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Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
Ubd Overview
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Ubd Overview


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Overview of Understanding By Design - Wiggins and McTige

Overview of Understanding By Design - Wiggins and McTige

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  • 1. Understanding by Design Case 1# The teacher selects a resource ( To Kill a Mockingbird). The teacher chooses specific instructional methods that the teacher believes are successful. For example, the teacher decides to use cooperative groups to analyze the novel. Finally the teacher decides on assessing the students by having them write a five paragraph essay about a theme in the book . Discuss this case at your table – what are the strengths of the lesson? What are the next steps for this lesson?
  • 2. Twin Sins Of Teaching
    • Activity Oriented – Hands On without Minds On
    • Coverage – Marching through the text book
  • 3. Misconception: “If I work hard on planning it must be good.”
    • Steps of Backwards Planning
    • Identify desired results
    • Determine acceptable evidence
    • Plan learning experiences and instruction
  • 4. What is Understanding?
    • Quick Write
    • What are some examples of student understanding in your class?
    • Share out with your table.
    • What are characteristics of understanding you agree on at your table?
  • 5. Characteristics of Understanding
    • Understanding is the ability to marshal skills and facts wisely and appropriately, through effective application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation.
    • Understanding is about going beyond the information given to create new knowledge and arrive at further understandings.
    • Understanding is about transfer. The ability to transfer our knowledge and skill effectively involves the capacity to take what we know and use it creatively, flexibly, fluently, in different settings or problems.
  • 6. Children cannot be said to understand their own answer, even though it is correct, if they can only answer a question phrased just so.
    • In teaching students for understanding, we must grasp the key idea that we are coaches of their ability to play the game of performing with understanding, not tellers of our understanding to them on the sidelines.
    • Transfer involves figuring out which knowledge and skill matters here and often adapting what we know to address the challenge at hand.
  • 7. Case 2
    • A student teacher asks students, “ What would you find if you dug a hole in the earth?” There is no response. The student teacher repeats the question and gets the same response. The master teacher interrupts and asks; “What is at the center of the Earth?”
    • The class replies in unison, “Igneous fusion.”
    Analyze the case at your table. What does the example teach us about ‘understanding’ and ‘transferability’?
  • 8. Using Big Ideas in Planning
    • Because big ideas are inherently transferable, they help connect discrete topics and the skills necessary for the topic.
    • Big ideas are the “conceptual Velcro” that help the facts and skills stick to our minds
    • Big ideas are linchpins.
  • 9. Big Ideas are
    • Big ideas are at the core of the subject.
    • Broad and abstract
    • Represented by one or two words
    • Universal in application
    • Timeless – carry though the ages
    • Big ideas can be thought of as a ‘lens’ for study.
    • Big ideas connect and organize many facts, skills and experiences
    • Big ideas have great transfer value because they apply to many other inquiries and issues over time
  • 10. Case 3
    • A teacher assigns a five paragraph essay as an assessment for the novel Catcher in the Rye . In the essay on Catcher in the Rye a student writes the essay comparing it to “Bill and Ted’s Excellent Adventure.”
    Analyze the student response. What does his essay teach us about his understanding of the ‘big ideas’ of the novel?
  • 11. Big ideas translate into Essential Questions and Understandings
    • A big idea enables the learner to make sense out of what has come before
    • Example – Adaptation – is a big idea, “What makes adaptation happen?” is an essential question and can easily be expressed as an essential understanding “Environmental pressure causes adaptation.”
  • 12. Essential Questions
    • Case 4:
    • The teacher has posted on the wall the following questions:
    • What is a true friend?
    • Must a story have a beginning, a middle, and an end?
    • Must heroes be flawless?
    • What makes writing worth reading?
    What characteristics do you notice about these questions? Why might they be called ‘essential questions’?
  • 13. Essential Questions
    • Cause genuine and relevant inquiry into the big ideas and core content
    • Provoke deep thought, lively discussion, sustained inquiry, and new understanding as well as more questions.
    • Require students to consider alternatives, weigh evidence, support their ideas, and justify their answers
    • Stimulate vital, ongoing rethinking of big ideas, assumptions, prior lessons.
    • Spark meaningful connections with prior learning and personal experiences
    • Naturally recur, creating opportunities for transfer to other situations and subjects
  • 14. Examples of Essential Questions
    • Is the universe expanding?
    • Who should lead?
    • Is a democracy that suspends freedoms a contradiction in terms?
  • 15. Why Essential Questions?
    • Essential questions allow students to be on the inside of how understandings are born, tested and solidified through inquiry, criticism, and verification. – The curriculum needs to treat students like performers – not like sideline observers.
  • 16. Crafting Understanding
    • An understanding is an important inference, drawn from the experience of experts, stated as specific and useful generalization.
    • An understanding refers to transferable, big ideas having enduring value beyond a specific topic.
    • An understanding involves abstract, counterintuitive, and easily misunderstood ideas
    • An understanding is best acquired by uncovering and doing the subject
    • An understanding summarizes important strategic principles in skill areas.
  • 17. Case 5
    • A teacher has listed as desired understandings:
    • Water covers three-fourths of the earth’s surface.
    • Things are always changing
    Analyze the teacher’s desired understandings. What strengths are there? What are the next steps?
  • 18. Unpacking Standards for Big Ideas and Core tasks
    • Examine key nouns, adjectives and verbs
    • Big ideas are linchpins
    • Core tasks are essential skills that make the big idea transferable
  • 19. Six Facets of Understanding
    • Explanation
    • Interpretation
    • Application
    • Perspective
    • Empathy
    • Self Knowledge
  • 20. Choosing the Facet of Understanding
    • The choice of which facet you are going to focus on will be shaped by the essential understanding
    • The design of the lesson, the formative assessments and the performance assessment will be influenced by the facet of understanding you choose
  • 21. A Lesson Design Template: WhereTo
    • Where are the students going? What is required by the essential question – and the facet of understanding you choose
    • Hook – How will the lesson design engage the students in digging into the Big Ideas.
    • E – Have adequate opportunities to explore and experience Big Ideas
    • R – Rethink, Rehearse, Revise, Refine
    • E – Evaluate their own work and set goals
    • T – Tailored and flexible to address interests of all students
    • O – Organized and sequenced to maximize engagement and effectiveness
  • 22. Lesson Design Template: Grasps
    • Goal – The problem or challenge is_____
    • Role – You have been ask to______
    • Audience – You need to convince_____
    • Situation – The context is ________
    • Product/Purpose – You will develop ___
    • Standards for Success – Your performance needs to ________