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history of managment by fmjoyia

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this is a presentaion given by me and my friend muzahir and awarded one of the best.i hope so that it would hely u guys alot

this is a presentaion given by me and my friend muzahir and awarded one of the best.i hope so that it would hely u guys alot


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  • 1. The History of management
  • 2. By: Muhammad Muzahir Mohsin (162-FET/BSME/F11-B) Farooq Mustafa Joyia (169-FET/BSME/F11-B)
  • 3. The Management Researchers
  • 4. What is Management?  Management in business and organizations means to coordinate the efforts of people to accomplish goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively.
  • 5.  Management comprises planning, organizing, staffing, leading or directing, and controlling an organization or initiative to accomplish a goal.
  • 6. Another Definition of management  Since organizations can be viewed as systems, Management can also be defined as human action, including design, to facilitate the production of useful outcomes from a system. This view opens the opportunity to 'manage' oneself, a prerequisite to attempting to manage others.
  • 7. 5000 BC Sumerians 4000-2000 BC Egyptians Record keeping Planning, organizing, controlling. Plan, organize, control. Written requests. 1800 BC Hammurabi Controls and written documentation Management Ideas and Practice Throughout 600 BC History Nebuchadnezzar Wage incentives, production control 500 BC Strategy 400 BC Xenophon Management as a separate art 400 BC Cyrus Human relations and motion study 175 Cato Job descriptions 284 Diocletian Delegation of authority 900 Alfarabi Listed leadership traits 1100 Ghazali Listed managerial traits 1418 Barbarigo Different organizational forms/structures 1436 1.1 Sun Tzu Venetians Numbering, standardization, interchangeability 1500 Sir Thomas More Critical of poor management and leadership 1525 Machiavelli Cohesiveness, power, and leadership 7
  • 8. Historical Development  Early writing  19th century  20th century  21st century
  • 9. Early Writing  Some ancient military texts have been cited for lessons that civilian managers can gather.  For example, Chinese general Sun Tzu in the 6th century BC, The Art of War, recommends being aware of and acting on strengths and weaknesses of both a manager's organization and a foe's.
  • 10. th 19 Century  Classical economists such as Adam Smith (1723–1790) and John Stuart Mill (1806–1873) provided a theoretical background to resource-allocation, production, and pricing issues. About the same time, innovators like Eli Whitney (1765–1825), James Watt (1736–1819), and Matthew Boulton (1728–1809) developed elements of technical production such as standardization, quality-control procedures, costaccounting, interchangeability of parts, and workplanning.
  • 11. Contd…  Many of these aspects of management existed in the pre-1861 slave-based sector of the US economy. That environment saw 4 million people, as the contemporary usages had it, "managed" in profitable quasi-mass production.  Salaried managers as an identifiable group first became prominent in the late 19th century.[7
  • 12. Late 1700s – Early 1900s
  • 13. th 20 Century  J. Duncan wrote the first college management textbook in 1911. In 1912 Yoichi Ueno introduced Taylorism to Japan and became first management consultant of the "Japanese-management style". His son Ichiro Ueno pioneered Japanese quality assurance.  The first comprehensive theories of management appeared around 1920. The Harvard Business School offered the first Master of Business Administration degree (MBA) in 1921.
  • 14. What is the Hawthorne Studies?
  • 15. Hawthorne Studies: Elton Mayo  Workers’ feelings and attitudes affected their work  Financial incentives weren’t the most important motivator for workers  Group norms and behavior play a critical role in behavior at work
  • 16. Frederick W. Taylor Frederick Taylor is known today as the "father of scientific management." One of his many contributions to modern management is the common practice of giving employees rest breaks throughout the day. Frederick W. Taylor, 1856-1915
  • 17. Taylor’s Four Management Principles Develop a science for each element of a man’s work, which replaces the old rule-of-thumb method. Scientifically select and then train, teach, and develop the workman. Cooperate with the men to insure all work is done in accordance with the principles of the science. There is almost equal division of the work and the responsibility between management and workmen. 17
  • 18. Frank & Lillian Gilbreth Frank and Lillian Gilbreth were prolific researchers and often used their family as guinea pigs. Their work is the subject of Cheaper by the Dozen, written by their son and daughter. 18
  • 19. Bureaucratic Management Max Weber, 1864-1920 Bureaucracy The exercise of control on the basis of knowledge, expertise, or experience. 19
  • 20. Mary Parker Follett Mary Parker Follett is known today as the “mother of scientific management." Her many contributions to modern management include the ideas of negotiation, conflict resolution, and power sharing. Mary Parker Follett, 1868-1933 20
  • 21. Whitney, Monge, and Olds Eli Whitney, 1765-1825 Gaspard Monge, 1746-1818 Ransom Olds, 1864-1950 21
  • 22. Information Management Milestones in information management: 1400s 1500-1700 1850 1860s 1879 1880s 1890s 1980s 1990s Horses in Italy Creation of paper and the printing press Manual typewriter Vertical file cabinets and the telegraph Cash registers Telephone Time clocks Personal computer Internet
  • 23. Contingency Management Contingency Approach Holds that the most effective management theory or idea depends on the kinds of problems or situations that managers are facing at a particular time and place.
  • 24. Contingency Management  Management is harder than it looks  Managers need to look for key contingencies that differentiate today’s situation from yesterday’s situation  Managers need to spend more time analyzing problems before taking action  Pay attention to qualifying phrases, such as “usually” 24
  • 25. In The End We Wish that our Presentation about the history of management piqued you’re interest 