth’, by asking CUOA’s and our own personal contacts to share/forward/tweet the invite − Google AdWords’ campaign − Facebook advertising campaignQuestionnaire descriptionThe survey included 21 questions (20 multiple choice questions and 1 open-text) presented inthree parts:PERSONAL DATA: 4 questions. Personal data (sex, age, qualification, occupation) needed forresults’ classification.USE OF FACEBOOK: 7 questions. The second part of the survey focused on the use ofFacebook by the respondents (frequency of access, “seniority” of use, number of friends, etc)PAGE FANS: 10 questions. The third part, the core of the questionnaire, surveyed the attitudesand behaviours of users towards Facebook business pages: number of pages followed, reasonsto follow some pages, reasons to leave pages, etc.Goals of the surveyThe survey aimed to analyse the attitudes of Facebook users towards business pages. With‘business pages’, we hereafter refer to the pages created and owned by companies, publicinstitutions, NPOs/NGOs, celebrities, etc, as opposed to personal profile pages owned byFacebook single users.Papers, posts, and analyses pertaining to “business and social media” are usually focused onthe reasons why companies must be on social networks and on the attitude and behaviour theymust adopt, as seen from a marketing point of view.Studies taken from the point of view of the user are, by contrast, very rare: what do users lookfor when consulting Facebook business pages? What are their expectations, what do they wantto read and what do they do not want to find on those pages? Why and when does a userdecide to stop being a fan of a page?This survey attempted to address precisely these issues.2/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?First part: respondents’ profile849 people participated in the survey. This is their profile: 3/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?The respondent sample is varied and relatively well-balanced.Some factors inevitably affected the composition of the group: the channels chosen to invitepeople, the target of the CUOA newsletter (mainly addressed to persons with a degree andaged 25-34 or 35-54), the personal contacts/friends we involved and so on.However, the resulting group is accurate in its reflection of the broader Facebook usercomposition 1 . For example, the male/female ratio of 51% - 49% in the survey’s respondentgroup is very close to the medium’s general male/female user ratio (54% of Facebook users aremen and 46% women).1 http://businesspeople.it/Business/Media/Il-boom-di-Facebook-Italia-19-milioni-di-utenti-attivi_20606/4/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?Second part: Use of FacebookThe second part of the survey focused on a variety of aspects related to the use of Facebook bythe respondents.Q: On which days do you connect to Facebook?Facebook is accessed daily by 86% of respondents: it has become an everyday activity, withonly 6% of respondents claiming to use Facebook only on Saturdays and Sundays.Although we do not expressly ask at what time of the day people connect to Facebook, it is veryprobable that this access also occurs at work and during working hours (as the followingquestion also implies). This may be due to different factors: - Social networks used for work, either by professionals, people looking for job opportunities, or because of tasks related to the individual’s job. - The diffusion of smartphones, which give people access to Facebook without the need of passing through the company network. 5/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?Q: How often do you connect to Facebook?Figures for this question confirm the daily use of the world’s most famous Social Network. 78%of respondents connect at least once a day, and 57% of these more than once a day: thisstrengthens the likelihood of the supposition above, that Facebook nowadays is not only asocial environment, but also a working tool, since it is highly probable that ‘more times a day’includes also connections from the workplace.Another possible reason behind the frequent use of Facebook is its increasing role as an e-mailsubstitute, especially among young people. “A recent ComScore 2 research showed the steadydecrease in e-mail use by users under 54. This drop is particularly significant (-48%) in 12-17year olds, that is the ‘digital native’ age group” 3 .Moreover, in 2010, Facebook was the top-visited website in the USA, surpassing even Google 4 ,which could suggest the possible use of Facebook as a substitute search engine in somecases.At the same time, the graph shows that 8% of respondents access Facebook once a week atmost: this percentage will probably drop in the future, but could be seen to represent thatportion of Facebook users who connect to the social network only rarely, whether out ofpersonal choice or technological incompetence 5 .2 http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/21/technology/21email.html?_r=23 Email? Roba per vecchi - http://www.webnews.it/2010/12/23/email-roba-per-vecchi/4 http://www.hitwise.com/us/press-center/press-releases/facebook-was-the-top-search-term-in-2010-for-sec/5 Of course people that do NOT use Facebook at all are also not considered in this question, but since thesurvey aimed at Facebook users and their attitudes towards business pages, non-Facebook users werenot contacted at all.6/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?Q: When you connect to Facebook, for how long do you usually remainlogged on?More than half of all survey participants claimed to remain logged on to Facebook for half anhour at most each session, connecting more times during the day (as shown by the previousquestion): this seems to be a “let’s see if there’s something new” attitude, more than a genuinelyactive participation in the social network. Somehow it recalls the 1-9-90 6 online communities’theory, which asserts that most users are just lurkers and limit themselves to reading andobserving what others are saying and writing.Nonetheless, there is also the 14% of respondents who keep their Facebook page constantlyopen on their PC or phone: this figure represents the ‘digital native’ group and all those peoplewith a strong passion for technology and social media, or those who strongly believe in theopportunities the web may offer. Again, a strong role is played by the growing number ofsmartphones and their ability to offer constant internet access, as well as by the relateddiffusion of social network targeted apps.6 http://www.useit.com/alertbox/participation_inequality.html 7/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?Q: How long have you been using Facebook?Figures in this graph reflect the general historical trend of Facebook users in Italy: in January2008 there were about 200,000 registered users, while this number reached 20 million in 2011 7 :Facebook use “boomed” in Italy starting from the second half of 2008 (which corresponds to the26% who answered “three years” to this question) and then continued its growth in 2009 and2010 (which corresponds to the 35% of respondents who answered “two years”).7 http://www.vincos.it/osservatorio-facebook/8/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?Q: How many friends do you have on Facebook?The declared average number of friends is between 100 and 300.This is not surprising and confirms figures stated by Facebook in their official data (“Averageuser has 130 friends” 8 ); it also refers to the “ideal number of friends in Facebook” and to theseveral articles that have recently appeared on this subject 9 , which usually indicate 150 as thenumber of friends that can really be “managed” in a social network.A study on this same subject, by sociologist Cameron Marlow, pointed out that “[…]Users with alist of 150 friends actually maintain their closest relationships with a smaller collection ofFacebook friends: women maintain relationships with 22 of their 150 friends, men with 19;women send “one-way communications” to 11 of their 150 friends, men to 7; 7 out of 150 arethe average mutual communications with friends for women, 5 for men 10 ”. In other words,although the medium theoretically allows for hundreds of friends, the real social activity is farnarrower.It is, however, worth noting that 39% of respondents claimed to have more than 300 friends onFacebook (and 19% even more than 500), while only 4% claimed to have less than 10 friends.8 http://www.facebook.com/press/info.php?statistics9 Example of an article on this subject:http://www.corriere.it/scienze_e_tecnologie/10_gennaio_25/numero-ideale-amici-facebook_0ab0ebbe-09bf-11df-bcb3-00144f02aabe.shtml10 Research by Cameron Marlow on Facebook users: http://overstated.net/2009/03/09/maintained-relationships-on-facebook cited in http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Facebook 9/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?Q: Why did you join Facebook?In its homepage Facebook states its mission: Facebook helps you connect and share with thepeople in your life. This is clearly confirmed by the data collected from this question.More than 50% of respondents affirmed to have joined Facebook because they wanted to keepin touch with long-time friends or old friends (classmates, relatives, persons or friends livingfar away, etc).Secondly, it is curiosity (39%) that brings people to join Facebook, while respectively 28% and23% claimed to have joined for professional reasons and to stay informed on the initiativesof companies, institutions, celebrities and so on.Facebook, therefore, seems to meet two needs: - the social need to maintain relationships with friends and relatives; - the need to stay informed, in a new way, on a variety of subjects (business, social issues, politics, etc - see, in the following pages, the typology of pages people claimed to be fans of).10/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?Third part: Users and business pages in FacebookQ: Are you a fan of at least one company/institution/celebrity inFacebook?With this question begins the core of the survey: the relationship between users and Facebookbusiness pages.About 82% of respondents – more than 8 out of 10 – affirmed to be fans of at least onecompany, institution or celebrity page on Facebook 11 .This is a very interesting result. To choose to be a “fan” is to create a clear and specificrelationship between yourself and the object of your “I like”. It is a conscious way of creating anassociation between one’s name and a company/institution, and thus explicitly declare to one’sfriends an affiliation with that company. From a company’s point of view, therefore, the numberof “I like”s represents an important factor when measuring e-reputation and the more or lesspositive general sentiment of users.11 As we stated in the online survey’s introduction, with “fan” we refer to having clicked “I like” on aFacebook page. We decided to keep the term “fan” as it is of very common use. 11/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?Q: What kind of pages are you a fan of on Facebook?We intentionally provided broad, catch-all answers for this question: trying to be more specificwould have taken us to smaller categories, which could not have been exhaustive in any case.The four possible answers provided are intended to capture the main, common typologies ofbusiness pages: - Companies: since companies are more and more present on Facebook, we wanted to investigate whether this effort and the ubiquitous “mantra” yelled at companies that “you have to be on Facebook!” were actually getting some positive results, at least prompting users to become fans of the pages. To see that 68.0% of respondents are indeed fans of at least one business page means that companies’ presence on Facebook is, at the very least, no longer going unnoticed - Celebrities and VIPs: the whole concept of being a “fan” was essentially born with the emergence of VIPs and celebrities; to be a fan of a music band, an actor or a politician is something that existed well before Facebook. It was interesting to see if and how much of this phenomenon had transferred into the social network. Even in this case, the percentage of respondents, 62.5%, is quite high - NGOs and NPOs: since opening a page is cost-free Facebook is, arguably, one of the best ways for non-profit organisations and other NGOs to draw attention to and raise interest in their activities. Two different kinds of pages should actually be considered to exist in this category: o NGO e NPO institutional pages o Pages created by users supporting social causes and initiatives. An increasing number of people are indeed meeting thanks to Facebook, in order to support organisations, institutions and social causes that are born inside the social network and later come out from the virtual space as real, concrete actions. Examples of this can be found in recent events in which Facebook played a key role in their diffusion and success, such as “Los indignatos” in Spain, or the referendum-supporting campaign in Italy.12/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook? - Public institutions: public administrations are nowadays starting to use more and more social networks. Therefore it was interesting to see how many users are starting to interact with them through their Facebook pages, just as with private companies. Our survey showed that more than one out of three Facebook users is a fan of a public institution’s page. In this regard, it is also worth noting that public administrations are beginning to use social media not only to communicate and interact with citizens, but also to provide them with services.Q: How many pages are you a fan of on Facebook?More than 50% of those interviewed are fans of a limited number of pages, 1 to 10: this may bedue to the fact that most connections between the user and the company/organisation areconsciously selected and sought out.The first pages users click “I like” on are likely to be pages that really are of interest to the user,and that they really wish to be mentioned on their profile page; later on, it is likely that the userbegins to follow a growing number of pages for a variety of different reasons (see also the nextquestion’s results): a friend asking them to become fan, a page they find funny or amusing, aclick on an ad they find somewhere online … a behaviour far less “active” and much more“reactive” to external input. 13/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?Q: How did you find out about the pages you are now following onFacebook?The viral effect of being a fan is clearly visible: almost 75% of respondents became a fan of apage following suggestions from friends, who were already fans. To this must be added anadditional 30.8% word of mouth, which is greatly amplified in social contexts (for example bysimply hitting the share button).The Facebook internal search engine appears to be important, too (43%). This indicates theimportance of the correct choice of name for a business page, since it can strongly influence itstraceability for better or worse in terms of users’ search engine results.36% of respondents claimed to have learned about a business page from thecompany/institution’s official website: this confirms the importance of including in a websitea link to the company’s Facebook page 12 (there are several ways to do this, for example withthe badges created by Facebook itself or with one of the many widgets available online).Other options, such as traditional search engines, newsletters, online and offline advertising,seem to be less important in letting people know about Facebook business pages. However,traditional advertising (particularly television and magazines) increasingly incorporates links oricons referring to a Facebook page: a sign, probably, of a growing integration between thedifferent communication channels and of a marketing strategy that more and more oftenincludes web 2.0 tools.12 On the integration between company website and social tools, see for example:http://mooltoweb.wordpress.com/2010/12/29/integrare-sito-web-aziendale-e-social-media/14/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?Q: For what reasons did you become a fan of the pages you follow onFacebook?The most important reason for a user to click “I like” on a page is, as might be expected, his orher hobbies and personal interests, followed by the desire to receive information quicklyon initiatives, news, events, etc. Almost 50% of those interviewed claimed to be fans of abusiness page out of professional interest, a result which should be read together with theadditional 7.4% who were looking for jobs: these two figures clearly highlight a professional andwork-related use of Facebook, besides the obvious ones of recreation and entertainment.More and more, we see job-seeking and Facebook entwining: many search and selectionagencies post their job offers on Facebook and the personal profile easily becomes the first“business card” of a candidate … There is an interesting paper on this subject, published byItalian Privacy’s Guarantor, about Social Network risks, which warns users “Do you know thatsearch and selection agencies seek information on candidates through main online search 13engines?”Furthermore, 16.5% of respondents said that they became fan of a page because they werelooking for a direct interaction with a company/institution: a social network can act as a directcommunication channel between a company and its customers. This confirms the importance ofthe pressing invites to companies to start using social media, since there is a fair number ofusers who seek direct contact with them inside Facebook.Lastly, it is also worth mentioning the 31% of respondents deciding to become fans of a pagebecause of a sense of belonging. From a business point of view, this is important informationwhich demonstrates that not only is it important for a company to be present on Facebook, butalso to be able to build and maintain a community, interacting with customers/fans andrewarding them by listening to their suggestions and comments.13 Italian Privacy’s Guarantor - “Social Network: attenzione agli effetti collaterali” (Social Network, bewareof side effects) http://www.garanteprivacy.it/garante/document?ID=1617888 15/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?As C. Heuer says “Participation is marketing. If you are trying to sell something to thecommunity, and that is your reason for being there, it will be obvious to those peopleand you will never be as successful as you can be. If you are participating because youreally want to contribute to the community, because you really want to share what youknow, because you really want to be of service to the community and its members, you will sellto the right people BECAUSE of your sincerity and honesty” 14 .Q: How often should a company/institution/celebrity post on Facebook?One of the important aims in our research was to try to identify the ideal frequency for postingon business pages: is there a maximum number of tolerated (or welcomed) posts? Is itpossible to optimise business pages to be popular with fans and to best meet theirexpectations?45% of those who answered our survey did not appreciate excessive obtrusiveness: postsshould be kept to a maximum of a few every week. 38% asked for at least one post a day, andonly 17% appreciated more frequent posts by companies and other page owners.This data is both meaningful and interesting: it indirectly shows that communication in the socialnetwork can easily become excessive and annoying (and therefore backfire on the pageowner).As we are referring to a very fast-paced way of communicating, the main risk is posting toomuch, with some possible consequences: - Irritating users, and therefore facing the risk of users quitting the page because he or she feels their homepage is being “invaded” by the company’s posts (see later on). - Giving the posts a “routine” image, with the effect that they are not considered anymore, they pass unnoticed, and therefore lose any communication value. - Giving the post a very short life: when several posts are published, the older ones quickly scroll down and completely lose their visibility on the page.14 Chris Heuer – cited in "Il marketing nel Social Web" (“The New Community Rules: Marketing on theSocial Web”) by Tamar Weinberg16/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?Q: Have you ever posted on the pages you follow?The interaction originating on the page is one of the key elements that must be monitored if weare to understand whether the page is actually working: not the one-way communicationbrought by the posts inserted only by the page owner, but the cross talk made up of fans’comments and of conversations started by users. This question, along with the two questionsfollowing, was designed to reveal whether users and fans of pages interact on these pages andhow.More than 75% claimed to have participated in a page’s life by sending posts, comments,requests and/or by clicking on the “I like” under the posts. Only 23% never took an active roleon the page and just read what was already posted; 1% said they could not interact becausefans’ posts on the page were blocked.To decide to block fans’ posts is a difficult and tricky option because it risks appearing unfriendlyand reducing the page to a mere company posts’ board: an advertising page. This is not thebest (and possibly not the right) use of a social network, whose strength, on the contrary, liesexactly in the possibility of involving users and of establishing a real dialogue with them.However, this opportunity is often considered too dangerous by many companies. 17/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?Q: If you have, what kind of posts did you insert?To those who claimed, in the previous question, to have actively participated in business pages,we asked them to specify the level of this participation. Most of them, more than 82%, affirmedto have clicked on “I like”, the famous Facebook “thumb up”, which represents the lowest andeasiest interaction level.More than half of the respondents (53%) also inserted messages (comments, posts,suggestions, etc) and 14.5% said they made requests.A peculiar result (and a good omen) is that only 3% posted complaints or criticisms onbusiness pages: complaints are usually indicated by companies as the main deterrent to theirestablishing a presence on social networks.The overall answer pattern in this question precisely reflects the typical development of therelationship between users and business pages. The first step, the first action sought from thefan, is the “I like” click: a very quick and easy action that does not expose the user (he is notexpressing an opinion, not making any request), but still indicates his willingness to show hisappreciation for the page and the company/institution behind it. The following step is for theuser to place comments and posts: thus the page stops being a company board and shifts tobeing a dialogue with the customer. At the same time the company can obtain usefulinformation and tips for its activity and communication strategy.18/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?Q: Have you ever “done” something as a result of a post on the pages youfollow on Facebook?A further step is to prompt the user to do something outside the page: clicking “I like” andinserting a post are actions that remain inside the page.24.3% of respondents said that they did not do anything as a result of the posts they found onthe pages they are fans of.On the contrary, 60% has shared with their network the information found on the pages, and37% has talked about it online with their contacts outside Facebook.Business pages convinced 32.7% to participate in an event/seminar, and 5.7% to buy aproduct or service. 15.8% asked for further information about something read on the page.As with the previous question, the “normal” evolution of the relationship of user/page can beoutlined. 19/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?The first “active” behaviour is the re-sharing of the contents found on the page on one’sprofile wall, in the same way as a user normally does with videos, photos or other contentpublished on friends’ ‘walls’. This is a simple commitment for the user, all things considered: thewhole structure of Facebook and of its pages already drives the user to share content, forexample through the “share” button present below each post:The following steps require from the user a stronger engagement or commitment that requiresgoing out of Facebook: to ask for information, talk about what was read, participate in an event… even to buy a service/product (which fundamentally is the real goal of any company’scommunication activity).However, even without considering the final purchasing stage, already sharing information,talking about page content, and asking for further information create an importantamplification effect of all company communication, and, better still, without any additionalcosts for the company.20/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?Q: What would you expect to find on business pages on Facebook that is,instead, missing?This question completes the previous one.Are the published contents sufficient? Did they convince you? Did they meet yourexpectations? Or is something missing: could the page be improved, enriched, completed?First of all, it is interesting to note how fans’ expectations regarding these pages are mainlyrelated to initiatives specifically reserved for them. More than 43% would like initiatives forfans only, which emphasises the sense of belonging to a fan group, but also the expectations toobtain something tangible as a reward for being a fan and for “tying” one’s name to that of thecompany.Another significant element is the 34.8% of respondents asking page owners to listen moreattentively to the requests and the suggestions posted by users on the page … probablybecause this attention is actually missing: social networks are, by nature, based on interactionbetween users and with them, but this interaction is often undervalued, if not intentionallyavoided.Along the same lines, we can include the 23.4% expecting feedback to the complaints postedon the page and the 26% who would appreciate post-sale help and assistance: both theseresults are hints that companies need to better manage interaction with their fans and thegrowing expectations of social networks’ users.24.1% is satisfied with the pages’ content: this is obviously very good from a companycommunication’s point of view. Explanations for this answer can be fundamentally either: thecompany/institution is indeed good at managing its social spaces, or the users do not have highexpectations from business pages in Facebook ... 21/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?Q: What may cause you to stop following a page on Facebook?The most common mistake made by business page owners seems to be the excessivenumber of posts published on the page: almost 65% of those interviewed indicated this as themain reason for quitting a page. Of great significance is also the annoyance at repeatedmessages, which prompts almost 42% to leave the page. On the other hand, too few posts donot seem to have the same impact on users’ opinions: only 10.5% indicated this as displeasing.49.6% do not like “too commercial” posts, 21.2% too long posts, and 40.1% are particularlyirritated by not useful and uninteresting posts.Another element emerging from this question is the attention given to the company’s externalbehaviour: 25.8% of respondents said they would leave a page if they did not approve of acompany/institution/celebrity’s actions. Here the e-reputation topic arises and, with it, the needfor companies, institutions, and celebrities to correctly monitor social media.Lastly, 19% quit a page when they were following too many and therefore needed to cullthem: as already mentioned, when discussing the number of pages a person is a fan of, the firstpages chosen are probably those the user cares most about and thus are a result of a morereasoned and “want-based” decision, whereas, when the number of these pages grows, theclick on “I like” becomes less meditated and more instinctive (a friend asking to become fan, afunny page, an event such as a concert or a protest).When the homepage becomes too regularly full of posts from business pages and thusoverwhelming those published by friends, the user decides to “unlike” a page (thusautomatically stopping any posts being received on their homepage), choosing between theleast relevant or the most invasive ones.22/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?ConclusionsFacebook nowadays provides companies with a potential audience of more than 700 millionsusers, of which more than 19 million are in Italy alone: it has become an invaluable andinescapable tool and element of business communication.Looking at the user’s point of view (which, again, was the goal of our research), the followingare, in our opinion, the main points that emerged from this survey: - Facebook access is a daily routine, with several connections being made throughout the day; - the main reason for a person joining Facebook is the social factor: to remain in contact with everyday friends or with persons living far away; - more than 8 out of 10 users are fans of at least one business page on Facebook, therefore the presence of companies, institutions, and celebrities on Facebook is nowadays considered normal and is not opposed by users, provided that page owners do not post an excessive number of messages or become too repetitive or overtly promotional in their content; - word of mouth and sharing are the main means via which a page is promoted and attracts new users to it. Of course, a user shares the page content with his contacts only when he finds something worth sharing (see later on); - for users, pages are a way to stay informed and up-to-date; however, dedicated content for fans only is also expected; - users are well aware that they can choose what to follow and have a clear idea of the type of content they do not want: o they do not want only advertising messages o they do not want too many posts o they do not want repeated messages - page interaction is becoming more and more common: at first through the simple “I like” click, and later through a dialogue with the page, via posting messages, comments, requests etc. - a well-managed business page can be really effective and can engage users and convince them to actively: o share its contents with other users on Facebook o talk about the page and the company outside Facebook o buy a product/service or support a causeWith due attention and regard for its users, Facebook business pages can become apowerful and effective communication tool for companies, institutions, and organisations.The crucial point is how the communication is conducted, namely, in the right way: it must beable to involve and engage the user, acknowledge him or her for associating their name withthe page, and credit them with intelligence and value, which, in turn, requires creating directand transparent dialogues and avoiding exceedingly promotional or excessive messages.In this sense, the project “Nel Mulino che vorrei” (The mill I wish) presented by Barilla during aworkshop at Fondazione CUOA in May 2010 is particularly revealing. In its introduction it states“This project does not speak, it listens - This project does not tell, it creates – This project does 15not teach, it learns”15 Taken from “Nel Mulino che vorrei” – slides by S. Sartori (Barilla)http://www.slideshare.net/fondazionecuoa/nel-mulino-che-vorrei-4002791 23/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?The surplus value that a social network such as Facebook offers business to communication isclearly acquired by listening to the customer, in a two-way interaction.What users are asking for is to be able to express their opinions in a peer-to-peer relationshipwith the company or the institution they are fans of: for the business page owner that meanslearning to quit self-referencing and shift the focus to the wants and needs of the customer or, inthis case, user.24/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?About the authorsFondazione CUOAFifty years of history, strongly rooted in the North-East of Italy, the area boasting severalentrepreneurs and managers of excellence.Fondazione CUOA is the reference point, both national and international, for entrepreneurialand managerial training: a privileged environment where personal aspirations and individualskills meet and grow.CUOAs offer - made of MBAs, masters and executive and custom courses - provides concreteand immediate answers and is able to take persons, companies and institutions to successthrough new organizational, managerial and business models.A prestigious 18th century villa is the ideal setting for its activities and for everyone willing toinvest in professional growth.Lorenzo Amadei and Claudia ZarabaraLorenzo Amadei and Claudia Zarabara have been collaborating with Fondazione CUOA formany years, focusing on new technologies and their applications in business contexts.In recent years they concentrated on social media and web 2.0 themes, managing social mediamarketing for Fondazione CUOA and other business companies. This is the second survey theydeveloped on the use of social networks.Licence Copyright Fondazione CUOA. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons “Attribution – Non Commercial – No Derivs 3.0 Unported License” (see http://creativecommons.org/)This report is the exclusive property of Fondazione CUOA. You are free to distribute it, promoteit, share it, so long as you cite the original source and authors.This report may not be transformed, altered or sold. 25/26
  • What do Users Want from Business Pages in Facebook?Fondazione CUOAVilla Valmarana Morosini36077 Altavilla Vicentina (VI) - ITALYtel. + 39 0444 333711Lorenzo Amadei – lamadei@cuoa.itClaudia Zarabara – czarabara@cuoa.itwww.cuoa.it