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  • 1. Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
  • 2. “Peking Man”(750,000 – 500,000 BCE) Sinanthropus pekinesis
  • 3. Yellow River Civilization
  • 4. Neolithic Pottery 3000 BCE to 2000 BCE
  • 5. The 4 Old-WorldRiver Valley Cultures
  • 6. Pan-Gu: Mythical Creator of the Universe
  • 7. “Chung Kuo”(The “Middle Kingdom”)
  • 8. Yu, the Great – Founder of the Hsia
  • 9. “Huangdi” – Emperor  The “Yellow Emperor.”  Legend has it that he ruled for over 100 years.  Associated with the invention of wheeled vehicles, ships, armor, pottery, and silk-making.
  • 10. Emperor Fuxi Mythical Hsia ruler. Taught the Chinese how to read and write, according to legend.
  • 11. Hsia Plaque, 1700 BCE
  • 12. Bronze Age Empires
  • 13. Shang: 1523-1028 BCE
  • 14. Oracle Bones
  • 15. Oracle Bones Calendar
  • 16. The Evolution of Chinese Writing during the ShangPictographs Semantic-Phonetics
  • 17. Axe Scepter – 1100 BCE - jadeCeremonial Dagger – 1028 BCE
  • 18. Shang Urn
  • 19. Shang Bronzes
  • 20. Ritual Wine Vessel – bronze, 13c BCE
  • 21. Western Zhou:1027-771 BCE
  • 22. Eastern Zhou: 771-256 BCE
  • 23. Ritual Food Vessel, bronze 11c BCE (Western Zhou)
  • 24. Pendant of a Dancer - jade 3c BCE (Eastern Zhou)
  • 25. Ritual Wine Vessel – 4cbronze, silver, gold, copper
  • 26. Zhou Coins - bronze
  • 27. “T’ien Ming” The Mandate of Heaven1.The leader must lead by ability and virtue.2.The dynastys leadership must be justified by succeeding generations.3.The mandate could be revoked by negligence and abuse; the will of the people was important.
  • 28. Start here A new The emperor reforms the govt. dynasty & makes it more comes to power. efficient. Lives of common Emperor is people improved; defeated !! taxes reduced; Rebel bands find The farming encouraged. Dynastic Problems begin strong leader who (extensive wars, unites them. invasions, etc.)Attack the emperor. Poor lose respect for govt. Cycle Taxes increase; men forced to They join rebels work for army.& attack landlords. Farming neglected. Droughts, Govt. increases floods, spending; famines occur. corruption.