Nyscma Electrical Safety 11 6 08 Ralph Viola


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  • Nyscma Electrical Safety 11 6 08 Ralph Viola

    1. 1. New York State Concrete Masonry Association Electrical Safety in Concrete Block Plant Facilities November 6, 2008 Ralph Viola /Zappala Block
    2. 2. ELECTRICAL SAFETY OUTLINE <ul><li>Electrical Service Power Lines </li></ul><ul><li>Electrical Panel Configuration </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment Disconnects </li></ul><ul><li>Proper Electrical Troubleshooting Procedures </li></ul><ul><li>Proper LOTO for Manufacturing Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Plant Electrical Housekeeping </li></ul>
    3. 3. Electrical Service Power Lines <ul><li>The first place to visit to insure proper electrical safety is where your power source comes into your site. </li></ul><ul><li>Are the overhead power lines near the boom truck loading area? Does the mantenace area have any electrical lines overhead. </li></ul><ul><li>Are the overhead power lines near the aggregate storage area where a dump trailer may come in contact with them if driver fails to lower trailer ? </li></ul><ul><li>Are the telephone poles guarded or protected from being hit by trucks or forklifts? </li></ul><ul><li>Are the underground service conduits properly identified and protected from being dug up? </li></ul>
    5. 5. Electrical Panel Board <ul><li>Electrical Panel Board should be neat and orderly </li></ul><ul><li>The area 36” in front of panel board area must be kept clear. </li></ul><ul><li>Lockout/Tag out procedure manual </li></ul>
    6. 6. Electrical Disconnects <ul><li>Electrical Enclosures shall be properly labeled. OSHA 1910.33 </li></ul><ul><li>The equipment or machine identified. </li></ul><ul><li>The energy and magnitude i.e.. 240 volts Three Phase </li></ul><ul><li>Lock out location and procedure. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Material Handling Elec. Panels
    8. 8. Circuit Breaker Labeling <ul><li>Circuit breaker identification labeled both on exterior and inside breaker panel door </li></ul>
    9. 9. Electrical Troubleshooting <ul><li>Must only be performed by trained personnel </li></ul><ul><li>Must provide the proper protective equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Must have adequate knowledge of electrical circuits and diagrams. </li></ul><ul><li>Must only be performed in a de-energized state, unless deemed impossible to isolate the electrical hazard. Then troubleshooting must be performed with proper ARC Suit and equipment. </li></ul>
    10. 10. The ARC Suit <ul><li>Must find proper arc suit size to fit the “Troubleshooter” </li></ul><ul><li>Flame Retardant Suit </li></ul><ul><li>Rubber Gloves w/ protective leathers </li></ul><ul><li>Face Shield </li></ul><ul><li>Proper electrical rubber tipped tools </li></ul>
    11. 11. Testing Line Voltage <ul><li>Must have protective arc suit on with face shield and rubber gloves </li></ul><ul><li>VOLTAGE comes in on TOP of disconnect switch , this is called the LINE </li></ul><ul><li>Must check voltage across all three legs 1-2, 2-3, 1-3 </li></ul>
    12. 12. Testing Load Voltage <ul><li>The LOAD side is on the bottom of Disconnect Switch below the fuses. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the electrical connection to the equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>When checking fuses always REMOVE from disconnect switch then check for continuity with tester. NO VOLTAGE PRESENT </li></ul>
    13. 13. Arc Shield on Disconnect <ul><li>Plastic Arc Shield that we special order for all our electrical disconnects </li></ul>
    14. 14. Lockout/Tagout Program <ul><li>Purpose: This procedure establishes the minimum requirements for the lockout of energy isolating devices whenever maintenance or servicing is done on machines or equipment. </li></ul><ul><li>It shall be used to ensure that the machine or equipment is stopped, isolated from all potentially hazardous energy sources and is locked out before employees perform any service or maintenance where the unexpected energiation or start-up of the machinery or release of stored energy could cause injury or death. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Lockout/Tagout Program <ul><li>Three most important issues to address: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What type of energy needs to be controlled. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Electrical, Hydraulic, pneumatic, fluids, etc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What method and sequence of energy isolation is to take place to insure employee safety. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lockout Disconnect, shut off air valve, close hydraulic valve and lock out etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3) Proper training and compliance to this program </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Lockout/Tag out Station <ul><li>Locks and keys are color coded </li></ul><ul><li>ONLY one key per lock </li></ul><ul><li>One key opens One lock </li></ul><ul><li>Hang lock and hasp at disconnects that are remote </li></ul>
    17. 18. I Like Signs & Labels !
    18. 19. Electrical Housekeeping <ul><li>All outlets are 20 amp 120 volt GFI protected </li></ul><ul><li>Space electrical outlets to minimize use of extension cords. This minimizes the need for extension cords. </li></ul><ul><li>Place electrical outlets near manufacturing equipment for access to power during maintenance. </li></ul><ul><li>Use cord reels, this keeps the cords from getting cut and damaged during storage. </li></ul><ul><li>Inspect extension cords for cuts, frays and missing grounding prongs. </li></ul>
    19. 20. Hand & Power Tool Safety <ul><li>Visually inspect all electrical tools before use. Remove from service any tool with frayed cords, missing ground prongs, or cracked tool casings. </li></ul><ul><li>Use only double insulated tools </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid standing in wet areas when using portable electrical power tools. </li></ul>
    20. 21. Thanks for your attention