Clinical psychology: A rough guide


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Clinical psychology: A rough guide

  1. 1. Clinical Psychology: A rough guide Fleur-Michelle Coiffait Trainee Clinical Psychologist, University of Edinburgh & NHS Lothian PsyPAG Division of Clinical Psychology RepresentativeMonday, 14 May 2012
  2. 2. Overview • What is it? • What does it involve? • How do I get into it? • How hard is it? • How do I increase my chances? • QuestionsMonday, 14 May 2012
  3. 3. Background • Using psychological theory and research findings to understand and work with psychological distress and dysfunction • Promoting psychological wellbeing • Facilitating development of others’ psychological knowledgeMonday, 14 May 2012
  4. 4. History • Initial focus on psychological assessment and psychometric testing • Following WWII, increased need for psychological interventions • 1980s and 1990s saw proliferation of psychological therapies • Shift back towards research, consultation leadership and managementMonday, 14 May 2012
  5. 5. What do clinical psychologists do? • Therapy and direct work (e.g. CBT, group therapy, psychodynamic therapy, etc) • Systemic working with families and significant others • Consultation for other professionals • Supervision of others, including other professionalsMonday, 14 May 2012
  6. 6. What do clinical psychologists do? • Research in a clinical setting • Teaching and training students, other psychologists, other professionals • Involvement in developing guidelines and policy at organisational, local and national level • Court work as an expert witnessMonday, 14 May 2012
  7. 7. Where do clinical psychologists work? • Predominantly in the NHS but also in for private healthcare and forensic units • General hospitals, outpatient clinics, inpatient psychiatric wards, rehabilitation wards, residential services, hospices, Department of Health and many more....Monday, 14 May 2012
  8. 8. Who do they work with? • All ages, from infants to older adults • People with psychiatric diagnoses, learning disabilities, brain injuries, degenerative diseases, sexual problems, chronic pain, physical health problems, addictions, offenders, people in the armed forces...Monday, 14 May 2012
  9. 9. How do you train as a clinical psychologist? • BPS accredited undergraduate degree (BSc/BA) or conversion diploma in Psychology with GBC • Ideally a 2:1 or above • If a 2:2, supplementary postgraduate degree (e.g. MSc, MRes, MA, PhD)Monday, 14 May 2012
  10. 10. How do you train as a clinical psychologist? • 12 months+ relevant work experience • BPS accredited Doctorate in Clinical Psychology (3-5 years) • So 7+ years training all together!Monday, 14 May 2012
  11. 11. Why would you want to do all that?! • Challenging, rewarding role where you apply your psychological knowledge • Variety of jobs in a range of settings and lots of opportunities to specialise • Flexibility of role and part-time working • Emphasis on CPD and continued learningMonday, 14 May 2012
  12. 12. Why would you want to do all that?! • Subsidised doctoral training with fees paid and starting salary of c £24k rising each year of training • Newly qualified psychologist salary c £30k • Earn £60k+ as a Consultant Clinical PsychologistMonday, 14 May 2012
  13. 13. What does the training involve? • Rotational placements in core areas: learning disabilities, adult mental health, children and families and older adults • Specialist / elective placement(s) • Exams and coursework, including research projects, case reports and essays • Doctoral thesis - extensive piece of self- directed researchMonday, 14 May 2012
  14. 14. How do you get into it? • Focus on getting a good undergraduate degree / conversion diploma whilst maintaining a good work-life balance • Look for volunteering, befriending or support work opportunities • E.g. university research departments, charities, care homes, special schoolsMonday, 14 May 2012
  15. 15. How do you get into it? • Volunteering good way to gain experience for paid roles • Graduate psychology roles - research assistant, assistant psychologist, IAPT jobs such as psychological wellbeing practitioner • Ideally supervised by a clinical psychologist and based within the NHSMonday, 14 May 2012
  16. 16. How do you get into it? • Postgraduate courses, e.g. MSc in Foundations of Clinical Psychology, MRes • Think creatively about finding opportunities to work in settings related to clinical psychology or where you may come across clinical or other applied psychologistsMonday, 14 May 2012
  17. 17. How hard is it? • People will tell you its extremely difficult and will probably say not to bother • Reality is that it is very competitive due to being a popular career choice • Up to 200+ applications for any one assistant psychologist post • 25% of doctorate applicants gain a place • Not easy, but by no means impossible!Monday, 14 May 2012
  18. 18. How do I maximise my chances? • Work hard academically but enjoy your studies and maintain a work-life balance • Look for opportunities to gain relevant experience • Speak to clinical psychologists and network • Attend a local assistant psychologist group (usually open to all, not just graduates)Monday, 14 May 2012
  19. 19. Are there any similar careers? • Educational or counselling psychology • Academic psychology / research / teaching • Other therapist roles such as Psychological Wellbeing Practitioner, High Intensity Therapist, Clinical Associate in Applied Psychology (Scotland only) • Psychotherapist • Mental health nursingMonday, 14 May 2012
  20. 20. Useful websites, 14 May 2012
  21. 21. Questions?Monday, 14 May 2012
  22. 22. Further reading Beinart, H., Kennedy, P. & Llewelyn, S. (2009). Clinical psychology in practice. Chichester: BPS Blackwell. Cheshire, K. & Pilgrim, D. (2004). A short introduction to clinical psychology. London: Sage. Hall, J. & Llewelyn, S. (2006). What is clinical psychology? Oxford: Oxford University PressMonday, 14 May 2012