China3

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China3

  1. 1. Ms. Susan M. PojerHorace Greeley HS Chappaqua, NY
  2. 2. “Peking Man”(750,000 – 500,000 BCE) Sinanthropus pekinesis
  3. 3. Yellow River Civilization
  4. 4. Neolithic Pottery 3000 BCE to 2000 BCE
  5. 5. The 4 Old-WorldRiver Valley Cultures
  6. 6. Pan-Gu: Mythical Creator of the Universe
  7. 7. “Chung Kuo”(The “Middle Kingdom”)
  8. 8. Yu, the Great – Founder of the Hsia
  9. 9. “Huangdi” – Emperor  The “Yellow Emperor.”  Legend has it that he ruled for over 100 years.  Associated with the invention of wheeled vehicles, ships, armor, pottery, and silk-making.
  10. 10. Emperor Fuxi Mythical Hsia ruler. Taught the Chinese how to read and write, according to legend.
  11. 11. Hsia Plaque, 1700 BCE
  12. 12. Bronze Age Empires
  13. 13. Shang: 1523-1028 BCE
  14. 14. Oracle Bones
  15. 15. Oracle Bones Calendar
  16. 16. The Evolution of Chinese Writing during the ShangPictographs Semantic-Phonetics
  17. 17. Axe Scepter – 1100 BCE - jadeCeremonial Dagger – 1028 BCE
  18. 18. Shang Urn
  19. 19. Shang Bronzes
  20. 20. Ritual Wine Vessel – bronze, 13c BCE
  21. 21. Western Zhou:1027-771 BCE
  22. 22. Eastern Zhou: 771-256 BCE
  23. 23. Ritual Food Vessel, bronze 11c BCE (Western Zhou)
  24. 24. Pendant of a Dancer - jade 3c BCE (Eastern Zhou)
  25. 25. Ritual Wine Vessel – 4cbronze, silver, gold, copper
  26. 26. Zhou Coins - bronze
  27. 27. “T’ien Ming” The Mandate of Heaven1.The leader must lead by ability and virtue.2.The dynastys leadership must be justified by succeeding generations.3.The mandate could be revoked by negligence and abuse; the will of the people was important.
  28. 28. Start here A new The emperor reforms the govt. dynasty & makes it more comes to power. efficient. Lives of common Emperor is people improved; defeated !! taxes reduced; Rebel bands find The farming encouraged. Dynastic Problems begin strong leader who (extensive wars, unites them. invasions, etc.)Attack the emperor. Poor lose respect for govt. Cycle Taxes increase; men forced to They join rebels work for army.& attack landlords. Farming neglected. Droughts, Govt. increases floods, spending; famines occur. corruption.

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