• Land area: 12,456 sq mi (32,261
sq km); total area: 13,892 sq mi
(35,980 sq km)
• •NW: China 161 Km
• •NE: South Korea 1483 km & Japan 2097 km
• •S: Philippines 1155 km
• •SW: Hong Kong 823 km & Vietnam 1673
• •Taiwan is at the same latitude as Mexico
• •It is on the tropic of cancer.
Taiwan's coastline is approximately 1,566
There are four types of coastal landscape
based on crust movement, rock formation
and the resulting slope and contour of the
sea floor as it rises to meet dry land:
a) Eastern fault coast
b) Western uplifted coast
c) Northern mixed coast
d) Southern coral-reef coast
e) the outlying islets
○ Local Official Name: T'ai-wan
○ Former Name: Formosa
○ National Holiday: Republic
Day (Anniversary of the Chinese
Revolution), October 10
○ People: Population:
23,036,087 people type –
○ Birth Rate: 12.56 births per
○ Population Growth: 0.61%
○ Ethnic Groups: Taiwanese
(including Hakka) 84%,
mainland Chinese 14%,
○ Languages: Mandarin
Chinese (official), Taiwanese
(Min), Hakka dialects
○ Religion: Mixture of
Buddhist, Confucian, and Taoist
93%, Christian 4.5%, other 2.5%
○ Capital and largest city:
Taipei, 271 sq km
○ Population density: 9649
people / sq km
○ Other large cities:
Kaohsiung, 153.5927 sq km,
Taichung, 163 sq. km
○ World’s second largest microchip
○ the third-best investment destination
in the world’s 50 major countries, on a
par with Norway, but behind Singapore
and Switzerland, the Ministry of
Economic Affairs (MOEA) said.
○ Taiwan’s Taipei 101 was the world's
tallest building from 2004 until 2010
○ Small deposits of coal, natural gas,
limestone, marble, and asbestos
Birth of Taiwan Republic:
○Born in October 25, 1945
○Ruled by the Republic of China
○Another name is the Taiwan
under Republic of China rule
Constitution of the Republic of China:
○Adopted on: 25 Dec 1946
○On January 10, 1947, Governor Chen Yi
announced that the new ROC Constitution
would not apply to Taiwan after it went into
effect in mainland China on December 25, 1947.
○Because Taiwan is still under military occupation.
○China also said that Taiwan is not capable of
○Declared state of martial law from March 1947
Type: Multi-party democracy.
Constitution: December 25, 1946; last amended 2005.
Branches (Yuan): Executive, Legislative, Judicial, Control,
Major political parties: Kuomintang (KMT or Nationalist Party);
Democratic Progressive Party (DPP); several small parties.
Suffrage: Universal over 20 years of age.
Head of State: President Head of Government:
Ma Ying-jeou Wu Den-yih
○ Unicameral legislature of
the Republic of China (ROC).
○ One of the five branches
of government stipulated by
the Constitution of the Republic of
China, which follows Sun Yat-
sen's Three Principles of the People
sometimes referred to as a
○ Power to amend the constitution
and formerly to elect the President
and Vice President, could be
considered a parliament.
○ (225 seats - 168 elected by popular vote, 41 elected on
basis of proportion of island wide votes received by
participating political parties.
○ Eight elected from overseas Chinese constituencies on
basis of proportion of island-wide votes received by
participating political parties, eight elected by popular vote
among aboriginal populations; members serve three-year
○ National Assembly (300 seat nonstanding body; delegates
nominated by parties and elected by proportional
representation six to nine months after Legislative Yuan
calls to amend Constitution, impeach president, or change
Judicial Branch: Judicial Yuan (justices appointed by the president with
consent of the Legislative Yuan)
The Judicial Yuan (Judiciary) is the highest judicial organization of Taiwan.
The Judicial Yuan is comprised up of
1. the Supreme Court,
2. the High Courts,
3. the District Courts,
4. the Supreme Administrative Court,
5. the High Administrative Courts, and
The Judiciary exercises administrative supervision of the Republic Of China
court system, while enforcing compliance by ROC court personnel with
constitutionally mandated judicial independence.
The Republic of China (ROC), commonly known as
Taiwan, is currently recognized by 23 sovereign states.
The course of the foreign relations of the ROC is
dominated by maintaining diplomatic relations with
these countries, as well as unofficial relations with
other countries via its de facto embassies and
• In line with its “One China” policy, the EU does not recognize Taiwan
as a sovereign state and therefore has no diplomatic or formal
political relations with Taiwan. The EU does, however, support
Taiwan’s practical participation in international organizations where
this does not require statehood.
• The EU has solid economic and trade relations with Taiwan. Taiwan
and the EU have a healthy trade relationship - Taiwan is the EU’s 4th
largest trade partner in Asia and the EU is Taiwan’s fourth largest
• Regular contacts take place in sectors such as research and
technology, information society, education and culture, fisheries,
environment, intellectual property rights and standards and
norms. Regular EU/Taiwan “consultations” are held in order to
ensure coordination and coherence of activities in these fields, the
most recent in October 2007 in Taipei.