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Midterm
Midterm
Midterm
Midterm
Midterm
Midterm
Midterm
Midterm
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Midterm

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  • 1. Frank Martin<br />Midterm PowerPoint <br />
  • 2. Early Civilization<br />Very little is known of civilization before the Aztecs. Many of the records and history of older civilizations were burned when they were conquered. <br />Scientists are continuing to discover new information about these ancient civilizations through archaeological technology.<br />Ancient Siberians arrived in Alaska during the ice age, and ended up spread throughout the Americas. Between 40,000 BCE and 5,000 BCE ancient nomads found a place in Mexico.<br />Early civilizations learned slowly, figuring out that they could plant seeds to grow useful plants, work together to complete various tasks, and so on<br />
  • 3. The Olmecs (1500-400 B.C.E.)<br />First civilization that we know about that had a lifetime from 1500 BCE to 400 BCE. An advanced civilization for their time, the Olmecs had calendars and a written language. <br />Had many sculptures that some scientists have claimed are models of aliens.<br />By 1200 BCE the Olmecs had cities containing the oldest pyramids known in the Americas.<br />Spread much of their culture throughout Southern Mexico before Olmec cities were destroyed by an unknown source.<br />
  • 4. The Mayans (2600 B.C.E.-Present)<br />One of the most important Mexican civilizations.<br />Territories stretch from Honduras to part of Tabasco<br />Spoke over thirty different languages<br />Cities were more like large shopping malls where sometimes the king lived while people lived in outlying villages.<br />Unique art and progressive literacy.<br />Mayan civilization reached its peak between 400 CE and 900 CE when it collapsed.<br />
  • 5. The Aztecs (1400-400 B.C.E.)<br />Were not as advanced as Europeans; however, the Aztecs did have a complex economic system as well as a complex legal system. They even had what would resemble an early release program for minor offenses that allowed criminals to clean the streets instead of doing jail time.<br />Public intoxication was punished very harshly, including the death penalty upon second offense.<br />Ruling class penalties, such as a judge accepting a bribe, were much more harsh, and included torture and execution.<br />Largely agricultural<br />
  • 6. Spanish Colonization<br />The Spaniards began conversions to the Christian religion in 1519.<br />Herman Cortes was a significant Spanish leader who took down the Aztec empire. He knew enough about law to seize land and take over as ruler.<br />The Spaniards were far more technologically advanced than the locals because the local’s weapons were not designed to kill but only to capture.<br />The locals did not know if the Spaniards were men or gods at first because of their superior technology.<br />Cortes took the Aztec leader captive but was ultimately driven out by Aztec revolts. After recruiting more troops and conquering several different civilizations, he returned and took over the Aztecs.<br />Cortez had the Aztec people rebuild the capital, known today as Mexico City.<br />
  • 7. Mexican Independence<br />Mexican independence was led by a well-known priest named Miguel Hidalgo. <br />Hidalgo used speeches to convert people to his army that numbered in the tens of thousands.<br />Hidalgo began the revolution against the Mexican government and ultimately won their independence.<br />
  • 8. The Early Republic<br />After the independence of Mexico was gained, the country faced many trying times politically and economically. <br />Mexico ran through one president per year for forty years.<br />Four different forms of governments were used.<br />Mexico was invaded several times and lost half of its territory.<br />

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