DRUG TRAFFICKING IN EUROPE By: Hannah Zulayka L. Abubakar
Definition Drug trafficking is a global illicit trade involving the cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of substances which are subject to drug prohibition laws. Drug trafficking is the commercial exchange of drugs and drug paraphernalia. This includes any equipment used to manufacture illegal drugs or use them.
HEROINHeroin is a highly addictive drugderived from morphine, which isobtained from the opium poppy.It is a “downer” or depressantthat affects the brain’s pleasuresystems and interferes with thebrain’s ability to perceive pain.
MARIJUANAMarijuana, the most often used illegaldrug in this country, is a product ofthe hemp plant, Cannabis sativa.The main active chemical inmarijuana, also present in otherforms of cannabis, is THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol). Of the roughly400 chemicals found in the cannabisplant, THC affects the brain the most.
AMPHETAMINESThese are chemical variations ofamphetamines, also known assubstituted amphetamines.These so-called “designer drugs” arestimulants. When used, substitutedamphetamines may have moodaltering effects and may producehallucinations. Large doses orchronic abuse may result in stimulantpsychosis, a psychotic state whichincludes delusions and thoughtdisorder.
Statistics per Country: 1. France -- generated $1.95 Billion (1.37 Billion Euros) for drug traffickers, according to a 2004 National Drug Report. 2. Bulgaria -- The Center for the Study of Democracy in Bulgaria estimates that illegal drug trade in the country to be worth $124 Million a year. 3. Switzerland -- Drug trafficking on the black market in Switzerland leads to $2.9 Billion (3 Billion Swiss Francs) to be spent on illegal drugs within the country.
Heroin: 54 Million Euros Marijuana: 370 Million Euros Cocaine: 75 Million Euros Ecstasy: 129 Million Euros5. Germany -- Drug trafficking and smuggling organizations in Germany earned $229.5 Million (156 Million Euros) in profits in 2008.6. Moldova -- Drug trafficking in Moldova causes between $200 to $250 Million per year in annual turnover.7. Spain -- Havocscope has calculated the possible financial value of drug trafficking in Spain to be $95