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Liberalism in the Philippines
 

Liberalism in the Philippines

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Liberalism in the Philippines: ...

Liberalism in the Philippines:
Ideology, Party & Movement
by Dr. Julio Teehankee
National Institute for Policy Studies
Chair of the Department of International Studies at the De La Salle University- Manila.

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  • Anong klaseng lipunan ang itatugyod? Sino ang may kapangyarihan? Sino ang may kayamanan? Hindi natalakay ng maayos sa ating kasaysayan dahil sinakop tayo ng mga dayuhan. Ang lipunan na itinaguyod ng dayuhan ay ini-asa sa iilang alipores nila na kumamkam ng kapangyarihan at kayamanan. Kaya’t pasaway ang mga Pilipino Ang panguanhin suliranin na hinarap ng ating mga ninuno ay kalayaan laban sa mga dayuhan
  • ANG BAWAT ISA AY MAHALAGA!
  • KALAYAAN
  • Mahalaga ang bawat isa Ang bawat isa ay may kakayahang mag-isip at mangatwiran Ang bawat isa ay malaya Ang bawat isa ay may katungkulan at responsibilidad sa sarili at kapwa Katarungan para sa bawat isa Pag-intinda, pasensiya, unawa, pagintindi sa isa’t-isa
  • Kaninong interes ang mangingibabaw? Interes ng bawat isa o interes ng lahat? Sa unang tingin mukhang maganda ang pangkalahatang interes. Pangkalahatang interes sa pamamagitan ng mapayapang paraan – sosyalimo Pangkalahtang interes sa pamamagitan ng rebolusyon – komunismo Paano isasakatuparan? Mayaman laban mahirap – nguni’t hindi lahat ng mahirap ay mabuti at hindi lahat ng mayaman ay masama Pagpasok ng estado at pamahalan sa ekonomiya – hindi efficient at hindi effective, dagdag buwis, dagdag corruption Hindi lahat pantay tanggapin na lang – konserbatibo May kakayahan ang bawat isa; kaya ng bawat isa na umangat kung may oportunidad - liberal Kailangan lamang ay tamang lider Kamay na bakal – pasismo Mabait, parang ama – paternalismo Popular, makamasa - populismo Paano haharapin ang pangkalahatang interes na hindi maargabyado ang interes ng bawat isa? Sundin ang interes ng mas nakakarami, konsulatasyon at pakikilahok - demokrasya
  • Kaninong interes ang mangingibabaw? Interes ng bawat isa o interes ng lahat? Sa unang tingin mukhang maganda ang pangkalahatang interes. Pangkalahatang interes sa pamamagitan ng mapayapang paraan – sosyalimo Pangkalahtang interes sa pamamagitan ng rebolusyon – komunismo Paano isasakatuparan? Mayaman laban mahirap – nguni’t hindi lahat ng mahirap ay mabuti at hindi lahat ng mayaman ay masama Pagpasok ng estado at pamahalan sa ekonomiya – hindi efficient at hindi effective, dagdag buwis, dagdag corruption Hindi lahat pantay tanggapin na lang – konserbatibo May kakayahan ang bawat isa; kaya ng bawat isa na umangat kung may oportunidad - liberal Kailangan lamang ay tamang lider Kamay na bakal – pasismo Mabait, parang ama – paternalismo Popular, makamasa - populismo Paano haharapin ang pangkalahatang interes na hindi maargabyado ang interes ng bawat isa? Sundin ang interes ng mas nakakarami, konsulatasyon at pakikilahok - demokrasya

Liberalism in the Philippines Liberalism in the Philippines Presentation Transcript

  • Liberalism in the Philippines Ideology, Party & Movement Dr. July Teehankee National Institute for Policy Studies
  • What is an ideology?
    • A comprehensive set of beliefs and attitudes about social and economic institutions and processes.
    • It offers a critique of an existing system and a view of the ideal system.
    • Provides an outline of how political change can and should be brought about.
  • What is liberalism?
    • Liberalism is an ideology committed to the individual and a society in which the individual can pursue and realize their interests
    • Latin word as liberty – liber , meaning free
  • What is the origin of liberalism?
    • Emerged from the struggles of the new commercial class that challenged the old feudal order in Europe
    • The first liberal advocates were a faction of the Spanish legislature who adopted the name Liberales in the early 1800s
    • The movement spread to France, Great Britain and the rest of Europe. In Great Britain, the party known as the Whigs evolved by the 1840s into the Liberal Party
  • What is the fundamental liberal principle?
    • The fundamental liberal principle grants primacy to liberty as a political value
  • Manuel Roxas
  • Benigno Aquino Jr. Liberty shall not rest!
  • Jovito Salonga The weak shall be strong, and the strong shall be just.
  • What are the core liberal values?
    • Individualism - belief in the importance of the individual over any social group or collective body
    • Rationalism - exercise of human reason and critical inquiry
    • Freedom - ability to think or act as one wish
    • Responsibility - being responsible for oneself and one ’ s own economic and social circumstance
    • Justice - morally justifiable distribution of rewards and punishment
    • Tolerance - willingness to accept views or actions that one disagrees
  • How is liberalism different from other ideologies? Fascism Conservatism Liberalism Socialism Communism
  • How is liberalism different from other ideologies? Communism Socialism Liberalism Conservatism Fascism Individual Social Rational & Responsible Organic Individual and Society Individual interest should be subordinated to the good of the society as a whole Freedom & Political Equality Freedom & Order Order Equality Equality of Ends Equality of Opportunities Inherently Unequal Superior Race or Nation State Economic Redistribution Protect Individual Liberty Ensure traditional values National Glory Political Spectrum Extreme Left Left Center Right Far Right Mode of Change Revolution Democratic Elections Coup d’ etat
  • What are the traditional and ideological political forces in the Philippines? Far Left Far Right Center Right Left Electoral Mass Struggle Armed Struggle
    • Traditional party transforming into a principled reformist party
    • Composed of political personalities who seek a creative fusion of principles and power
    • Without power, principles are impotent. Without principles, power is easily prostituted to passing fancies
    How is LP different from the rest?
  • Party of Tradition
    • The LP has championed the masses but has also been a traditional vehicle of the elites.
  • Party of Principles
    • Capable of acts of conscience and political sacrifice but have also been occasionally infected by corruption and patronage
    • August 21, 1971 – Plaza Miranda Bombing
    • August 21, 1983 – Aquino Assassination
  • Party of Historic Ironies
    • 1947 Military Bases Agreement
    • 1991 Rejection of US Bases Treaty
    • The LP has endeavored to transform itself from its traditional past to a vehicle of new politics in the Philippines
    • The LP has cooperated with various sectoral, non-governmental and civil society organizations in various issue advocacies and mass struggles over the years
    • The LP has made efforts to strengthen its ranks among established Allied Sectoral Groups (Youth, Women, Urban Poor, Labor, etc.), and emerge as a truly mass-based political party
    The Broad Liberal Movement
  • What are the other organizations that comprise the broad liberal movement in the Philippines?
    • National Institute of Policy Studies (NIPS)
    • Alliance of Liberal Youth (ALY)
    • Liberal Caucus of Congressional Staff (LCCS)
  • National Institute of Policy Studies (NIPS)
    • Principal political institute that undertakes programs for the promotion of liberalism and democracy in the Philippines
  • Alliance of Liberal Youth (ALY)
    • The youth wing of the Liberal Party.
  • Liberal Caucus of Congressional Staff (LCCS)
    • Allied sectoral organization of the Liberal Party composed of the Congressional Staff of LP legislators from the Senate and the House of Representatives
  • What are the other liberal organizations working worldwide?
    • Liberal International
    • Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats (CALD)
    • International Federation of Liberal Youth (IFLRY)
    • Friedrich Naumann Foundation
  • Liberal International
    • The world federation of liberal political parties founded in 1947
  • Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats (CALD)
    • Regional organization of liberal and democratic political parties in Asia
  • International Federation of Liberal Youth (IFLRY)
    • International umbrella organization of liberal youth organizations
  • Friedrich Naumann Foundation
    • The Friedrich-Naumann-Foundation is the Foundation for liberal politics from Germany
    • The Foundation sees itself as an agent of organized liberalism. It enjoys close links with Germany's Free Democratic Party (F.D.P.) and Liberal International (LI).
  • Liberals and Democrats in Power Worldwide
  • Reemerging Party
    • Restoring trust in government
    • Making democracy work for the poor
    • Promoting compassion for others
    • Bringing back honesty and decency in public service
  • Mabuhay!