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EU- Korea Relationship

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  •  the Russians occupied the north and the United States occupied the south.The purpose of this trusteeship was to establish a Korean provisional government which would become "free and independent in due course 
  • The white background symbolises "cleanliness of the people." The Taegeuk represents the origin of all things in the universe. Together, they represent a continuous movement within infinity, the two merging as one. The four trigrams are
  • 19th century- isolationist the nation has seen six Republics, one coup de'tat and a Presidential assassination.
  • Explain weimar system
  • Independence-The
 first
 decade
 of
 Japanese
 colonial
 rule
 in
 Korea
 was
 one
 of
 harsh
 repression.
 In
 1919,
 however,
 a
 group
 of
prominent
Koreans
secretly
prepared
a
Declaration
of
Independence
rejecting
Japanese
rule
and
its
presumptions
and,
 on
 March
 1,
  • The Blue House or Big House (although the official romanized spelling is Cheong WaDae) is the executive office.
  • Elections are overseen by the National Election Commission (Republic of Korea).
  • Bills pass through these committees before they reach the floor. However, before they reach committee, they must already have gained the support of at least 20 members, unless they have been introduced by the president. To secure final passage, a bill must be approved by a majority of those present; a tie vote is not sufficient. After passage, bills are sent to the president for approval; they must be approved within 15 days.
  • he Constitutional Court is charged purely with constitutional reviewand with deciding cases of impeachment. Other judicial matters are overseen by the Supreme Court. Specialized courts also exist for family, administrative, and patent cases.
  • South Korea grants 'right to die‘- under Lee
  • Democratic Party or DP [CHUNG Sye-kyun] (formerly the United Democratic Party or UDP); Democratic Labor Party or DLP [KANG Ki-kap]; Grand National Party or GNP [Hong Joon-pyu]; Liberty Forward Party or LFP [LEE Hoi-chang]; New Progressive Party or NPP [ROH Hoe-chan]; Pro-Park Alliance or PPA [SUH Choung-won]; Renewal Korea Party or RKP [SONG Yong-o] 
  • On August 18, 2007, the delegates of the Uri Party decided to disband the party and merge with the newly-created liberal party called the United New Democratic Party (DaetonghapMinjusin-dang). After a year, the United New Democratic Party once again merged back with theDemocratic Party previously known as the Millennium Democratic Party on February 17, 2008 to form the United Democratic Party (TonghapMinju-dang).[1][2] On July 2008 the party had changed its name to the Democratic Party.
  • Political pressure groups and leaders: Federation of Korean Industries; Federation of Korean Trade Unions; Korean Confederation of Trade Unions; Korean National Council of Churches; Korean Traders Association; Korean Veterans' Association; National Council of Labor Unions; National Democratic Alliance of Korea; National Federation of Farmers' Associations; National Federation of Student Associations 
  • The Sunshine Policy was the foreign policy of South Korea towards North Korea until Lee Myung-bak's election to presidency in 2008. The national security policy had three basic principles.No armed provocation by the North will be tolerated.The South will not attempt to absorb the North in any way.The South actively seeks cooperation.
  • The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)is an international economic organisation of 34 countries founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade. It is a forum of countries committed to democracy and the market economy, The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a forum held annually by leaders of, initially, 16 countries in the East Asian region plus Australia and United States
  • about the size of Mississippi.
  • Independence- Japan ( not really successful-first attempt )Liberation (Japan surrenders in World War II, marking the end of Korea under Japanese rule )Formal declaration
  • The idea itself was first rejected by Joseph Stalin but with the development of Soviet nuclear weapons,MaoZedong's victory in China and the Chinese indication that it would send troops and other support to North Korea, Stalin approved an invasion which led to the Korean War
  • The site consists of 30individual tombs from the later Goguryeo kingdom, one of Three Kingdoms of Korea, locatedin the cities of P'y?ngyang and Namp'o. Goguryeo was one of the strongestkingdoms in the north east of China
  •  "Juche" refers specifically to a political thesis of Kim Il-sung, the Juche Idea, that identifies the Korean masses as the masters of the country's development.
  • 14 yrs old- revolutionary communist org. (merged) workers party of N and S. Kim Il sung became the chairman. First five years –korean war. UN came, leaders fled to china, chinese threw the UN forces back
  • country is defined as a "dictatorship of the people's democracy" 
  • Executive--President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly (chief of state); Chairman of the National Defense Commission (head of government).
  • In June 2009, it was reported in South Korean media that intelligence indicates the country's next leader will be Kim Jong-un, the youngest of Kim Jong-il's three sons
  • all citizens 17 and older, regardless of party affiliation, political views, or religion, are eligible to be elected to the parliament and vote in elections. In reality, however, North Korea is a totalitarian single-party state.
  • It exercises legislative power when the SPA is in recess, which occurs during all but a few days of every year.
  • At the highest level are nine provinces, two directly governed cities, and three special administrative divisions. 
  • KSDP Theoretically the party adheres to national social democracy befitting Korea’s historical conditions and national characteristics and its basic political motto is independence, sovereignty, democracy, peace and the defence of human rights.CCP- By this time the party had effectively ceased to function as an independent entity.  movement played an important role in the anti-Japanese struggle 
  • North Korea's nuclear research program started with Soviet help in the 1960s, The Demarcation Line provides a tense border with South Korea. In addition, a 33 km section of boundary with China in the BaekduMountainarea is indefinite. North Korea also currently claims sovereignty over the entire Korean peninsula.
  • Korean war was a conventional war between South Korea, supported by the United Nations, and North Korea, supported by the People's Republic of China (PRC), with military material aid from the Soviet Union. The war was a result of the physical division of Korea by an agreement of the victorious Allies at the conclusion of the Pacific War at the end of World War II. 
  •  Warsaw Pact, was amutualdefense treaty subscribed to by eight communist states in Eastern Europe. It was established at the Soviet Union's initiative
  • although trade between the two countries is almost non-existent, as they both still have a trade embargo.

Transcript

  • 1. LOGO Korea “The Land of the Morning Calm”
  • 2. In August 1945, Korea was divided across the 38th Parallel, separating the nation into two occupation zones:
  • 3. SOUTH KOREA
  • 4.  Located on the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula.  Area: 98,480 sq. km.  Terrain: Partially forested mountain ranges separated by deep, narrow valleys; cultivated plains along the coasts, particularly in the west and south.  Climate: Temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter. Geography
  • 5. Borders  NORTH: Democratic People‟s Republic of Korea (NORTH KOREA)  WEST: Across Yellow sea- China  SOUTHEAST: Japan  Capital: Seoul  Other major cities--Busan , Daegu, Incheon, Gwangju, Daejeon, Ulsan.
  • 6. Basic Profile  Official Name: The republic of korea.  Origin: Korean=koryo, dynastic name, meaning high serenity.  National holiday: August 15, 1945.  (Independence from Japan)  Monetary Unit: South Korea won  Provinces and Cities: 8 provinces, 1 special autonomous province, six metropolitan cities and 1 capital metropolitan cities.
  • 7. National Flag Taegeukgi (hangul:태극기) National Anthem Aegukga (hangul:애국가) National Flower Hibiscus syriacus (hangul: 무궁화)
  • 8. People  Nationality: Korean.  Population: 48,754,657.  Ethnic groups: Korean; small Chinese minority (about 20,000).  Religions: Christianity, Buddhism, Shamanism, Confucianism, Chondogyo.  Language: Korean; English widely taught in junior high and high school. Company Logo
  • 9. Korea traces its founding to 2333 BC by the legendary Dangun. Since the establishment of the modern republic in 1948, South Korea struggled with the aftermath of Japanese occupation (1910-1945), the Korean War (1950-1953), and decades of authoritarian governments, undergoing five major constitutional changes. While the government officially embraced Western-style democracy from its founding, presidential elections suffered from rampant irregularities. It was not until 1987 that direct and fair presidential elections were held, largely prompted by popular demonstrations. South Korea has been a vibrant multi-party democracy for two decades. Brief History
  • 10. South Korean Peninsula Country Profile GOVERNMENT POLITICS South Korea
  • 11. Government Type: Republic with powers shared between the president, the legislature, and the courts. State is sometimes referred as The Sixth Republic of South Korea. Has a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic
  • 12. Constitution      
  • 13. Cont.
  • 14. Establishment  National Foundation Day- October 3, 2333 BCE  Independence declared - March 1, 1919  Provisional Government - April 13, 1919  Liberation - August 15, 1945  Constitution - July 17, 1948  Government proclaimed - August 15, 1948
  • 15. Branches President (chief of state) Prime Minister (head of government) unicameral National Assembly Supreme Court and appellate courts; Constitutional Court Executive Legislative Judiciary
  • 16. Executive    
  • 17. Blue House or Big house Official residence of the South Korean head of state, the President of the Republic of Korea.
  • 18. Principal Government Officials President--Lee Myung-bak Prime Minister--Kim Hwang-sik
  • 19. Legislative • • • • • •
  • 20. National Assembly Office Elections for the National Assembly were held under UN supervision on 10 May 1948. The First Republic of South Korea was established when the constitution of the First Republic was established by the Assembly. The Assembly also had the job of electing the President before.
  • 21. Judicial  South Korea's highest court, the Supreme Court consists: * Chief justice appointed by the president. * Up to 13 other justices appointed by the president on recommendation of the chief justice with the approval of the National Assembly. * Each justice serves a six-year term.  South Korea also has a Constitution Court that rules on such questions as the constitutionality of laws. Other courts include appeals courts, district courts, and a family court. Constitutional Courts Supreme Court Specialized Courts
  • 22. Supreme Court Appellate court District courts Branch and Municipal courts 14 Justices, including 1 Chief Justice stationed in five of the country's major cities. typically consist of a panel of three judges. stationed in five of the country's major cities. typically consist of a panel of three judges. positioned all over the country and limited to small claims and petty offenses
  • 23. Supreme Court Chief Justice Lee Yong-Hoon the highest court in South Korea. It is located in Seoul.
  • 24. www.themegallery.com Company Logo Subdivisions Ulsan Seoul Busan Daegu Gwangju Local Government Administrative Division: Provincial Level Nine provinces, seven administratively separate cities: Incheon Daejeon
  • 25. Political Parties Party National Assembly 2008 Leaders Add Title Grand National Party 172 Chung Mong-joon major Democratic Party 87 Son Hak-gyu major Liberty Forward Party 16 Lee Hoi-chang minor New Progressive Party 1 Hoe-chan minor Future hope Alliance 8 Park Geun-hye minor Others: Creative korea, Democratic Labor party, Pro-park Alliance and People first Union.
  • 26. Grand National Party- Right wing  The Grand National Party is a conservative political party.  Its Korean name is Hannara  founded in 1997 as a merger of various conservative parties. Its earliest ancestor was the Democratic Republican Party. Policy: * supports free trade and entrepreneurship, * also favors maintaining strong ties with the United States and Japan while distancing South Korea from China and Russia and advocates a stricter stance on North Korea * The party's conservative, pro-American stance often makes it the target of criticism by North Korea's state-controlled media. Current Status: The GNP's candidate Lee Myung-bak won the presidential election, however, the GNP suffered a setback in the 2010 local elections, losing a total of 775 local seats throughout the counties.
  • 27. Democratic Party- centre left to centre  The Democratic Party is a liberal political party in South Korea.  originally formed as the Uri Party when loyalists to president Roh Moo-hyun in the Millennium Democratic Party chose to break ranks from other party members. Policy: * focus on income redistribution, anti-monopolism, and the rights of labor unions, the Democratic Party is considered "liberal", or "left of center" on the political spectrum. * the party has a strong focus on nationalism and unification, leading to anti-American and pro-North Korean sentiments among its members. Current Status: * 87 out of 299 seats in the National Assembly * 1,484 out of 3893 seats in local government
  • 28. Political Interest Groups • Federation of Korean Industries • Federation of Korean Trade Unions • Korean Confederation of Trade Unions • Korean National Council of Churches; • Korean Traders Association • Korean Veterans' Association • National Council of Labor Unions; • National Democratic Alliance of Korea; • National Federation of Farmers' Associations; • National Federation of Student Associations
  • 29. Foreign Relations    
  • 30. R.O.K.- Russia   
  • 31. R.O.K.-USA  
  • 32. R.O.K.- Republic of China    
  • 33. South Korea and Philippines South Korea is one of the Philippines' largest trading partners. The two nations were especially close as the Armed Forces of the Philippines, under the United Nations command of Douglas MacArthur, were pledged to fight for South Korea and its allies in the Korean War. Recently, Philippine's Foreign Affairs Secretary Alberto Romulo met South Korean Foreign Minister Kim Sung- hwan to discuss how to expand trade and bilateral ties.
  • 34. EU-South Korea Relations South Korea is a key, like-minded partner for the EU in an increasingly important part of the world. The EU-Korea relationship has evolved over the past few years, based on shared values, common issues of global concern and the increasing role of both partners at world stage. This is demonstrated by the signing of two agreements during 2010. The new Framework Agreement (FA) and Free Trade Agreement (FTA) create a broad and comprehensive relationship. They will boost trade and investment relations, underpin political dialogue, step up coordination and dialogue on global issues and stimulate sectorwww.themegallery.com Company Logo
  • 35. Embassies  South Korea Embassy, Washington DC, United States  South Korea Embassy, London, United Kingdom  South Korea Embassy, Ottawa, Canada  South Korea Embassy, Canberra, Australia  South Korea Embassy, Pretoria, South Africa  South Korea Embassy, Dublin, Ireland  South Korea Embassy, Wellington, New Zealand  United States Embassy, Seoul  British Embassy, Seoul  Canadian Embassy, Seoul  Australian Embassy, Seoul  South African Embassy, Seoul  Irish Embassy, Seoul  New Zealand Embassy, Seoul
  • 36. Membership United Nations WTO OECD ASEAN Plus Three G-20 major economies. It is also a founding member of Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) and the East Asia Summit
  • 37. South Korea Today    
  • 38. Quick Facts about SOUTH KOREA  The eldest in the house is considered the most wise, and therefore makes most of the important decisions.  When you enter a South Korean home, the first thing you do is remove your shoes.  When the first night of the new year comes everybody hides their shoes. This is because there is a belief that a ghost will come down and try on everyone’s shoes. If the ghost finds a pair it likes it will take it. It is thought that the owner of the shoes will then have bad luck for the whole year.  Korean architecture is influenced by China.  The martial art 'Tae kwon do' originated in Korea.
  • 39. LOGO end
  • 40. LOGONorth Korea
  • 41. Geography Area: 122,762 sq. km. (47,918 sq. mi.) Cities: Capital--Pyongyang. Other cities— Hamhung, Chongjin, Wonsan, Nampo, Sinjuiju, and Kaesong. . Located on the Northern portion of the Korean Peninsula.
  • 42. Physical Map Terrain: About 80% of land area is moderately high mountains separated by deep, narrow valleys and small, cultivated plains. The remainder is lowland plains covering small, scattered areas. Climate: Long, cold, dry winters; short, hot, humid, summers
  • 43. Borders    
  • 44. North Korea
  • 45. Basic Profile  Nationality: Noun and adjective--Korean(s). Population: 25.5 million. Annual population growth rate: About +0.42%. Ethnic groups: Korean; small ethnic Chinese and Japanese populations. Religions: Buddhism, Confucianism, Shamanism, Chongdogyo, and Christianity existed previously and have influenced the country. Language: Korean
  • 46.   
  • 47. Brief History  The history of North Korea formally begins with the establishment of the Democratic People's Republic in 1948 after the Soviet Army established a Soviet Civil Authority to rule the northern portion of the Korean Peninsula.  After the Soviet forces' departure, in 1949, a military intervention into South Korea was considered by Kim Il-sung, but failed to receive support from the Soviet Union, which had played a key role in the establishment of the country.
  • 48.  The withdrawal of most United States forces encouraged Kim Il-sung to rethink an invasion plan against the South.  After Korea was divided by the UN, the two Korean powers both tried to control the whole Korea under their respective governments. This led to escalating border conflicts on the 38th parallel and attempts to negotiate elections for the whole of Korea
  • 49. Facts  is one of the most talked-about yet least understood nations on Earth. Isolated by ideological differences and the paranoia of its top leadership North Korea has the fourth largest military in the world „The Complex of Goguryeo Tombs‟ was the first site in North Korea to be included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites
  • 50. LOGO
  • 51. Government and Politics North Korea
  • 52. Government North Korea is a self-described Juche (self- reliant) state. A Totalitarian-dictatorship type of government.  A communist state a centralized government under the rigid control of the communist Korean Workers' Party .
  • 53. Dynastic Handover of North Korea  For nearly four decades, the first leader, and current Eternal President, Kim Il Sung, ruled the DPRK with absolute power. Installed by the Soviet Union in 1946, his path to power was not without problems or evolution. Like his son, Kim Jong Il, his life is filled with mystery.  In 1994, Kim Il Sung would die of a heart attack, and Kim Jong Il would officially take the helm of a country his father ran for decades. described by some observers as a "hereditary dictatorship" with a pronounced cult of personality organized around Kim Il-sung.
  • 54. Worker’s Party of Korea is the ruling Communist party of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea The Workers' Party of North Korea was formed on 29 August, 1946 from a merger between the Communist Party of North Korea and the New Democratic Party of Korea. Kim Il sung pursued an independent policy and initiated his juche program of national self-reliance in order to diminish the influence of the USSR and China over domestic North Korean affairs. A party congress has not been held since the sixth party congress in 1980. According to the Party Rules, a party congress is supposed to be held every five years.
  • 55. Constitution  The Socialist Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea is the constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea  Previous constitutions were adopted in 1948, 1972, 1992,and 1998.The constitution currently in force dates from April 2009.  lays out the framework of the national government and the functions of the ruling state party.  establishes North Korea's official name and its status as a socialist state Company Logo
  • 56. Branches of Government Company Logo Supreme People's Assembly Central Court; provincial, city, county, and military courts. Executive Legislative Judiciary President Chief of State; Chairman of the NDC
  • 57. Executive Although the office of the President is ceremonially held by the deceased Kim Il- sung, the de facto head of state is Kim Jong-il, who is Chairman of the National Defence Commission of North Korea and General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea.
  • 58. Legislative The legislature of North Korea is the Supreme People's Assembly, c urrently led by Chairman Kim Yong-nam.  is the unicameral parliament of North Korea. It consists of one deputy from each of 687 constituencies, elected to five-year terms. North Korea is a single-party state; all candidates for the Supreme People's Assembly are picked by the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland under Kim Jong-il. The body in turn is dominated by the Workers' Party of Korea.
  • 59. Supreme People’s Assembly Although the Supreme People's Assembly is North Korea's primary legislative body, it ordinarily delegates authority to the smaller and more powerful Presidium, chosen from among its members.
  • 60. Presidium         
  • 61. Judicial  the Central Court is the highest court, with its judges appointed by the Supreme People's Assembly. According to the Constitution of North Korea, the Central Court is accountable to the Supreme People's Assembly, and the Criminal Code subjects judges to criminal liability for handing down "unjust judgments." Subordinate to the Central Court are provincial courts at the intermediate level, and "people's courts" at the lowest level. Judges are elected for three-year terms by the Supreme People's Assembly. There are also a number of provincial and people's courts whose members are elected by local people's assemblies.
  • 62. Administrative division Provinces Cities, counties, wards, and districts. towns, neighbourhoods, villages, and workers' districts.
  • 63. Political Parties Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland  formed on 22 July 1946, is a North Korean united front led by the Workers' Party of Korea. It was initially called the North Korean Fatherland United Democratic Front. It is also known as the Fatherland Front.  Korean Social Democratic Party  Chondoist Chongu Party.  Worker’s Party of Korea
  • 64. Foreign Relations         
  • 65. South and North Korea relations Korean War Economic status- South “Asian Tiger” Territorial Disputes Relations between North and South deteriorated to their worst point in many years, North Korea took steps in the 1990s toward warmer relations with South Korea
  • 66. European Union  Has diplomatic affairs with all EU members except France and Estonia. - has not led to increased EU influence on politics and security in North Korea. - From 1995 until 2005, the EU has provided North Korea with humanitarian aid worth roughly Euro 370 million even if the EU‟s most recent notable provision of food aid for North Korea dates back to November 2006.
  • 67. Japan and North Korea relations A legacy of bitterness exists in Japan's relations with North Korea, stemming from Japanese colonial rule over Korea from 1910 to 1945. Bilaterally and through the Six-Party Talks, North Korea and Japan continue to discuss issues surrounding the fate of Japanese citizens abducted by North Korea in the 1970s and 1980s.
  • 68. USA and North Korea relations  North Korea – United States relations developed primarily during the Korean War, but in recent years have been largely defined by the United States' suspicions regarding North Korea's nuclear programs and North Korea's desire to normalize relations with the United States.  Korea closed its borders to Western trade.  Followed by a series of attacks.
  • 69. Russia and North Korea relations  Russia-North Korea relations are determined by Russia‟s strategic interests in Korea and the goal of preserving peace and stability in the Korean peninsula. Russia‟s official position, and by extension its stance on settlement of the North Korean nuclear crisis, is that it stands firmly behind a peaceful resolution of the crisis, achieved through diplomacy and negotiation.
  • 70. Philippine and North Korea relations  In 2000, the Philippines and North Korea finally established diplomatic relations after more than 20 years of negotiations,  In 2007, the agreement was boosted further and was signed by Philippine Foreign Secretary Alberto Romulo and North Korean Foreign Minister Pak Ui Chun during the Association of South-east Asian Nations (ASEAN) meeting in Manila.  Philippines has a representation in Pyongyang, thru embassy in Beijing; and North Korea has a representation thru its embassy in Bangkok.
  • 71. EU-North Korea Relations  bilateral relations between the European Union (EU) and North Korea  early 2000s: the EU was involved in negotiations on bringing down the nuclear program of North Korea  first political dialogue: December 2nd, 1998  In two Council Conclusions of October 9th and November 20th, 1999, a more coordinated approach towards the Korean peninsula was decided upon. This included the expansion of the EU's assistance efforts in a measured way, linked to North Korea's response to international concerns in regard to progress in inter-Korean reconciliation, non proliferation issues, respect for human rights and economic structural reform in the DPRK. www.themegallery.com Company Logo
  • 72. EU-North Korea Relations Economic relations  Export items: agricultural machinery, cars, steel, electronics and electric supplies, measuring instruments, medical supplies and rough diamonds  Import items: clothes, electronic and electric products, jewelry, machinery, plastic products and salt www.themegallery.com Company Logo
  • 73. EU-North Korea Relations  Of much more and direct significance for the latter's current and future development are the events after the 1994 Agreed Framework and especially the diplomatic normalization that started with a political dialogue meeting in December 1998.  The EU provides humanitarian support to the DPRK since the floods in 1995 and the subsequent North Korean appeal for international aid. By 2000, 38 million Euros had been provided mainly on medicines, water, sanitation, winter clothes and hygiene. Food aid began in 1997, initially centered on delivering food but increasingly becoming oriented towards agricultural rehabilitation and production. Assistance has been provided bilaterally (106.7 million Euro), via the WFP (50 million Euro) and via European NGOs. www.themegallery.com Company Logo
  • 74. www.themegallery.com Company Logo